2016 NFPA 20 Handbook - Current Edition

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  • Description

    Editor: Chad R. W. Duffy

    The 2016 Stationary Fire Pumps Handbook addresses new technologies and NFPA 20's expanded rules for more types of fire pumps and pump configurations.

    Get the full story on how to keep fire pumps functioning error-free and in compliance. Based on the 2016 edition of NFPA 20: Standard for the Installation of Stationary Pumps for Fire Protection, NFPA®'s expanded and redesigned Stationary Fire Pumps Handbook provides advanced guidance relating to all types of equipment, along with water supply availability and reliability.

    An Overview of Pump Configurations provides examples of various types of fire pump configurations and explains the purpose of various components. A full-color diagram helps designers and engineers understand how multistage multiport pumps may eliminate the need for pumps in series, potentially saving money.

    Part I: Complete 2016 NFPA 20 text, with first-time coverage of multistage multiport pumps, and clarified requirements for fire pumps arranged in series. Part I also includes commentary written by leading experts Jim Biggins, John Campbell, Bradford Cronin, John Kovacik, Jennifer McGrath, Gayle Pennel, and Jeffery Roberts.

    Part II: Private Water Supplies, Hydrants, Tanks, and Piping contains text from selected water supply documents with original supporting explanations and advice. Material includes:

    • Complete texts of the 2016 NFPA 24: Installation of Private Fire Service Mains and Their Appurtenances with all-new commentary and 2016 NFPA 291: Recommended Practice for Fire Flow Testing and Marking of Hydrants
    • Sections 18.4 and 18.5 from the 2015 NFPA 1: Fire Code
    • Extracts with expert commentary from the 2013 NFPA 22: Water Tanks for Private Fire Protection, the 2014 NFPA 14: Installation of Standpipe and Hose Systems concerning standpipe water supply, and the 2016 NFPA 13: Installation of Sprinkler Systems.

    Part III: Supplements includes an all new Fire Pump Design Considerations Supplement, a full-color pull-out schematic explaining the interrelationship of NFPA standards as they relate to pump installations with narrative, updated commissioning forms for fire pumps, Article 695 on power supplies for electric-driven fire pumps extracted from the 2014 NEC Handbook, and technical changes from the 2013 to the 2016 NFPA 20.

    New design features make information more accessible.

    • Code Update icons indicate a change has occurred.
    • "Ask the AHJ" FAQs help installers avoid common errors.
    • "Design Alerts" call out commentary relevant to design issues.
    • All calculations appear within commentary text.
    • Cross-reference icons help you navigate the Handbook.

    Update your knowledge fast with this comprehensive one-stop source for system designers, installers, contractors, engineers, facility managers, inspectors, and AHJs. (Hardbound, 816 pp., 2016)


    Interested in other editions of the NFPA 20 Handbook? Use the drop down menu above to select the edition year you need.

  • Table of Contents (2016 Current Edition)





    About the Contributors

    About the Editor

    An Overview of Fire Pump Configurations


    NFPA® 20, Standard for the Installation of Stationary Pumps for Fire Protection, with Commentary, 2016 Edition

    1 Administration

    1.1 Scope

    1.2 Purpose

    1.3 Application

    1.4 Retroactivity

    1.5 Equivalency

    1.6 Units

    2 Referenced Publications

    2.1 General

    2.2 NFPA Publications

    2.3 Other Publications

    2.4 References for Extracts in Mandatory Sections

    3 Definitions

    3.1 General

    3.2 NFPA Official Definitions

    3.3 General Definitions

    4 General Requirements

    4.1 Pumps

    4.2 Approval Required

    4.3 Pump Operation

    4.4 Fire Pump Unit Performance

    4.5 Certified Shop Test

    4.6 Liquid Supplies

    4.7 Pumps, Drivers, and Controllers

    4.8 Multistage Multiport Pump

    4.9 Centrifugal Fire Pump Capacities

    4.10 Nameplate

    4.11 Pressure Gauges

    4.12 Circulation Relief Valve

    4.13 Equipment Protection

    4.14 Pipe and Fittings

    4.15 Suction Pipe and Fittings

    4.16 Discharge Pipe and Fittings

    4.17 Valve Supervision

    4.18 Protection of Piping Against Damage Due to Movement

    4.19 Relief Valves for Centrifugal Pumps

    4.20 Pumps Arranged in Series

    4.21 Water Flow Test Devices

    4.22 Steam Power Supply Dependability

    4.23 Shop Tests

    4.24 Pump Shaft Rotation

    4.25 Other Signals

    4.26 Pressure Maintenance (Jockey or Make-Up) Pumps

    4.27 Summary of Centrifugal Fire Pump Data

    4.28 Backflow Preventers and Check Valves

    4.29 Earthquake Protection

    4.30 Packaged Fire Pump Assemblies

    4.31 Pressure Actuated Controller Pressure Sensing Lines

    4.32 Break Tanks

    4.33 Field Acceptance Test of Pump Units

    5 Fire Pumps for High-Rise Buildings

    5.1 General

    5.2 Equipment Access

    5.3 Water Supply Tanks

    5.4 Fire Pump Test Arrangement

    5.5 Auxiliary Power

    5.6 Very Tall Buildings

    6 Centrifugal Pumps

    6.1 General

    6.2 Factory and Field Performance

    6.3 Fittings

    6.4 Foundation and Setting

    6.5 Connection to Driver and Alignment

    7 Vertical Shaft Turbine-Type Pumps

    7.1 General

    7.2 Water Supply

    7.3 Pump

    7.4 Installation

    7.5 Driver

    7.6 Operation and Maintenance

    8 Positive Displacement Pumps

    8.1 General

    8.2 Foam Concentrate and Additive Pumps

    8.3 Water Mist System Pumps

    8.4 Water Mist Positive Displacement Pumping Units

    8.5 Fittings

    8.6 Pump Drivers

    8.7 Controllers

    8.8 Foundation and Setting

    8.9 Driver Connection and Alignment

    8.10 Flow Test Devices

    9 Electric Drive for Pumps

    9.1 General

    9.2 Normal Power

    9.3 Alternate Power

    9.4 Voltage Drop

    9.5 Motors

    9.6 On-Site Standby Generator Systems

    9.7 Junction Boxes

    9.8 Listed Electrical Circuit Protective System to Controller Wiring

    9.9 Raceway Terminations

    10 Electric-Drive Controllers and Accessories

    10.1 General

    10.2 Location

    10.3 Construction

    10.4 Components

    10.5 Starting and Control

    10.6 Controllers Rated in Excess of 600 V

    10.7 Limited Service Controllers

    10.8 Power Transfer for Alternate Power Supply

    10.9 Controllers for Additive Pump Motors

    10.10 Controllers with Variable Speed Pressure Limiting Control or Variable Speed Suction Limiting Control

    11 Diesel Engine Drive

    11.1 General

    11.2 Engines

    11.3 Pump Room

    11.4 Fuel Supply and Arrangement

    11.5 Engine Exhaust

    11.6 Diesel Engine Driver System Operation

    12 Engine Drive Controllers

    12.1 Application

    12.2 Location

    12.3 Construction

    12.4 Components

    12.5 Battery Recharging

    12.6 Battery Chargers

    12.7 Starting and Control

    12.8 Air-Starting Engine Controllers

    13 Steam Turbine Drive

    13.1 General

    13.2 Turbine

    13.3 Installation

    14 Acceptance Testing, Performance, and Maintenance

    14.1 Hydrostatic Tests and Flushing

    14.2 Field Acceptance Tests

    14.3 Record Drawings, Test Reports, Manuals, Special Tools, and Spare Parts

    14.4 Periodic Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance

    14.5 Component Replacement

    Annex A Explanatory Material

    Annex B Possible Causes of Pump Troubles

    Annex C Fire Pump Controller Connectivity

    Annex D Informational References

    Annex E Material Extracted by NFPA 70, Article 695


    Water Supply Requirements, Water Demand, Hydrants, Tanks, and Piping

    Section 1 Complete Text of NFPA® 291, Recommended Practice for Fire Flow Testing and Marking of Hydrants, 2016 Edition, with Commentary

    Section 2 Complete Text of NFPA® 24, Standard for the Installation of Private Fire Service Mains and Their Appurtenances, 2016 Edition, with Commentary

    Section 3 Sections 18.4 and 18.5 NFPA® 1, Fire Code, 2015 Edition with Commentary

    Section 4 Extracts with Commentary from NFPA® 22, Standard for Water Tanks for Private Fire Protection, 2013 Edition

    Section 5 Extracts with Commentary from NFPA 14, Standard for the Installation of Standpipe and Hose Systems, 2013 Edition

    Section 6 Extracts with Commentary from NFPA 13, Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems, 2016 Edition



    1. Considerations When Designing and Selecting a Fire Pump

    2. Interrelationship of NFPA Standards Pertaining to a Fire Pump Installation

    3. Commissioning and Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance Forms for Fire Pumps

    4. NEC® Article 695, Fire Pumps

    5. Technical/Substantive Changes from the 2013 to 2016 Edition of NFPA 20

    NFPA 20 Index

    Important Notices and Legal Disclaimers

  • Sample Pages (2016)

    Important information about NFPA codes and standards available

    NFPA® Handbooks are your 'Roadmap to the Codes' with insights and graphics that answer code questions. View these sample pages for a preview of the valuable information you'll access including complete code or standard text; explanatory commentary highlighted in a second color; hundreds of full-color photos, charts, tables and illustrations to clarify concepts; and much more.

    Preview the 2016 NFPA 20: Standard for the Installation of Stationary Pumps for Fire Protection Handbook

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  • eForms Table of Contents (2016)

    eForms Table of Contents

    • Pressure Relief Valve Calculation Discharge to Atmosphere
    • Pump Test Header Size Calculation
    • Contractor’s Material and Test Certificate for Fire Pump Systems
    • Contractor’s Material and Test Certificate for Underground Piping
    • Centrifugal Fire Pump Acceptance Test Form
    • Pump Installation Plan Checklist
    • Plan Review Checklist
    • Water Storage Tanks Inspection
    • Private Fire Service Mains Hydrant Flow Test Report
    • Fire Pump Weekly Inspection
    • Fire Pump Weekly Operating Tests
    • Fire Pump Monthly Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance
    • Fire Pump Quarterly Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance
    • Fire Pump Semi-annual Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance
    • Fire Pump Annual Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance
    • Fire Pump Annual Performance Test
    • Possible Causes of Fire Pump Troubles
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