2022 Stationary Fire Pumps and Standpipe Systems Handbook - Current Edition
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  • Description

    Editors: Baran Ozden and Thomas Harris

    Get the latest knowledge and direction on keeping fire pumps and standpipe systems in compliance and functioning properly with the 2022 edition of NFPA 20 & NFPA 14, Stationary Fire Pumps and Standpipe Systems Handbook.

    NFPA 20, Standard for the Installation of Stationary Pumps for Fire Protection, and NFPA 14, Standard for the Installation of Standpipe and Hose Systems, are widely-referenced documents offering many complex concepts, practices, and procedures. The NFPA 20 & NFPA 14, Stationary Fire Pumps and Standpipe Systems Handbook is a broadly respected resource for assisting in understanding and implementing requirements for all types of fire pumps, related equipment, and considerations, including water supply availability and reliability.

    Fully updated for consistency with the most current editions, the 2022 handbook is a valuable job tool for personnel operating in jurisdictions that use NFPA 20 and NFPA 14 and need to be able to reference or apply requirements in their work. You get exclusive, expert-developed knowledge and support to work more accurately and efficiently in the office and in the field.

    NFPA 20 and NFPA 14, Stationary Fire Pumps and Standpipe Systems Handbook, 2022 edition, offers information and resources you won't find in any other publication for better understanding criteria for fire pumps, limited service controllers, and pumps in series.

    This must-have handbook for water-based system designers, engineers, contractors, installers, and AHJs consolidates standard requirements and industry-leading knowledge in a single product. You get the complete text of the standard along with expert commentary and instruction on the following documents:

    • NFPA 20, Standard for the Installation of Stationary Pumps for Fire Protection, 2022 edition
    • NFPA 14, Standard for the Installation of Standpipe and Hose Systems, 2019 edition
    • NFPA 24, Standard for the Installation of Private Fire Service Mains and Their Appurtenances, 2022 edition
    • NFPA 291, Recommended Practice for Water Flow Testing and Marking of Hydrants, 2022 edition

    The NFPA 20 and NFPA 14 handbook is developed by the organization that publishes these standards and recommended practices. You will find a Summary of Technical Changes for NFPA 20 and NFPA 14, that only appear in print in this publication to assist in identifying what is different from previous editions. The information is presented in table format for every technical change to provide insight into how you may need to make adjustments in your work or utilize the handbook to learn more about what changes are and why they were made.

    Additional features and benefits include: 

    • Hundreds of full-color photos, graphics, and detailed illustrations to clarify concepts
    • Change indicators using shading, symbols, and icons positioned in the margin to clearly identify updates and new additions
    • Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) called out with an icon to conveniently find answers specific to the handbook. FAQs are only available in this handbook and are generated from actual questions asked of NFPA technical staff
    • Callouts for a closer look at content for select instances to delve deeper into a particular subject or the history of the requirement
    • Calculation Examples within the commentary and a tri-fold displaying an Example of a Fire Pump Installation
    • "See More" feature including pointers that help you navigate the handbook more efficiently

    Get up to speed with the latest requirements faster with complete commentary and coverage of changes to NFPA 20, 2022 edition.

    NFPA 20, Standard for the Installation of Stationary Pumps for Fire Protection, was revised with some significant changes to account for industry advancements in technology and best practices. The handbook covers changes such as:

    • New requirements for automated inspection listing, the minimum water level in storage tanks, and the use of mechanical seals
    • Clarified criteria for vertical fire protection zones
    • Separation of provisions for horizontal and vertical shaft centrifugal pump
    • Inclusion of instructions for system operation and installation and the maximum time to achieve design pressure

    The field of stationary pumps for fire protection is always evolving and expanding. Be ready for every challenge and help ensure pump and standpipe systems respond in an emergency as the design intended.

    Expand your understanding and proficiency with this comprehensive, one-stop source for anyone who uses or enforces NFPA 20 and NFPA 14. From pump currents and limited service controllers to overcurrent protection devices and transfer switch installation, the Stationary Fire Pumps and Standpipe Systems Handbook is your source for information and directions for maintaining cutting-edge fire protection. (Print, 1,035 pp., 2022)

  • Table of Contents (2019 Edition)

    Contents

     

    Preface

    Acknowledgments

    Dedication

    About the Contributors

    About the Editors

    NFPA® 20 and NFPA® 14 Summary of Technical Changes

    An Overview of Fire Pump Configurations

     

    PART I NFPA® 20, Standard for the Installation of Stationary Pumps for Fire Protection, with Commentary

     

    Chapter 1 Administration

    1.1 Scope

    1.2 Purpose

    1.3 Application

    1.4 Retroactivity

    1.5 Equivalency

    1.6 Units

    Chapter 2 Referenced Publications

    2.1 General

    2.2 NFPA Publications

    2.3 Other Publications

    2.4 References for Extracts in Mandatory Sections 

    Chapter 3 Definitions

    3.1 General

    3.2 NFPA Official Definitions

    3.3 General Definitions

    Chapter 4 General Requirements

    4.1 Pumps

    4.2 Approval Required

    4.3 Pump Operation

    4.4 Fire Pump Unit Performance

    4.5 Certified Shop Test

    4.6 Liquid Supplies

    4.7 Pumps, Drivers, and Controllers

    4.8 Self-Regulating Variable Speed Fire Pump Units

    4.9 Multistage Multiport Pump

    4.10 Centrifugal Fire Pump Capacities

    4.11 Nameplate

    4.12 Pressure Gauges

    4.13 Circulation Relief Valve

    4.14 Equipment Protection

    4.15 Pipe and Fittings

    4.16 Suction Pipe and Fittings

    4.17 Discharge Pipe and Fittings

    4.18 Valve Supervision

    4.19 Protection of Piping Against Damage Due to Movement

    4.20 Relief Valves for Centrifugal Pumps

    4.21 Pumps Arranged in Series

    4.22 Water Flow Test Devices

    4.23 Steam Power Supply Dependability

    4.24 Shop Tests

    4.25 Pump Shaft Rotation

    4.26 Other Signals

    4.27 Pressure Maintenance (Jockey or Make-Up) Pumps

    4.28 Summary of Centrifugal Fire Pump Data

    4.29 Backflow Preventers and Check Valves

    4.30 Earthquake Protection

    4.31 Packaged Fire Pump Assemblies

    4.32 Pressure Actuated Controller Pressure Sensing Lines

    4.33 Break Tanks

    4.34 Field Acceptance Test of Pump Units

    4.35 Automated Inspection, Testing, and Distance Monitoring of Devices, Meters, and Equipment

    Chapter 5 Fire Pumps for High-Rise Buildings

    5.1 General

    5.2 Equipment Access

    5.3 Water Supply Tanks

    5.4 Fire Pump Test Arrangement

    5.5 Alternate Power

    5.6 Very Tall Buildings

    Chapter 6 Centrifugal Pumps

    6.1 General

    6.2 Factory and Field Performance

    6.3 Fittings

    6.4 Foundation and Setting

    6.5 Connection to Driver and Alignment

    Chapter 7 Vertical Shaft Turbine–Type Pumps

    7.1 General

    7.2 Water Supply

    7.3 Pump

    7.4 Installation

    7.5 Driver

    7.6 Operation and Maintenance

    Chapter 8 Positive Displacement Pumps

    8.1 General

    8.2 Foam Concentrate and Additive Pumps

    8.3 Water Mist System Pumps

    8.4 Water Mist Positive Displacement Pumping Units

    8.5 Fittings

    8.6 Pump Drivers

    8.7 Controllers

    8.8 Foundation and Setting

    8.9 Driver Connection and Alignment

    8.10 Flow Test Devices

    Chapter 9 Electric Drive for Pumps

    9.1 General

    9.2 Normal Power

    9.3 Alternate Power

    9.4 Voltage Drop

    9.5 Motors

    9.6 On-Site Standby Generator Systems

    9.7 Junction Boxes

    9.8 Listed Electrical Circuit Protective System to Controller Wiring

    9.9 Raceway Terminations

    Chapter 10 Electric-Drive Controllers and Accessories

    10.1 General

    10.2 Location

    10.3 Construction

    10.4 Components

    10.5 Starting and Control

    10.6 Controllers Rated in Excess of 600 V

    10.7 Limited Service Controllers

    10.8 Power Transfer for Alternate Power Supply

    10.9 Controllers for Additive Pump Motors

    10.10 Controllers with Variable Speed Pressure Limiting Control or Variable Speed Suction Limiting Control

    Chapter 11 Diesel Engine Drive

    11.1 General

    11.2 Engines

    11.3 Pump Room

    11.4 Fuel Supply and Arrangement

    11.5 Engine Exhaust

    11.6 Diesel Engine Driver System Operation

    Chapter 12 Engine Drive Controllers

    12.1 Application

    12.2 Location

    12.3 Construction

    12.4 Components

    12.5 Battery Recharging

    12.6 Battery Chargers

    12.7 Starting and Control

    12.8 Air-Starting Engine Controllers

    Chapter 13 Steam Turbine Drive

    13.1 General

    13.2 Turbine

    13.3 Installation

    Chapter 14 Acceptance Testing, Performance, and Maintenance

    14.1 Hydrostatic Tests and Flushing

    14.2 Field Acceptance Tests

    14.3 Record Drawings, Test Reports, Manuals, Special Tools, and Spare Parts

    14.4 Periodic Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance

    14.5 Component Replacement

    Annex A Explanatory Material

    Annex B Possible Causes of Pump Troubles

    Annex C Fire Pump Room Connectivity

    Annex D Material Extracted by NFPA 70, Article 695

    Annex E Informational References

     

    PART II NFPA® 14, Standard for the Installation of Standpipe and Hose Systems, with Commentary

     

    Chapter 1 Administration

    1.1 Scope

    1.2 Purpose

    1.3 Retroactivity

    1.4 Equivalency

    1.5 Units

    Chapter 2 Referenced Publications

    2.1 General.

    2.2 NFPA Publications

    2.3 Other Publications

    2.4 References for Extracts in Mandatory Sections

    Chapter 3 Definitions

    3.1 General

    3.2 NFPA Official Definitions

    3.3 General Definitions

    Chapter 4 System Components and Hardware

    4.1 General

    4.2 Pipe and Tube

    4.3 Fittings

    4.4 Joining of Pipe and Fittings

    4.5 Valves

    4.6 Hose Stations

    4.7 Hose Connections

    4.8 Fire Department Connections

    4.9 Pressure-Regulating Devices

    4.10 Signs

    Chapter 5 System Requirements

    5.1 General

    5.2 Automatic and Semiautomatic Dry Systems

    5.3 Classes of Standpipe Systems

    5.4 Required Type of System

    5.5 Gauges

    5.6 Waterflow and Supervisory Alarms

    Chapter 6 Installation Requirements

    6.1 Location and Protection of Piping

    6.2 Underground Piping

    6.3 Gate Valves and Check Valves

    6.4 Fire Department Connections

    6.5 Support of Piping

    6.6 Installation of Signs

    6.7 Signs for Water Supply Pumps

    6.8 Hydraulic Design Information Sign

    Chapter 7 Design

    7.1 General

    7.2 Pressure Limitation

    7.3 Locations of Hose Connections

    7.4 Number of Standpipes

    7.5 Interconnection of Standpipes

    7.6 Minimum Sizes for Standpipes and Branch Lines, Class I and Class III Standpipes

    7.7 System Design and Sizing of Pipe for Delivery of System Demand

    7.8 Minimum and Maximum Pressure Limits

    7.9 Standpipe System Zones

    7.10 Flow Rates

    7.11 Drains and Test Riser

    7.12 Fire Department Connections

    Chapter 8 Plans and Calculations

    8.1 Plans and Specifications

    8.2 Hydraulic Calculations

    8.3 Hydraulic Calculation Procedures

    Chapter 9 Water Supply

    9.1 Required Water Supply

    9.2 Minimum Supply for Class I, Class II, and Class III Systems

    Chapter 10 Water Supply Testing

    10.1 Water Supply Evaluation

    10.2 Procedure

    Chapter 11 System Acceptance

    11.1 General

    11.2 Flushing of Piping

    11.3 Hose Threads

    11.4 Hydrostatic Tests

    11.5 Flow Tests

    11.6 Manual Valve Test

    11.7 Alarm and Supervision Tests

    11.8 Record Drawings, Test Reports, and Manuals

    11.9 Signs

    Chapter 12 Buildings Under Construction

    12.1 General

    12.2 Fire Department Connections

    12.3 Other System Features

    12.4 Support of Piping

    12.5 Hose Connections

    12.6 Extension of System Piping

    12.7 Temporary Installations

    12.8 Timing of Water Supply Installation

    12.9 Protection of Hose Connections and Fire Department Connections

    Chapter 13 System Testing, Inspection, and Maintenance

    13.1 General

    Annex A Explanatory Material

    Annex B Informational References

     

    PART III Water Supply Requirements, Water Demand, Hydrants, Tanks, and Piping

     

    Section 1 Complete Text of NFPA® 291, Recommended Practice for Fire Flow Testing and Marking of Hydrants, 2019 Edition, with Commentary

    Section 2 Complete Text of NFPA® 24, Standard for the Installation of Private Fire Service Mains and Their Appurtenances, 2019 Edition, with Commentary

    Section 3 Sections 18.4 and 18.5 from NFPA® 1, Fire Code Handbook, 2018 Edition, with Commentary

    Section 4 Extracts with Commentary from NFPA® 22, Standard for Water Tanks for Private Fire Protection, 2018 Edition

     

    PART IV Supplements

     

    Supplement 1 Considerations When Designing and Selecting a Fire Pump

    Supplement 2 Interrelationship of NFPA Standards Pertaining to a Fire Pump Installation

    Supplement 3 Commissioning and Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance Forms for Fire Pumps

    Supplement 4 Article 695 of NFPA 70®, National Electrical Code® Handbook, 2017 Edition, Fire Pumps

     

    NFPA 20 Index

    NFPA 14 Index

    Important Notices and Legal Disclaimers

     

  • Sample Pages (2019)

    Important information about NFPA codes and standards available


    NFPA® Handbooks are your 'Roadmap to the Codes' with insights and graphics that answer code questions. View these sample pages for a preview of the valuable information you'll access including complete code or standard text; explanatory commentary highlighted in a second color; hundreds of full-color photos, charts, tables and illustrations to clarify concepts; and much more.

    Preview the 2019 NFPA 20, Standard for the Installation of Stationary Pumps for Fire Protection Handbook

  • Prior Editions

    2019 Edition

    Editors: Chad R. W. Duffy, Janna E. Shapiro

    Expanded and renamed, the Stationary Fire Pumps and Standpipe Systems Handbook addresses NFPA 20 and NFPA 14 requirements for all types of fire pumps and standpipe systems.

    Order this practical resource for expert advice on helping to keep fire pumps and standpipe systems in compliance and functioning error-free! Developed by NFPA® and featuring commentary written by leading authorities in the field, the expanded Stationary Fire Pumps and Standpipe Systems Handbook is based on the 2019 edition of NFPA 20, Standard for the Installation of Stationary Pumps for Fire Protection, and the 2016 edition of NFPA 14, Standard for the Installation of Standpipe and Hose Systems.

    Access a wealth of information and support in a single source.

    The Handbook provides advanced guidance relating to all types of equipment, along with water supply availability and reliability. An exclusive Overview of Fire Pump Configurations includes examples of fire pump arrangements and explains the purpose of the components in each arrangement. The overview also features a full-color diagram that helps designers and engineers understand how multistage, multiport pumps can eliminate the need for pumps in series, potentially saving money.

    The Handbook is also organized into the following four parts:

    • Part I includes the complete 2019 edition of NFPA 20, plus expert commentary. This edition introduces first-time sections on Pressure Control at the end of Chapter 4, General Requirements; Fire Pump Curve and Analysis at the end of Chapter 6, Centrifugal Pumps; and Electrical Power Supply for Fire Pumps in Chapter 9, Electric Drive for Pumps.
    • Part II features the complete 2016 edition of NFPA 14, plus expert commentary.
    • Part III: Water Supply Requirements, Water Demand, Hydrants, Tanks, and Piping contains text from selected water supply documents with original supporting explanations and advice. Material includes:
      • Section 1 with the full 2019 edition of NFPA 291, Recommended Practice for Fire Flow Testing and Marking of Hydrants, plus commentary
      • Section 2 with the full 2019 edition of NFPA 24, Standard for the Installation of Private Fire Service Mains and Their Appurtenances, plus commentary
      • Section 3 with Sections 18.4 and 18.5 from the 2018 edition of NFPA 1, Fire Code, plus commentary
      • Section 4 with extracts from the 2018 edition of NFPA 22, Standard for Water Tanks for Private Fire Protection, plus commentary

    Part IV: Supplements address:

    • Considerations When Designing and Selecting a Fire Pump
    • Interrelationship of NFPA Standards Pertaining to a Fire Pump Installation, including a full-color, pull-out illustration of a fire pump installation
    • Commissioning and Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance Forms for Fire Pumps
    • NEC® Article 695, Fire Pumps

    Design features make information more accessible.

    • Just like in the standards, shading and change symbols tell you where a change has occurred.
    • "Ask the AHJ" and FAQs help installers avoid common errors.
    • "Design Alerts" call out commentary relevant to design issues.
    • Calculation Example feature is separate from commentary.
    • "See More" feature includes pointers that help you navigate the Handbook.
    • Summary of Technical Changes tables for NFPA 20 and NFPA 14 each provide a brief overview of major code changes from the previous edition to the current edition.

    Expand your knowledge with this comprehensive, one-stop source for system designers, installers, contractors, engineers, facility managers, inspectors, and AHJs. (Print, 1,035 pp., 2019)


    2016 Edition

    Editor: Chad R. W. Duffy

    The 2016 Stationary Fire Pumps Handbook addresses new technologies and NFPA 20's expanded rules for more types of fire pumps and pump configurations.

    Get the full story on how to keep fire pumps functioning error-free and in compliance. Based on the 2016 edition of NFPA 20, Standard for the Installation of Stationary Pumps for Fire Protection, NFPA®'s expanded and redesigned Stationary Fire Pumps Handbook provides advanced guidance relating to all types of equipment, along with water supply availability and reliability.

    An Overview of Pump Configurations provides examples of various types of fire pump configurations and explains the purpose of various components. A full-color diagram helps designers and engineers understand how multistage multiport pumps may eliminate the need for pumps in series, potentially saving money.

    Part I: Complete 2016 NFPA 20 text, with first-time coverage of multistage multiport pumps, and clarified requirements for fire pumps arranged in series. Part I also includes commentary written by leading experts Jim Biggins, John Campbell, Bradford Cronin, John Kovacik, Jennifer McGrath, Gayle Pennel, and Jeffery Roberts.

    Part II: Private Water Supplies, Hydrants, Tanks, and Piping contains text from selected water supply documents with original supporting explanations and advice. Material includes:

    • Complete texts of the 2016 NFPA 24, Installation of Private Fire Service Mains and Their Appurtenances with all-new commentary and 2016 NFPA 291, Recommended Practice for Fire Flow Testing and Marking of Hydrants
    • Sections 18.4 and 18.5 from the 2015 NFPA 1, Fire Code
    • Extracts with expert commentary from the 2013 NFPA 22, Water Tanks for Private Fire Protection, the 2014 NFPA 14, Installation of Standpipe and Hose Systems concerning standpipe water supply, and the 2016 NFPA 13, Installation of Sprinkler Systems.

    Part III: Supplements includes an all new Fire Pump Design Considerations Supplement, a full-color pull-out schematic explaining the interrelationship of NFPA standards as they relate to pump installations with narrative, updated commissioning forms for fire pumps, Article 695 on power supplies for electric-driven fire pumps extracted from the 2014 NEC Handbook, and technical changes from the 2013 to the 2016 NFPA 20.

    New design features make information more accessible.

    • Code Update icons indicate a change has occurred.
    • "Ask the AHJ" FAQs help installers avoid common errors.
    • "Design Alerts" call out commentary relevant to design issues.
    • All calculations appear within commentary text.
    • Cross-reference icons help you navigate the Handbook.

    Update your knowledge fast with this comprehensive one-stop source for system designers, installers, contractors, engineers, facility managers, inspectors, and AHJs. (Hardbound, 816 pp., 2016)

     

    Interested in other editions of the NFPA 20 Handbook? Use the drop down menu above to select the edition year you need.

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  • eForms Table of Contents (2019)

    eForms Table of Contents

    • Fire Pump Weekly Inspection
    • Fire Pump Weekly Operating Tests
    • Fire Pump Monthly Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance
    • Fire Pump Quarterly Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance
    • Fire Pump Semi-annual Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance
    • Fire Pump Annual Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance
    • Fire Pump Annual Performance Test
    • Centrifugal Fire Pump Acceptance Test Form
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