2020 NFPA 414 Standard - Current Edition
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  • Description

    Help keep airline passengers and emergency responders safer with NFPA 414, Standard for Aircraft Rescue and Fire-Fighting Vehicles, which offers the most current requirements for the design, performance, and criteria for aircraft and fire-fighting (ARFF) vehicles used to respond to aircraft emergencies. The 2020 edition includes new provisions for forward-looking infrared cameras on ARFF vehicles, extensive changes to prototype vehicle testing, and updated references and clarifications of definitions and requirements.


    Interested in other editions of NFPA 414? Use the drop down menu above to select the edition year you need.

  • Table of Contents (2020 Current Edition)

    NFPA® 414 Standard for Aircraft Rescue and Fire-Fighting Vehicles, 2020 Edition

    Chapter 1 Administration
    1.1 Scope.
    1.2 Purpose.
    1.3 Equivalency.
    Chapter 2 Referenced Publications
    2.1 General.
    2.2 NFPA Publications.
    2.3 Other Publications.
    2.4 References for Extracts in Mandatory Sections.
    Chapter 3 Definitions
    3.1 General.
    3.2 NFPA Official Definitions.
    3.3 General Definitions.
    Chapter 4 Aircraft Rescue and Fire-Fighting Vehicles
    4.1 General.
    4.2 Requirements for All Aircraft Rescue and Fire-Fighting Vehicles — Responsibility of Contractors/Suppliers.
    4.3 Weights and Dimensions.
    4.4 Engine.
    4.5 Vehicle Electrical System.
    4.6 Vehicle Drive.
    4.7 Suspension.
    4.8 Rims, Tires, and Wheels.
    4.9 Towing Connections.
    4.10 Brakes.
    4.11 Steering.
    4.12 Cab.
    4.13 Body.
    4.14 Fire-Fighting Systems and Agents.
    4.15 Agent Pump(s) and Pump Drive.
    4.16 Water Tank.
    4.17 Foam System.
    4.18 Premixed Foam Solutions.
    4.19 Turret Nozzles.
    4.20 Preconnected Handlines.
    4.21 Turret, Ground Sweep, and Undertruck Nozzles.
    4.22 Complementary Agent System.
    4.23 Halogenated Agent.
    4.24 Dry Chemical Turret.
    4.25 Lighting and Electrical Equipment.
    4.26 Application.
    Chapter 5 Aircraft Interior Access Vehicle
    5.1 General.
    5.2 AIAV Vehicle Requirements.
    5.3 AIAV Body.
    5.4 AIAV Aircraft Access/Egress.
    5.5 AIAV Docking Platform.
    5.6 AIAV Performance Requirements.
    5.7 AIAV Safety Requirements.
    5.8 AIAV Acceptance Criteria.
    Chapter 6 Acceptance Criteria
    6.1 General.
    6.2 Component Manufacturer's Certification.
    6.3 Prototype Vehicle Tests.
    6.4 Operational Tests.
    Annex A Explanatory Material
    Annex B Line Voltage Electrical Systems
    Annex C Aircraft Rescue and Fire-Fighting Vehicle Questionnaire
    Annex D Driver's Enhanced Vision System
    Annex E Informational References
  • Prior Editions

    Protect airline passengers and emergency responders. Reference the latest NFPA 414 to verify that aircraft rescue and fire-fighting (ARFF) vehicles are in compliance.

    The 2017 edition of NFPA 414, Standard for Aircraft Rescue and Fire-Fighting Vehicles specifies the most up-to-date design, performance, and acceptance criteria for aircraft rescue and fire-fighting (ARFF) vehicles intended to carry personnel and equipment to the scene of an aircraft emergency to rescue occupants and conduct rescue and fire fighting operations.

    Over time, the Standard has been revised to reflect airline industry changes -- including the development and use of larger aircraft manufactured of new composite materials. Also, many ARFF vehicles are now operated by one individual, with devices and warnings/alarms designed for the single user/operator in mind. Compliance with the latest NFPA 414 helps airport managers, response personnel, purchasers, and AHJs ensure that vehicles are safe and able to meet prescribed response time standards.

    Important changes in the 2017 edition:

    • Updates to referenced publications and definitions
    • Rewritten Chapter 5, Aircraft Interior Access Vehicles including the addition of language to address cab visibility, cab construction, equipment, AIAV body, docking platform, acceptance criteria, and testing
    • NFPA 1901, Standard for Automotive Fire Apparatus on SCBA mounting and an extract of NFPA 1901 language for sub section Electrical System Performance Tests in Chapter 6, Acceptance Criteria

    The Standard is consistent with other source documents as well as commonly accepted practices as they relate to the ARFF industry. (Softbound, 100 pp., 2017)


    Interested in other editions of NFPA 414? Use the drop down menu above to select the edition year you need.

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