2023 NFPA 914 Code - Current Edition
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  • Description

    Help protect historic property and preserve human history through modern-day fire and security standards.

    Help preserve property of the past using fire safety and security protocols of the present with NFPA® 914, Code for the Protection of Historic Structures. This comprehensive code provides insight into state-of-the-art technologies and strategies to help protect a broad scope of significantly historic structures from those who visit, use, or operate them.

    The newly updated edition for 2023 includes features such as:

    • Guidance that covers fire protection, security, resiliency, and preservation
    • Requirements and conditions for fire protection and life safety system commissioning and testing
    • Approval as an American National Standard
    • Updates to Chapter 14 for coordination with NFPA 241, Standard for Safeguarding Construction, Alteration, and Demolition Operations
    • Clarification of the fire protection system impairment requirements
    • Recognition of hybrid and aerosol fire extinguishing systems in accordance with NFPA 770, Standard on Hybrid (Water and Inert Gas) Fire-Extinguishing Systems, and NFPA 2010, Standard for Fixed Aerosol Fire-Extinguishing Systems
    • New reference and extract updates.
  • Table of Contents (2023 Current Edition)

    NFPA® 914 Code for the Protection of Historic Structures, 2023 Edition

    Chapter 1 Administration
    1.1 Scope.
    1.2 Purpose.
    1.3 Application.
    1.4 Equivalency.
    1.5 Enforcement.
    Chapter 2 Referenced Publications
    2.1 General.
    2.2 NFPA Publications.
    2.3 Other Publications.
    2.4 References for Extracts in Mandatory Sections.
    Chapter 3 Definitions
    3.1 General.
    3.2 NFPA Official Definitions.
    3.3 General Definitions.
    Chapter 4 General
    4.1 Goals and Objectives.
    4.2 Goals.
    4.3 Objectives.
    4.4 Compliance Options.
    4.5 Materials.
    Chapter 5 Reserved
    Chapter 6 Reserved
    Chapter 7 Process
    7.1 General.
    7.2 Project Team.
    7.3 Assessment.
    7.4 Options.
    7.5 Option Appraisal and Selection.
    7.6 Design Review.
    7.7 Initial Compliance Audit.
    7.8 Approval.
    7.9 Periodic Compliance Audit.
    Chapter 8 Prescriptive-Based Approach
    8.1 General.
    8.2 Compensatory Features.
    Chapter 9 Performance-Based Approach
    9.1 General.
    9.2 Performance Criteria.
    9.3 Retained Prescriptive Requirements.
    9.4 Design Specifications and Other Conditions.
    9.5 Design Fire Scenarios.
    9.6 Evaluation of Proposed Design.
    9.7 Safety Factors.
    9.8 Documentation Requirements.
    9.9 Records.
    9.10 Security Planning.
    9.11 Security Plan.
    Chapter 10 Management Operational Systems
    10.1 General.
    10.2 Responsibility/Authority.
    10.3 Management Plan.
    10.4 Operational Requirements.
    10.5 Fire Emergency Response Plan.
    10.6 Training.
    10.7 Drills.
    10.8 Record Keeping.
    10.9 Periodic Compliance Audit.
    10.10 Enforcement.
    10.11 Modification of Plan.
    10.12 Procedures for Opening and Closing.
    Chapter 11 Fire Prevention
    11.1 General.
    11.2 Decorations.
    11.3 Fire Spread Control.
    11.4 Housekeeping.
    11.5 Smoking.
    11.6 Open Flame Use.
    11.7 Electrical Systems.
    11.8 Cabling.
    11.9 Heating, Ventilating, and Air-Conditioning (HVAC) Systems.
    11.10 Commercial Cooking and Food Service Operations.
    11.11 Access.
    11.12 Fire Proofing.
    11.13 Lightning Protection.
    11.14 Protection from Wildland Fires.
    11.15 Water Control.
    Chapter 12 Security
    12.1 Security Systems.
    12.2 Access Control.
    12.3 Video Surveillance Systems.
    12.4 Exterior Lighting Systems.
    12.5 Construction Areas.
    Chapter 13 Additions, Alterations, and Rehabilitation
    13.1 General.
    13.2 Construction Oversight.
    13.3 Fire Protection and Life Safety Systems Commissioning.
    13.4 Fire Spread Control.
    13.5 Fire Protection Systems.
    13.6 Roof Coverings.
    13.7 Electrical Systems.
    13.8 Hazardous Areas.
    13.9 Interior Finishes.
    13.10 Lightning Protection.
    13.11 Protection from Wildland Fires.
    13.12 Integrated Fire Protection and Life Safety Systems.
    13.13 Water Control.
    Chapter 14 Fire Precautions During Construction, Repair, and Alterations
    14.1 General.
    14.2 Fire Protection Systems.
    14.3 Construction Processes and Hazards.
    14.4 Fire Suppression.
    14.5 Wood Frame Structures.
    Chapter 15 Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance
    15.1 General.
    15.2 Responsibility.
    15.3 Fire Protection Systems.
    15.4 Impairments to Fire Protection Systems.
    15.5 Electronic Premises Security Systems.
    15.6 Heating, Air-Conditioning, and Cooking Equipment.
    15.7 Chimneys.
    15.8 Electrical Systems.
    15.9 Fire Walls and Fire Barrier Walls.
    15.10 Fire-Retardant-Treated Materials.
    15.11 Fire Extinguishers.
    Chapter 16 Special Events
    16.1 General.
    16.2 Occupant Loading.
    16.3 Means of Egress.
    16.4 Commercial Cooking and Food Service Operations.
    16.5 Smoking.
    16.6 Fireworks.
    16.7 Combustibles.
    16.8 Electrical Equipment.
    16.9 Use of Historic Structures by Others.
    Annex A Explanatory Material
    Annex B Planning and Design Appraisal
    Annex C Survey Criteria for a Historic Structure
    Annex D Basics of Fire and Fire Protection Systems
    Annex E Resources for Protection of Cultural Resource Property Projects
    Annex F Examples of Compliance Alternatives
    Annex G Performance-Based Fire Safety Code Compliance.
    Annex H Methods to Determine Untenable Conditions
    Annex I Assessment Methods
    Annex J Fire Safety Inspection Forms
    Annex K Fire System Maintenance Checklists
    Annex L Sensitivity and Uncertainty Analysis and Safety Factors
    Annex M Sample Ordinance Adopting NFPA 914
    Annex N Secretary of the Interior’s Standards
    Annex O Guideline on Fire Ratings of Archaic Materials and Assemblies
    Annex P BSI Timber Panel Door Standard
    Annex Q Protection of Iconic Structures (Reserved)
    Annex R NFPA 914 Case Studies
    Annex S Protection of Historic Districts
    Annex T Example Code Exceptions for Historic Buildings
    Annex U Security Systems
    Annex V Informational References
  • Prior Editions

    2019 Edition

    Modernize fire protection, safety, and security of historic locations to better safeguard people and property with NFPA 914.

    Provisions of NFPA 914, Code for the Protection of Historic Structures, underscore the critical importance of meeting present-day fire, life safety, and security standards while preserving the unique character of designated heritage sites.

    This essential resource provides instruction for helping to ensure fire protection, fire safety, and comprehensive security for historic locations and those who visit, use, and operate them. The new edition offers insight into state-of-the-art technologies, strategies, and procedures for evaluating existing systems and features of historic buildings with clear guidance for developing and implementing an effective plan of action to address ongoing operations, renovations, and restoration projects.

    Approved as an American National Standard, NFPA 914 applies to the broad scope of historic structures and districts. Notable changes and enhancements to the 2019 edition include:

    • Revised title from Code for Fire Protection of Historic Structures to Code for the Protection of Historic Structures
    • Expanded scope and purpose to cover fire protection, security, resiliency, and preservation
    • Introduction of requirements for fire protection and life safety system commissioning
    • Conditions for integrated fire protection and life safety system testing 

    NFPA 914 is your guide to fire readiness and security for historic sites.

    Utilize this invaluable asset to improve or upgrade fire prevention and safety features of historically significant buildings and locations. Order your copy of NFPA 914, Code for the Protection of Historic Structures, today. (Print, 132 pp., 2019)

    2015 Edition

    Historic buildings deserve the latest strategies for fire protection, fire safety, and security. Protect people and property with the 2015 edition of NFPA 914.

    Safeguard historic buildings and historic sites -- along with everyone who operates, uses, and visits them -- with the latest requirements for fire protection and fire prevention in NFPA 914, Code for Fire Protection of Historic Structures. Provisions of this essential document acknowledge the need to preserve the historic character of these unique occupancies while providing the necessary level of life safety and fire protection.

    Additions and technical changes provide more comprehensive support.

    Apply the 2015 edition to improve or upgrade the fire protection features in a wide range of historic buildings, and address ongoing operations as well as renovation and restoration projects. Enhancements to the 2015 NFPA 914 include revised security provisions to reflect the most current technologies and practices, which have been consolidated into a comprehensive new security chapter.

    Order your copy of the 2015 NFPA 914 today and equip yourself with the knowledge to confidently evaluate the fire and life safety features of historic buildings, and to develop and implement an effective plan of action. (Softbound, 248 pp., 2015)


    Interested in other editions of NFPA 914? Use the drop down menu above to select the edition year you need.

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