2020 NFPA 405 Standard - Current Edition
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  • Description

    Make sure aircraft rescue and firefighting (ARFF) personnel are prepared to respond to emergencies safely and effectively with NFPA 405.

    Airports throughout the US and around the globe reference NFPA 405, Standard for the Recurring Proficiency of Airport Fire Fighters, to confirm ARFF personnel are trained, equipped, and ready for action in the full range of on-site emergencies.

    This essential standard provides authorities having jurisdiction criteria for evaluating the proficiency of airport managers, airport fire chiefs, and anyone responsible for ARFF personnel training or staffing. The 2020 edition offers cutting-edge requirements for establishing a basis for a recurring training program capable of delivering measurable and successful outcomes.

    Content covers the following:

    • Airport familiarization
    • ARFF personnel safety
    • Personal protective equipment (PPE)
    • Aircraft cargo hazards
    • Emergency communication systems
    • ARFF vehicles and equipment
    • Extinguishing agents
    • Live firefighting
    • EMS (Emergency Medical Services)
    • And more

    NFPA 405, 2020 edition, provides the most current information on confirming the proficiency and readiness of ARFF personnel.

    Airport and aircraft firefighting and rescue continues to evolve and present new and complex challenges. The latest edition of NFPA 405 is significantly updated and expanded to account for current industry standards.

    Revisions include:

    • Substantial changes in the formatting of each chapter
    • All chapters reorganized with specific competencies for ARFF personnel followed by criteria to gauge each competency
    • Updated criteria and training requirements throughout the document to account for improved technologies and industry best practices
    • Enhanced provisions for training on personnel safety to include behavioral wellness instruction
    • Modernized requirements for live fire training to include the need for ARFF personnel to be proficient in the use of extendable turrets

    Access all the information you require for training and staffing aircraft rescue and firefighting (ARFF) personnel.

    Airport rescue and firefighting proficiency are paramount to the safety of first responders and the effectiveness of the services they provide. Make sure your ARFF program is up to speed by placing your order for NFPA 405, Standard for the Recurring Proficiency of Airport Fire Fighters, today.

  • Table of Contents (2020 Current Edition)

    NFPA® 405 Standard for the Recurring Proficiency of Airport Fire Fighters, 2020 Edition

    Chapter 1 Administration
    1.1 Scope.
    1.2 Purpose.
    1.3 Application.
    Chapter 2 Referenced Publications
    2.1 General.
    2.2 NFPA Publications.
    2.3 Other Publications.
    2.4 References for Extracts in Mandatory Sections.
    Chapter 3 Definitions
    3.1 General.
    3.2 NFPA Official Definitions.
    3.3 General Definitions.
    Chapter 4 General Requirements
    4.1 General.
    4.2 Evaluation Criteria.
    4.3 Record Keeping.
    Chapter 5 Airport Familiarization
    5.1 Scope.
    5.2 Competency.
    5.3 Criteria.
    5.4 Scenarios.
    5.5 Airport Markings.
    5.6 Lighting.
    5.7 Signage.
    5.8 Airport Traffic.
    Chapter 6 Aircraft Familiarization
    6.1 Scope.
    6.2 Competency.
    6.3 Criteria.
    Chapter 7 ARFF Personnel Safety and Safety Management
    7.1 Scope.
    7.2 Competency.
    7.3 Criteria.
    Chapter 8 Personal Protective Equipment
    8.1 Scope.
    8.2 Competency.
    8.3 Protective Clothing and EquipmentCriteria.
    8.4 Breathing Apparatus.
    Chapter 9 Aircraft Cargo Hazards
    9.1 Scope.
    9.2 Competency.
    9.3 Criteria.
    9.4 Decontamination.
    Chapter 10 Emergency Communications Systems
    10.1 Scope.
    10.2 Competency.
    10.3 Criteria.
    Chapter 11 ARFF Vehicles and Equipment
    11.1 Scope.
    11.2 Competency.
    11.3 Criteria.
    11.4 Tools and Equipment.
    11.5 Vehicle Inspection and Maintenance.
    11.6 Operation of Equipment and Devices.
    11.7 ARFF Vehicle Operation.
    Chapter 12 Extinguishing Agents
    12.1 Scope.
    12.2 Competency.
    12.3 Criteria.
    12.4 Selection and Application.
    12.5 Descriptions of Effects.
    12.6 Description of Environmental Effects.
    Chapter 13 Emergency Aircraft Evacuation Assistance
    13.1 Scope.
    13.2 Competency.
    13.3 Criteria.
    Chapter 14 Rescue and Fire-Fighting Operations
    14.1 Scope.
    14.2 Competency.
    14.3 Criteria.
    14.4 Emergency Alerts.
    14.5 Vehicle Routes.
    14.6 Size-Up Procedures.
    14.7 Factors Affecting Fire Attack.
    14.8 Response Considerations.
    14.9 Tactical Considerations.
    14.10 ARFF Vehicle Positioning.
    14.11 Agent Application.
    14.12 Ventilation Considerations.
    14.13 Structural Apparatus.
    14.14 Extinguishing Agent Resupply.
    14.15 Fire Department Supply and Resupply.
    14.16 Other Aircraft Accident Considerations.
    Chapter 15 Recurrent Live Fire Training
    15.1 Scope.
    15.2 Competency.
    15.3 Criteria.
    15.4 Live Spill Fire Training.
    15.5 Live Fire Training.
    15.6 Extendable Turret (ET) Live Fire Training.
    Chapter 16 Airport Emergency Plan
    16.1 Scope.
    16.2 Competency.
    16.3 Criteria.
    16.4 Incident Command.
    Chapter 17 Emergency Medical Services (EMS)
    17.1 Scope.
    17.2 Competency.
    17.3 Criteria.
    Chapter 18 Administration and Standards
    18.1 Scope.
    18.2 Competency.
    18.3 Criteria.
    Chapter 19 Water Rescue Operations
    19.1 Scope.
    19.2 Competency.
    19.3 Criteria.
    Annex A Explanatory Material
    Annex B Informational References
  • Prior Editions

    The 2015 NFPA 405 helps you prepare ARFF personnel for the full range of airport emergencies.

    ARFF firefighter proficiency is paramount to the safety of the firefighters and to a safe and effective service. That's why airport managers, fire chiefs, and anyone responsible for Aircraft Rescue and Fire Fighting (ARFF) personnel training or staffing needs the latest edition of NFPA 405, Standard for the Recurring Proficiency of Airport Fire Fighters.

    This Standard addresses everything airport authorities need to know about ARFF personnel proficiency and readiness. Chapters encompass airport familiarization, ARFF personnel safety, PPE, aircraft cargo hazards, emergency communication systems, ARFF vehicles and equipment, extinguishing agents, live fire fighting, EMS (Emergency Medical Services), and more.

    Changes in the 2015 edition help you make sure your team is knowledgeable and prepared:

    • The skills evaluation timeframe is revised from an 18-month interval to a 12-month interval. This shorter interval will increase the proficiency of firefighters and improve consistency across the Standard.
    • A new section addresses the potential environmental risks posed by certain extinguishing agents.
    • Expanded and clarified text on live spill and live fire training provides a description of requirements particular to the size of the airport.

    For airport fire chiefs and airport managers who need to keep ARFF personnel trained, equipped, and ready for action, NFPA 405 establishes vital criteria that can be used by airports around the world. (Softbound, 15 pp., 2015)


    Interested in other editions of NFPA 405? Use the drop down menu above to select the edition year you need.

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  • Also in NFPA 405: Standard for the Recurring Proficiency of Airport Fire Fighters