2018 NFPA 1971 Standard - Current Edition
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  • Description

    Mitigate occupational hazards and keep fire fighters safe. Choose PPE that complies with the updated edition of NFPA 1971.

    For fire fighters, facing danger every day is part of the job. Safeguard lives on the fireground with NFPA 1971: Standard on Protective Ensembles for Structural Fire Fighting and Proximity Fire Fighting. This critical document establishes minimum levels of protection from thermal, physical, environmental, and bloodborne pathogen hazards encountered during structural and proximity fire fighting operations.

    NFPA 1971 applies to design, performance, testing, and certification for structural and proximity fire fighting ensembles and ensemble elements that include coats, trousers, coveralls, helmets, gloves, footwear, and interface components. For the 2018 edition, optional provisions for limited protection from specified chemicals, biological agents, and radiological particulates (CBRN) terrorism agents have been removed from the Standard, and are now in NFPA 1994: Standard on Protective Ensembles for First Responders to CBRN Terrorism Incidents.

    Other content changes in this edition expand your ability to provide better protection to fire fighters.

    • A new definition covers protective barrier hood -- the optional interface element of the protective ensemble that provides limited thermal, physical, and barrier protection to the coat/helmet/SCBA facepiece interface area. The Particulate Filtration Efficiency Test and Total Heat Loss Test are required for the new optional interface element.
    • A new glove sizing system is an evenly graded system that readily lends itself to the use of a Brannock-style measuring device for estimating correct sizing (similar to the sizing system for footwear).

    Make sure first responders are equipped for safety and success on the job. (Print, 198 pp., 2018)

     

    Interested in other editions of the NFPA 1971? Use the drop down menu above to select the edition year you need.

  • Table of Contents (2018 Current Edition)

    NFPA® 1971 Standard on Protective Ensembles for Structural Fire Fighting and Proximity Fire Fighting, 2018 Edition

    Chapter 1 Administration
    1.1 Scope.
    1.2 Purpose.
    1.3 Application.
    1.4 Units.
    Chapter 2 Referenced Publications
    2.1 General.
    2.2 NFPA Publications.
    2.3 Other Publications.
    2.4 References for Extracts in Mandatory Sections. (Reserved)
    Chapter 3 Definitions
    3.1 General.
    3.2 NFPA Official Definitions.
    3.3 General Definitions.
    Chapter 4 Certification
    4.1 General.
    4.2 Certification Program.
    4.3 Inspection and Testing.
    4.4 Recertification.
    4.5 Manufacturers’ Quality Assurance Program.
    4.6 Hazards Involving Compliant Product.
    4.7 Manufacturers’ Investigation of Complaints and Returns.
    4.8 Manufacturers’ Safety Alert and Product Recall Systems.
    Chapter 5 Labeling and Information
    5.1 Product Label Requirements for Both Ensembles.
    5.2 Additional Product Label Requirements for Structural Fire Fighting Ensemble Elements Only.
    5.3 Additional Product Label Requirements for Proximity Fire Fighting Ensemble Elements Only.
    5.4 User Information Requirements for Both Ensembles.
    Chapter 6 Design Requirements
    6.1 Protective Garment Element Design Requirements for Both Ensembles.
    6.2 Additional Design Requirements for Structural Fire Fighting Protective Garment Elements Only.
    6.3 Additional Design Requirements for Proximity Fire Fighting Protective Garment Elements Only.
    6.4 Protective Helmet Element Design Requirements for Both Ensembles.
    6.5 Additional Design Requirements for Structural Fire Fighting Protective Helmet Elements Only.
    6.6 Additional Design Requirements for Proximity Fire Fighting Helmet Elements Only.
    6.7 Protective Glove Elements Design Requirements for Both Ensembles.
    6.8 Additional Design Requirements for Structural Fire Fighting Protective Glove Elements Only. (Reserved)
    6.9 Additional Design Requirements for Proximity Fire Fighting Protective Glove Elements Only.
    6.10 Protective Footwear Elements Design Requirements for Both Ensembles.
    6.11 Additional Design Requirements for Structural Fire Fighting Protective Footwear Only. (Reserved)
    6.12 Additional Design Requirements for Proximity Fire Fighting Protective Footwear Only. (Reserved)
    6.13 Protective Hood Interface Component Design Requirements for Both Ensembles.
    6.14 Optional Protective Barrier Hood Interface Component Design Requirements.
    6.15 Additional Design Requirements for Proximity Fire Fighting Protective Hood Interface Components Only. (Reserved)
    6.16 Protective Wristlets Interface Component Design Requirements for Both Ensembles.
    6.17 Additional Design Requirements for Structural Fire Fighting Protective Wristlet Interface Components Only. (Reserved)
    6.18 Additional Design Requirements for Proximity Fire Fighting Protective Wristlet Interface Components Only. (Reserved)
    6.19 Optional Design Requirements for Protection from Liquid and Particulate Contaminants.
    Chapter 7 Performance Requirements
    7.1 Protective Garment Elements Performance Requirements for Both Ensembles.
    7.2 Additional Performance Requirements for Structural Fire Fighting Protective Garment Elements Only.
    7.3 Additional Performance Requirements for Proximity Fire Fighting Protective Garment Elements Only.
    7.4 Protective Helmet Elements Performance Requirements for Both Ensembles.
    7.5 Additional Performance Requirements for Structural Fire Fighting Protective Helmet Elements Only.
    7.6 Additional Performance Requirements for Proximity Fire Fighting Helmet Elements Only.
    7.7 Protective Glove Elements Performance Requirements for Both Ensembles.
    7.8 Additional Performance Requirements for Structural Fire Fighting Protective Glove Elements Only.
    7.9 Additional Performance Requirements for Proximity Fire Fighting Protective Glove Elements Only.
    7.10 Protective Footwear Elements Performance Requirements for Both Ensembles.
    7.11 Additional Performance Requirements for Structural Fire Fighting Protective Footwear Elements Only.
    7.12 Additional Performance Requirements for Proximity Fire Fighting Protective Footwear Elements Only.
    7.13 Protective Hood Interface Component Performance Requirements for Both Ensembles.
    7.14 Additional Performance Requirements for Optional Structural Fire-Fighting Protective Hood Interface Components Providing Particulate Protection.
    7.15 Additional Performance Requirements for Proximity Fire Fighting Protective Hood Interface Components Only. (Reserved)
    7.16 Protective Wristlet and Garment-Glove Interface Component Performance Requirements for Both Ensembles.
    7.17 Additional Performance Requirements for Structural Fire Fighting Protective Wristlet Interface Components Only. (Reserved)
    7.18 Additional Performance Requirements for Proximity Fire Fighting Protective Wristlet Interface Components Only. (Reserved)
    7.19 Reserved.
    7.20 Optional Performance Requirements for Protection from Liquid and Particulate Contaminants.
    Chapter 8 Test Methods
    8.1 Sample Preparation Procedures.
    8.2 Flame Resistance Test 1.
    8.3 Flame Resistance Test 2.
    8.4 Flame Resistance Test 3.
    8.5 Flame Resistance Test 4.
    8.6 Heat and Thermal Shrinkage Resistance Test.
    8.7 Conductive Heat Resistance Test 1.
    8.8 Conductive Heat Resistance Test 2.
    8.9 Radiant Heat Resistance Test 1.
    8.10 Thermal Protective Performance (TPP) Test.
    8.11 Thread Melting Test.
    8.12 Tear Resistance Test.
    8.13 Burst Strength Test.
    8.14 Seam-Breaking Strength Test.
    8.15 Top Impact Resistance Test (Force).
    8.16 Impact Resistance Test (Acceleration).
    8.17 Faceshield/Goggle Component Lens Impact Resistance Test.
    8.18 Impact and Compression Tests. (Reserved)
    8.19 Physical Penetration Resistance Test.
    8.20 Puncture Resistance Test.
    8.21 Cut Resistance Test.
    8.22 Faceshield/Goggle Component Lens Scratch Resistance Test.
    8.23 Abrasion Resistance Test.
    8.24 Cleaning Shrinkage Resistance Test.
    8.25 Water Absorption Resistance Test.
    8.26 Water Penetration Resistance Test.
    8.27 Liquid Penetration Resistance Test.
    8.28 Viral Penetration Resistance Test.
    8.29 Corrosion Resistance Test.
    8.30 Electrical Insulation Test 1.
    8.31 Electrical Insulation Test 2.
    8.32 Overall Liquid Integrity Test 1.
    8.33 Total Heat Loss (THL) Test.
    8.34 Retention System Test.
    8.35 Suspension System Retention Test.
    8.36 Glove Donning Test.
    8.37 Glove Hand Function Test.
    8.38 Grip Test.
    8.39 Ladder Shank Bend Resistance Test.
    8.40 Slip Resistance Test.
    8.41 Label Durability and Legibility Test 1.
    8.42 Label Durability and Legibility Test 2.
    8.43 Shell Retention Test.
    8.44 Luminous (Visible) Transmittance Test.
    8.45 Retroreflectivity and Fluorescence Test.
    8.46 Adhesion of Reflective Coating on Proximity Faceshield — Tape Method.
    8.47 Hood Opening Size Retention Test.
    8.48 Whole Garment and Ensemble Liquid Penetration Test.
    8.49 Eyelet and Stud Post Attachment Test.
    8.50 Breaking Strength Test.
    8.51 Conductive and Compressive Heat Resistance (CCHR) Test.
    8.52 Radiant Protective Performance Test.
    8.53 Radiant Heat Resistance Test 3.
    8.54 Wet Flex Test.
    8.55 Adhesion After Wet Flex–Tape Method Test.
    8.56 Flex at Low Temperature Test.
    8.57 Resistance to High-Temperature Blocking Test.
    8.58 Drag Rescue Device (DRD) Materials Strength Test.
    8.59 Drag Rescue Device (DRD) Function Test.
    8.60 Conductive Heat Resistance Test 3.
    8.61 Radiant Heat Resistance Test 2.
    8.62 Light Degradation Resistance Test.
    8.63 Liner Retention Test.
    8.64 Reserved.
    8.65 Reserved.
    8.66 Particle Inward Leakage Test.
    8.67 Transmitted and Stored Thermal Energy Test.
    8.68 Torque Test.
    8.69 Fastener Tape Strength Test.
    8.70 Glove Tool Test.
    8.71 Particulate Blocking Test.
    Annex A Explanatory Material
    Annex B Description of Performance Requirements and Test Methods
    Annex C Informational References
  • How the NFPA Handbooks Differ from Codes and Standards

    THE NFPA HANDBOOKS DIFFER FROM CODES AND STANDARDS

    Ever wonder what the difference is between an NFPA® handbook and a code or standard? We’re glad you asked.

    NFPA codes and standards both provide requirements for achieving outcomes. Handbooks take a deeper dive, providing the full text of a code or standard as well as expert commentary and features such as graphics, decision trees, testing procedures, case studies, sample forms and checklists, and other helpful aids to give a better understanding of the reasoning behind the requirements and how to apply them.

    JUST REMEMBER:

    • A code or standard is a framework—a set of rules to follow with a goal to achieve a certain result
    • A handbook is a connector—linking requirements to application by helping you understand the reasoning behind a code or standard

    The simplest way to think about it is that codes and standards list the technical requirements while handbooks explain those requirements to clarify how to apply them.

  • Prior Editions

    2013 Edition

    Mitigate occupational hazards and keep fire fighters safe. Choose PPE that complies with the 2013 NFPA 1971.

    For fire fighters, facing danger every day is part of the job. Safeguard lives and help them work effectively on the fireground with NFPA 1971: Standard on Protective Ensembles for Structural Fire Fighting and Proximity Fire Fighting. This critical document establishes minimum levels of protection from thermal, physical, environmental, and bloodborne pathogen hazards encountered during structural and proximity fire fighting operations. Optional provisions for limited protection from specified chemicals, biological agents, and radiological particulates (CBRN) terrorism agents are also included.

    NFPA 1971 applies to design, performance, testing, and certification for structural and proximity fire fighting ensembles and ensemble elements that include coats, trousers, coveralls, helmets, gloves, footwear, and interface components.

    Keep pace with major changes in the 2013 edition that improve protection, including:

    • Revised definitions, including facial feature headform, glove body, gusset, harness, tongue and several other terms
    • Revised performance requirements in Chapter 7, including those for the Man-in-Simulant (MIST) test and the chemical permeation resistance test
    • New test methods in Chapter 8 -- water immersion compressive heat resistance (WICHR); whole glove thermal protection performance; transmitted and stored energy; glove hand function; torque; and disintegration resistance.

    The Standard also contains editorial revisions that improve usability. Make sure first responders are equipped for safety and success on the job. (Softbound, 145 pp., 2013)

     

    Interested in other editions of the NFPA 1971? Use the drop down menu above to select the edition year you need.

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