2018 NFPA 1994 Standard - Current Edition
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  • Description

    Update to the latest NFPA 1994 to provide fire and emergency service personnel with vital PPE for haz-mat emergencies and CBRN terrorism incidents.

    Newly renamed, NFPA 1994, Standard on Protective Ensembles for First Responders to Hazardous Materials Emergencies and CBRN Terrorism Incidents establishes the minimum requirements for the design, performance, testing, documentation, and certification of protective ensembles and ensemble elements for protection of emergency first responder personnel from chemicals, biological agents, and radiological particulate (CBRN) terrorism agents.

    Major changes and a modified scope make the 2018 edition essential.

    The scope and title of the Standard are revised to include hazardous materials and CBRN, to clarify that NFPA 1994 is also applicable to incidents that are not terrorism in nature, such as outbreaks in Ebola and cholera. In addition:

    • Class 1 ensemble requirements are re-established, with provisions that parallel the 2016 edition of NFPA 1991 plus add practical criteria for both material barrier performance and overall design.
    • Ruggedized categories of certification (Type R) are added for Classes 2, 3, and 4 to address the increasing use of the garments in harsher environments, such as urban search and rescue and law enforcement applications.
    • Broadened footwear options allow for more flexibility when a chemical protective sock is used in coordination with the boot.
    • New specific criteria address separate hoods and elastomeric gasket materials.
    • Optional criteria are added for flash fire protection for all ensemble levels with a minimum level of flame resistance established for Class 1 ensembles.
    • New stealth optional indicators for audible signatures and color address tactical operator concerns.
    • Modified test methods following interlaboratory and intralaboratory validation efforts help ensure consistency.

    Equip first responders for personal safety using the latest requirements and information based on industry needs. Update to the 2018 edition of NFPA 1994. (Print, 116 pages, 2018)

     

    Interested in other editions of NFPA 1994? Use the drop down menu above to select the edition year you need.

  • Table of Contents (2018 Current Edition)

    NFPA® 1994 Standard on Protective Ensembles for First Responders to Hazardous Materials Emergencies and CBRN Terrorism Incidents, 2018 Edition

    Chapter 1 Administration
    1.1 Scope.
    1.2 Purpose.
    1.3 Application.
    1.4 Units.
    Chapter 2 Referenced Publications
    2.1 General.
    2.2 NFPA Publications.
    2.3 Other Publications.
    2.4 References for Extracts in Mandatory Sections.
    Chapter 3 Definitions
    3.1 General.
    3.2 NFPA Official Definitions.
    3.3 General Definitions.
    Chapter 4 Certification
    4.1 General.
    4.2 Certification Program.
    4.3 Inspection and Testing.
    4.4 Annual Verification of Product Compliance.
    4.5 Manufacturers’ Quality Assurance Program.
    4.6 Hazards Involving Compliant Product.
    4.7 Manufacturers’ Investigation of Complaints and Returns.
    4.8 Manufacturers’ Safety Alert and Product Recall Systems.
    Chapter 5 Labeling and Information
    5.1 Product Labeling Requirements.
    5.2 User Information.
    5.3 Technical Data Package.
    Chapter 6 Design Requirements
    6.1 Protective Ensemble Requirements.
    6.2 Garment Element Requirements.
    6.3 Glove Element Requirements.
    6.4 Footwear Element Requirements.
    6.5 Hood Elements Requirements.
    6.6 Optional Chemical Flash Fire Protection Design Requirements.
    6.7 Optional Stealth Design Requirements.
    Chapter 7 Performance Requirements
    7.1 Class 1 Ensembles.
    7.2 Class 2 Ensembles.
    7.3 Class 2R Ensembles.
    7.4 Class 3 Ensembles.
    7.5 Class 3R Ensembles.
    7.6 Class 4 Ensembles.
    7.7 Class 4R Ensembles.
    7.8 Optional Chemical Flash Fire Escape Protection Requirements.
    7.9 Optional Stealth Requirements.
    Chapter 8 Test Methods
    8.1 Sample Preparation Procedures.
    8.2 Man-In-Simulant Test (MIST).
    8.3 Overall Garment Function and Integrity Test.
    8.4 Liquidtight Integrity Test 1.
    8.5 Particle Inward Leakage Test.
    8.6 Fitting Pull-Out Strength Test.
    8.7 Chemical Permeation Resistance Test.
    8.8 Total Heat Loss Test.
    8.9 Burst Strength Test.
    8.10 Puncture Propagation Tear Resistance Test.
    8.11 Cold Temperature Performance Test 1.
    8.12 Seam/Closure Breaking Strength Test.
    8.13 Visor High-Mass Impact Resistance Test.
    8.14 Cut Resistance Test.
    8.15 Puncture Resistance Test 1.
    8.16 Glove Hand Function Test.
    8.17 Abrasion Resistance Test 1.
    8.18 Slip Resistance Test.
    8.19 Evaporative Resistance Test.
    8.20 Viral Penetration Resistance Test.
    8.21 Liquidtight Integrity Test 2.
    8.22 Abrasion Resistance Test 2.
    8.23 Exhaust Valve Mounting Strength Test.
    8.24 Exhaust Valve Inward Leakage Test.
    8.25 Gastight Integrity Test.
    8.26 Maximum Ensemble Ventilation Rate Test.
    8.27 Flammability Resistance Test.
    8.28 Ultimate Tensile Strength Test.
    8.29 Overall Ensemble Flash Test.
    8.30 Heat Transfer Performance (HTP) Test.
    8.31 Color/Visibility Test Method.
    8.32 Audible Signature Test.
    Annex A Explanatory Material
    Annex B Informational References
  • Prior Editions

    2012 Edition

    Update to the latest NFPA 1994 to provide fire and emergency service personnel with the right PPE for CBRN terrorism incidents.

    NFPA 1994: Standard on Protective Ensembles for First Responders to CBRN Terrorism Incidents establishes the minimum requirements for the design, performance, testing, documentation, and certification of protective ensembles and ensemble elements for protection of emergency first responder personnel from chemicals, biological agents, and radiological particulate (CBRN) terrorism agents.

    Revised definitions and technical revisions make the 2012 edition of NFPA 1994 a "must," with:

    • Changes to the Man In Simulant Test (MIST) that could permit the use of more breathable materials to reduce heat stress to emergency responders, such as law enforcement personnel, who might use these ensembles over a longer duration in low challenge exposures and non-IDLH atmospheres.
    • Changes to the Slip Resistance Test
    • Changes to the Chemical Permeation Test

    Equip first responders for personal safety with the 2012 NFPA 1994. (Softbound, Approx 46 pages, 2012)

     

    Interested in other editions of NFPA 1994? Use the drop down menu above to select the edition year you need. 

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