2021 NFPA 1 Code - Current Edition
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  • Description

    Get up to speed with the latest fire and life safety requirements with NFPA 1, Fire Code.

    The hazards and challenges of preventing, preparing for, and fighting fire and related dangers are continually evolving. NFPA 1, Fire Code, 2021 edition, offers the most current and complete information for advancing public and first responder safety and reducing the loss of life and property.

    Widely referenced throughout North America, this vital document is based on over 130 relevant NFPA® codes and standards. NFPA 1 offers a comprehensive, integrated approach to fire code regulation and hazard management, covering everything from fire alarms and sprinkler systems to building and process hazards and life safety issues.

    Topics include:

    • Inspection of permanent and temporary buildings, processes, equipment, systems, and other fire and related life safety situations
    • Investigation of fires, explosions, hazardous materials incidents, and other related emergency incidents
    • Review of construction plans, drawings, and specifications for life safety systems, fire protection systems, access, water supplies, processes, hazardous materials, and other related issues
    • Fire and life safety education of fire brigades, employees, responsible parties, and the general public
    • Existing occupancies and conditions, the design and construction of new buildings, remodeling of existing buildings, and additions to existing buildings
    • Design, installation, alteration, modification, construction, maintenance, repairs, servicing, and testing of fire protection systems and equipment
    • Installation, use, storage, and handling of medical gas systems
    • Access requirements for fire department operations
    • Hazards from outside fires in vegetation, trash, building debris, and other materials
    • Regulation and control of special events including, but not limited to, the assemblage of people, exhibits, trade shows, amusement parks, haunted houses, outdoor events, and other similar special temporary and permanent occupancies
    • Interior finish, decorations, furnishings, and other combustibles that contribute to fire spread, fire load, and smoke production
    • Storage, use, processing, handling, and on-site transportation of flammable and combustible gases, liquids, and solids
    • Storage, use, processing, handling, and on-site transportation of hazardous materials
    • Control of emergency operations and scenes
    • Conditions affecting firefighter safety
    • Arrangement, design, construction, and alteration of new and existing means of egress

    The 2021 edition is revised to account for cutting-edge industry knowledge, practices, trends, and technologies.

    Fire marshals, code officials, inspectors, facility owners and managers, and others responsible for building and life safety rely on NFPA 1 to help eliminate risks and maintain compliance. The code features references and extracts from other NFPA documents such as NFPA 101®, Life Safety Code®; NFPA 72®, National Fire Alarm and Signaling Code®; NFPA 54, National Fuel Gas Code, and many more.

    Need-to-know changes for the 2021 edition include:

    • Updates to in-building emergency responder communication enhancement system requirements for better alignment with NFPA 1221, Standard for the Installation, Maintenance, and Use of Emergency Services Communications Systems
    • New signage requirements for non-sprinklered high-rise buildings
    • Inclusion of provisions for carbon dioxide enrichment equipment, indoor horticultural grow structures, and listing requirements for extraction equipment as they relate to cannabis facilities in Chapter 38
    • Added chapter on wastewater treatment and collection facilities in Chapter 39
    • A new chapter on additive manufacturing (3D printing) in Chapter 46
    • Energy storage system requirements extracted from NFPA 855, Standard for the Installation of Stationary Energy Storage Systems, in Chapter 52
    • Updates of all extracts through the Annual 2020 revision cycle

    Help ensure you are prepared for the risks and challenges of modern fire protection and safety and ready to comply when the 2021 edition of NFPA 1 is used in your area.

    This document is a vital resource for establishing more effective fire code regulation and hazard management in state, county, and local jurisdictions. Make sure you access the best information by ordering your copy of NFPA 1, Fire Code, 2021 edition.

  • How the NFPA Handbooks Differ from Codes and Standards


    Ever wonder what the difference is between an NFPA® handbook and a code or standard? We’re glad you asked.

    NFPA codes and standards both provide requirements for achieving outcomes. Handbooks take a deeper dive, providing the full text of a code or standard as well as expert commentary and features such as graphics, decision trees, testing procedures, case studies, sample forms and checklists, and other helpful aids to give a better understanding of the reasoning behind the requirements and how to apply them.


    • A code or standard is a framework—a set of rules to follow with a goal to achieve a certain result
    • A handbook is a connector—linking requirements to application by helping you understand the reasoning behind a code or standard

    The simplest way to think about it is that codes and standards list the technical requirements while handbooks explain those requirements to clarify how to apply them.

  • 2018 Description

    Update now to the 2018 edition of NFPA 1, Fire Code based on the latest NFPA® codes and standards governing fire and life safety.

    Adopted in jurisdictions throughout North America, NFPA 1, Fire Code presents a comprehensive, integrated approach to fire code regulation and hazard management. Fully updated for 2018, this edition features extracts from and references to more than 130 NFPA codes and standards. Staying up-to-code gives fire marshals, code officials, inspectors, facility owners and managers -- and anyone who has responsibilities for life safety, building safety and hazardous materials -- the latest fire protection requirements for fire alarm, sprinkler, building and process hazards as well as life safety issues.

    Get extracts from widely used NFPA codes and standards including:

    • The 2018 editions of NFPA 101®, Life Safety Code®, NFPA 30, Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code, and NFPA 30A, Code for Motor Fuel Dispensing Facilities and Repair Garages
    • The 2017 editions of NFPA 58, Liquefied Petroleum Gas Code and NFPA 25, Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance of Water-Based Fire Protection Systems
    • The 2016 editions of NFPA 13, Installation of Sprinkler Systems and NFPA 72®, National Fire Alarm and Signaling Code®

    Changes in the 2018 edition of NFPA 1, Fire Code include two all-new chapters and updates including:

    • Revised requirements for the application of referenced publications
    • Newly added references for the professional qualifications for fire inspectors, plan examiners, and fire marshals
    • New minimum fire prevention inspection frequencies for existing occupancies
    • Updates to premises identification
    • New and updated marking and access criteria for photovoltaic systems
    • New provisions for rubberized asphalt melters
    • Listing requirements for electric gates used on fire department access roads
    • New provisions on the outside storage of biomass feedstock
    • New requirements for the outdoor storage of wood and wood composite pallets or listed pallets equivalent to wood
    • All-new Chapter 38 on marijuana growing, processing, or extraction facilities
    • Revised Chapter 40 to replace extracts from NFPA 654 with extracted provisions from NFPA 652
    • Completely reorganized aircraft fuel servicing provisions in accordance with NFPA 407
    • A new section on mobile and temporary cooking operations
    • Extensive revisions of Chapter 52 on energy storage systems
    • All-new Chapter 55 on cleaning and purging of flammable gas piping systems with reference to NFPA 56
    • New provisions for insulated liquid carbon dioxide systems extracted from NFPA 55
    • New Annex E on fire fighter breathing-air replenishment systems

    Don't delay -- prevent injuries and deaths and advance safety for the public and first responders with the 2018 NFPA 1, Fire Code. (Print, 794 pp., 2018) 

    Interested in other editions of NFPA 1, Fire Code? Use the drop down menu above to select the edition year you need.

  • Prior Editions

    NFPA 1: Fire Code is your complete safety source for fire alarm, sprinkler, and life safety issues.

    NFPA 1: Fire Code presents an integrated approach to fire code regulation and hazard management that gives fire marshals, architects, engineers, building owners -- and anyone involved with hazardous materials -- a comprehensive source of essential safety knowledge. Adopted in jurisdictions throughout North America, the Code addresses all aspects of fire protection, fire safety, and life safety through extracts from more than 50 NFPA® codes and standards, along with references to many more. Each edition reflects updates in industry benchmarks such as NFPA 13: Installation of Sprinkler Systems, NFPA 25: Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance of Water-Based Fire Protection Systems, NFPA 54: National Fuel Gas Code, NFPA 72®: National Fire Alarm and Signaling Code, and NFPA 101®: Life Safety Code®.

    The 2015 NFPA 1: Fire Code contains major changes, including: Chapter 18 includes mandatory requirements on fire hydrant location and distribution -- to assist designers with planning and AHJs and other authorities with inspections; Added mandates for carbon monoxide detection and alarm for new educational and new day care facilities and other changes reflect safeguards in the 2015 NFPA 101®: Life Safety Code®; as well as coverage of fire alarm systems for occupancies now mirrors NFPA 101 to provide additional information and reduce reference time.

    Watch an interview with NFPA's Greg Harrington, Principal Engineer, Building Fire Protection, discuss the 2015 NFPA 1, including changes from previous editions.

    The 2012 edition of NFPA 1: Fire Code improves your ability to ensure occupant safety with added mandates for sprinklers in all new buildings three or more stories in height and CO detection in new residential occupancies, as specified by NFPA 101: Life Safety Code. This edition also requires floor fire protection for new non-sprinklered one- and two-family dwellings. In another important change benefitting fire and life safety, the Code specifies that two-way radio communication enhancement systems may be required by the Authority Having Jurisdiction (AHJ) per provisions in NFPA 72.

    The 2009 edition of NFPA 1: Fire Code introduces the Code's new title and increases the amount of practical guidance available to users. Instead of listing references, this edition of the renamed NFPA 1: Fire Code provides extracted text addressing interior finish, contents and furnishings, and dust control requirements for industrial hazards. Fire flow requirements have been moved from the Annex to the body of the Code to ensure consistency among jurisdictions. New requirements address motion picture and television production work done on location, away from the main studio soundstages. Three new Annexes provide information and guidelines for fire fighters and other emergency responders, to help improve community and fire fighter safety.

    The 2006 edition of NFPA 1: Uniform Fire Code™ adds critical information through new chapters. New Chapter 6: Classification of Occupancy defines occupancy classifications to enhance your understanding of requirements and improve compliance and enforcement. New Chapter 32: Motion Picture and Television Production Studio Soundstage and Production Facilities works in conjunction with NFPA 140 to provide a minimum level of fire and life safety on the sets of these activities. New Chapter 33: Outside Storage of Tires includes provisions to keep tire storage safe from all potential sources of ignition. New Chapter 34: General Storage presents provisions that apply to indoor and outdoor storage of materials representing the broad range of combustibles.

    The 2003 edition of NFPA 1: Uniform Fire Code integrates the two most widely adopted fire codes in the United States into a single Code. A joint venture between NFPA and the Western Fire Chiefs Association, NFPA 1: Uniform Fire Code incorporates provisions from both the Fire Prevention Code and the WFCA's Uniform Fire Code, to create a document that serves communities and jurisdictions nationwide. NFPA 1: UFC is fully compatible with regulatory adoption procedures, with separate sections containing provisions for administration and code enforcement, occupancies, processes, equipment, and hazardous materials. Essential extracts and references to more than 130 NFPA codes and standards make the code official's job easier.

    Interested in other editions of NFPA 1: Fire Code? Use the drop down menu above to select the edition year you need.

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  • NFPA eForms

    NFPA® now makes available PDF versions of forms originally published in our NFPA Standards and handbooks. These eForms allow you to fill in the form fields electronically and then save, print, or share the file. NFPA eForms are intended for use on computers and are compatible with some mobile devices and apps. An internet connection is not needed to fill in and save the forms once they are downloaded to your device.

    NFPA eForms can be used with many PDF applications. Functions of the specific PDF application will work on the forms. For example, most PDF applications include a signature feature, allowing you to use your finger, stylus, or mouse to sign a document.

    Note that NFPA eForms are not compatible with the NFPA eLibrary app.

    Features of the NFPA eForms include:

    • Editable fields and checkboxes that allow you to enter content
    • Spell check
    • Easy file sharing (through email or Cloud storage)
    • Printing
    • Basic PDF markup tools, including highlighting and comment boxes
    • A "Learn More" button with explanatory comments to help you understand the requirements necessary to complete the form
    • Electronic signature
    • Searching form text
    • Table of contents with links to each form within the file
    • Dedicated placeholder to add company logo

    Additional features that may be available, depending on PDF software/app you choose:

    • Text message sharing of forms
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    • Automatic saving when closing the file
    • Date fields with scroll bar selection

    Directions on how to use on a desktop or mobile device are provided on the first page of the PDF.

  • eForms Table of Contents

    eForms Table of Contents

    • Permit for Cutting and Welding with Portable Gas or ARC Equipment
    • Legal Notice
    • Certificate of Fitness
    • Hazardous Materials Management Plan Instructions
    • Sample Ordinance Adopting NFPA 1, Fire Code
  • Also in NFPA 1, Fire Code