2019 NFPA 72 Code - Current Edition
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  • Description

    Expanded and updated, NFPA 72®, National Fire Alarm and Signaling Code® reflects the latest technologies, applications, and research.

    Update to the new benchmark for fire alarm systems, with requirements that reflect code user needs and concerns in the field today. The 2019 edition of NFPA 72, National Fire Alarm and Signaling Code presents the most advanced provisions ever developed for the application, installation, location, performance, and inspection, testing, and maintenance of fire alarm and emergency communications systems -- including Mass Notification Systems (MNS).

    This edition features important updates for designers, installers, and AHJs—from added testing requirements for Energy Storage Systems (ESS), to new requirements for HVLS fans and air-sampling smoke detectors.

    In a major change to scope, NFPA 72 now addresses carbon monoxide protection.

    Material previously in NFPA 720, Standard for the Installation of Carbon Monoxide (CO) Detection and Warning Equipment is relocated into the 2019 edition of NFPA 72. Critical requirements are incorporated into:

    • Chapter 17 for carbon monoxide detectors
    • Chapter 14 for installation, testing, and maintenance
    • Chapter 29 for carbon monoxide alarms -- with a significant amount of additional information
    • New Annex H

    Other key changes address occupant evacuation, areas of refuge, and VRLA batteries:

    • Major revisions to the requirements for fire service access elevators and occupant evacuation elevators (OEE) coordinate with changes made in ASME A17.1/CSA B44. Annex text is added for clarification.
    • Extensively revised requirements for occupant evacuation operation (OEO) coordinate with the new best practices and field research.
    • In addition to revised requirements for area of refuge (area of rescue assistance), Chapter 24 now includes requirements for stairway communications systems, elevator landing communications systems, and occupant evacuation elevator lobby communications systems.
    • Chapter 14, Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance now incorporates valve-regulated lead-acid (VRLA) batteries.
    • New and updated definitions bring NFPA 72 up-to-date with current technologies. For example, the terms strobe, light, and visible are changed to visual notification appliance, recognizing use of LED products that can be used for fire alarm.

    The 2019 edition of NFPA 72 is a must-have resource for everyone involved with fire alarm design, installation, inspection, and maintenance. Order direct from NFPA®, the Code source. (Print, 369 pp., 2019)

    Interested in the 2016 edition of NFPA 72? Find it here.
    For editions prior to 2016, find them here.

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  • Table of Contents (2019 Current Edition)

    NFPA 72® National Fire Alarm and Signaling Code, 2019 Edition

    Chapter 1 Administration
    1.1 Scope.
    1.2 Purpose.
    1.3 Application.
    1.4 Retroactivity.
    1.5 Equivalency.
    1.6 Units and Formulas.
    1.7 Code Adoption Requirements.
    Chapter 2 Referenced Publications
    2.1 General.
    2.2 NFPA Publications.
    2.3 Other Publications.
    2.4 References for Extracts in Mandatory Sections.
    Chapter 3 Definitions
    3.1 General.
    3.2 NFPA Official Definitions.
    3.3 General Definitions.
    Chapter 4 Reserved
    Chapter 5 Reserved
    Chapter 6 Reserved
    Chapter 7 Documentation
    7.1 Application. (SIG-FUN)
    7.2 Minimum Required Documentation. (SIG-FUN)
    7.3 Design (Layout) Documentation.
    7.4 Shop Drawings (Installation Documentation). (SIG-FUN)
    7.5 Completion Documentation.
    7.6 Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance Documentation. (SIG-TMS)
    7.7 Records, Record Retention, and Record Maintenance.
    7.8 Forms.
    Chapter 8 Reserved
    Chapter 9 Reserved
    Chapter 10 Fundamentals
    10.1 Application.
    10.2 Purpose.
    10.3 Equipment.
    10.4 Design and Installation.
    10.5 Personnel Qualifications.
    10.6 Power Supplies.
    10.7 Signal Priority.
    10.8 Detection and Signaling of Conditions.
    10.9 Responses.
    10.10 Distinctive Signals.
    10.11 Alarm Signals.
    10.12 Fire Alarm Notification Appliance Deactivation.
    10.13 Carbon Monoxide (CO) Notification Appliance Deactivation.
    10.14 Supervisory Signals.
    10.15 Trouble Signals.
    10.16 Emergency Control Function Status Indicators.
    10.17 Notification Appliance Circuits and Control Circuits.
    10.18 Annunciation and Annunciation Zoning.
    10.19 Monitoring Integrity of In-Building Fire Emergency Voice/Alarm Communications Systems.
    10.20 Documentation and Notification.
    10.21 Impairments.
    10.22 Unwanted Alarms.
    Chapter 11 Reserved
    Chapter 12 Circuits and Pathways
    12.1 Application.
    12.2 General.
    12.3 Pathway Class Designations.
    12.4 Pathway Survivability.
    12.5 Shared Pathway Designations.
    12.6 Monitoring Integrity and Circuit Performance of Installation Conductors and Other Signaling Channels.
    12.7 Nomenclature.
    Chapter 13 Reserved
    Chapter 14 Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance
    14.1 Application.
    14.2 General.
    14.3 Inspection.
    14.4 Testing.
    14.5 Maintenance.
    14.6 Records.
    Chapter 15 Reserved
    Chapter 16 Reserved
    Chapter 17 Initiating Devices
    17.1 Application.
    17.2 Purpose.
    17.3 Performance-Based Design.
    17.4 General Requirements.
    17.5 Requirements for Smoke and Heat Detectors.
    17.6 Heat-Sensing Fire Detectors.
    17.7 Smoke-Sensing Fire Detectors.
    17.8 Radiant Energy–Sensing Fire Detectors.
    17.9 Combination, Multi-Criteria, and Multi-Sensor Detectors.
    17.10 Gas Detection.
    17.11 Other Fire Detectors.
    17.12 Carbon Monoxide Detectors.
    17.13 Sprinkler Waterflow Alarm-Initiating Devices.
    17.14 Detection of Operation of Other Automatic Extinguishing Systems.
    17.15 Manually Actuated Alarm-Initiating Devices.
    17.16 Fire Extinguisher Electronic Monitoring Device.
    17.17 Supervisory Signal–Initiating Devices.
    Chapter 18 Notification Appliances
    18.1 Application.
    18.2 Purpose.
    18.3 General.
    18.4 Audible Characteristics.
    18.5 Visual Characteristics — Public Mode.
    18.6 Visual Characteristics — Private Mode.
    18.7 Supplementary Visual Signaling Method.
    18.8 Textual Audible Appliances.
    18.9 Textual and Graphical Visual Appliances.
    18.10 Tactile Appliances.
    18.11 Standard Emergency Service Interface.
    Chapter 19 Reserved
    Chapter 20 Reserved
    Chapter 21 Emergency Control Function Interfaces
    21.1 Application.
    21.2 General.
    21.3 Elevator Phase I Emergency Recall Operation.
    21.4 Elevator Power Shutdown.
    21.5 Fire Service Access Elevators.
    21.6 Occupant Evacuation Elevators (OEE).
    21.7 Heating, Ventilating and Air-Conditioning (HVAC) Systems.
    21.8 High Volume Low Speed (HVLS) Fans.
    21.9 Door and Shutter Release.
    21.10 Electrically Locked Doors.
    21.11 Exit Marking Audible Notification Systems.
    Chapter 22 Reserved
    Chapter 23 Protected Premises Alarm and Signaling Systems
    23.1 Application.
    23.2 General.
    23.3 System Features.
    23.4 System Performance and Integrity.
    23.5 Performance of Initiating Device Circuits (IDCs).
    23.6 Performance of Signaling Line Circuits (SLCs).
    23.7 Performance of Notification Appliance Circuits (NACs).
    23.8 System Requirements.
    23.9 In-Building Fire Emergency Voice/Alarm Communications.
    23.10 Fire Alarm Systems Using Tone.
    23.11 Suppression System Actuation.
    23.12 Off-Premises Signals.
    23.13 Guard’s Tour Supervisory Service.
    23.14 Suppressed (Exception Reporting) Signal System.
    23.15 Protected Premises Emergency Control Functions.
    23.16 Special Requirements for Low-Power Radio (Wireless) Systems.
    Chapter 24 Emergency Communications Systems (ECS)
    24.1 Application.
    24.2 Purpose.
    24.3 General.
    24.4 In-Building Fire Emergency Voice/Alarm Communications Systems (EVACS).
    24.5 In-Building Mass Notification Systems.
    24.6 Wide-Area Mass Notification Systems.
    24.7 Distributed Recipient Mass Notification Systems (DRMNS).
    24.8 Two-Way, In-Building Wired Emergency Services Communications Systems.
    24.9 Two-Way Radio Communications Enhancement Systems.
    24.10 Area of Refuge (Area of Rescue Assistance) Emergency Communications Systems, Stairway Communications Systems, Elevator Landing Communications Systems, and Occupant Evacuation Elevator Lobby Communications Systems.
    24.11 Information, Command, and Control.
    24.12 Performance-Based Design of Mass Notification Systems.
    24.13 Documentation for Emergency Communications Systems.
    Chapter 25 Reserved
    Chapter 26 Supervising Station Alarm Systems
    26.1 Application.
    26.2 General.
    26.3 Central Station Service Alarm Systems.
    26.4 Proprietary Supervising Station Alarm Systems.
    26.5 Remote Supervising Station Alarm Systems.
    26.6 Communications Methods for Supervising Station Alarm Systems.
    Chapter 27 Public Emergency Alarm Reporting Systems
    27.1 Application.
    27.2 General.
    27.3 Management and Maintenance.
    27.4 Communications Methods.
    27.5 Alarm Processing Equipment.
    27.6 Alarm Boxes.
    27.7 Public Cable Plant.
    27.8 Emergency Communications Systems (ECS).
    Chapter 28 Reserved
    Chapter 29 Single- and Multiple-Station Alarms and Household Signaling Systems
    29.1 Application.
    29.2 Purpose.
    29.3 Basic Requirements.
    29.4 Remote Annunciation.
    29.5 Notification.
    29.6 Assumptions.
    29.7 Carbon Monoxide Detection.
    29.8 Detection and Notification.
    29.9 Power Supplies.
    29.10 Equipment Performance.
    29.11 Installation.
    29.12 Optional Functions.
    29.13 Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance.
    29.14 Markings and Instructions.
    Annex A Explanatory Material
    Annex B Engineering Guide for Automatic Fire Detector Spacing
    Annex C System Performance and Design Guide
    Annex D Speech Intelligibility
    Annex E Sample Ordinance Adopting NFPA 72
    Annex F Wiring Diagrams and Guide for Testing Fire Alarm Circuits
    Annex G Guidelines for Emergency Communication Strategies for Buildings and Campuses
    Annex H Carbon Monoxide
    Annex I Informational References
  • How the NFPA Handbooks Differ from Codes and Standards

    THE NFPA HANDBOOKS DIFFER FROM CODES AND STANDARDS

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    NFPA codes and standards both provide requirements for achieving outcomes. Handbooks take a deeper dive, providing the full text of a code or standard as well as expert commentary and features such as graphics, decision trees, testing procedures, case studies, sample forms and checklists, and other helpful aids to give a better understanding of the reasoning behind the requirements and how to apply them.

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    • A code or standard is a framework—a set of rules to follow with a goal to achieve a certain result
    • A handbook is a connector—linking requirements to application by helping you understand the reasoning behind a code or standard

    The simplest way to think about it is that codes and standards list the technical requirements while handbooks explain those requirements to clarify how to apply them.

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  • eForms Table of Contents

    eForms Table of Contents

    • System Record of Completion
    • Emergency Communications Systems Supplementary Record of Completion
    • Power Systems Supplementary Record of Completion
    • Noti?cation Appliance Power Panel Supplementary Record of Completion
    • Interconnected Systems Supplementary Record of Completion
    • Deviations from Adopted Codes and Standards Supplementary Record of Completion
    • System Record of Inspection and Testing
    • Noti?cation Appliance Supplementary Record of Inspection and Testing
    • Initiating Device Supplementary Record of Inspection and Testing
    • Mass Noti?cation System Supplementary Record of Inspection and Testing
    • Emergency Communications Systems Supplementary Record of Inspection and Testing
    • Interface Component Supplementary Record of Inspection and Testing
    • Installation and Inspection Form Single- and Multiple-Station Alarms and Household Fire Alarm Systems
    • Risk Analysis Checklist
  • Tabs (2019 Edition)

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    New for the 2019 edition of NFPA 72, these convenient, self-adhesive Tabs are the easy solution to finding subject matter fast in the field. Just affix Tabs directly to the pages of NFPA 72 or the National Fire Alarm and Signaling Code Handbook for easy access to the latest provisions and expert advice concerning fire alarm, carbon monoxide, and mass notification systems and components. Order time-saving Tabs now and step up productivity and efficiency every day. (Set of 53)

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