2021 NFPA 1700 Standard - Current Edition
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  • Description

    Increase your understanding and ability to fight structural fires by following the strategic and tactical guidance provided by the new NFPA 1700®.

    It's crucial that fire fighting methods and procedures are developed based on data from documented fire investigations, research, and fire dynamics testing to help ensure maximum effectiveness. NFPA 1700, Guide for Structural Fire Fighting, is the first safety document bridging the gap of fire dynamics research and its application in providing information relative to strategy, tactics, and best practices for controlling and extinguishing fires within a structure.

    The debut 2021 edition combines trusted industry knowledge with the latest science-based research to help improve the ability to safely and efficiently suppress fires in structures.

    This all-new NFPA® guide is the product of input from representatives from the fire services, insurance providers, industry textbook publishers, special experts, and a number of individuals actively engaged in fire dynamics research. The document addresses fire control within a structure through a fundamental understanding of fire science and dynamics primarily covered in NFPA 921, Guide for Fire and Explosion Investigations. NFPA 1700 also draws from the most recent information available from recognized research agencies and a broad overview of building construction and structural considerations.

    Chapters are dedicated to:

    • Establishing a strategy with tactical considerations to provide for effective search, rescue, and fire suppression operations
    • The protection of fire fighters from environments immediately dangerous to life and health by reinforcing the need for personal protective equipment and methodologies for contamination control
    • Civilian and responder safety in and around structural fire scenes

    Help ensure you and your organization have access to the leading guidance on interacting within a structure on fire.

  • Table of Contents (2021 Current Edition)

    NFPA® 1700 Guide for Structural Fire Fighting, 2021 Edition

    Chapter 1 Administration
    1.1 Scope.
    1.2 Purpose.
    1.3 Application.
    1.4 Units of Measure.
    1.5 Measurement Uncertainty.
    Chapter 2 Referenced Publications
    2.1 General.
    2.2 NFPA Publications.
    2.3 Other Publications.
    2.4 References for Extracts in Advisory Sections.
    Chapter 3 Definitions
    3.1 General.
    3.2 NFPA Official Definitions.
    3.3 General Definitions.
    Chapter 4 General
    4.1 Scope.
    4.2 Purpose.
    4.3 The Need for Research.
    4.4 America Burning.
    4.5 Fire Research.
    4.6 Summary of Structural Fire Dynamics Research.
    4.7 National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH).
    4.8 Summary of Fire-Fighting Research.
    Chapter 5 Fundamentals of Fire Science
    5.1 Scope.
    5.2 Purpose.
    5.3 Application.
    5.4 General.
    5.5 Fire Tetrahedron.
    5.6 Fire Chemistry.
    5.7 Products of Combustion.
    5.8 Fluid Flows.
    5.9 Heat Transfer.
    5.10 Solid Fuel Load.
    Chapter 6 Fire Dynamics in Structures
    6.1 Scope.
    6.2 Purpose.
    6.3 Application.
    6.4 General.
    6.5 Flow Path.
    6.6 Wind Influenced Fires.
    6.7 Fire Dynamics in Attics.
    6.8 Fire Dynamics in Basements.
    6.9 Backdraft.
    6.10 Fire Gas Ignition/Smoke Explosions.
    6.11 Fire Dynamics of Exterior Fires.
    6.12 Fire Spread to Nearby Buildings (Exposures).
    Chapter 7 Building Construction and Structural Considerations
    7.1 Scope.
    7.2 Purpose.
    7.3 Application.
    7.4 General.
    7.5 Types of Construction.
    7.6 Special Structures or Occupancies.
    7.7 Emerging Building Features.
    Chapter 8 Fire-Fighting Protective Clothing and Equipment Characteristics and Limitations
    8.1 Scope.
    8.2 Purpose.
    8.3 Application.
    8.4 Thermal Testing Requirements for Fire Fighter Protective Clothing and Equipment.
    8.5 Fire-fighting Protective Clothing (NFPA 1971).
    8.6 Station/Work Uniform (NFPA 1975).
    8.7 SCBA and SCBA Face Pieces (NFPA 1981).
    8.8 Integrated and Stand-alone PASS (NFPA 1982).
    8.9 Thermal Imager — TIC (NFPA 1801).
    8.10 Elevated Temperature Rope Test (NFPA 1983).
    8.11 RIT Bag.
    8.12 Flashlight.
    8.13 Nozzles (NFPA 1964).
    8.14 Hose (NFPA 1961).
    8.15 Ladders (NFPA 1931).
    Chapter 9 Strategic Considerations
    9.1 Scope.
    9.2 Purpose.
    9.3 Application.
    9.4 Pre-Arrival Factors.
    9.5 Initial Arrival Factors.
    9.6 360-Degree Survey.
    9.7 Assessment of Fire Dynamics to Determine Strategy.
    9.8 Risk Management Plan.
    9.9 Identification of Strategy.
    9.10 Strategic Decision.
    9.11 Strategy Implementation.
    Chapter 10 Tactical Considerations for Fire Control and Extinguishment.
    10.1 Scope.
    10.2 Purpose.
    10.3 Application.
    10.4 General.
    10.5 Water.
    10.6 Air.
    Chapter 11 Exposure and Hygiene Considerations
    11.1 Scope.
    11.2 Purpose.
    11.3 Application.
    11.4 General.
    11.5 On Scene.
    11.6 Post-Incident.
    11.7 Suppression Specific Concerns.
    11.8 Incident Commander and Driver/Operator Specific Concerns.
    11.9 Overhaul Specific Concerns.
    11.10 Apparatus.
    11.11 Support Personnel.
    11.12 Operational Hygiene at the Fire Station.
    11.13 Fireground Tactical Consideration — Gross On-Scene Decontamination.
    11.14 Fireground Tactical Consideration — Rehabilitation.
    Chapter 12 Fire Specific Tactical Considerations
    12.1 Scope.
    12.2 Purpose.
    12.3 Application.
    12.4 Introduction.
    12.5 One- and Two-Family Dwellings and Townhomes.
    12.6 Concealed Space Fires.
    12.7 Garage.
    12.8 Manufactured and Modular Dwellings.
    12.9 Large Estate Dwellings.
    12.10 Buildings Converted to Residential or Multiple Dwellings.
    12.11 Multifamily Dwellings.
    12.12 Multi-Unit Residential Buildings.
    12.13 Abandoned and Vacant Structures.
    12.14 Large-Space Buildings.
    12.15 Warehouses.
    12.16 Variable Grade (Hillside) Building.
    12.17 Hospital/Health Institution.
    12.18 High-Rise.
    12.19 Basement.
    12.20 Strip Malls.
    12.21 Buildings Under Construction/Demolition.
    12.22 Photovoltaic Systems.
    12.23 Attic.
    Chapter 13 Implementing NFPA 1700
    13.1 Scope.
    13.2 Purpose.
    13.3 Application.
    13.4 General.
    Annex A Explanatory Material
    Annex B Template Standard Operating Procedures/Guidelines
    Annex C National Fallen Firefighters Foundation (NFFF)
    Annex D Informational References
  • Historical Editions

    Previous editions of NFPA® documents are available for sale. Please see applicable NFPA codes and standards product pages to confirm which editions are available for purchase. If you have any questions, contact NFPA Customer Support at 1-800-344-3555 or nfpa.org/customerservice.

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