2022 NFPA 232 Standard - Current Edition
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  • Description

    Help reduce the risk of fire damage and loss of business records, including electronic media, with new provisions in NFPA 232, Standard for the Protection of Records.

    Unless they are properly protected, valuable and often irreplaceable business records can be destroyed — even if they are stored in fire-resistive buildings. The 2022 edition of NFPA 232, Standard for the Protection of Records, presents the latest requirements for records protection equipment and facilities and for record-handling techniques that can be used to safeguard records in a variety of media forms from the hazards of fire.

    The 2022 edition of NFPA 232, Standard for the Protection of Records, includes several updates to help ensure engineers, authorities having jurisdiction (AHJs), facility managers, insurance companies, and manufacturers can keep up with the changing landscape.

    Changes in the newest edition include the following:

    • Updates have been made to Table 4.1.1, Allowable Storage Environments, to reflect changes to the allowable storage requirements.
    • The definition for Information Technology Equipment (ITE) has been updated to reflect changes in NFPA 70®, National Electrical Code®.
    • Chapter 2, Referenced Publications, and Annex F, Informational References, have been updated to align with revisions made in other documents.

    NFPA 232, Standard for the Protection of Records, includes provisions for numerous types of records to increase the chance that vital documents will be spared in the event of a fire.

    The construction, arrangement, and protection of file rooms must be considered when attempting to preserve records, and the differing types of media requiring protection must be clear. Keep up to date with these changing requirements and media by ordering NFPA 232, Standard for the Protection of Records, today. (Print, 39 pp., 2022)

  • Table of Contents (2022 Current Edition)

    NFPA® 232, Standard for the Protection of Records, 2022 Edition

    Chapter 1 Administration
    1.1 Scope.
    1.2 Purpose.
    1.3 Retroactivity.
    1.4 Equivalency.
    Chapter 2 Referenced Publications
    2.1 General.
    2.2 NFPA Publications.
    2.3 Other Publications.
    2.4 References for Extracts in Mandatory Sections.
    Chapter 3 Definitions
    3.1 General.
    3.2 NFPA Official Definitions.
    3.3 General Definitions.
    Chapter 4 General Requirements
    4.1 Required Levels of Protection.
    4.2 Establishment of Risk Tolerance.
    4.3 Responsibility of the Records Manager and Archivist or Responsible Party.
    4.4 Fire Risk Evaluation Factors.
    4.5 Exposure.
    4.6 Operations in Records Storage Areas.
    4.7 Housekeeping.
    4.8 Emergency Planning.
    4.9 Fire Suppression Systems and Signaling Equipment.
    4.10 Protection Against Exposure Fires.
    4.11 Existing Systems.
    Chapter 5 Building Equipment and Facilities
    5.1 Heating Systems.
    5.2 Electrical Systems.
    5.3 Locking Devices.
    5.4 Air-Conditioning and Ventilation Systems.
    5.5 Lightning Protection.
    Chapter 6 Standard Records Vault
    6.1 General.
    6.2 Design.
    6.3 Location.
    6.4 Size.
    6.5 Foundations.
    6.6 Floor.
    6.7 Walls.
    6.8 Independence from Building Structure.
    6.9 Roof.
    6.10 Vault Door.
    6.11 Electrical Service.
    6.12 Operating Practices.
    6.13 Fire Suppression and Signaling Equipment.
    6.14 Oversize Vault.
    6.15 Existing Systems.
    Chapter 7 Archives
    7.1 General Requirements.
    7.2 Design.
    7.3 Records Storage Areas.
    7.4 Supporting Structure.
    7.5 Floor.
    7.6 Walls.
    7.7 Roof.
    7.8 Archive Door.
    7.9 Dampproofing.
    7.10 Electrical Service.
    7.11 Heating and Ventilation.
    7.12 Fire Protection and Signaling Equipment.
    7.13 Operating Practices.
    Chapter 8 File Rooms
    8.1 General.
    8.2 Design.
    8.3 Location.
    8.4 Size.
    8.5 Supporting Structure.
    8.6 Floor.
    8.7 Walls.
    8.8 Roof.
    8.9 File Room Door.
    8.10 Dampproofing.
    8.11 Electrical Service.
    8.12 Heating and Ventilation.
    8.13 Fire Protection and Signaling Equipment.
    8.14 Operating Practices.
    Chapter 9 Records Center
    9.1 General.
    9.2 Records Storage Areas.
    Chapter 10 Records Protection Equipment
    10.1 General.
    10.2 Classification of Devices.
    10.3 Selection of Equipment.
    Annex A Explanatory Material
    Annex B Fire Characteristics
    Annex C Salvage of Water-Damaged Library Materials
    Annex D Fire Control
    Annex E Fire Control Systems
    Annex F Informational References
  • Prior Editions

    2017 Edition

    Reduce the risk of fire damage and loss of business records, including electronic media, with new provisions in NFPA 232, Standard for the Protection of Records.

    Unless properly protected, valuable and often irreplaceable business records can be destroyed -- even in what is commonly known as a ''fire-resistive'' building. The 2017 edition NFPA 232, Standard for the Protection of Records presents the latest requirements for records protection equipment and facilities and records-handling techniques that safeguard records in a variety of media forms from the hazards of fire.

    Engineers, AHJs, facility managers, insurance companies, and manufacturers all need to keep pace with changes.

    The 2017 edition of NFPA 232 includes:

    • Guidance regarding storage of electronic media, including a clear reference to NFPA 75:,Standard for the Fire Protection of Information Technology Equipment
    • New subcategories that were created for record definitions addressing items such as record medium, record type, and record status

    For consistency, the term fire resistance has been replaced with fire resistance rating throughout the document. Order today and increase the chances that vital documents would be spared if fire strikes. (Print, 48 pp., 2017)

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