2020 NFPA 654 Standard - Current Edition
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  • Description

    The new edition of NFPA 654 provides the latest requirements and procedures for managing fire and explosion hazards involving combustible particulate solids and hybrid mixtures.

    The presence of combustible dust in plastics, chemicals, dyes, pharmaceuticals, fibers, and many other production settings presents explosion hazards that can result in injuries, deaths, and damage to and destruction of buildings. NFPA 654, Standard for the Prevention of Fire and Dust Explosions from the Manufacturing, Processing, and Handling of Combustible Particulate Solids, 2020 edition, is referenced by OSHA's Combustible Dust National Emphasis Program (NEP) to identify dust hazards and define mitigation strategies that help protect life and property.

    The standard provides industry-recognized safety practices for facility and systems design, process equipment protection, fugitive dust control and housekeeping, ignition source identification and control, fire protection, training and procedures, inspection, and maintenance. Annexes offer guidance on the application of area electrical classification for various dust accumulation levels.

    NFPA 654 has been completely reorganized to align with NFPA 652.

    The 2020 edition of the standard is restructured, with many existing requirements moved to align the document with NFPA 652, Standard on the Fundamentals of Combustible Dust.

    Other notable changes, additions, and features include:

    • Clarifications have been made to indicate where requirements in the code are retroactive.
    • New provisions for ultrafine particles (including nanopowders and nanoparticles) and additive manufacturing have been added to recognize unique hazards and developing technologies.
    • Requirements covering static, conductivity, and portable vacuum cleaners have been extracted from NFPA 652.
    • The deadline for performing a dust hazard analysis (DHA) on existing processes and facility compartments is now specified to align with NFPA 652.

    Identify dust hazards and establish effective control measures with NFPA 654.

    This essential safety resource is a must-have for everyone from facility owners/operators that store, handle, or use combustible particulates solids to fire protection and design engineers, enforcers, insurance professionals, equipment manufacturers and vendors, and testing and research facilities.

    Get up to date with cutting-edge protocols and safeguard your facility by ordering your copy of NFPA 654, Standard for the Prevention of Fire and Dust Explosions from the Manufacturing, Processing, and Handling of Combustible Particulate Solids, today.

    Are you interested in other editions of the NFPA 654? Use the drop-down menu above to select the edition year you need.

  • Table of Contents (2020 Current Edition)

    NFPA® 654 Standard for the Prevention of Fire and Dust Explosions from the Manufacturing, Processing, and Handling of Combustible Particulate Solids, 2020 Edition

    Chapter 1 Administration
    1.1 Scope.
    1.2 Purpose.
    1.3 Goal.
    1.4 Application.
    1.5 Conflicts.
    1.6 Retroactivity.
    1.7 Equivalency.
    1.8 Units and Formulas.
    Chapter 2 Referenced Publications
    2.1 General.
    2.2 NFPA Publications.
    2.3 Other Publications.
    2.4 References for Extracts in Mandatory Sections.
    Chapter 3 Definitions
    3.1 General.
    3.2 NFPA Official Definitions.
    3.3 General Definitions.
    Chapter 4 General Requirements
    4.1 Owner’s Obligation.
    4.2 Objectives.
    4.3 Compliance Options.
    Chapter 5 Hazard Identification
    5.1 Hazard Identification.
    Chapter 6 Performance-Based Design Option
    6.1 General Requirements.
    6.2 Performance Criteria.
    6.3 Design Scenarios.
    6.4 Evaluation of Proposed Design.
    Chapter 7 Dust Hazards Analysis (DHA)
    7.1 General Requirements.
    7.2 Hazard Assessment.
    Chapter 8 Management Systems
    8.1 Retroactivity.
    8.2 General. (Reserved)
    8.3 Operating Procedures.
    8.4 Housekeeping Procedures and Portable Vacuum Cleaners.
    8.5 Open Flames and Sparks (Hot Work).
    8.6 Personal Protective Equipment (PPE).
    8.7 Inspection and Maintenance.
    8.8 Employee Training and Procedures.
    8.9 Contractors and Subcontractors.
    8.10 Emergency Planning and Response.
    8.11 Incident Investigation.
    8.12 Management of Change.
    8.13 Document Retention. (Reserved)
    8.14 Management Systems Review. (Reserved)
    8.15 Employee Participation. (Reserved)
    Chapter 9 Hazard Management: Mitigation and Prevention
    9.1 Process and Facility Design.
    9.2 Building Design.
    9.3 Equipment Design.
    9.4 Ignition Source Control.
    9.5 Pyrophoric Dusts. (Reserved)
    9.6 Dust Control.
    9.7 Explosion Prevention and Protection.
    9.8 Fire Protection.
    Annex A Explanatory Material
    Annex B Explosion Protection
    Annex C Informational Primer on Spark Detection and Extinguishing Systems
    Annex D Dust Layer Characterization and Precautions
    Annex E Deflagration Propagation Isolation Methods
    Annex F Use of Water as Extinguishing Agent for Combustible Particulate Solids
    Annex G Informational References
  • Prior Editions

    2017 Edition

    The 2017 edition of NFPA 654 provides a comprehensive approach to managing fire and explosion hazards involving combustible particulate solids and hybrid mixtures.

    Tragic experiences in the United Stated attest to the need for detailed regulations on dust hazard mitigation. NFPA 654: Standard for the Prevention of Fire and Dust Explosions from the Manufacturing, Processing, and Handling of Combustible Particulate Solids is referenced by OSHA's Combustible Dust National Emphasis Program (NEP) for the purposes of identifying dust hazards and defining mitigation strategies that protect life and property.

    The 2017 edition of NFPA 654 presents the latest protocols.

    The 2017 edition of the Standard provides fundamental, industry-recognized safety practices for facility and systems design, process equipment protection, fugitive dust control and housekeeping, ignition source identification and control, fire protection, training and procedures, inspection, and maintenance. Although the requirement to perform a hazard analysis has been part of the Standard since the 2006 edition, this 2017 edition of NFPA 654 includes requirements to perform a dust hazard analysis (DHA) retroactively for facilities constructed prior to the 2006 edition.

    The 2017 edition of NFPA 654 works with first-time NFPA 652, to help users identify dust hazards and establish the most effective control measures for the hazard and the type of facility.

    This 2017 edition of NFPA 654 contains changes that help align the Standard with the 2016 edition NFPA 652, Fundamentals of Combustible Dust -- the industry's first Standard with general provisions for managing dust hazards. Definitions in new NFPA 654 are aligned with those in NFPA 652, and the objectives in Chapter 4 have been updated.

    NFPA 654 is essential for owner/operators of facilities that store, handle, or use combustible particulate solids; along with insurance professionals, design engineers, fire protection engineers, equipment manufacturers and vendors, enforcers, and testing laboratories or research facilities. Annexes include guidance on the application of area electrical classification for various dust accumulation levels. (Softbound, 44 pp., 2017)

     

    Interested in other editions of the NFPA 654? Use the drop down menu above to select the edition year you need.

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  • Also in NFPA 654, Standard for the Prevention of Fire and Dust Explosions from the Manufacturing, Processing, and Handling of Combustible Particulate Solids