2015 NFPA 484 Standard - Current Edition

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  • Description

    Look to NFPA 484 for advanced fire and explosion safety around all types of combustible metals and metal dusts.

    Reflecting the latest research, testing, and fire experience, the 2015 edition of NFPA 484: Standard for Combustible Metals presents widely accepted safety requirements for any metal that meets the definition of a combustible metal in NFPA 484 -- including alkali metals, aluminum, hafnium, magnesium, niobium, tantalum, titanium, and zirconium. NFPA 484 addresses the production, processing, finishing, handling, storage, use and recycling of all metals and alloys that are in a form capable of combustion or explosion.

    Make sure you know about proper dust capture or collection, housekeeping, and identification of potential ignition sources.

    Compliance with the latest edition of NFPA 484 is critical, as fire and explosion hazards are potentially present from operations involving production, processing, finishing, handling, recycling, storage, and use of all metals and alloys that are in a form that is capable of combustion or explosion. In addition, operations where metal or metal alloys are subjected to processing or finishing operations can produce combustible powder or dust are covered by this Standard.

    The 2015 NFPA 484 is updated and reorganized for easier referencing:

    • Common requirements for all metal types -- such as PPE, management of change, dust collection, ignition sources, and hazard analysis -- formerly in Chapters 11 through 18 -- have been moved into fundamental Chapters 4 through 9.
    • Chapter 4 has revised procedures concerning material characterization and determining combustibility and explosibility for metal dusts. Use of either test data or historical data is now permitted.
    • Chapter 5 has new requirements for management systems elements, such as management of change, hazard analysis, and PPE.
    • Chapter 7 establishes a threshold for fugitive dust accumulations, which is then used to trigger specific requirements related to dust hazard control.
    • Renamed Chapter 8: Ignition Sources addresses the control of ignition sources such as hot work, smoking, spark-resistant tools, static electricity and friction hazards. It also still addresses electrical area classification.

    Developed in response to fires where fire suppression water was used inappropriately, NFPA 484 is critical to fire safety.

    Everyone involved with facility fire safety or fire prevention and protection where combustible metals and/or combustible metal dusts are located, needs the latest edition of NFPA 484. (Softbound, 150 pp., 2015)


    Interested in other editions of NFPA 484? Use the drop down menu above to select the edition year you need.

  • Table of Contents (2015 Current Edition)
    NFPA<sup>®</sup> 484 Standard for Combustible Metals 2015 Edition

    NFPA® 484 Standard for Combustible Metals, 2015 Edition

    Chapter 1 Administration
    1.1 Scope
    1.2 Purpose
    1.3 Application
    1.4 Retroactivity
    1.5 Equivalency
    Chapter 2 Referenced Publications
    2.1 General
    2.2 NFPA Publications
    2.3 Other Publications
    2.4 References for Extracts in Mandatory Sections
    Chapter 3 Definitions
    3.1 General
    3.2 NFPA Official Definitions
    3.3 General Definitions
    Chapter 4 Determination of the Combustibility or Explosibility of a Metal, Metal Powder, or Metal Dust
    4.1 Overview
    4.2 Basic Material Characterization
    4.3 Determination of Combustibility
    4.4 Determination of Explosibility
    4.5 Use of Test Data for Hazard Analysis
    4.6 Determination of Flash Fire Potential. (Reserved)
    4.7 Risk Evaluation
    4.8 Compliance Options
    Chapter 5 General
    5.1 Management of Change
    5.2 Hazard Analysis
    5.3 Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
    5.4 Dust Explosion and Flash-Fire Hazard Areas
    5.5 Segregation, Separation, or Detachment to Limit Dust Hazard Areas
    Chapter 6 Fire Prevention, Fire Protection, and Emergency Response
    6.1 Applicability
    6.2 Fire Prevention
    6.3 Fire Protection
    6.4 Emergency Response
    6.5 Emergency Preparedness
    Chapter 7 Housekeeping
    7.1 Retroactivity
    7.2 Housekeeping Plan
    7.3 Cleanup Procedures for FugitiveDust Accumulations
    7.4 Cleanup of Spilled Dust, Fine or Powder
    7.5 Vacuum Cleaning
    7.6 Compressed Air Cleaning Requirements
    7.7 Water-Cleaning Requirements
    7.8 Cleaning Frequency
    7.9 General Precautions
    Chapter 8 Control of Ignition Sources
    8.1 Retroactivity
    8.2 Hot Work
    8.3 Smoking
    8.4 Spark-Resistant Tools
    8.5 Static Electricity
    8.6 Control of Friction Hazards
    8.7 Electrical Power and Control
    8.8 Electrical Area Classification
    8.9 Powered Industrial Trucks
    8.10 Propellant-Actuated Tools
    Chapter 9 Dust Collection
    9.1 General
    9.2 Pneumatic Conveying of Powder
    9.3 Powder Collection
    9.4 Dust Collection
    9.5 Vacuum Cleaning Systems
    Chapter 10 Performance-Based Design Option
    10.1 General Requirements
    10.2 Design Objectives
    10.3 Performance Criteria
    10.4 Design Scenarios
    10.5 Evaluation of Proposed Design
    10.6 Retained Prescriptive Requirements
    Chapter 11 Alkali Metals
    11.1 General Provisions
    11.2 Facility Design Requirements
    11.3 Primary Metal Production
    11.4 Powder Production. (Reserved)
    11.5 End Users of Powder. (Reserved)
    11.6 Processing and Handling
    11.7 Machining, Fabrication, Finishing, and Media Blasting
    11.8 Storage and Handling
    11.9 Fire and Explosion Protection
    11.10 Other. (Reserved)
    Chapter 12 Aluminum
    12.1 General Provisions
    12.2 Facility Design Requirements
    12.3 Primary Metal Production
    12.4 Aluminum Powder Production
    12.5 End Users of Powder
    12.6 Processing
    12.7 Machining, Fabrication, Finishing, and Media Blasting
    12.8 Storage and Handling
    12.9 Fire and Explosion Protection
    12.10 Other. (Reserved)
    Chapter 13 Magnesium
    13.1 General Provisions
    13.2 Facility Design Requirements
    13.3 Primary Metal Production
    13.4 Powder Production
    13.5 End Users of Powder. (Reserved)
    13.6 Processing
    13.7 Machining, Fabrication, Finishing, and Media Blasting
    13.8 Storage and Handling
    13.9 Fire and Explosion Prevention
    13.10 Other. (Reserved)
    Chapter 14 Niobium
    14.1 General Provisions
    14.2 Facility Design Requirements
    14.3 Primary Metal Production
    14.4 Niobium Powder Production for Primary Producers
    14.5 End Users of Niobium Powder
    14.6 Processing and Handling
    14.7 Machining, Fabrication, Finishing, and Media Blasting
    14.8 Storage and Handling
    14.9 Fire and Explosion Protection
    14.10 Other. (Reserved)
    Chapter 15 Tantalum
    15.1 General Provisions
    15.2 Facility Design Requirements
    15.3 Primary Metal Production
    15.4 Powder Production
    15.5 End Users of Powder
    15.6 Processing and Handling. (Reserved)
    15.7 Machining, Fabrication, Finishing, and Media Blasting
    15.8 Storage and Handling
    15.9 Fire and Explosion Prevention
    15.10 Other. (Reserved)
    Chapter 16 Titanium
    16.1 General Provisions
    16.2 Facility Design Requirements
    16.3 Primary Metal Production
    16.4 Powder Production
    16.5 End Users of Powders. (Reserved)
    16.6 Processing and Handling
    16.7 Machining, Fabrication, Finishing, and Media Blasting
    16.8 Storage and Handling
    16.9 Fire and Explosion Prevention
    16.10 Other. (Reserved)
    Chapter 17 Zirconium and Hafnium
    17.1 General Provisions
    17.2 Facility Design Requirements
    17.3 Primary Metal Production
    17.4 Powder Production
    17.5 End Users of Powders. (Reserved)
    17.6 Processing and Handling. (Reserved)
    17.7 Machining, Fabrication, Finishing, and Media Blasting
    17.8 Storage and Handling
    17.9 Fire and Explosion Prevention
    17.10 Other. (Reserved)
    Chapter 18 Other Metals
    18.1 General Provisions
    18.2 Facility Design Requirements
    18.3 Primary Metal Production
    18.4 Powder Production
    18.5 End Users of Powder
    18.6 Processing
    18.7 Machining, Fabrication, Finishing, and Media Blasting
    18.8 Storage and Handling
    18.9 Fire and Explosion Prevention
    18.10 Other. (Reserved)
    Chapter 19 Recycling and Waste Management Facilities
    19.1 General Provisions
    19.2 Recycling and Waste Management of Combustible Metal — Collection, Storage, and Handling of Fines Generated During Scrap Receiving, Storage, Recycling, and Waste Treatment
    19.3 Storage of Combustible Metals for Recycling and Waste Management
    19.4 Sample Identification and Collection for Metals in a Combustible Form
    19.5 Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
    19.6 Reactivity
    19.7 Management of Change
    19.8 Facility Design Requirements
    19.9 Emergency Preparedness
    19.10 Processing
    19.11 Fire and Explosion Prevention
    Annex A Explanatory Material
    Annex B Electrically Conductive Floors
    Annex C Supplementary Information on Magnesium
    Annex D Explosibility of Magnesium Dust
    Annex E Supplementary Information on Tantalum
    Annex F Supplementary Information on Titanium
    Annex G Supplementary Information on Zirconium
    Annex H Extinguishing Agents That Should Not Be Used on Lithium Fires
    Annex I Testing for Detailed Characterization of Explosive Behavior of Materials
    Annex J Informational References
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