2021 NFPA 1126 Standard - Current Edition
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  • Description

    Get up-to-date with the latest requirements for using pyrotechnics in front of an audience to help ensure safety and compliance.

    The application of pyrotechnics represents inherent dangers to people and property. NFPA 1126, Standard for the Use of Pyrotechnics Before a Proximate Audience, provides comprehensive criteria for the safe use of these types of devices and special effects in musical, theatrical, or similar types of productions.

    The standard was developed to address the recognized need to safeguard operators, performers, support personnel, and viewing audiences where pyrotechnics are used. Applicable locations include indoor and outdoor stadiums, theaters, concert halls, and other venues. Content covers everything from requirements for manufacturers and the use of pyrotechnics to transportation, storage, and permitting.

    The 2021 edition is revised to reflect the most current knowledge, practices, and technology.

    Whether you are a designer, manufacturer, user, or authority having jurisdiction, it’s crucial to have access to the most relevant information on pyrotechnic special effects. The new NFPA 1126 features a variety of revisions that can impact you in your work.

    Notable changes to the standard include:

    • Addition of pyrotechnic effect simulation equipment to the definition of pyrotechnic device to clarify that pyrotechnic effect simulation equipment is a pyrotechnic device and subject to the same requirements as the pyrotechnic devices it simulates
    • Revised provisions for portable fire extinguishers in conjunction with the change of definition of a pyrotechnic device to require compatibility with the fuel source being used for the effect
    • Amendments to concussion mortar separation requirements to specify more accurately the separation of the audience from fallout debris from the effect

    Help ensure pyrotechnics are manufactured, used, transported, and maintained properly by referencing and applying NFPA 1126 criteria.

    A negative incident involving pyrotechnic special effects can result in injury and loss of life and property in addition to fines, lawsuits, and financial liabilities. Help make sure productions are safe and in compliance by ordering your copy of NFPA 1126, Standard for the Use of Pyrotechnics Before an Approximate Audience, 2021 edition.

  • Table of Contents (2021 Current Edition)

    NFPA® 1126 Standard for the Use of Pyrotechnics Before a Proximate Audience, 2021 Edition

    Chapter 1 Administration
    1.1 Scope.
    1.2 Purpose.
    1.3 Application.
    1.4 Retroactivity.
    1.5 Equivalency.
    Chapter 2 Referenced Publications
    2.1 General.
    2.2 NFPA Publications.
    2.3 Other Publications.
    2.4 References for Extracts in Mandatory Sections.
    Chapter 3 Definitions
    3.1 General.
    3.2 NFPA Official Definitions.
    3.3 General Definitions.
    Chapter 4 Transportation of Pyrotechnic Materials
    4.1 Transportation.
    Chapter 5 Storage of Pyrotechnic Materials and Devices
    5.1 Storage Requirements.
    5.2 In-Transit Requirements.
    5.3 Separation Distance from Unprotected Heat Source or Open Flame.
    Chapter 6 Permit Requirements and Operator Qualifications
    6.1 Permit Requirements.
    6.2 Pyrotechnics Plans.
    6.3 Content of Plans.
    6.4 Pyrotechnics Demonstration.
    6.5 Qualifications of Operators and Assistants.
    Chapter 7 Requirements for Manufacturers of Pyrotechnics and Associated Equipment
    7.1 Pyrotechnic Product Information.
    7.2 Identification of Pyrotechnic Devices or Binary Systems.
    7.3 Pyrotechnic Equipment.
    7.4 Binary Materials.
    Chapter 8 Use of Pyrotechnics
    8.1 General Fire Protection.
    8.2 Firing Prerequisites.
    8.3 Firing Safeguards.
    8.4 Separation Distances for Audiences.
    8.5 Safety Precautions.
    8.6 Performance.
    8.7 Requirements After Performance.
    Annex A Explanatory Material
    Annex B Inspection Requirements
    Annex C Licensing Requirements for Pyrotechnic Operators
    Annex D Glossary
    Annex E Informational References
  • Prior Editions

    2016 Edition

    Control hazards and save lives with the 2016 NFPA 1126, Standard for the Use of Pyrotechnics Before a Proximate Audience.

    In an instant, the excitement and drama of pyrotechnics can take a tragic turn, destroying lives and property. That's why compliance with NFPA 1126,Standard for the Use of Pyrotechnics Before a Proximate Audience is critical to the fire and life safety of operators, performers, support personnel, viewing audiences, buildings and equipment -- indoors or outdoors with a proximate audience. Application includes use in conjunction with theatrical, musical, or performing arts productions in theaters, stadiums, concert halls, and similar venues.

    Improve safety for both the audience and operators and reduce property damage with the 2016 edition.

    Pyrotechnic and special effects operators, venue managers, and enforcing officials need to know about the Standard's expanded scope:

    • Added requirements for the use of hybrid flame effects coordinate with NFPA 160, to eliminate an area of confusion for Authorities Having Jurisdiction (AHJs) as well as designers and maintainers of the installation
    • New guidance on how NFPA 1126 applies to airshows where pyrotechnic devices are used -- helping operators and venue managers close critical safety gaps

    The use of hybrid flame effects has increased in recent years, and the 2016 NFPA 1126 responds to fire and life safety needs.

    The 2016 NFPA 1126 is an essential safety resource for protecting people and property wherever pyrotechnics are used for entertainment. (Print, 21 pp., 2016) 

    Interested in other editions of NFPA 1126? Use the drop down menu above to select the edition year you need.

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