2015 NFPA 99 Code - Current Edition

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  • Description

    Building on its successful risk-based approach, the 2015 edition of NFPA 99: Health Care Facilities Code improves usability for better health care safety.

    The 2015 edition NFPA 99: Health Care Facilities Code provides performance criteria for health care facilities that builds on the risk-based approach introduced in the 2012 NFPA 99, where it is the risk posed to patients and staff, not the type of building, that defines safety guidelines. Provisions govern installation, inspection, testing, maintenance, performance, and safe practices for facilities, material, equipment, and appliances -- including medical gas and vacuum systems formerly found in NFPA 99C*.

    Major changes in the 2015 NFPA 99 make performance criteria more usable, enforceable, and adoptable:

    • Requirements correlate with the 2014 NFPA 70®: National Electrical Code®.
    • New provisions address using fuel cell systems for backup power, allowing the use of new technology while ensuring the same minimum level of safety.
    • Type 3 Essential Electrical System requirements have been removed from NFPA 99 -- deferring to other codes for required egress lighting.
    • Updated requirements for nurse call systems incorporate widely used terminology and align with the Facility Guidelines Institute (FGI).

    Other revisions respond to new information and the evolving industry.

    • Revised minimum allowable temperature for cylinders for nitrous oxide and carbon dioxide help avoid potential loss of pressure.
    • Rewritten Category 3 Medical Gas and Vacuum Systems provisions are aligned with the requirements for Category 1 and 2 Systems, with requirements specific to dental drive gas and dental vacuum systems.
    • First-time requirements for oxygen-concentrator-based refilling systems reflect their increasing use in today's health care setting.

    Keep health care facilities up-to-code and patients and staff safe.

    The 2015 NFPA 99 is a must-have resource for everyone involved in health care safety including contractors, engineers, facility managers, AHJs, plumbers, gas and vacuum system installers, security personnel, insurance companies, and manufacturers. (Softbound, 207 pp., 2015)

  • Table of Contents (2015 Current Edition)
    NFPA<sup>®</sup> 99 Health Care Facilities Code 2015 Edition

    NFPA® 99 Health Care Facilities Code, 2015 Edition

    Chapter 1 Administration
    1.1 Scope
    1.2 Purpose
    1.3 Application
    1.4 Equivalency
    1.5 Units
    1.6 Code Adoption Requirements
    Chapter 2 Referenced Publications
    2.1 General
    2.2 NFPA Publications
    2.3 Other Publications
    2.4 References for Extracts in Mandatory Sections
    Chapter 3 Definitions
    3.1 General
    3.2 NFPA Official Definitions
    3.3 General Definitions
    3.4 BICSI Definitions
    Chapter 4 Fundamentals
    4.1 Risk Categories
    4.2 Risk Assessment
    4.3 Application
    4.4 Materials
    Chapter 5 Gas and Vacuum Systems
    5.1 Category 1 Piped Gas and Vacuum Systems
    5.2 Category 2 Piped Gas and Vacuum Systems
    5.3 Category 3 Piped Gas and Vacuum Systems
    Chapter 6 Electrical Systems
    6.1 Applicability
    6.2 Nature of Hazards
    6.3 Electrical System
    6.4 Essential Electrical System Requirements — Type 1
    6.5 Essential Electrical System Requirements — Type 2
    Chapter 7 Information Technology and Communications Systems
    7.1 Applicability
    7.2 Reserved
    7.3 Category 1 Systems
    7.4 Category 2 Systems
    7.5 Category 3 Systems
    Chapter 8 Plumbing
    8.1 Applicability
    8.2 System Category Criteria
    8.3 General Requirements
    8.4 Category 1. (Reserved)
    8.5 Category 2. (Reserved)
    8.6 Category 3. (Reserved)
    Chapter 9 Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning (HVAC)
    9.1 Applicability
    9.2 System Category Criteria
    9.3 General
    9.4 Category 1. (Reserved)
    9.5 Category 2. (Reserved)
    9.6 Category 3. (Reserved)
    Chapter 10 Electrical Equipment
    10.1 Applicability
    10.2 Performance Criteria and Testing for Patient Care–Related Electrical Appliances and Equipment
    10.3 Testing Requirements — Fixed and Portable
    10.4 Nonpatient Electrical Appliances and Equipment
    10.5 Administration
    Chapter 11 Gas Equipment
    11.1 Applicability
    11.2 Cylinder and Container Source
    11.3 Cylinder and Container Storage Requirements
    11.4 Performance Criteria and Testing
    11.5 Administration
    11.6 Operation and Management of Cylinders
    11.7 Liquid Oxygen Equipment
    Chapter 12 Emergency Management
    12.1 Applicability
    12.2 Responsibilities
    12.3 Emergency Management Categories
    12.4 General
    12.5 Emergency Management Category 1 and Emergency Management Category 2 Requirements
    Chapter 13 Security Management
    13.1 Applicability
    13.2 Security Management Plan
    13.3 Security Vulnerability Assessment (SVA)
    13.4 Responsible Person
    13.5 Security-Sensitive Areas
    13.6 Access and Egress Security Measures
    13.7 Media Control
    13.8 Crowd Control
    13.9 Security Equipment
    13.10 Employment Practices
    13.11 Security Operations
    13.12 Program Evaluation
    Chapter 14 Hyperbaric Facilities
    14.1 Scope
    14.2 Construction and Equipment
    14.3 Administration and Maintenance
    Chapter 15 Features of Fire Protection
    15.1 Applicability
    15.2 Construction and Compartmentation
    15.3 Special Hazard Protection for Flammable Liquids and Gases
    15.4 Laboratories
    15.5 Utilities
    15.6 Waste Chutes, Incinerators, and Linen Chutes
    15.7 Fire Detection, Alarm, and Communications Systems
    15.8 Automatic Sprinklers and Other Extinguishing Equipment
    15.9 Manual Extinguishing Equipment
    15.10 Compact Storage
    15.11 Compact Mobile Storage
    15.12 Maintenance and Testing
    15.13 Fire Loss Prevention in Operating Rooms
    Annex A Explanatory Material
    Annex B Additional Explanatory Notes
    Annex C Sample Ordinance Adopting NFPA 99
    Annex D Informational References
  • Prior Editions

    Apply NFPA 99 to protect patients, staff, and visitors from the hazards of fire, explosion, and electricity in health care facilities.

    Work confidently to provide safer health care facilities for all occupants. NFPA 99: Health Care Facilities Code responds to the challenges of an evolving health care system with comprehensive requirements for the installation, inspection, testing, maintenance, performance, and safe practices for facilities, material, equipment, and appliances -- including medical gas and vacuum systems formerly found in NFPA 99C*. It's a critical resource for engineers, facility managers, Authorities Having Jurisdiction (AHJs), plumbers, gas and vacuum system installers, designers, and verifiers, security personnel, insurance companies, and manufacturers.

    The 2012 edition of NFPA 99: Health Care Facilities Code* reflects a new environment where it is the risk that a procedure poses to patients and staff, not the location where it is conducted, that defines safety guidelines. This groundbreaking edition has a new title -- Health Care Facilities Code -- and is rewritten to make performance criteria for health care facilities more enforceable and adoptable. In addition to the risk-based framework, this edition includes an updated Chapter 5, Gas and Vacuum Systems, including important changes to maintenance requirements necessary for safety. New chapters on security, fire protection, and information technology address industry needs. In another major change, operating rooms are considered a wet location unless a risk assessment of the area determines otherwise.

    The 2005 edition of NFPA 99: Standard for Health Care Facilities features changes to the emergency management chapter to correlate with NFPA 1600®: Disaster/Emergency Management and Business Continuity Programs. Extracted text from NFPA 110: Emergency and Standby Power Systems presents specific guidance in the chapter on electrical systems. Essential for plumbers, two new pipe joining methods in the chapter on gas and vacuum systems reduce the possibility of leaks and eliminate a potential fire danger or loss of system use. To improve safety, this edition also introduces additional restrictions on types of fabric, clothing, and materials that can be used in hyperbaric chambers.


    *Looking for NFPA 99C: Gas and Vacuum Systems?

    Starting in 2012, NFPA 99C is no longer a stand-alone document. Instead, NFPA provides 3 options:

    - Former NFPA 99C content can be found in Chapters 1-5 of NFPA 99.

    - Access all of the former NFPA 99C medical gas and vacuum systems content in Chapters 1-5 of the NFPA 99 Handbook.

    • NFPA®'s Medical Gas and Vacuum Systems Installation Handbook combines requirements for Category 1-3 systems with expert insights, examples, and visuals that help you understand and apply them correctly.

    Interested in other editions of NFPA 99? Use the drop down menu above to select the edition year you need.

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  • eForms Table of Contents


    Department Status Report  
    Risk Assessment  
    Maintenance Guide  
    Essential Electrical Systems  
    Sample Standard Operating Procedure Format  
    Sample Hazard Vulnerability Analysis (HVA) Format  
    Sample Operating Unit Template  
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    Sample (NEC® 2014)

    411.2411.3 Definition. Low-Voltage Lighting Systems.


    (A) General. Lighting Ssystems Ooperating at 30 Volts- volts or  Less. A lighting system consisting less shall consist of an isolating power supply, the low-voltage luminaires, and associated equipment that are all identified for the use. The output circuits of the power supply are shall be rated for not more than 25 amperes and  operate at 30 volts (42.4 volts peak) or lessmaximum under all load conditions.


    (B) Class 2. Listed Class 2 lighting equipment shall be rated in conformance with Chapter 9, Table 11(A) or Table 11(B).


    411.3411.4 Listing Required. Lighting systems operating at 30 volts or less shall comply with 411.3(A)411.4(A) or 

    411.3(B).411.4(B). Class 2 power sources and lighting equipment connected to Class 2 power sources shall be llisted.

  • Also in Health Care Facilities Code