2016 NFPA 72 Handbook - Current Edition

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  • Description

    Editors: Richard J. Roux and Christopher D. Coache

    Get advanced knowledge about new technologies and innovative fire alarm applications in the 2016 NFPA 72® Handbook.

    Access a powerhouse of support for correct design and installation of fire alarm and emergency communications systems in the 2016 National Fire Alarm and Signaling Code Handbook. Now in its 8th edition, NFPA®'s exclusive full-color Handbook helps you answer questions, verify interpretations, and comply with the 2016 edition of NFPA 72. Nobody knows the Code better!

    Updates from cover to cover and a new design give you the edge in compliance. Only the 2016 NFPA 72 Handbook has it all:

    • The full text of the 2016 edition of NFPA 72 provides the latest requirements for the application, installation, location, performance, and inspection, testing, and maintenance of fire alarm and mass notification systems and components.
    • Authoritative commentary written by experts gives you an insider perspective on NFPA 72 Get additional information about the Code's first-time coverage of Class N circuits along with other major changes.
    • "Closer Look" features provide in-depth, detailed explanations.
    • Charts, tables, color photos, and other graphics clarify concepts.
    • Code Update icons indicate where a significant change in the Code has occurred.
    • System Design Tips help architects and engineers avoid common errors in application that can result in costly delays or charge backs.
    • Updated FAQs answer questions from the field.
    • Code excerpts from other standards are highlighted in the commentary.
    • All-new supplement Class N Circuits - Using Networks for Fire Alarm and Mass Notification Systems helps you work with the Class N circuits in revised Chapters 12, 21, 23 and 24.
    • Supplements address performance-based design, voice intelligibility for voice/alarm systems, and -- for the first time -- an overview of technical changes from 2013 to the 2016 editions of NFPA 72.

    Navigate the changing world of fire alarm and signaling systems with help from the experts who know NFPA 72 best.

    Get the facts you need to work confidently and correctly. Engineers, contractors, consultants, designers, architects, and AHJs will be more efficient and effective with reliable support and expert insights that are only available in the 2016 National Fire Alarm and Signaling Code Handbook. (Hardbound, 1,152 pp., 2016)


    Interested in other editions of the NFPA 72 Handbook? Use the drop down menu above to select the edition year you need.

  • Table of Contents (2016 Current Edition)

    Handbook Contents



    About the Contributors

    About the Editors


    NFPA 72®, National Fire Alarm and Signaling Code, 2016 Edition, with Commentary


    1 Administration

    1.1 Scope

    1.2 Purpose

    1.3 Application

    1.4 Retroactivity

    1.5 Equivalency

    1.6 Units and Formulas

    1.7 Code Adoption Requirements


    2 Referenced Publications

    2.1 General

    2.2 NFPA Publications

    2.3 Other Publications

    2.4 References for Extracts in Mandatory Sections


    3 Definitions

    3.1 General

    3.2 NFPA Official Definitions

    3.3 General Definitions


    4 Reserved


    5 Reserved


    6 Reserved


    7 Documentation

    7.1 Application. (SIG-FUN)

    7.2 Minimum Required Documentation. (SIG-FUN)

    7.3 Design (Layout) Documentation

    7.4 Shop Drawings (Installation Documentation). (SIG-FUN)

    7.5 Completion Documentation

    7.6 Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance Documentation. (SIG-TMS)

    7.7 Records, Record Retention, and Record Maintenance

    7.8 Forms


    8 Reserved


    9 Reserved


    10 Fundamentals

    10.1 Application

    10.2 Purpose

    10.3 Equipment

    10.4 Design and Installation

    10.5 Personnel Qualifications

    10.6 Power Supplies

    10.7 Signal Priority

    10.8 Detection and Signaling of Conditions

    10.9 Responses

    10.10 Distinctive Signals

    10.11 Alarm Signals

    10.12 Fire Alarm Notification Appliance Deactivation

    10.13 Supervisory Signals

    10.14 Trouble Signals

    10.15 Emergency Control Function Status Indicators

    10.16 Notification Appliance Circuits and Control Circuits

    10.17 Annunciation and Annunciation Zoning

    10.18 Monitoring Integrity of In-Building Fire Emergency Voice/Alarm Communications Systems

    10.19 Documentation and Notification

    10.20 Impairments

    10.21 Unwanted Alarms


    11 Reserved


    12 Circuits and Pathways

    12.1 Application

    12.2 General

    12.3 Pathway Class Designations

    12.4 Pathway Survivability

    12.5 Shared Pathway Designations

    12.6 Monitoring Integrity and Circuit Performance of Installation Conductors and Other Signaling Channels

    12.7 Nomenclature


    13 Reserved


    14 Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance

    14.1 Application

    14.2 General

    14.3 Inspection

    14.4 Testing

    14.5 Maintenance

    14.6 Records


    15 Reserved


    16 Reserved


    17 Initiating Devices

    17.1 Application

    17.2 Purpose

    17.3 Performance-Based Design

    17.4 General Requirements

    17.5 Requirements for Smoke and Heat Detectors

    17.6 Heat-Sensing Fire Detectors

    17.7 Smoke-Sensing Fire Detectors

    17.8 Radiant Energy–Sensing Fire Detectors

    17.9 Combination, Multi-Criteria, and Multi-Sensor Detectors

    17.10 Gas Detection

    17.11 Other Fire Detectors

    17.12 Sprinkler Waterflow Alarm-Initiating Devices

    17.13 Detection of Operation of Other Automatic Extinguishing Systems

    17.14 Manually Actuated Alarm-Initiating Devices

    17.15 Fire Extinguisher Electronic Monitoring Device

    17.16 Supervisory Signal-Initiating Devices


    18 Notification Appliances

    18.1 Application

    18.2 Purpose

    18.3 General

    18.4 Audible Characteristics

    18.5 Visible Characteristics - Public Mode

    18.6 Visible Characteristics - Private Mode

    18.7 Supplementary Visible Signaling Method

    18.8 Textual Audible Appliances

    18.9 Textual and Graphical Visible Appliances

    18.10 Tactile Appliances

    18.11 Standard Emergency Service Interface


    19 Reserved


    20 Reserved


    21 Emergency Control Function Interfaces

    21.1 Application

    21.2 General

    21.3 Elevator Phase I Emergency Recall Operation

    21.4 Elevator Shutdown

    21.5 Fire Service Access Elevators

    21.6 Occupant Evacuation Elevators

    21.7 Heating, Ventilating, and Air-Conditioning (HVAC) Systems

    21.8 Door and Shutter Release

    21.9 Electrically Locked Doors

    21.10 Exit Marking Audible Notification Systems


    22 Reserved


    23 Protected Premises Fire Alarm Systems

    23.1 Application

    23.2 General

    23.3 System Features

    23.4 System Performance and Integrity

    23.5 Performance of Initiating Device Circuits (IDCs)

    23.6 Performance of Signaling Line Circuits (SLCs)

    23.7 Performance of Notification Appliance Circuits (NACs)

    23.8 System Requirements 587

    23.9 In-Building Fire Emergency Voice/Alarm Communications

    23.10 Fire Alarm Systems Using Tone

    23.11 Suppression System Actuation

    23.12 Off-Premises Signals

    23.13 Guard’s Tour Supervisory Service

    23.14 Suppressed (Exception Reporting) Signal System

    23.15 Protected Premises Emergency Control Functions

    23.16 Special Requirements for Low-Power Radio (Wireless) Systems


    24 Emergency Communications Systems (ECS)

    24.1 Application

    24.2 Purpose

    24.3 General

    24.4 In-Building Fire Emergency Voice/Alarm Communications Systems (EVACS)

    24.5 In-Building Mass Notification Systems

    24.6 Wide-Area Mass Notification Systems

    24.7 Distributed Recipient Mass Notification Systems (DRMNS)

    24.8 Two-Way, In-Building Wired Emergency Services Communications Systems

    24.9 Two-Way Radio Communications Enhancement Systems

    24.10 Area of Refuge (Area of Rescue Assistance) Emergency Communications Systems

    24.11 Elevator Emergency Communications Systems

    24.12 Stairway Communications Systems

    24.13 Information, Command, and Control

    24.14 Performance-Based Design of Mass Notification Systems

    24.15 Documentation for Emergency Communications Systems


    25 Reserved


    26 Supervising Station Alarm Systems

    26.1 Application

    26.2 General

    26.3 Central Station Service Alarm Systems

    26.4 Proprietary Supervising Station Alarm Systems

    26.5 Remote Supervising Station Alarm Systems

    26.6 Communications Methods for Supervising Station Alarm Systems


    27 Public Emergency Alarm Reporting Systems

    27.1 Application

    27.2 General Fundamentals

    27.3 Management and Maintenance

    27.4 Communications Methods

    27.5 Alarm Processing Equipment

    27.6 Alarm Boxes

    27.7 Public Cable Plant

    27.8 Emergency Communications Systems (ECS)


    28 Reserved


    29 Single- and Multiple-Station Alarms and Household Fire Alarm Systems

    29.1 Application

    29.2 Purpose

    29.3 Basic Requirements

    29.4 Assumptions

    29.5 Detection and Notification

    29.6 Power Supplies

    29.7 Equipment Performance

    29.8 Installation

    29.9 Optional Functions

    29.10 Maintenance and Tests

    29.11 Markings and Instructions



    A Explanatory Material

    B Engineering Guide for Automatic Fire Detector Spacing

    C System Performance and Design Guide

    D Speech Intelligibility

    E Sample Ordinance Adopting NFPA 72

    F Wiring Diagrams and Guide for Testing Fire Alarm Circuits

    G Guidelines for Emergency Communication Strategies for Buildings and Campuses

    H Informational References




    1 Performance-Based Design and Fire Alarm Systems

    2 Voice Intelligibility for Emergency Voice/Alarm Communications Systems

    3 Class N Circuits - Using Networks for Fire Alarm and Mass Notification Systems

    4 Technical/Substantive Changes from the 2013 to 2016 Edition of NFPA 72


    Important Notices and Legal Disclaimers

  • Sample Pages (2016)

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    Preview the 2016 NFPA 72: National Fire Alarm and Signaling Code Handbook.

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  • eForms Table of Contents (2016)

    eForms Table of Contents

    • System Record of Completion
    • Emergency Communications Systems Supplementary Record of Completion
    • Power Systems Supplementary Record of Completion
    • Notification Appliance Power Panel Supplementary Record of Completion
    • Interconnected Systems Supplementary Record of Completion
    • Deviations from Adopted Codes and Standards Supplementary Record of Completion
    • System Record of Inspection and Testing
    • Notification Appliance Supplementary Record of Inspection and Testing
    • Initiating Device Supplementary Record of Inspection and Testing
    • Mass Notification System Supplementary Record of Inspection and Testing
    • Emergency Communications Systems Supplementary Record of Inspection and Testing
    • Interface Component Supplementary Record of Inspection and Testing
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