2019 NFPA 402 Guide - Current Edition
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  • Description

    Help to save lives and mitigate the impacts of aircraft incidents utilizing NFPA 402 instruction in aircraft rescue and fire-fighting (ARFF) operations.

    The new NFPA 402, Guide for Aircraft Rescue and Fire-Fighting Operations arms airport and structural fire departments with rescue and fire-fighting responsibilities for non-military aircraft with the latest broad-based operational procedures. Revisions to the 2019 edition were made to take into account technological advancements in aircraft manufacturing technologies, as well as to address rising concerns in the aviation industry.

    New NFPA 402 content covers topics such as the increased presence of lithium-ion batteries found in aircraft and brought aboard by passengers, and the use of aircraft interior access vehicles for regular duties and rescue operations.

    Other significant changes and additions include:

    • Recognition of the importance of conducting risk assessments prior to initiating rescue operations
    • Discussion of items for the AHJ to consider when conducting pre-operation risk assessments 
    • Revised definitions to align with prevailing aircraft rescue and fire-fighting industry practices 
    • Language addressing situations in which passenger evacuation has commenced prior to the arrival of first responders 
    • Updates and replacement of out of date or no longer relevant photos

    NFPA 402 reflects the state-of-the-art in aircraft rescue and ARFF.

    This essential guidebook delivers critical information to help rescue personnel and firefighters save lives and reduce loss in aircraft emergencies. Place your order for NFPA 402, Guide for Aircraft Rescue and Fire-Fighting Operations today. (Print, 46 pp., 2019)


    Interested in other editions of NFPA 402? Use the drop down menu above to select the edition year you need.

  • Table of Contents (2019 Current Edition)

    NFPA® 402 Guide for Aircraft Rescue and Fire-Fighting Operations, 2019 Edition

    Chapter 1 Administration
    1.1 Scope.
    1.2 Purpose.
    1.3 General.
    1.4 Units and Formulas.
    Chapter 2 Referenced Publications
    2.1 General.
    2.2 NFPA Publications.
    2.3 Other Publications.
    2.4 References for Extracts in Advisory Sections.
    Chapter 3 Definitions
    3.1 General.
    3.2 NFPA Official Definitions.
    3.3 General Definitions.
    Chapter 4 Pre-Incident Planning for Aircraft Emergencies
    4.1 General.
    4.2 Emergency Response Preplanning.
    4.3 Airport Fire Fighter Basic Knowledge.
    4.4 Communications.
    4.5 Mutual Aid Considerations.
    Chapter 5 Flight Deck Crew and ARFF Personnel Responsibilities
    5.1 Areas of Responsibility.
    5.2 Communications.
    Chapter 6 Emergency Response
    6.1 General.
    6.2 Low-Visibility Operations.
    6.3 Considerations for Airports Adjacent to Water.
    Chapter 7 Factors Common to Airport Emergencies
    7.1 General.
    7.2 Types of Alerts.
    7.3 Vehicle Response to Aircraft Accidents.
    7.4 Positioning of ARFF Vehicles.
    7.5 Hazards to ARFF Personnel.
    Chapter 8 Aircraft Construction and Materials
    8.1 Aircraft Construction.
    8.2 Aircraft Materials.
    8.3 Aircraft Fuel Tanks.
    8.4 Aircraft Exits and Doors.
    Chapter 9 Evacuation and Rescue
    9.1 Risk Assessment.
    9.2 Aircraft Evacuation.
    9.3 Evacuation Slides.
    9.4 Evacuation Assistance by ARFF Personnel.
    9.5 Aircraft Forcible Entry.
    9.6 Extrication and Rescue.
    Chapter 10 Fire Control and Extinguishment
    10.1 General.
    10.2 Extinguishing Agents for Aircraft Fires.
    10.3 Water and Agent Resupply and Conservation.
    10.4 Rescue Operations.
    10.5 Size-Up (Risk Assessment).
    10.6 Aircraft Accident — Fire Involvement.
    10.7 Extinguishment Techniques.
    10.8 Turret Operations.
    10.9 AFFF and FFFP for Turret Application.
    10.10 Foam Turret Application.
    10.11 Handline Foam Application.
    10.12 Aircraft Accident — No Fire Involvement.
    10.13 Exposure Protection.
    Chapter 11 Interior Aircraft Fires
    11.1 General.
    11.2 Aircraft Interior Fires Occurring in Flight.
    11.3 Interior Fires in Unoccupied Aircraft.
    11.4 Penetrating Nozzles.
    11.5 Interior Aircraft Fire Overhaul.
    Chapter 12 Miscellaneous Aircraft Incidents
    12.1 General.
    12.2 Engine Fires.
    12.3 Aircraft Fuel Servicing Incidents.
    12.4 Hot Brakes.
    12.5 Wheel Fires.
    12.6 Combustible Metal Fires.
    12.7 Broken Flammable Liquid Lines.
    12.8 Heater Fires.
    12.9 Bomb Threats/Security.
    12.10 Incidents Where Aircraft Fire Warnings Occur.
    12.11 Emergency Landings.
    12.12 Aircraft Accidents in the Water.
    Chapter 13 Post-Aircraft Accident Procedures
    13.1 General.
    13.2 Preservation of Evidence.
    13.3 Fatalities.
    13.4 Preservation of Mail, Baggage, and Cargo.
    13.5 Flight Data and Cockpit Voice Recorders.
    13.6 Defueling Accident Aircraft.
    13.7 Post-Accident Fuel Leaks.
    13.8 Aircraft Systems Hazards.
    Annex A Explanatory Material
    Annex B Air Transport of Dangerous Goods (Hazardous Materials and Restricted Articles) and Nuclear Weapons
    Annex C Specialized Vehicles and Equipment
    Annex D Sample Format for Agreement for Mutual Aid in Fire Protection and Hazardous Materials Incident Response (U.S.)
    Annex E Informational References
  • Prior Editions

    2019 Edition

    Handle aircraft incidents and save lives with NFPA 402's state-of-the-art guidance for aircraft rescue and fire fighting (ARFF) operations.

    NFPA 402, Guide for Aircraft Rescue and Fire-Fighting Operations describes operational procedures for both airport and structural fire departments faced with rescue and fire fighting responsibilities for non-military aircraft.

    The updated 2013 edition reflects the many changes in the aviation industry including new technology in the manufacturing of aircraft and the materials they are made of, such as composite materials which are lighter and burn differently than traditional materials....larger aircraft being introduced into the market that can transport many more people than existing aircraft...and the need for changes in the types of foams being applied based on new materials that aircraft are being made of.

    Among major 2013 changes:

    • Updated photos reflect newer and larger aircraft that are now being used
    • Updates to information regarding safety concerns with Engineered Material Arresting Systems (EMAS) provides ARFF crews with critical limitations of EMAS
    • Updates to the use and application of foam in the presence of a fuel spill and fuel vapors
    • Annex G: Hazardous Materials was deleted to address the international audience for this document as the content was not applicable worldwide.
    • Use of the term "foaming agents" vs. "protein and fluroprotein" to better reflect what is currently used and also to broaden the types of agents that can be used for fire control and extinguishment. Also, clarification of when and how long foam should be reapplied.
    • Added reference to thermal imaging cameras based on technological advancements and enhanced equipment that can assist ARFF personnel.
    • New text added to reflect that newer materials have varying burn through times as compared to older materials and the use of GLARE (glass reinforced fiber metal laminate) in fuselage construction in modern aircraft.

    Departments providing ARFF services at airports need the 2013 NFPA 402 to support their efforts to preserve public safety in communities and municipalities. (Softbound, 56 pp., 2013)

    Interested in other editions of of NFPA 402? Use the drop down menu above to select the edition year you need.

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  • Also in NFPA 402: Guide for Aircraft Rescue and Fire-Fighting Operations