2019 NFPA 1402 Standard - Current Edition
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  • Description

    Newly revised from a guide to a standard, NFPA 1402 facilitates the design and construction of fire service training centers.

    Fully updated and now a standard, NFPA 1402, Standard on Facilities for Fire Service Training and Associated Props, provides essential requirements for the safe, effective, and efficient design and construction of the primary components of modern fire training centers. NFPA 1402 addresses:

    • Administration and support facilities
    • Site and infrastructure
    • Live fire training structures, including training towers
    • Technical rescue training facilities
    • Facilities for both inside and outside simulations
    • Technical rescue training props
    • Hazardous materials training props
    • Combustible and flammable liquids used in interior and exterior activities

    In addition to a new title, NFPA 1402 introduces mandatory language to facilitate use and enforcement by states and jurisdictions.

    This edition also presents: 

    • Revised requirements that reflect general technological and industry updates
    • Two new chapters on gas-fueled live fire training systems, addressing systems for exterior and interior use
    • A new chapter on requirements for technical rescue training facilities, replacing a previous chapter on smoke buildings
    • A new chapter on fire investigation training structures, props, burn cells, and sets
    • Two annexes providing guidance on the design and construction of fire service training centers along with administrative and classroom buildings

    Design and build fire training centers with accepted requirements developed through industry consensus. Use and enforce the 2019 edition of NFPA 1402. (Print, 53 pp., 2019)


    Interested in other editions of NFPA 1402? Use the drop down menu above to select the edition year you need.

  • Table of Contents (2019 Current Edition)

    NFPA® 1402 Standard on Facilities for Fire Training and Associated Props, 2019 Edition

    Chapter 1 Administration
    1.1 Scope.
    1.2 Purpose.
    1.3 Application.
    1.4 Retroactivity.
    Chapter 2 Referenced Publications
    2.1 General.
    2.2 NFPA Publications.
    2.3 Other Publications.
    2.4 References for Extracts in Mandatory Sections.
    Chapter 3 Definitions
    3.1 General.
    3.2 NFPA Official Definitions.
    3.3 General Definitions.
    Chapter 4 Establishing Policies and Standard Operating Procedures
    4.1 Written Policies and Procedures.
    Chapter 5 Site and Infrastructure
    5.1 Water Supply.
    5.2 Security.
    5.3 Personnel Gross Decontamination.
    5.4 Environmental Consideration.
    Chapter 6 Training Structures and Props — General
    6.1 Design and Construction.
    6.2 Maintenance.
    Chapter 7 Live Fire Training Structures
    7.1 Design and Construction.
    7.2 Maintenance, Evaluations, and Testing.
    Chapter 8 Gas-Fueled Live Fire Training Systems — Interior
    8.1 General.
    8.2 Gas Equipment.
    8.3 Fuel Types.
    8.4 Main Gas Burners and Pilot Burners.
    8.5 Control System.
    8.6 System Operations and Maintenance Training.
    8.7 Commissioning.
    8.8 Approvals.
    8.9 Maintenance and Testing.
    8.10 Auxiliary Equipment.
    Chapter 9 Gas-Fueled Live Fire Training Systems — Exterior
    9.1 General.
    9.2 Gas Equipment.
    9.3 Fuel Types.
    9.4 Main Gas Burners and Pilot Burners.
    9.5 Control System.
    9.6 System Operations and Maintenance Training.
    9.7 Commissioning.
    9.8 Approvals.
    9.9 Maintenance and Testing.
    9.10 Auxiliary Equipment.
    Chapter 10 Mobile and Transportable Training Props
    10.1 Vehicle Design.
    10.2 Live Fire Mobile and Portable Training Props.
    10.3 Fuel Storage.
    Chapter 11 Technical Rescue Training Props
    11.1 Technical Rescue Training Props.
    11.2 High Angle Rope Rescue Training Props.
    11.3 Confined Space Rescue Training Props.
    11.4 Trench Rescue Training Props.
    11.5 Structural Collapse Training Props.
    Chapter 12 Hazardous Materials Training Props
    12.1 Hazardous Materials Training Props.
    Chapter 13 Combustible and Flammable Liquids Used in Interior and Exterior Activities
    13.1 The Use of Combustible and Flammable Liquids in Training Centers.
    13.2 Design Considerations.
    13.3 Emergency Shutdown Devices.
    13.4 Fuel Management.
    13.5 Environmental Considerations.
    13.6 Protection of Fuel Supplies and Piping.
    13.7 Reliability of Fuel Distribution System.
    13.8 Recirculation Protection.
    13.9 Separation of Fuel Storage.
    13.10 Inspection and Maintenance.
    Chapter 14 Fire Investigation Training Structures, Props, Burn Cells, and Sets
    14.1 General.
    14.2 Design and Construction.
    14.3 Maintenance.
    Annex A Explanatory Material
    Annex B Nonmandatory Information About Planning, Designing, Constructing, and Maintaining Fire Training Centers
    Annex C Administrative and Classroom Building Guidance
    Annex D Training and Support Building
    Annex E Informational References
  • Prior Editions

    2012 Edition

    Design and construct state-of-the-art fire service training centers for safety and effectiveness guided by NFPA 1402.

    Fully updated and revised for today's field, NFPA 1402, Guide to Building Fire Service Training Centers addresses the design and construction of facilities for fire training, including:

    • Administration and support facilities
    • Drill towers
    • Burn buildings
    • Smoke buildings
    • Facilities for outside simulations

    Changes in this edition include:

    • Revised Chapter 7: Designing Facilities provides added guidance on information gathering and decision-making for facility planners, designers, and owners.
    • Chapter 10: Live Fire Training Structures is reorganized and rewritten for easier use.
    • Clarification on flashover simulators -- containers used for training
    • Added specific guidance on systems used for gas props
    • Updated mock-up figures for aircraft fire suppression and rescue fire training

    NFPA 1402 provides essential guidance for the planning of the main components of a training center necessary to accomplish general fire fighter training effectively, efficiently, and safely. (Softbound, 39 pp., 2012)


    Interested in other editions of NFPA 1402? Use the drop down menu above to select the edition year you need.

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