2016 NFPA 31 Standard - Current Edition
When you select a digital product, you are purchasing a license to access NFPA Information electronically. To protect the authenticity of your product, certain restrictions apply.

To learn more about these restrictions,
CLICK HERE.

Build your own set and Save 15%. NFPA Members save an additional 10%.

Item #: NFPA_31
Price: $0.00
Edition:
Formats Available:
























Quantity:
  • Description

    Guard against fires in heating equipment with NFPA 31: Standard for the Installation of Oil-Burning Equipment.

    Updated in the 2016 Edition to reflect the latest developments in fuels and appliances, NFPA 31 is the benchmark for the correct installation of boilers, air heaters, and other liquid fuel-burning equipment, and their fuel supplies. Designers, contractors, and installers rely on this Standard for guidance that protects property and building occupants by ensuring a fire-safe installation. Authorities Having Jurisdiction (AHJs) and insurance underwriters depend on NFPA 31 requirements to verify the safety of installations in industrial, commercial, and residential occupancies.

    The Standard covers all liquid fuels that are approved for use in oil-burning appliances.

    In addition to addressing heating appliances that use No. 2 fuel oil and other petroleum-based oils, the Standard includes requirements for appliances that use other acceptable fuels -- including biodiesel blends, biofuels, and recycled lubrication oil. Comprehensive chapters present requirements for the installation and operation of appliances, air for combustion and ventilation, venting of combustion gases, and storage tanks and piping systems for liquid fuels.

    Updates in this edition include:

    • Prohibition of the use of crankcase oil (used oil) burning appliances in residential occupancies
    • Provision to require a room depressurization test when a new or replacement appliance is installed to ensure proper operation of the appliance. Also, suggested means for conducting the test and for remediation to correct excess negative pressure
    • New guidance for anchoring of fuel oil storage tanks
    • Requirement for listing of fuel oil level gauges
    • New diagrams depicting multiple tank fuel oil storage systems and the proper placement of all appurtenances on tanks and in the fuel oil supply lines
    • Mandatory 5-foot clearance between stored materials and oil-burning appliances, chimneys, chimney connectors, and flues
    • Requirement for a duplex electrical receptacle for use by the service technician

    Stay up-to-date with this important working tool for anyone responsible for the safe design or installation of liquid fuel-burning appliances and their fuel supply. (Print, 60 pp., 2016)

     

    Interested in other editions of the NFPA 31? Use the drop down menu above to select the edition year you need.

  • End User License Agreement

    In order to access the content you desire, you must first read and agree to the following license agreement. Please read the entire agreement carefully and if you don’t agree with its terms, don’t access the Information. 

     

    This is a legal agreement (the Agreement) between You, a single, named end-user (You or Your) and the National Fire Protection Association (the NFPA) for permission to access certain copyrighted information provided by NFPA (the Information).

    By accessing the Information, You agree to be bound by the terms of the Agreement, and are responsible for ensuring that the terms are met.  If You do not comply with the provisions of this Agreement Your access to the Information will be denied.

    DEFINITIONS

    For the purpose of this Agreement the following terms shall have the following meanings:

    Information – shall mean the content NFPA makes available to You, which, as between You and NFPA, are copyrighted material(s) of the National Fire Protection Association.

    Software – shall mean the set of computer programs that NFPA uses to allow You to view the Information. The Software may be revised or modified by NFPA in its sole discretion from time to time and may be used by You solely for the purpose of viewing the Information.

    You – shall mean the identified individual person who has paid (either directly or indirectly) the required fee(s) and met any other conditions required to obtain access to the Information.

    Download – shall mean the transfer of electronic file(s) of the Information (whether in PDF or other format) to equipment or devices owned and controlled by You for storage of and access to the Information for Your personal (individual) use.  NFPA reserves the right to limit or restrict the Information made available for Download.  NFPA also reserves the right to limit or restrict the amount of Information that may be Downloaded and the number of times Information may be Downloaded.

    NOTE: Information offered through digital access, rather than as a PDF file, are NOT available for Download.

    1. GRANT OF LICENSE.

    • Subject to the terms of this Agreement, NFPA grants You a limited, PERSONAL, non-commercial, non-exclusive, non-sub licensable, non-assignable, non-transferrable license, limited by the terms of this Agreement, to view the Information. Access to the Information through an individual password or other individual access is licensed to You, for Your individual use only in accordance with the terms of this Agreement. NFPA retains all rights not expressly granted to You in this Agreement.
    • You may not transfer to or share Information or any portion of the Information with another user or users other than a small portion or “de minimis” amount of text (i.e. no more than several paragraphs) solely for the purpose of reference or citation. The ability to share small amounts of text as provided in the preceding sentence does not authorize you to share any graphs, images, tables, or the like.
    • Information may be made available for Download from time to time in accordance with the terms of this Agreement. Information made available for Download may only be Downloaded to an individual device that is owned by and controlled by You for your individual use. Access to and functionality related to Downloaded Information may be limited or restricted by the Software or otherwise by NFPA. 
    • Notwithstanding the foregoing, NFPA reserves the right, in its sole discretion, to determine (with or without prior notice to You) how to the make the Information available for viewing, whether through the Software or otherwise.

    2. LIMITATIONS ON THE USE OF THE INFORMATION and LICENSE RESTRICTIONS.

    • You may not copy, transmit, upload, download, or in any other manner publish, display, distribute or copy onto any storage device, including a network server, all or any part of the Information, through any means whatsoever except as specifically allowed under the GRANT OF LICENSE above, nor may you allow any other person or organization to do so, directly or indirectly.
    • You may not print all or any part of the Information.
    • You may not use the Information to provide on-line or similar database services or access to the Information for third parties.
    • You may not rent, lease or lend the password or any portion of the rights granted herein to any third party.
    • You may not, and You may not permit others to copy, decompile, reverse engineer, modify, or prepare derivative works of the Software or the Information.
    • You may not use the Software or the Information in any manner that infringes the intellectual property or other rights of another person or party (including NFPA), or violates or infringes on the rights of any other person or party (including NFPA) in any other way.
    • Downloaded Information may not be copied, transmitted, shared, printed, or placed on a network or stored in any manner that would allow anyone other than You to access or view such Information except as may be provided in this Agreement.

    3. RIGHTS of NFPA: As between You and NFPA, the Information is owned by NFPA.  The Information is protected by U.S. copyright law and international treaty provisions. NFPA retains all rights that accrue to or are incidental to the holder of copyright whether or not specifically set forth in this Agreement, including all right, title, and interest in and to the Information in all languages, formats, and media throughout the world, now known or later developed, except as may be provided in this Agreement and all rights in derivative works. NFPA reserves the right at any time to make changes to the Software, the Information and the products and services delivered or permitted herein with or without notice to You. NFPA reserves the right to limit or restrict the Information made available for Download.  NFPA also reserves the right to limit the amount of Information that may be Downloaded and the number of times Information may be Downloaded.  NFPA reserves the right to require You to register with NFPA any (i) device and/or IP address from which or through which You may access the Information; and (ii) device to which You may want to Download Information, where applicable.  Moreover, NFPA reserves the right to monitor, review and/or analyze any use of the Information at all times and revoke any permission granted to You under this Agreement to the extent that NFPA reasonably believes You have failed to comply with any term of this Agreement.

    4. PERMISSION FOR USE OF INFORMATION. Permission to allow use of the Information in any manner not specifically licensed herein may be considered based on written request to copyrightrequests@nfpa.org.


    5. WARRANTY DISCLAIMER.

    NO WARRANTY IS MADE BY NFPA, EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE WITH RESPECT TO THE ACCESS, THE SOFTWARE OR THE INFORMATION. UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES, WHETHER OR NOT ACCESS TO THE INFORMATION IS ALLOWED, IS NFPA LIABLE FOR ANY INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIONAL DAMAGE AS A RESULT OF YOUR USE OF THE PASSWORD, THE SOFTWARE, OR THE INFORMATION.

    ALTHOUGH NFPA HAS MADE EFFORTS TO MINIMIZE FAILURES IN ACCESS TO THE INFORMATION, ACCESS, THE SOFTWARE AND THE INFORMATION ARE PROVIDED "AS IS" AND “AS AVAILABLE” AND YOU UNDERSTAND AND AGREE THAT THEY ARE NOT GUARANTEED.

    6. LIMITATION OF LIABILITY. NFPA SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY DAMAGE OR LOSS OF ANY KIND ARISING OUT OF OR RESULTING FROM YOUR INABILITY TO GAIN ACCESS TO THE INFORMATION AT ANY TIME, OR ANY ACTION OR EFFECT OF THE INFORMATION OR SOFTWARE INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO YOUR SERVERS, NETWORK, OR OTHER ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT, REGARDLESS OF WHETHER SUCH LIABILITY IS BASED IN TORT OR CONTRACT OR OTHERWISE.  IF THE FOREGOING LIMITATION IS HELD TO BE UNENFORCEABLE, NFPA'S MAXIMUM LIABILITY TO YOU SHALL NOT EXCEED THE AMOUNT OF THE FEES PAID BY YOU FOR THE ACCESS TO THE INFORMATION FOR THE PREVIOUS THREE (3) MONTHS.  THE REMEDIES AVAILABLE TO YOU AGAINST NFPA UNDER THIS AGREEMENT ARE EXCLUSIVE. SOME STATES RESTRICT WARRANTY AND REMEDY EXCLUSIONS AND LIMITATIONS, TO THE EXTENT OF SUCH RESTRICTIONS, THE FOREGOING LIMITATIONS MAY NOT APPLY AND OTHER REMEDIES MAY BE MADE AVAILABLE UNDER CERTAIN STATE LAWS. SOME OF THE INFORMATION HAS ITS OWN DISCLAIMERS AND STATEMENTS DEALING WITH LIMITATION OF LIABILITY. THE TERMS OF EACH SUCH STATEMENT SHALL REMAIN IN EFFECT AND BE IN ADDITION TO ANYTHING SET FORTH HEREIN.

    7. TERMINATION: This Agreement and all rights granted by this Agreement will terminate: (i) immediately, if You transfer or share Your password or attempt to do so; (ii) immediately, if You transfer, use or share the Information or access to the Information, except as allowed herein; or, (iii) if You fail to comply with or if you violate any material term of this Agreement. Upon termination of this Agreement, You shall cease all use of the Information and remove and destroy any and all Information you may have Downloaded in accordance with this Agreement.

    8. INTERNATIONAL LAW: If you access the Information from a location outside the United States, you are responsible for compliance with all local and international laws. You agree that You will not use the Information in any country or jurisdiction in any manner prohibited by United states export control laws or any other applicable laws, restriction or regulations.  You agree to comply with all applicable export and re-export restrictions and regulations and You will not transfer or authorize, assist or encourage the transfer of any Information to a prohibited or sanctioned country.

    9. GENERAL PROVISIONS: This Agreement will be governed by and construed under the laws of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts U.S.A. without regard to the conflicts of law provisions. The parties agree that the State and Federal courts sitting in Massachusetts will have exclusive jurisdiction over any claim arising out of this Agreement and each party consents to the exclusive jurisdiction of such courts. Should any provision of this Agreement be held to be void, invalid, unenforceable, or illegal by a court, the validity and enforceability of the other provisions will not be affected. Failure of either party to enforce any provision of this Agreement will not constitute or be construed as a waiver of such provision or of the right to enforce such provision. The headings and captions contained in this Agreement are inserted for convenience only and do not constitute a part hereof.

  • Table of Contents (2016 Current Edition)
    NFPA<sup>®</sup>31 Standard for the Installation of Oil-Burning Equipment 2016 Edition

    NFPA® 31 Standard for the Installation of Oil-Burning Equipment, 2016 Edition

    Chapter 1 Administration
    1.1 Scope.
    1.2 Purpose.
    1.3 Application. (Reserved)
    1.4 Retroactivity.
    1.5 Equivalency.
    1.6 Units.
    1.7 Code Adoption Requirements. (Reserved)
    Chapter 2 Referenced Publications
    2.1 General.
    2.2 NFPA Publications.
    2.3 Other Publications.
    2.4 References for Extracts in Mandatory Sections.
    Chapter 3 Definitions
    3.1 General.
    3.2 NFPA Official Definitions.
    3.3 General Definitions.
    Chapter 4 Basic Installation and Operation Requirements
    4.1 Scope.
    4.2 Use of Approved Equipment.
    4.3 Installation of Oil-Burning Appliances and Equipment.
    4.4 Electrical Services.
    4.5 Acceptable Liquid Fuels.
    4.6 Use of Crankcase Oil and Used Oil.
    4.7 Temporary Heating.
    Chapter 5 Air for Combustion and Ventilation
    5.1 Scope.
    5.2 Basic Requirements.
    5.3 Appliances Located in Unconfined Spaces.
    5.4 Appliances Located in Confined Spaces.
    5.5 Combustion Air for Commercial and Industrial Installations.
    5.6 Louvers and Grilles.
    5.7 Specially Engineered Installations.
    Chapter 6 Venting of Combustion (Flue) Gases
    6.1 Scope.
    6.2 Basic Requirements.
    6.3 Draft.
    6.4 Draft Regulators.
    6.5 Chimney Connectors.
    6.6 Chimneys.
    6.7 Special Venting Systems.
    6.8 Replacement and Upgrading of Chimneys. (Reserved)
    Chapter 7 Tanks for Liquid Fuels
    7.1 Scope.
    7.2 Basic Design and Construction of Tanks.
    7.3 Supports and Foundations.
    7.4 Installation of Underground Tanks.
    7.5 Installation of Tanks Inside Buildings.
    7.6 Requirements for Dedicated Tank Rooms and Tank Enclosures.
    7.7 Auxiliary Tanks.
    7.8 Installation of Outside Aboveground Tanks.
    7.9 Tank Heating Systems.
    7.10 Special Storage Arrangements.
    7.11 Tank Leakage Testing and Periodic Inspection.
    7.12 Abandonment and Removal from Service of Tanks and Related Equipment.
    7.13 Fuel Storage Systems That Are Permanently Taken Out of Service.
    7.14 Permanent Abandonment of Underground Tanks.
    Chapter 8 Heating Fuel Piping Systems and Components
    8.1 Scope.
    8.2 Acceptable Piping - Types and Materials.
    8.3 Acceptable Fittings - Types and Materials.
    8.4 Piping System Design.
    8.5 Tank Fill Piping.
    8.6 Tank Vent Piping.
    8.7 Fuel Supply Piping and Return Piping.
    8.8 Auxiliary Tank Piping.
    8.9 Piping for Cross-Connected Tanks.
    8.10 Pumps, Valves, Gauges, and Appurtenances.
    8.11 Testing of Fuel Supply Piping.
    Chapter 9 Oil Distribution Systems
    9.1 Scope.
    9.2 Centralized Oil Distribution Systems.
    9.3 Oil Distribution Systems for Roof-Mounted or Ceiling-Suspended Oil-Fired Units.
    Chapter 10 Installation of Oil Burners and Oil-Burning Appliances
    10.1 Scope.
    10.2 Basic Requirements.
    10.3 Posting of Instructions.
    10.4 Replacement of Appliances and Chimneys. (Reserved)
    10.5 Operating Controls.
    10.6 Specific Requirements for Installation of Boilers, Furnaces, Floor-Mounted Unit Heaters, and Water Heaters.
    10.7 Specific Requirements for Attic Furnaces.
    10.8 Specific Requirements for Duct Furnaces.
    10.9 Specific Requirements for Floor Furnaces.
    10.10 Specific Requirements for Furnaces Used with Refrigeration Systems.
    10.11 Specific Requirements for Industrial Furnaces and Boilers - Stationary Type.
    10.12 Specific Requirements for Miscellaneous Heaters (Air Heaters, Salamanders, and so forth).
    10.13 Specific Requirements for Recessed Wall Furnaces.
    10.14 Specific Requirements for Floor-Mounted Restaurant-Type Cooking Appliances.
    10.15 Specific Requirements for Suspended-Type Unit Heaters.
    10.16 Specific Requirements for Direct-Vent Appliances. (Reserved)
    10.17 Specific Requirements for Appliances on Roofs.
    10.18 Installation of Outdoor Appliances.
    Chapter 11 Installation and Operation of Oil-Burning Stoves, Kerosene-Burning Room Heaters, and Kerosene-Burning Portable Heaters
    11.1 Scope.
    11.2 Basic Requirements.
    11.3 Additional Requirements for Kerosene-Burning Portable Heaters.
    Chapter 12 Used Oil–Burning Appliances
    12.1 Scope.
    12.2 Basic Requirements.
    12.3 Use of Used Oil-Burning Appliances.
    12.4 Listing Requirements.
    12.5 Installation Instructions.
    12.6 Installation Clearances.
    12.7 Burners for Used Oil-Burning Appliances.
    12.8 Venting of Combustion (Flue) Gases.
    12.9 Used Oil Supply Tanks.
    12.10 Piping, Pumps, and Valves.
    12.11 Operating Requirements.
    12.12 Vent Connector and Chimney Inspection.
    12.13 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Regulations.
    Chapter 13 Oil-and-Gas–Burning Appliances
    13.1 Scope.
    13.2 Listing Requirements.
    13.3 Installation, Operation, and Servicing Instructions.
    13.4 Clearances from Oil-Gas-Fired Appliance to Combustible Material.
    13.5 Construction.
    13.6 Flue Connections.
    13.7 Piping, Pumps, and Valves.
    13.8 Performance.
    13.9 Testing.
    Annex A Explanatory Material
    Annex B Reserved
    Annex C Typical Chimney and Vent Terminations
    Annex D Considerations for Combustion Equipment Firing Alternative (Nonpetroleum) Fuels
    Annex E Relining Masonry Chimneys
    Annex F Informational References
  • NFPA Digital Products

    Licensed PDFs can be accessed immediately. Instructions can be found in your order confirmation.