2023 NFPA 855 Standard - Current Edition
In purchasing digital access through a PDF or subscription service, you are purchasing a single-user license to access content only by the named account holder. Certain restrictions apply.

NFPA Members save an additional 10%.

Item #: NFPA_855
Price: $0.00
Edition:
Digital Access with NFPA LiNK® Plans starting at $9.99/month
Standard Formats Available:

Quantity:

*Order now! You will not be charged until your product becomes available.

  • Description

    Stay up to date on the latest requirements and meet the challenges of helping to safeguard the installation of modern energy storage systems (ESS) and lithium battery storage with the 2023 edition of NFPA 855, Standard for the Installation of Stationary Energy Storage Systems.

    The use of ESS is rapidly multiplying around the world. While these high-energy, small-footprint systems provide clean, low-cost, long-duration sources of energy, they also present significant life safety hazards. NFPA 855 addresses the dangers of toxic and flammable gases, stranded energy, and increased fire intensity associated with them.

    A vital resource for all stakeholders with interests in ESS technologies, NFPA 855 provides insight into mitigating risks and helping to ensure all installations are performed appropriately, taking into account vital life safety considerations.

    Give first responders and those who design, build, maintain, and inspect facilities the information they need to prepare for ESS safety. The standard offers comprehensive criteria for the fire protection of ESS installations based on the technology used in ESS, the setting where the technology is being installed, the size and separation of ESS installations, and the fire suppression and control systems in place.

    The 2023 edition NFPA 855 includes the following updates:

    • Requirements for fire detection and suppression, explosion control, exhaust ventilation, gas detection, and thermal runaway have been added or revised.
    • Requirements from Chapters 4 and 10 specific to electrochemical ESS have been consolidated and reorganized in Chapter 9.
    • Chapter 13 has been added to address flywheel ESS.
    • Information has been added in Annex B to provide guidance on the hazards associated with additional battery types.
    • Annex G has been added as a guide for suppression and safety of lithium-ion battery ESS.

    NFPA 855, Standard for the Installation of Stationary Energy Storage Systems, is essential for designers, engineers, builders, manufacturers, enforcers, responders, and policymakers who play a role in public safety. Purchase this critical standard to access cutting-edge requirements for the installation of ESS (Print, 60 pp., 2023)

  • Table of Contents (2023 Current Edition)

    NFPA® 855 Standard for the Installation of Stationary Energy Storage Systems, 2023 Edition

    Chapter 1 Administration
    1.1 Scope.
    1.2 Purpose.
    1.3 Application.
    1.4 Retroactivity.
    1.5 Equivalency.
    1.6 Units and Formulas.
    Chapter 2 Referenced Publications
    2.1 General.
    2.2 NFPA Publications.
    2.3 Other Publications.
    2.4 References for Extracts in Mandatory Sections.
    Chapter 3 Definitions
    3.1 General.
    3.2 NFPA Official Definitions.
    3.3 General Definitions.
    Chapter 4 General
    4.1 General.
    4.2 Construction Documents.
    4.3 Emergency Planning and Training.
    4.4 Hazard Mitigation Analysis (HMA).
    4.5 Combustible Storage.
    4.6 Equipment.
    4.7 Installation.
    4.8 Smoke and Fire Detection.
    4.9 Fire Control and Suppression.
    4.10 Mobile ESS Equipment and Operations.
    Chapter 5 System Interconnections
    5.1 General.
    5.2 Disconnecting Means.
    5.3 Nonelectrical Systems.
    5.4 Support Systems.
    Chapter 6 Commissioning
    6.1 System Commissioning.
    6.2 Issues and Resolutions Documentation. (Reserved)
    6.3 Operations and Maintenance Documentation.
    6.4 Recommissioning of Existing Systems.
    Chapter 7 Operation and Maintenance
    7.1 System Operation.
    7.2 System Maintenance.
    7.3 System Testing.
    Chapter 8 Decommissioning
    8.1 Decommissioning Plan.
    8.2 Decommissioning Process.
    8.3 Decommissioning Report.
    Chapter 9 Electrochemical Energy Storage Systems
    9.1 General.
    9.2 Equipment.
    9.3 Location Classification.
    9.4 Installation.
    9.5 Location and Applications.
    9.6 Protection and Remediation.
    Chapter 10 (Reserved)
    Chapter 11 Fuel Cell Energy Storage Systems
    11.1 Installation and Maintenance.
    11.2 Fuel-Cell-Powered Vehicle Use.
    Chapter 12 Superconducting Magnet Energy Storage (Reserved)
    Chapter 13 Flywheel Energy Storage Systems (FESS)
    13.1 Application.
    13.2 Protection Features.
    13.3 Commissioning.
    13.4 Operation and Maintenance.
    13.5 Decommissioning.
    Chapter 14 Storage of Lithium Metal or Lithium-ion Batteries
    14.1 Batteries.
    14.2 Collection Locations.
    14.3 Indoor Storage Locations.
    14.4 Prevention and Mitigation.
    14.5 Explosion Protection.
    14.6 Outdoor Storage Location.
    Chapter 15 One- and Two-Family Dwellings and Townhouse Units
    15.1 General.
    15.2 Equipment Listings.
    15.3 Installation.
    15.4 Locations.
    15.5 Energy Ratings.
    15.6 Electrical Installation.
    15.7 Fire Detection.
    15.8 Protection from Impact.
    15.9 Exhaust Ventilation.
    15.10 ESS Toxic and Highly Toxic Gas Release During Normal Use.
    15.11 Electric Vehicle Use.
    Annex A Explanatory Material
    Annex B Battery Energy Storage System Hazards
    Annex C Firefighting Considerations (Operations)
    Annex D Overview of Energy Storage Systems Technologies
    Annex E Permits, Inspections, Approvals, and Connections
    Annex F Fire and Building Codes A Short History on Stationary Storage Battery Systems
    Annex G Guide for Suppression and Safety of Lithium-Ion Battery (LIB) Energy Storage Systems (ESS)
    Annex H Informational References
  • Prior Editions

    2020 Edition

    The new NFPA 855 is your resource for meeting the challenges of safeguarding the installation of modern energy storage systems (ESS).

    The use of ESS is rapidly multiplying around the world. While these high-energy, small-footprint systems provide clean, low-cost, long-duration sources of energy, they also present significant life safety hazards.

    The debut 2020 edition of NFPA 855, Standard for the Installation of Stationary Energy Storage Systems, addresses the dangers of toxic and flammable gases, stranded energy, and increase fire intensity associated with them.

    Give first responders and those who design, build, maintain, and inspect facilities the information they need to prepare for ESS safety.

    A vital resource for all stakeholders with interests in ESS technologies, NFPA 855 provides insight into mitigating risks and helping to ensure all installations are performed taking into account vital life safety considerations.

    The standard offers comprehensive criteria for the fire protection of ESS installations based on the technology used in ESS, the setting where the technology is being installed, the size and separation of ESS installations, and the fire suppression and control systems in place. Additional considerations include ventilation, detection, signage, listings, and emergency operations responding to ESS emergencies.

    Get the information you need to help keep stationary energy storage systems safe and compliant.

    NFPA 855, Standard for the Installation of Stationary Energy Storage Systems, is essential for designers, engineers, builders, manufacturers, enforcers, responders, and policymakers who play a role in public safety.

    Purchase this critical standard to access cutting-edge requirements for the installation of ESS.

     

    Interested in other editions of NFPA 855? Use the drop down menu above to select the edition year you need.

  • NFPA PDF Products

    If you purchased a PDF, licensed PDFs can be accessed immediately. Instructions can be found in your order confirmation.

    Effective with the annual 2020 code cycle, NFPA® will no longer offer access to the PDF format as a choice for new editions of codes and standards, handbooks, or other reference titles. Existing PDFs will remain in-market and will still be accessible in our National Fire Codes® Subscription Service (NFCSS™). For more information about the different format options available to access essential code and standard content you need, click here.

  • Historical Editions

    Previous editions of NFPA® documents are available for sale. Please see applicable NFPA codes and standards product pages to confirm which editions are available for purchase. If you have any questions, contact NFPA Customer Support at 1-800-344-3555 or nfpa.org/customerservice.

  • Also in Codes and Standards