2020 NFPA 855 Standard - Current Edition
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  • Description

    The new NFPA 855 is your resource for meeting the challenges of safeguarding the installation of modern energy storage systems (ESS).

    The use of ESS is rapidly multiplying around the world. While these high-energy, small-footprint systems provide clean, low-cost, long-duration sources of energy, they also present significant life safety hazards.

    The debut 2020 edition of NFPA 855, Standard for the Installation of Stationary Energy Storage Systems, addresses the dangers of toxic and flammable gases, stranded energy, and increase fire intensity associated with them.

    Give first responders and those who design, build, maintain, and inspect facilities the information they need to prepare for ESS safety.

    A vital resource for all stakeholders with interests in ESS technologies, NFPA 855 provides insight into mitigating risks and helping to ensure all installations are performed taking into account vital life safety considerations.

    The standard offers comprehensive criteria for the fire protection of ESS installations based on the technology used in ESS, the setting where the technology is being installed, the size and separation of ESS installations, and the fire suppression and control systems in place. Additional considerations include ventilation, detection, signage, listings, and emergency operations responding to ESS emergencies.

    Get the information you need to help keep stationary energy storage systems safe and compliant.

    NFPA 855, Standard for the Installation of Stationary Energy Storage Systems, is essential for designers, engineers, builders, manufacturers, enforcers, responders, and policymakers who play a role in public safety.

    Purchase this critical standard to access cutting-edge requirements for the installation of ESS.

  • Table of Contents (2020 Current Edition)

    NFPA® 855 Standard for the Installation of Stationary Energy Storage Systems, 2020 Edition

    Chapter 1 Administration
    1.1 Scope. (Reserved)
    1.2 Purpose.
    1.3 Application.
    1.4 Retroactivity.
    1.5 Equivalency.
    1.6 Units and Formulas.
    Chapter 2 Referenced Publications
    2.1 General.
    2.2 NFPA Publications.
    2.3 Other Publications.
    2.4 References for Extracts in Mandatory Sections.
    Chapter 3 Definitions
    3.1 General.
    3.2 NFPA Official Definitions.
    3.3 General Definitions.
    Chapter 4 Aircraft Rescue and Fire-Fighting Vehicles
    4.1 General.
    4.2 Equipment.
    4.3 Installation.
    4.4 Location.
    4.5 Mobile ESS Equipment and Operations.
    4.6 Size and Separation.
    4.7 Occupied Work Centers.
    4.8 Maximum Stored Energy.
    4.9 Exhaust Ventilation.
    4.10 Smoke and Fire Detection.
    4.11 Fire Control and Suppression.
    4.12 Explosion Control.
    4.13 Water Supply.
    4.14 Spill Control.
    4.15 Neutralization.
    4.16 Remediation Measures.
    Chapter 5 System Interconnections
    5.1 General.
    5.2 Disconnecting Means.
    5.3 Nonelectrical Systems.
    5.4 Communication Systems.
    5.5 Support Systems.
    Chapter 6 Commissioning
    6.1 System Commissioning.
    6.2 Issues and Resolutions Documentation. (Reserved)
    6.3 Operations and Maintenance Documentation.
    6.4 Recommissioning of Existing Systems.
    Chapter 7 Operation and Maintenance
    7.1 System Operation.
    7.2 System Maintenance.
    7.3 System Testing.
    Chapter 8 Decommissioning
    8.1 Decommissioning Plan.
    8.2 Decommissioning Process.
    8.3 Decommissioning Report.
    Chapter 9 Electrochemical Energy Storage Systems
    9.1 Application.
    9.2 General.
    9.3 Thermal Runaway Protection.
    9.4 Safety Caps.
    Chapter 10 Capacitor Energy Storage Systems
    10.1 Application.
    10.2 Protection Features.
    10.3 Thermal Runaway Protection.
    10.4 Safety Caps.
    Chapter 11 Fuel Cell Energy Storage Systems
    11.1 Installation and Maintenance.
    11.2 Fuel-Cell-Powered Vehicle Use.
    Chapter 12 Superconducting Magnet Energy Storage (Reserved)
    Chapter 13 Flywheel (Reserved)
    Chapter 14 Storage of Used or Off-Specification Batteries
    14.1 Collection Locations.
    14.2 System Maintenance.
    14.3 Mercantile, Vehicle Repair, Aircraft Repair, and Laboratory Occupancy Battery Collection and Storage Locations.
    14.4 Indoor Storage.
    14.5 Outdoor Storage Location.
    Chapter 15 One- and Two-Family Dwellings and Townhouse Units
    15.1 General.
    15.2 Equipment Listings.
    15.3 Installation.
    15.4 Commissioning.
    15.5 ESS Spacing.
    15.6 Location.
    15.7 Energy Ratings.
    15.8 Electrical Installation.
    15.9 Fire Detection.
    15.10 Protection from Impact.
    15.11 Exhaust Ventilation.
    15.12 Toxic and Highly Toxic Gas.
    15.13 Electric Vehicle Use.
    Annex A Explanatory Material
    Annex B Battery Energy Storage System Hazards
    Annex C Fire-Fighting Considerations (Operations)
    Annex D Overview of Energy Storage Systems Technologies
    Annex E Permits, Inspections, Approvals, and Connections
    Annex F Fire and Building Codes — A Short History on Stationary Storage Battery Systems
    Annex G Informational References
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