2021 NFPA 1 Code - Current Edition
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  • Description

    Get up to speed with the latest fire and life safety requirements with NFPA 1, Fire Code.

    The hazards and challenges of preventing, preparing for, and fighting fire and related dangers are continually evolving. NFPA 1, Fire Code, 2021 edition, offers the most current and complete information for advancing public and first responder safety and reducing the loss of life and property.

    Widely referenced throughout North America, this vital document is based on over 130 relevant NFPA® codes and standards. NFPA 1 offers a comprehensive, integrated approach to fire code regulation and hazard management, covering everything from fire alarms and sprinkler systems to building and process hazards and life safety issues.

    Topics include:

    • Inspection of permanent and temporary buildings, processes, equipment, systems, and other fire and related life safety situations
    • Investigation of fires, explosions, hazardous materials incidents, and other related emergency incidents
    • Review of construction plans, drawings, and specifications for life safety systems, fire protection systems, access, water supplies, processes, hazardous materials, and other related issues
    • Fire and life safety education of fire brigades, employees, responsible parties, and the general public
    • Existing occupancies and conditions, the design and construction of new buildings, remodeling of existing buildings, and additions to existing buildings
    • Design, installation, alteration, modification, construction, maintenance, repairs, servicing, and testing of fire protection systems and equipment
    • Installation, use, storage, and handling of medical gas systems
    • Access requirements for fire department operations
    • Hazards from outside fires in vegetation, trash, building debris, and other materials
    • Regulation and control of special events including, but not limited to, the assemblage of people, exhibits, trade shows, amusement parks, haunted houses, outdoor events, and other similar special temporary and permanent occupancies
    • Interior finish, decorations, furnishings, and other combustibles that contribute to fire spread, fire load, and smoke production
    • Storage, use, processing, handling, and on-site transportation of flammable and combustible gases, liquids, and solids
    • Storage, use, processing, handling, and on-site transportation of hazardous materials
    • Control of emergency operations and scenes
    • Conditions affecting firefighter safety
    • Arrangement, design, construction, and alteration of new and existing means of egress

    The 2021 edition is revised to account for cutting-edge industry knowledge, practices, trends, and technologies.

    Fire marshals, code officials, inspectors, facility owners and managers, and others responsible for building and life safety rely on NFPA 1 to help eliminate risks and maintain compliance. The code features references and extracts from other NFPA documents such as NFPA 101®, Life Safety Code®; NFPA 72®, National Fire Alarm and Signaling Code®; NFPA 54, National Fuel Gas Code, and many more.

    Need-to-know changes for the 2021 edition include:

    • Updates to in-building emergency responder communication enhancement system requirements for better alignment with NFPA 1221, Standard for the Installation, Maintenance, and Use of Emergency Services Communications Systems
    • New signage requirements for non-sprinklered high-rise buildings
    • Inclusion of provisions for carbon dioxide enrichment equipment, indoor horticultural grow structures, and listing requirements for extraction equipment as they relate to cannabis facilities in Chapter 38
    • Added chapter on wastewater treatment and collection facilities in Chapter 39
    • A new chapter on additive manufacturing (3D printing) in Chapter 46
    • Energy storage system requirements extracted from NFPA 855, Standard for the Installation of Stationary Energy Storage Systems, in Chapter 52
    • Updates of all extracts through the Annual 2020 revision cycle

    Help ensure you are prepared for the risks and challenges of modern fire protection and safety and ready to comply when the 2021 edition of NFPA 1 is used in your area.

    This document is a vital resource for establishing more effective fire code regulation and hazard management in state, county, and local jurisdictions. Make sure you access the best information by ordering your copy of NFPA 1, Fire Code, 2021 edition.

  • How the NFPA Handbooks Differ from Codes and Standards

    THE NFPA HANDBOOKS DIFFER FROM CODES AND STANDARDS

    Ever wonder what the difference is between an NFPA® handbook and a code or standard? We’re glad you asked.

    NFPA codes and standards both provide requirements for achieving outcomes. Handbooks take a deeper dive, providing the full text of a code or standard as well as expert commentary and features such as graphics, decision trees, testing procedures, case studies, sample forms and checklists, and other helpful aids to give a better understanding of the reasoning behind the requirements and how to apply them.

    JUST REMEMBER:

    • A code or standard is a framework—a set of rules to follow with a goal to achieve a certain result
    • A handbook is a connector—linking requirements to application by helping you understand the reasoning behind a code or standard

    The simplest way to think about it is that codes and standards list the technical requirements while handbooks explain those requirements to clarify how to apply them.

  • Table of Contents (2021 Current Edition)

    NFPA® 1 Fire Code, 2021 Edition

    Chapter 1 Administration
    1.1 Scope.
    1.2 Purpose.
    1.3 Application.
    1.4 Equivalencies, Alternatives, and Modifications.
    1.5 Units.
    1.6 Enforcement.
    1.7 Authority.
    1.8 Duties and Powers of the Incident Commander.
    1.9 Liability.
    1.10 Fire Code Board of Appeals.
    1.11 Records and Reports.
    1.12 Permits and Approvals.
    1.13 Certificates of Fitness.
    1.14 Plan Review.
    1.15 Technical Assistance.
    1.16 Notice of Violations and Penalties.
    1.17 Permit Fees.
    Chapter 2 Referenced Publications
    2.1 General.
    2.2 NFPA Publications.
    2.3 Other Publications.
    2.4 References for Extracts in Mandatory Sections.
    Chapter 3 Definitions
    3.1 General.
    3.2 NFPA Official Definitions.
    3.3 General Definitions.
    3.4 Special Performance-Based Definitions.
    Chapter 4 General Requirements
    4.1 Goals and Objectives.
    4.2 Assumptions.
    4.3 Compliance Options.
    4.4 Fundamental Requirements.
    4.5 General Requirements.
    Chapter 5 Performance-Based Option
    5.1 General.
    5.2 Performance Criteria.
    5.3 Retained Prescriptive Requirements.
    5.4 Design Scenarios.
    5.5 Evaluation of Proposed Designs.
    5.6 Safety Factors.
    5.7 Documentation Requirements.
    Chapter 6 Classification of Occupancy
    6.1 Classification of Occupancy.
    Chapter 7 Reserved
    Chapter 8 Reserved
    Chapter 9 Reserved
    Chapter 10 General Safety Requirements
    10.1 Fundamental Requirements.
    10.2 Owner/Occupant Responsibilities.
    10.3 Occupancy.
    10.4 Building Evacuation.
    10.5 Fire Drills.
    10.6 Reporting of Fires and Other Emergencies.
    10.7 Tampering with Fire Safety Equipment.
    10.8 Emergency Action Plans.
    10.9 Smoking.
    10.10 Open Flames, Candles, Open Fires, and Incinerators.
    10.11 Fire Protection Markings.
    10.12 Seasonal and Vacant Buildings and Premises.
    10.13 Combustible Vegetation.
    10.14 Special Outdoor Events, Carnivals, and Fairs.
    10.15 Portable and Vehicle-Mounted Generators.
    10.16 Outside Storage.
    10.17 Parade Floats.
    10.18 Powered Industrial Trucks.
    10.19 Storage of Combustible Materials.
    10.20 Indoor Play Structures.
    Chapter 11 Building Services
    11.1 Electrical Fire Safety.
    11.2 Heating, Ventilation, and Air-Conditioning.
    11.3 Elevators, Escalators, and Conveyors.
    11.4 Utilities.
    11.5 Heating Appliances.
    11.6 Waste Chutes, Incinerators, and Laundry Chutes.
    11.7 Stationary Generators and Standby Power Systems.
    11.8 Smoke Control.
    11.9 Emergency Command Center.
    11.10 In-Building Emergency Responder Communication Enhancement Systems.
    11.11 Medical Gas and Vacuum Systems.
    11.12 Photovoltaic Systems.
    Chapter 12 Features of Fire Protection
    12.1 General.
    12.2 Construction.
    12.3 Fire-Resistive Materials and Construction.
    12.4 Fire Doors and Other Opening Protectives.
    12.5 Interior Finish.
    12.6 Contents and Furnishings.
    12.7 Fire Barriers.
    12.8 Smoke Partitions.
    12.9 Smoke Barriers.
    Chapter 13 Fire Protection Systems
    13.1 General.
    13.2 Standpipe Systems.
    13.3 Automatic Sprinklers.
    13.4 Fire Pumps.
    13.5 Water Supply.
    13.6 Portable Fire Extinguishers.
    13.7 Detection, Alarm, and Communications Systems.
    13.8 Other Fire Protection Systems.
    13.9 Non-Listed Fire Protection or Suppression Devices and Equipment.
    Chapter 14 Means of Egress
    14.1 Application.
    14.2 Exit Access Corridors.
    14.3 Exits.
    14.4 Means of Egress Reliability.
    14.5 Door Openings.
    14.6 Enclosure and Protection of Stairs.
    14.7 Exit Passageways.
    14.8 Capacity of Means of Egress.
    14.9 Number of Means of Egress.
    14.10 Arrangement of Means of Egress.
    14.11 Discharge from Exits.
    14.12 Illumination of Means of Egress.
    14.13 Emergency Lighting.
    14.14 Marking of Means of Egress.
    14.15 Secondary Means of Escape.
    Chapter 15 Fire Department Service Delivery Concurrency Evaluation
    15.1 Application.
    15.2 Level of Service Objectives.
    15.3 Evaluator Qualifications.
    15.4 Fire Department Service Delivery Concurrency Evaluation Documentation.
    15.5 Independent Review.
    15.6 Approval.
    Chapter 16 Safeguarding Construction, Alteration, and Demolition Operations
    16.1 General Requirements.
    16.2 Processes and Hazards.
    16.3 Utilities.
    16.4 Fire Protection.
    16.5 Safeguarding Construction and Alteration Operations.
    16.6 Fire Safety During Demolition.
    16.7 Torch-Applied Roofing Systems.
    16.8 Tar Kettles and Rubberized Asphalt Melters.
    16.9 Asbestos Removal.
    Chapter 17 Wildland Urban Interface
    17.1 General.
    17.2 Plans.
    17.3 Wildland Fire–Prone Areas.
    Chapter 18 Fire Department Access and Water Supply
    18.1 General.
    18.2 Fire Department Access.
    18.3 Water Supplies.
    18.4 Fire Flow Requirements for Buildings.
    18.5 Fire Hydrants.
    Chapter 19 Combustible Waste and Refuse
    19.1 General.
    19.2 Combustible Waste and Refuse.
    Chapter 20 Occupancy Fire Safety
    20.1 Assembly Occupancies.
    20.2 Educational Occupancies.
    20.3 Day-Care Occupancies.
    20.4 Health Care Occupancies.
    20.5 Residential Board and Care Occupancies.
    20.6 Ambulatory Health Care Centers.
    20.7 Detention and Correctional Occupancies.
    20.8 Hotels and Dormitories.
    20.9 Apartment Buildings.
    20.10 Lodging or Rooming Houses.
    20.11 One- and Two-Family Dwellings and Manufactured Housing.
    20.12 Mercantile Occupancies.
    20.13 Business Occupancies.
    20.14 Industrial Occupancies.
    20.15 Storage Occupancies.
    20.16 Special Structures and High-Rise Buildings.
    20.17 Historic Buildings and Cultural Resources.
    Chapter 21 Airports and Heliports
    21.1 Hangars.
    21.2 Terminals.
    21.3 Rooftop Heliport Construction and Protection.
    Chapter 22 Automobile Wrecking Yards
    22.1 General.
    22.2 Permits.
    22.3 Fire Apparatus Access Roads.
    22.4 Welding and Cutting.
    22.5 Housekeeping.
    22.6 Fire Extinguishers.
    22.7 Tire Storage.
    22.8 Burning Operations.
    22.9 Motor Vehicle Fluids and Hazardous Materials.
    Chapter 23 Cleanrooms
    23.1 General.
    23.2 Applicability.
    23.3 Permits.
    Chapter 24 Drycleaning
    24.1 General.
    24.2 Permits.
    Chapter 25 Grandstands and Bleachers, Folding and Telescopic Seating, Tents, and Membrane Structures
    25.1 General.
    25.2 Tents.
    25.3 Grandstands.
    25.4 Folding and Telescopic Seating.
    25.5 Permanent Membrane Structures.
    25.6 Temporary Membrane Structures.
    Chapter 26 Laboratories Using Chemicals
    26.1 General.
    26.2 Permits.
    Chapter 27 Manufactured Home and Recreational Vehicle Sites
    27.1 General.
    27.2 Manufactured Home Sites.
    27.3 Recreational Vehicle Parks and Campgrounds.
    Chapter 28 Marinas, Boatyards, Marine Terminals, Piers, and Wharves
    28.1 Marinas, Boatyards, and Other Recreational Marine Facilities.
    28.2 Marine Terminals, Piers, and Wharves.
    28.3 Construction, Conversion, Repair, and Lay-Up of Vessels.
    Chapter 29 Parking Garages
    29.1 General.
    Chapter 30 Motor Fuel Dispensing Facilities and Repair Garages
    30.1 Motor Fuel Dispensing Facilities.
    30.2 Repair Garages for Vehicles Powered by Flammable and Combustible Liquids.
    30.3 Repair Garages for Vehicles Powered by Alternate Fuels.
    30.4 Operational Requirements.
    Chapter 31 Forest Products and Biomass Feedstocks
    31.1 General.
    31.2 Permits.
    31.3 Protection of Storage of Forest Products.
    Chapter 32 Motion Picture and Television Production Studio Soundstages and Approved Production Facilities
    32.1 General.
    32.2 Permits.
    32.3 Fire Watch.
    32.4 Decorative Materials.
    32.5 Smoking.
    32.6 Pyrotechnic Special Effects and Open Flames.
    32.7 Fire Department Access.
    32.8 Housekeeping.
    32.9 Soundstages and Approved Production Facilities.
    32.10 Production Locations.
    Chapter 33 Outside Storage of Tires
    33.1 General.
    33.2 Individual Piles.
    33.3 Emergency Response Plan.
    33.4 Fire Control Measures.
    33.5 Site Access.
    33.6 Signs and Security.
    33.7 Outdoor Storage of Altered Tire Material.
    Chapter 34 General Storage
    34.1 General.
    34.2 Classification of Commodities.
    34.3 Commodity Classes.
    34.4 Building Construction.
    34.5 Storage Arrangement.
    34.6 General Fire Protection.
    34.7 Building Equipment, Maintenance, and Operations.
    34.8 Protection of Rack Storage.
    34.9 Protection of Rubber Tires.
    34.10 Protection of Roll Paper.
    34.11 Storage of Idle Pallets.
    Chapter 35 Animal Housing Facilities
    35.1 General.
    35.2 Permits.
    Chapter 36 Telecommunication Facilities and Information Technology Equipment
    36.1 General.
    Chapter 37 Fixed Guideway Transit and Passenger Rail Systems
    37.1 General.
    Chapter 38 Cannabis Growing, Processing, or Extraction Facilities
    38.1 Application.
    38.2 Permits.
    38.3 Fire Protection Systems.
    38.4 Means of Egress.
    38.5 Growing or Production of Cannabis.
    38.6 Processing or Extraction.
    38.7 Transfilling.
    Chapter 39 Wastewater Treatment and Collection Facilities
    39.1 General.
    Chapter 40 Dust Explosion and Fire Prevention
    40.1 Application.
    40.2 Permits.
    40.3 Retroactivity.
    40.4 General.
    40.5 Dust Hazards Analysis (DHA).
    40.6 Operating Procedures and Practices.
    40.7 Housekeeping.
    40.8 Hot Work.
    40.9 Personal Protective Equipment.
    40.10 Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance.
    40.11 Training and Hazard Awareness.
    40.12 Contractors.
    40.13 Emergency Planning and Response.
    40.14 Incident Investigation.
    40.15 Management of Change.
    40.16 Documentation Retention.
    40.17 Management Systems Review.
    40.18 Employee Participation.
    Chapter 41 Welding, Cutting, and Other Hot Work
    41.1 General.
    41.2 Responsibility for Hot Work.
    41.3 Fire Prevention Precautions.
    41.4 Sole Proprietors and Individual Operators.
    41.5 Public Exhibitions and Demonstrations.
    41.6 Arc Welding Equipment.
    Chapter 42 Refueling
    42.1 General.
    42.2 Automotive Fuel Servicing.
    42.3 Storage of Liquids.
    42.4 Piping for Liquids.
    42.5 Fuel Dispensing Systems.
    42.6 Building Construction Requirements.
    42.7 Operational Requirements.
    42.8 Additional Requirements for CNG, LNG, Hydrogen, and LP-Gas.
    42.9 Marine Fueling.
    42.10 Aircraft Fuel Servicing.
    42.11 Alternate Fuels.
    42.12 On-Demand Mobile Fueling.
    Chapter 43 Spraying, Dipping, and Coating Using Flammable or Combustible Materials
    43.1 Application.
    43.2 Automated Electrostatic Spray Equipment.
    43.3 Handheld Electrostatic Spray Equipment.
    43.4 Drying, Curing, or Fusion Processes.
    43.5 Miscellaneous Spray Operations.
    43.6 Powder Coating.
    43.7 Organic Peroxides and Plural Component Coatings.
    43.8 Styrene Cross-Linked Composites Manufacturing (Glass Fiber–Reinforced Plastics).
    43.9 Dipping, Coating, and Printing Processes.
    43.10 Training.
    Chapter 44 Solvent Extraction
    44.1 General.
    44.2 Application.
    44.3 Permits.
    44.4 Special Requirements.
    Chapter 45 Combustible Fibers
    45.1 General.
    45.2 Electrical Wiring.
    45.3 No Smoking.
    45.4 Vehicles and Material Handling Equipment.
    45.5 Loose Storage of Combustible Fibers.
    45.6 Baled Storage.
    45.7 Storage of Hay, Straw, and Other Similar Agricultural Products.
    45.8 Hazardous Materials.
    Chapter 46 Additive Manufacturing (3D Printing)
    46.1 Application.
    46.2 Nonindustrial Additive Manufacturing.
    46.3 Industrial Additive Manufacturing.
    Chapter 47 Reserved
    Chapter 48 Reserved
    Chapter 49 Reserved
    Chapter 50 Commercial Cooking
    50.1 Application.
    50.2 General Requirements for Cooking Operations in Buildings and Mobile and Temporary Cooking Operations.
    50.3 Protection of Coverings and Enclosure Materials.
    50.4 Fire-Extinguishing Equipment for Cooking Operations in Buildings.
    50.5 Fire-Extinguishing Equipment for Mobile and Temporary Cooking Operations.
    50.6 Procedures for the Use, Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance of Equipment.
    50.7 Minimum Safety Requirements for Cooking Equipment.
    50.8 Mobile and Temporary Cooking Operations.
    Chapter 51 Industrial Ovens and Furnaces
    51.1 General.
    51.2 Location.
    51.3 Safety Controls.
    Chapter 52 Energy Storage Systems
    52.1 General.
    52.2 Remediation Measures.
    52.3 System Interconnection.
    52.4 Operation and Maintenance.
    52.5 Electrochemical Energy Storage Systems.
    52.6 Capacitor Energy Storage Systems.
    52.7 Fuel Cell Energy Storage Systems.
    52.8 Storage of Used or Off-Specification Batteries.
    52.9 One- and Two-Family Dwelling and Townhouse Units.
    Chapter 53 Mechanical Refrigeration
    53.1 General.
    53.2 Safety Features.
    53.3 Operations, Maintenance, Testing, and Decommissioning.
    Chapter 54 Ozone Gas–Generating Equipment
    54.1 Scope.
    54.2 Location.
    54.3 Piping, Valves, and Fittings.
    54.4 Automatic Shutdown.
    54.5 Manual Shutdown.
    Chapter 55 Cleaning and Purging of Flammable Gas Piping Systems
    55.1 Application.
    Chapter 56 Reserved
    Chapter 57 Reserved
    Chapter 58 Reserved
    Chapter 59 Reserved
    Chapter 60 Hazardous Materials
    60.1 General Requirements.
    60.2 Special Definitions.
    60.3 Classification of Materials, Wastes, and Hazard of Contents.
    60.4 Permissible Storage and Use Locations.
    60.5 Fundamental Requirements.
    60.6 Emergency Action Planning, Fire Risk Control, and Chemical Hazard Requirements for Industrial Processes.
    60.7 Performance Alternative.
    Chapter 61 Aerosol Products
    61.1 General Provisions.
    61.2 Basic Requirements.
    61.3 Storage in Warehouses and Storage Areas.
    61.4 Mercantile Occupancies.
    61.5 Operations and Maintenance.
    Chapter 62 Reserved
    Chapter 63 Compressed Gases and Cryogenic Fluids
    63.1 General Provisions.
    63.2 Building-Related Controls.
    63.3 Compressed Gases.
    63.4 Cryogenic Fluids.
    63.5 Bulk Oxygen Systems.
    63.6 Gas Hydrogen Systems.
    63.7 Bulk Liquefied Hydrogen Systems.
    63.8 Gas Generation Systems.
    63.9 Insulated Liquid Carbon Dioxide Systems.
    63.10 Storage, Handling, and Use of Ethylene Oxide for Sterilization and Fumigation.
    63.11 Carbon Dioxide Beverage Systems.
    63.12 Liquid Oxygen in Home Care.
    Chapter 64 Corrosive Solids and Liquids
    64.1 General.
    Chapter 65 Explosives, Fireworks, and Model Rocketry
    65.1 General.
    65.2 Display Fireworks.
    65.3 Pyrotechnics Before a Proximate Audience.
    65.4 Flame Effects Before an Audience.
    65.5 Fireworks Manufacturing.
    65.6 Model Rocketry.
    65.7 Rocketry Manufacturing.
    65.8 High Power Rocketry.
    65.9 Explosives.
    Chapter 66 Flammable and Combustible Liquids
    66.1 General.
    66.2 Reserved.
    66.3 Definitions.
    66.4 Classification of Liquids.
    66.5 Reserved.
    66.6 Fire and Explosion Prevention and Risk Control.
    66.7 Electrical Systems.
    66.8 Application of Area Classification.
    66.9 Storage of Ignitible (Flammable or Combustible) Liquids in Containers — General Requirements.
    66.10 Reserved.
    66.11 Reserved.
    66.12 Reserved.
    66.13 Reserved.
    66.14 Hazardous Materials Storage Lockers.
    66.15 Outdoor Storage.
    66.16 Automatic Fire Protection for Inside Liquid Storage Areas.
    66.17 Processing Facilities.
    66.18 Dispensing, Handling, Transfer, and Use of Ignitible (Flammable or Combustible) Liquids.
    66.19 Specific Operations.
    66.20 Reserved.
    66.21 Storage of Ignitible (Flammable or Combustible) Liquids in Tanks — Requirements for All Storage Tanks.
    66.22 Storage of Ignitible (Flammable or Combustible) Liquids in Tanks — Aboveground Storage Tanks.
    66.23 Storage of Ignitible (Flammable or Combustible) Liquids in Tanks — Underground Tanks.
    66.24 Storage Tank Buildings.
    66.25 Storage Tank Vaults.
    66.26 Reserved.
    66.27 Piping Systems.
    66.28 Bulk Loading and Unloading Facilities for Tank Cars and Tank Vehicles.
    66.29 Wharves.
    Chapter 67 Flammable Solids
    67.1 General.
    Chapter 68 Highly Toxic and Toxic Solids and Liquids
    68.1 General.
    Chapter 69 Liquefied Petroleum Gases and Liquefied Natural Gases
    69.1 General Provisions.
    69.2 LP-Gas Equipment and Appliances.
    69.3 Installation of LP-Gas Systems.
    69.4 LP-Gas Liquid Transfer.
    69.5 Storage of Cylinders Awaiting Use, Resale, or Exchange.
    69.6 Vehicular Transportation of LP-Gas.
    69.7 LP-Gases at Utility Plants.
    69.8 Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Facilities.
    Chapter 70 Oxidizer Solids and Liquids
    70.1 General.
    Chapter 71 Pyrophoric Solids and Liquids
    71.1 General.
    Chapter 72 Unstable (Reactive) Solids and Liquids
    72.1 General.
    Chapter 73 Water-Reactive Solids and Liquids
    73.1 General.
    Chapter 74 Ammonium Nitrate
    74.1 General.
    Chapter 75 Organic Peroxide Solids and Liquids
    75.1 General.
    Annex A Explanatory Material
    Annex B Sample Ordinance Adopting the NFPA 1, Fire Code
    Annex C Fire Fighter Safety Building Marking System
    Annex D Fire Fighter Breathing-Air Replenishment Systems
    Annex E Fire Sprinkler Disclosure Statement for One- and Two-Family Dwellings
    Annex F Informational References
  • 2018 Description

    Update now to the 2018 edition of NFPA 1, Fire Code based on the latest NFPA® codes and standards governing fire and life safety.

    Adopted in jurisdictions throughout North America, NFPA 1, Fire Code presents a comprehensive, integrated approach to fire code regulation and hazard management. Fully updated for 2018, this edition features extracts from and references to more than 130 NFPA codes and standards. Staying up-to-code gives fire marshals, code officials, inspectors, facility owners and managers -- and anyone who has responsibilities for life safety, building safety and hazardous materials -- the latest fire protection requirements for fire alarm, sprinkler, building and process hazards as well as life safety issues.

    Get extracts from widely used NFPA codes and standards including:

    • The 2018 editions of NFPA 101®, Life Safety Code®, NFPA 30, Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code, and NFPA 30A, Code for Motor Fuel Dispensing Facilities and Repair Garages
    • The 2017 editions of NFPA 58, Liquefied Petroleum Gas Code and NFPA 25, Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance of Water-Based Fire Protection Systems
    • The 2016 editions of NFPA 13, Installation of Sprinkler Systems and NFPA 72®, National Fire Alarm and Signaling Code®

    Changes in the 2018 edition of NFPA 1, Fire Code include two all-new chapters and updates including:

    • Revised requirements for the application of referenced publications
    • Newly added references for the professional qualifications for fire inspectors, plan examiners, and fire marshals
    • New minimum fire prevention inspection frequencies for existing occupancies
    • Updates to premises identification
    • New and updated marking and access criteria for photovoltaic systems
    • New provisions for rubberized asphalt melters
    • Listing requirements for electric gates used on fire department access roads
    • New provisions on the outside storage of biomass feedstock
    • New requirements for the outdoor storage of wood and wood composite pallets or listed pallets equivalent to wood
    • All-new Chapter 38 on marijuana growing, processing, or extraction facilities
    • Revised Chapter 40 to replace extracts from NFPA 654 with extracted provisions from NFPA 652
    • Completely reorganized aircraft fuel servicing provisions in accordance with NFPA 407
    • A new section on mobile and temporary cooking operations
    • Extensive revisions of Chapter 52 on energy storage systems
    • All-new Chapter 55 on cleaning and purging of flammable gas piping systems with reference to NFPA 56
    • New provisions for insulated liquid carbon dioxide systems extracted from NFPA 55
    • New Annex E on fire fighter breathing-air replenishment systems

    Don't delay -- prevent injuries and deaths and advance safety for the public and first responders with the 2018 NFPA 1, Fire Code. (Print, 794 pp., 2018) 

    Interested in other editions of NFPA 1, Fire Code? Use the drop down menu above to select the edition year you need.

  • Prior Editions

    NFPA 1: Fire Code is your complete safety source for fire alarm, sprinkler, and life safety issues.

    NFPA 1: Fire Code presents an integrated approach to fire code regulation and hazard management that gives fire marshals, architects, engineers, building owners -- and anyone involved with hazardous materials -- a comprehensive source of essential safety knowledge. Adopted in jurisdictions throughout North America, the Code addresses all aspects of fire protection, fire safety, and life safety through extracts from more than 50 NFPA® codes and standards, along with references to many more. Each edition reflects updates in industry benchmarks such as NFPA 13: Installation of Sprinkler Systems, NFPA 25: Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance of Water-Based Fire Protection Systems, NFPA 54: National Fuel Gas Code, NFPA 72®: National Fire Alarm and Signaling Code, and NFPA 101®: Life Safety Code®.

    The 2015 NFPA 1: Fire Code contains major changes, including: Chapter 18 includes mandatory requirements on fire hydrant location and distribution -- to assist designers with planning and AHJs and other authorities with inspections; Added mandates for carbon monoxide detection and alarm for new educational and new day care facilities and other changes reflect safeguards in the 2015 NFPA 101®: Life Safety Code®; as well as coverage of fire alarm systems for occupancies now mirrors NFPA 101 to provide additional information and reduce reference time.

    Watch an interview with NFPA's Greg Harrington, Principal Engineer, Building Fire Protection, discuss the 2015 NFPA 1, including changes from previous editions.

    The 2012 edition of NFPA 1: Fire Code improves your ability to ensure occupant safety with added mandates for sprinklers in all new buildings three or more stories in height and CO detection in new residential occupancies, as specified by NFPA 101: Life Safety Code. This edition also requires floor fire protection for new non-sprinklered one- and two-family dwellings. In another important change benefitting fire and life safety, the Code specifies that two-way radio communication enhancement systems may be required by the Authority Having Jurisdiction (AHJ) per provisions in NFPA 72.

    The 2009 edition of NFPA 1: Fire Code introduces the Code's new title and increases the amount of practical guidance available to users. Instead of listing references, this edition of the renamed NFPA 1: Fire Code provides extracted text addressing interior finish, contents and furnishings, and dust control requirements for industrial hazards. Fire flow requirements have been moved from the Annex to the body of the Code to ensure consistency among jurisdictions. New requirements address motion picture and television production work done on location, away from the main studio soundstages. Three new Annexes provide information and guidelines for fire fighters and other emergency responders, to help improve community and fire fighter safety.

    The 2006 edition of NFPA 1: Uniform Fire Code™ adds critical information through new chapters. New Chapter 6: Classification of Occupancy defines occupancy classifications to enhance your understanding of requirements and improve compliance and enforcement. New Chapter 32: Motion Picture and Television Production Studio Soundstage and Production Facilities works in conjunction with NFPA 140 to provide a minimum level of fire and life safety on the sets of these activities. New Chapter 33: Outside Storage of Tires includes provisions to keep tire storage safe from all potential sources of ignition. New Chapter 34: General Storage presents provisions that apply to indoor and outdoor storage of materials representing the broad range of combustibles.

    The 2003 edition of NFPA 1: Uniform Fire Code integrates the two most widely adopted fire codes in the United States into a single Code. A joint venture between NFPA and the Western Fire Chiefs Association, NFPA 1: Uniform Fire Code incorporates provisions from both the Fire Prevention Code and the WFCA's Uniform Fire Code, to create a document that serves communities and jurisdictions nationwide. NFPA 1: UFC is fully compatible with regulatory adoption procedures, with separate sections containing provisions for administration and code enforcement, occupancies, processes, equipment, and hazardous materials. Essential extracts and references to more than 130 NFPA codes and standards make the code official's job easier.

    Interested in other editions of NFPA 1: Fire Code? Use the drop down menu above to select the edition year you need.

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    Effective with the annual 2020 code cycle, NFPA® will no longer offer access to the PDF format as a choice for new editions of codes and standards, handbooks, or other reference titles. Existing PDFs will remain in-market and will still be accessible in our National Fire Codes® Subscription Service (NFCSS™). For more information about the different format options available to access essential code and standard content you need, click here.

  • NFPA eForms

    NFPA® makes available PDF versions of some forms originally published in earlier editions of our NFPA Standards and handbooks. These eForms allow you to fill in the form fields electronically and then save, print, or share the file. NFPA eForms are intended for use on computers and are compatible with some mobile devices and apps. An internet connection is not needed to fill in and save the forms once they are downloaded to your device.

    NFPA eForms can be used with many PDF applications. Functions of the specific PDF application will work on the forms. For example, most PDF applications include a signature feature, allowing you to use your finger, stylus, or mouse to sign a document. Note that it is recommended that the eForms be viewed and filled in through Adobe Acrobat Reader or higher, and not using the default reader of your device, for example, the iOS reader on iPhones.

    Note that NFPA eForms are not compatible with the NFPA eLibrary app.

    Features of the NFPA eForms include:

    • Editable fields and checkboxes that allow you to enter content
    • Spell check
    • Easy file sharing (through email or Cloud storage)
    • Printing
    • Basic PDF markup tools, including highlighting and comment boxes
    • A "Learn More" button with explanatory comments to help you understand the requirements necessary to complete the form
    • Electronic signature
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    • Table of contents with links to each form within the file
    • Dedicated placeholder to add company logo

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    • Automatic saving when closing the file
    • Date fields with scroll bar selection

    Directions on how to use on a desktop or mobile device are provided on the first page of the PDF.

  • eForms Table of Contents

    eForms Table of Contents

    • Permit for Cutting and Welding with Portable Gas or ARC Equipment
    • Legal Notice
    • Certificate of Fitness
    • Hazardous Materials Management Plan Instructions
    • Sample Ordinance Adopting NFPA 1, Fire Code
  • Also in NFPA 1, Fire Code