2019 NFPA 59A Standard - Current Edition

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  • Description

    Better identify risks and help ensure safety around Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) plants and export facilities with the expanded 2019 edition of NFPA 59A.

    Adopted by DOT and referenced by other agencies including the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, NFPA 59A, Standard for the Production, Storage, and Handling of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG), governs the site selection, design, construction, and fire protection of LNG plants.

    NFPA 59A is required throughout the United States -- and internationally trusted as the final word on safety for these specialized facilities.

    Along with prescriptive requirements, the Standard includes a performance-based option that requires analyzing the risks to persons and property in the area surrounding the proposed LNG plant based on risk mitigation techniques incorporated into the facility design. The prevalence of LNG in the United States has caused a shift away from predominantly importing LNG towards becoming a large exporter. Numerous export facilities under development rely on NFPA 59A for guidance on LNG production, storage, and handling.

    Major updates in this edition:

    • Reorganized requirements for Plant Siting and Layout provide better focus and easier implementation for users.
    • First-time Chapter 17, Requirements for Stationary Applications for Small Scale LNG Facilities, is built around requirements for ASME containers. This chapter also establishes a framework under which a single-wall ASME container with supplementary design and fabrication requirements can be safely implemented for storage at small-scale LNG facilities.
    • Coverage formerly in Annexes concerning Security and Personnel Training is now incorporated into the mandatory requirements.

    The latest edition of NFPA 59A is a crucial resource for architects, owners, designers, engineers, fire safety officers, AHJs, and anyone responsible for LNG plant safety. (Softbound, 90 pp., 2019)

     

    Interested in other editions of NFPA 59A? Use the drop down menu above to select the edition year you need.

  • Table of Contents (2019 Current Edition)

    NFPA® 59A Standard for the Production, Storage, and Handling of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG), 2019 Edition

    Chapter 1 Administration
    1.1 Scope.
    1.2 Purpose.
    1.3 Equivalency.
    1.4 Retroactivity.
    1.5 SI Units.
    1.6 Pressure Measurement.
    1.7 Referenced Standards.
    Chapter 2 Referenced Publications
    2.1 General.
    2.2 NFPA Publications.
    2.3 Other Publications.
    2.4 References for Extracts in Mandatory Sections.
    Chapter 3 Definitions
    3.1 General.
    3.2 NFPA Official Definitions.
    3.3 General Definitions.
    Chapter 4 General Requirements
    4.1 Scope.
    4.2 Designer and Fabricator Competence.
    4.3 Soil Protection for Cryogenic Equipment.
    4.4 Falling Ice and Snow.
    4.5 Concrete Design and Materials.
    4.6 Corrosion Control Overview Engineering Review of Changes.
    4.7 Control Center.
    4.8 Sources of Power.
    4.9 Records.
    4.10 Noncombustible Material.
    4.11 Ignition Source Control.
    Chapter 5 Plant Siting
    5.1 Scope.
    5.2 Plant Site Provisions.
    5.3 Site Provisions for Spill and Leak Control.
    Chapter 6 Plant Layout
    6.1 Scope.
    6.2 General Layout.
    6.3 Container Spacing.
    6.4 Vaporizer Spacing.
    6.5 Process Equipment Spacing.
    6.6 Loading and Unloading Facility Spacing.
    6.7 Buildings and Structures.
    6.8 Impoundment Spacing.
    Chapter 7 Process Equipment
    7.1 Scope.
    7.2 Installation of Process Equipment.
    7.3 Pumps and Compressors.
    7.4 Flammable Refrigerant and Flammable Liquid Storage.
    7.5 Process Equipment.
    Chapter 8 Stationary LNG Storage
    8.1 Scope.
    8.2 General.
    8.3 Design Considerations.
    8.4 Tank Systems.
    8.5 ASME Containers Designed for Operation at More Than 15 psi (103 kPa).
    Chapter 9 Vaporization Facilities
    9.1 Scope.
    9.2 Classification of Vaporizers.
    9.3 Design and Materials of Construction.
    9.4 Vaporizer Piping, Intermediate Fluid Piping, and Storage Shutoff Valves.
    9.5 Relief Devices on Vaporizers.
    9.6 Combustion Air Supply.
    9.7 Products of Combustion.
    Chapter 10 Piping Systems and Components
    10.1 Scope.
    10.2 General.
    10.3 Materials of Construction.
    10.4 Installation.
    10.5 Isolation of Hazardous Fluid Equipment and Systems.
    10.6 Pipe Supports.
    10.7 Piping Identification.
    10.8 Inspection, Examination, and Testing of Piping.
    10.9 Purging of Piping Systems.
    10.10 Safety and Relief Valves.
    10.11 Flares and Vent Stacks.
    10.12 Corrosion Control.
    10.13 Cryogenic Pipe-in-Pipe Systems.
    10.14 Below-Ground or Subsea Installation.
    Chapter 11 Instrumentation and Electrical Services
    11.1 Scope.
    11.2 General.
    11.3 Liquid Level Gauging.
    11.4 Pressure Gauging.
    11.5 Vacuum Gauging.
    11.6 Temperature Indicators.
    11.7 Control Systems.
    11.8 Emergency Shutdown Fail-Safe Design.
    11.9 Electrical Equipment.
    11.10 Electrical Grounding and Bonding.
    Chapter 12 Plant Facilities Design
    12.1 Design Classification.
    12.2 Plant Facilities Design.
    12.3 Seismic Design.
    12.4 LNG Containers.
    12.5 Buildings or Structural Enclosures.
    12.6 Fire and Explosion Control.
    12.7 Ventilation.
    12.8 Flammable Gas or Vapor Control.
    12.9 Occupant Protection.
    Chapter 13 Impounding Area and Drainage System Design and Capacity
    13.1 Single Container Impounding Areas.
    13.2 Multiple Container Impounding Areas.
    13.3 Other Impounding Areas.
    13.4 Enclosed Drainage Channels.
    13.5 Enclosed Impounding Systems.
    13.6 Dikes and Impounding Walls.
    13.7 Secondary Containment.
    13.8 Pipe Penetrations.
    13.9 Dikes, Impounding Walls, and Drainage Channels.
    13.10 Insulation Systems.
    13.11 Impounding Area Wall Height and Distance to Containers.
    13.12 Water Removal.
    Chapter 14 Mobile and Temporary LNG Facility
    14.1 Temporary Service Use.
    14.2 Odorization Equipment.
    Chapter 15 Transfer Systems for LNG and Other Hazardous Fluids
    15.1 Scope.
    15.2 General Requirements.
    15.3 Piping System.
    15.4 Pump and Compressor Control.
    15.5 Marine Shipping and Receiving.
    15.6 Tank Vehicle and, Tank Car, and ISO Container Loading and Unloading Facilities.
    15.7 Pipeline Shipping and Receiving.
    15.8 Hoses and Arms.
    15.9 Communications and Lighting.
    Chapter 16 Fire Protection, Safety, and Security
    16.1 Scope.
    16.2 General.
    16.3 Emergency Shutdown (ESD) Systems.
    16.4 Gas, Fire, and Leak Hazard Detection.
    16.5 Fire Protection Water Systems.
    16.6 Fire Extinguishing and Other Fire Control Equipment.
    16.7 Personnel Safety.
    16.8 Security.
    Chapter 17 Requirements for Stationary Applications for Small Scale LNG Facilities
    17.1 Scope.
    17.2 General RequirementsControl Rooms.
    17.3 ContainersPlant Siting.
    17.4 Container Foundations and SupportsPlant Layout.
    17.5 Container InstallationProcess Equipment.
    17.6 Automatic Product Retention ValvesStationary LNG Storage.
    17.7 LNG Spill ContainmentVaporization Facilities.
    17.8 InspectionPiping Systems and Components.
    17.9 Shop Testing of LNG ContainersInstrumentation and Electrical Services.
    17.10 Shipment of LNG ContainersPlant Facilities Design.
    17.11 Field Testing of LNG ContainersImpounding Area and Drainage System Design Capacity.
    17.12 Welding on ContainersTransfer Systems for LNG and Other Hazardous Fluids.
    17.13 PipingFire Protection, Safety, and Security.
    17.14 Container InstrumentationOperating, Maintenance, and Personnel Training.
    Chapter 18 Operating, Maintenance, and Personnel Training
    18.1 Scope.
    18.2 General Requirements.
    18.3 Manual of Operating Procedures.
    18.4 Emergency Procedures.
    18.5 Security Procedures.
    18.6 Monitoring Operations.
    18.7 Commissioning.
    18.8 Transfer of LNG and Flammables.
    18.9 Maintenance Manual.
    18.10 Maintenance.
    18.11 Personnel Training.
    18.12 Records.
    Chapter 19 Performance-Based LNG Plant Siting Using Quantitative Risk Analysis (QRA)
    19.1 Scope.
    19.2 General Requirements.
    19.3 Definitions.
    19.4 Risk Calculations and Basis of Assessment.
    19.5 LNG and Other Hazardous Materials Release Scenarios.
    19.6 Release Probabilities and Conditional Probabilities.
    19.7 EnvironmentalModeling Conditions and Occurrence Probabilities.
    19.8 Hazard and Consequence Assessment.
    19.9 Risk Result Presentation.
    19.10 Risk Tolerability Criteria.
    19.11 Risk Mitigation Approaches.
    Annex A Explanatory Material
    Annex B Seismic Design of LNG Plants
    Annex C Informational References
  • Prior Editions

    2016 Edition

    Identify risks and help ensure safety around Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) plants and export facilities with NFPA 59A.

    Adopted by D.O.T. and referenced by other agencies including the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, NFPA 59A: Standard for the Production, Storage, and Handling of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) governs the site selection, design, construction, and fire protection of LNG plants. It's required throughout the United States and internationally trusted as the final word on safety for these specialized facilities. Along with prescriptive requirements, the Standard includes a performance-based option that requires analyzing the risks to persons and property in the area surrounding the proposed LNG plant based on risk mitigation techniques incorporated into the facility design.

    Due to the prevalence of LNG in the United States, there is a shift away from predominantly importing LNG towards becoming a large exporter. As a result, numerous new export facilities under development in the U.S. will rely on NFPA 59A for guidance on LNG production, storage, and handling.

    In this edition:

    • Changes improve the fire safe design of outer concrete containers, to avoid explosive spalling during a fire event.
    • Revised inspection requirements after repairs, after detection of leaks, and post seismic events provide contractors, facility owners, managers, and AHJs with greater confidence in the system's continued safety and integrity.

    The latest edition of NFPA 59A is essential for architects, owners, designers, engineers, fire safety officers, AHJs, and anyone responsible for LNG plant safety. (Softbound, 75 pp., 2016)

     

    Interested in other editions of NFPA 59A? Use the drop down menu above to select the edition year you need.

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