2021 NFPA 418 Standard for Heliports - Current Edition
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  • Description

    Provide fire protection and life safety in heliports with essential provisions in NFPA 418, Standard for Heliports.

    NFPA 418, Standard for Heliports, is essential for code officials and facility managers in settings such hospitals where additions or modifications could dramatically impact the safety of patients and health care or aircraft personnel. The fire service relies on NFPA 418 for pre-incident planning, with provisions concerning firefighting access points, egress routes, and fixed fire protection systems, as well as aircraft refueling equipment.

    This standard establishes minimum fire safety requirements for operation at heliports for the protection of people and property. Engineers, designers, contractors, and installers need these vital requirements to ensure a minimum level of safety in all types of heliports or helipads, including those in hospitals, airports, offshore platforms, and tourist attractions.

    Facilities and equipment covered include:

    • Fire alarm systems
    • Foam protection systems, standpipe systems, and water supply
    • General requirements for land-based facilities, including egress systems
    • Helicopter refueling equipment and fuel storage tanks
    • Offshore heliports
    • Portable fire extinguishers
    • Rooftop hangars
    • Rooftop landing facilities

    New in the 2021 edition:

    • Several foam requirements are changed, including the duration of foam discharge for hose line systems from 2 minutes to 10 minutes.
    • A new requirement in Chapter 5 allows for manual firefighting equipment, as approved by the AHJ.
    • There's a new reserved chapter for vertiports and vertistops. The technical committee will request public input during the next revision cycle so that stakeholders can help create the specific requirements.

    A unique tool for fire protection and life safety

    NFPA 418, Standard for Heliports, includes annexes on heliport emergency planning and training for safety personnel and for establishing extinguishing agent quantities and discharge rates. Order your copy today. (Print, 18 pp., 2021)

  • Table of Contents (2021 Current Edition)

    NFPA® 418 Standard for Heliports, 2021 Edition

    Chapter 1 Administration
    1.1 Scope.
    1.2 Purpose.
    1.3 New Technology.
    1.4 Retroactivity.
    Chapter 2 Referenced Publications
    2.1 General.
    2.2 NFPA Publications.
    2.3 Other Publications.
    2.4 References for Extracts in Mandatory Sections. (Reserved)
    Chapter 3 Definitions
    3.1 General.
    3.2 NFPA Official Definitions.
    3.3 General Definitions.
    Chapter 4 General Requirements — Land-Based Facilities
    4.1 General.
    4.2 Plans.
    4.3 Tank and Equipment Locations.
    4.4 Firefighting Access.
    4.5 Fuel Spill Control.
    4.6 No Smoking.
    4.7 Fueling System.
    4.8 Means of Egress.
    Chapter 5 Rooftop Landing Facilities
    5.1 General.
    5.2 Structural Support.
    5.3 Landing Pad Pitch.
    5.4 Landing Pad Construction Materials.
    5.5 Means of Egress.
    5.6 Firefighting Access. (Reserved)
    5.7 Fire Protection.
    Chapter 6 Rooftop Hangars
    6.1 Construction.
    6.2 Rooftop Hangar Floor Drainage.
    6.3 Suspended or Elevated Heaters.
    6.4 Lighting and Electrical Systems.
    6.5 Lightning Protection.
    6.6 Protection of Helicopter Rooftop Hangars.
    6.7 Portable Fire Extinguishers for Rooftop Hangars.
    Chapter 7 Water Supply
    7.1 Calculation of Water Supply for Foam Systems.
    Chapter 8 Offshore Heliports
    8.1 Plans.
    8.2 Firefighting Access.
    8.3 Landing Pad Pitch.
    Chapter 9 Portable Fire Extinguishers
    9.1 General.
    9.2 Minimum Requirement.
    9.3 Extinguishers Subject to Damage, Theft, or Tampering.
    Chapter 10 Emergency Operations
    10.1 Emergency Response Plan.
    10.2 Training.
    Chapter 11 Vertiports and Vertistops (Reserved)
    11.1 General. (Reserved)
    11.2 Electric Storage Systems. (Reserved)
    11.3 Charging Stations. (Reserved)
    11.4 Emergency Electrical Shutoff System. (Reserved)
    11.5 Electrical Testing. (Reserved)
    11.6 Aircraft Batteries. (Reserved)
    11.7 Battery Storage Facilities. (Reserved)
    11.8 Electrical Safety. (Reserved)
    11.9 Battery Fire Containment. (Reserved)
    11.10 Hybrid/Electric Aircraft. (Reserved)
    11.11 Hydrogen Fuel Cells. (Reserved)
    11.12 Hydrogen Fueling. (Reserved)
    11.13 Fire Protection. (Reserved)
    11.14 Firefighting Equipment. (Reserved)
    11.15 Portable Fire Extinguishers. (Reserved)
    11.16 Mixed Case Power/Fuel. (Reserved)
    11.17 Other Considerations. (Reserved)
    Annex A Explanatory Material
    Annex B Heliport Emergency Planning and Training for Safety Personnel
    Annex C Establishing Extinguishing Agent Quantities and Discharge Rates
    Annex D Informational References
  • 2016 Edition Description

    Provide fire protection and life safety in heliports with essential provisions only in NFPA 418, Standard for Heliports.

    A unique tool for fire protection and life safety, NFPA 418, Standard for Heliports establishes minimum fire safety requirements for operation at heliports for the protection of people, aircraft, and other property. Engineers, designers, contractors, and installers need these vital requirements to ensure a minimum level of safety in all types of heliports or helipads, including in hospitals, airports, offshore platforms, and tourist attractions.

    The Standard is also essential for code officials and facility manager–such as in hospital settings where additions or modifications could dramatically impact the safety of patients and health care or aircraft personnel. The fire service relies on NFPA 418 for pre-incident planning, with provisions concerning fire-fighting access points, egress routes, and fixed fire protection systems, as well as aircraft refueling equipment.

    Facilities and equipment covered include:

    • General requirements for land-based facilities including egress systems
    • Rooftop landing facilities
    • Rooftop hangars
    • Offshore heliports
    • Foam protection systems, standpipe systems, and water supply
    • Fire alarm systems
    • Portable fire extinguishers
    • Helicopter refueling equipment and fuel storage tanks

    New in the 2016 edition:

    • A retroactivity clause clarifies whether or not existing heliports must be updated according to newer provisions.
    • Changes clarify how to determine the fire resistance of materials and coatings for landing pads.
    • New requirements for manual controls of foam protection systems help users ensure that personnel can safely initiate and stop the discharge of fire-fighting foam.
    • New provisions for a longer foam discharge duration will provide adequate fire protection until fire service responds.

    This document also includes annexes on heliport emergency planning and training for safety personnel, and for establishing extinguishing agent quantities and discharge rates. (Print, 17 pp., 2016)

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