2015 NFPA 101 Code - Current Edition

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  • Description

    The updated NFPA 101®: Life Safety Code® raises occupant safety to a new level.

    Protect people where they live, work, and play with NFPA®'s Life Safety Code -- the most widely used source for strategies for occupant safety throughout the life cycle of a building. As the built environment and risks evolve, so do the challenges to protect people from fire and related hazards. The 2015 Life Safety Code provides a flexible approach that adapts to nontraditional use of buildings; innovative designs; and new technologies, materials, and construction practices. It is the only document that addresses life safety in both new and existing structures.

    There's no substitute for the latest NFPA 101 in any occupancy -- from assembly to health care, industrial, and residential.

    Essential for architects, engineers, building owners and building managers, hospital administrators, and AHJs, NFPA 101 covers it all: Egress, sprinklers, alarms, emergency lighting, smoke barriers, and special hazard protection.

    • Atrium walls are now permitted to serve as part of the separation for creating separated occupancies, offering greater flexibility in building design.
    • New requirements enhance public safety, such as calculating occupant load for business uses that better represents how the space is used.
    • Requirements permitting the use of alcohol-based hand-rub (ABHR) dispensers are included in more occupancy chapters, reflecting their widespread use.
    • New mandates for carbon monoxide detection and alarm are included for new educational and new day care facilities for greater safety to life where CO might be generated.
    • Expanded provisions concerning the responsibilities, training, and duties of crowd managers help ensure emergency readiness in places such as sports arenas, nightclubs, and concert halls.
    • Revised rules permit door locking in new and existing residential board and care facilities, based on clinical needs to secure residents for their own safety.

    Other changes help provide for safer, more homelike health care facilities:

    • Health care occupancy provisions allow nursing home minimum corridor width to be reduced within small smoke compartments.
    • Provisions added to permit doors to be disguised with murals for settings like dementia units.
    • New self-contained ambulatory health care chapters improve code usability with one-stop access.

    Make sure your knowledge is up-to-date and your facilities meet code. Base your decisions on the 2015 NFPA 101 and tackle safety challenges effectively. (Softbound, 520 pp., 2015)

  • Table of Contents (2015 Current Edition)

    NFPA 101® Life Safety Code, 2015 Edition

    Chapter 1 Administration
    1.1 Scope
    1.2 Purpose
    1.3 Application
    1.4 Equivalency
    1.5 Units and Formulas
    1.6 Enforcement
    Chapter 2 Referenced Publications
    2.1 General
    2.2 NFPA Publications
    2.3 Other Publications
    2.4 References for Extracts in Mandatory Sections
    Chapter 3 Definitions
    3.1 General
    3.2 NFPA Official Definitions
    3.3 General Definitions
    Chapter 4 General
    4.1 Goals
    4.2 Objectives
    4.3 Assumptions
    4.4 Life Safety Compliance Options
    4.5 Fundamental Requirements
    4.6 General Requirements
    4.7 Fire Drills
    4.8 Emergency Action Plan
    Chapter 5 Performance-Based Option
    5.1 General Requirements
    5.2 Performance Criteria
    5.3 Retained Prescriptive Requirements
    5.4 Design Specifications and Other Conditions
    5.5 Design Fire Scenarios
    5.6 Evaluation of Proposed Designs
    5.7 Safety Factors
    5.8 Documentation Requirements
    Chapter 6 Classification of Occupancy and Hazard of Contents
    6.1 Classification of Occupancy
    6.2 Hazard of Contents
    Chapter 7 Means of Egress
    7.1 General
    7.2 Means of Egress Components
    7.3 Capacity of Means of Egress
    7.4 Number of Means of Egress
    7.5 Arrangement of Means of Egress
    7.6 Measurement of Travel Distance to Exits
    7.7 Discharge from Exits
    7.8 Illumination of Means of Egress
    7.9 Emergency Lighting
    7.10 Marking of Means of Egress
    7.11 Special Provisions for Occupancies with High Hazard Contents
    7.12 Mechanical Equipment Rooms, Boiler Rooms, and Furnace Rooms
    7.13 Normally Unoccupied Building Service Equipment Support Areas
    7.14 Occupant Evacuation Elevators
    Chapter 8 Features of Fire Protection
    8.1 General
    8.2 Construction and Compartmentation
    8.3 Fire Barriers
    8.4 Smoke Partitions
    8.5 Smoke Barriers
    8.6 Vertical Openings
    8.7 Special Hazard Protection
    8.8 Inspection and Testing of Door Assemblies
    Chapter 9 Building Service and Fire Protection Equipment
    9.1 Utilities
    9.2 Heating, Ventilating, and Air-Conditioning
    9.3 Smoke Control
    9.4 Elevators, Escalators, and Conveyors
    9.5 Waste Chutes, Incinerators, and Laundry Chutes
    9.6 Fire Detection, Alarm, and Communications Systems
    9.7 Automatic Sprinklers
    9.8 Other Automatic Extinguishing Equipment
    9.9 Portable Fire Extinguishers
    9.10 Standpipe Systems
    9.11 Fire Protection System Operating Features
    9.12 Carbon Monoxide (CO) Detection and Warning Equipment
    9.13 Special Inspections and Tests
    Chapter 10 Interior Finish, Contents, and Furnishings
    10.1 General
    10.2 Interior Finish
    10.3 Contents and Furnishings
    Chapter 11 Special Structures and High-Rise Buildings
    11.1 General Requirements
    11.2 Open Structures
    11.3 Towers
    11.4 Water-Surrounded Structures
    11.5 Piers
    11.6 Vehicles and Vessels
    11.7 Underground and Limited Access Structures
    11.8 High-Rise Buildings
    11.9 Permanent Membrane Structures
    11.10 Temporary Membrane Structures
    11.11 Tents
    Chapter 12 New Assembly Occupancies
    12.1 General Requirements
    12.2 Means of Egress Requirements
    12.3 Protection
    12.4 Special Provisions
    12.5 Building Services
    12.6 Reserved
    12.7 Operating Features
    Chapter 13 Existing Assembly Occupancies
    13.1 General Requirements
    13.2 Means of Egress Requirements
    13.3 Protection
    13.4 Special Provisions
    13.5 Building Services
    13.6 Reserved
    13.7 Operating Features
    Chapter 14 New Educational Occupancies
    14.1 General Requirements
    14.2 Means of Egress Requirements
    14.3 Protection
    14.4 Special Provisions
    14.5 Building Services
    14.6 Reserved
    14.7 Operating Features
    Chapter 15 Existing Educational Occupancies
    15.1 General Requirements
    15.2 Means of Egress Requirements
    15.3 Protection
    15.4 Special Provisions
    15.5 Building Services
    15.6 Reserved
    15.7 Operating Features
    Chapter 16 New Day-Care Occupancies
    16.1 General Requirements
    16.2 Means of Egress Requirements
    16.3 Protection
    16.4 Special Provisions
    16.5 Building Services
    16.6 Day-Care Homes
    16.7 Operating Features
    Chapter 17 Existing Day-Care Occupancies
    17.1 General Requirements
    17.2 Means of Egress Requirements
    17.3 Protection
    17.4 Special Provisions
    17.5 Building Services
    17.6 Day-Care Homes
    17.7 Operating Features
    Chapter 18 New Health Care Occupancies
    18.1 General Requirements
    18.2 Means of Egress Requirements
    18.3 Protection
    18.4 Special Provisions
    18.5 Building Services
    18.6 Reserved
    18.7 Operating Features
    Chapter 19 Existing Health Care Occupancies
    19.1 General Requirements
    19.2 Means of Egress Requirements
    19.3 Protection
    19.4 Special Provisions
    19.5 Building Services
    19.6 Reserved
    19.7 Operating Features
    Chapter 20 New Ambulatory Health Care Occupancies
    20.1 General Requirements
    20.2 Means of Egress Requirements
    20.3 Protection
    20.4 Special Provisions
    20.5 Building Services
    20.6 Reserved
    20.7 Operating Features
    Chapter 21 Existing Ambulatory Health Care Occupancies
    21.1 General Requirements
    21.2 Means of Egress Requirements
    21.3 Protection
    21.4 Special Provisions
    21.5 Building Services
    21.6 Reserved
    21.7 Operating Features
    Chapter 22 New Detention and Correctional Occupancies
    22.1 General Requirements
    22.2 Means of Egress Requirements
    22.3 Protection
    22.4 Special Provisions
    22.5 Building Services
    22.6 Reserved
    22.7 Operating Features
    Chapter 23 Existing Detention and Correctional Occupancies
    23.1 General Requirements
    23.2 Means of Egress Requirements
    23.3 Protection
    23.4 Special Provisions
    23.5 Building Services
    23.6 Reserved
    23.7 Operating Features
    Chapter 24 One- and Two-Family Dwellings
    24.1 General Requirements
    24.2 Means of Escape Requirements
    24.3 Protection
    24.4 Reserved
    24.5 Building Services
    Chapter 25 Reserved
    Chapter 26 Lodging or Rooming Houses
    26.1 General Requirements
    26.2 Means of Escape Requirements
    26.3 Protection
    26.4 Reserved
    26.5 Building Services
    26.6 Reserved
    26.7 Operating Features
    Chapter 27 Reserved
    Chapter 28 New Hotels and Dormitories
    28.1 General Requirements
    28.2 Means of Egress Requirements
    28.3 Protection
    28.4 Special Provisions
    28.5 Building Services
    28.6 Reserved
    28.7 Operating Features
    Chapter 29 Existing Hotels and Dormitories
    29.1 General Requirements
    29.2 Means of Egress Requirements
    29.3 Protection
    29.4 Special Provisions
    29.5 Building Services
    29.6 Reserved
    29.7 Operating Features
    Chapter 30 New Apartment Buildings
    30.1 General Requirements
    30.2 Means of Egress Requirements
    30.3 Protection
    30.4 Special Provisions
    30.5 Building Services
    30.6 Reserved
    30.7 Operating Features
    Chapter 31 Existing Apartment Buildings
    31.1 General Requirements
    31.2 Means of Egress Requirements
    31.3 Protection
    31.4 Special Provisions
    31.5 Building Services
    31.6 Reserved
    31.7 Operating Features
    Chapter 32 New Residential Board and Care Occupancies
    32.1 General Requirements
    32.2 Small Facilities
    32.3 Large Facilities
    32.4 Suitability of an Apartment Building to House a Board and Care Occupancy
    32.5 Reserved
    32.6 Reserved
    32.7 Operating Features
    Chapter 33 Existing Residential Board and Care Occupancies
    33.1 General Requirements
    33.2 Small Facilities
    33.3 Large Facilities
    33.4 Suitability of an Apartment Building to House a Board and Care Occupancy
    33.5 Reserved
    33.6 Reserved
    33.7 Operating Features
    Chapter 34 Reserved
    Chapter 35 Reserved
    Chapter 36 New Mercantile Occupancies
    36.1 General Requirements
    36.2 Means of Egress Requirements
    36.3 Protection
    36.4 Special Provisions
    36.5 Building Services
    36.6 Reserved
    36.7 Operating Features
    Chapter 37 Existing Mercantile Occupancies
    37.1 General Requirements
    37.2 Means of Egress Requirements
    37.3 Protection
    37.4 Special Provisions
    37.5 Building Services
    37.6 Reserved
    37.7 Operating Features
    Chapter 38 New Business Occupancies
    38.1 General Requirements
    38.2 Means of Egress Requirements
    38.3 Protection
    38.4 Special Provisions
    38.5 Building Services
    38.6 Reserved
    38.7 Operating Features
    Chapter 39 Existing Business Occupancies
    39.1 General Requirements
    39.2 Means of Egress Requirements
    39.3 Protection
    39.4 Special Provisions
    39.5 Building Services
    39.6 Reserved
    39.7 Operating Features
    Chapter 40 Industrial Occupancies
    40.1 General Requirements
    40.2 Means of Egress Requirements
    40.3 Protection
    40.4 Special Provisions
    40.5 Building Services
    40.6 Special Provisions for Aircraft Servicing Hangars
    40.7 Operating Features
    Chapter 41 Reserved
    Chapter 42 Storage Occupancies
    42.1 General Requirements
    42.2 Means of Egress Requirements
    42.3 Protection
    42.4 Special Provisions
    42.5 Building Services
    42.6 Special Provisions for Aircraft Storage Hangars
    42.7 Special Provisions for Grain Handling, Processing, Milling, or Other Bulk Storage Facilities
    42.8 Special Provisions for Parking Structures
    42.9 Operating Features
    Chapter 43 Building Rehabilitation
    43.1 General
    43.2 Special Definitions
    43.3 Repairs
    43.4 Renovations
    43.5 Modifications
    43.6 Reconstruction
    43.7 Change of Use or Occupancy Classification
    43.8 Additions
    43.9 Reserved
    43.10 Historic Buildings
    Annex A Explanatory Material
    Annex B Supplemental Evacuation Equipment
    Annex C Informational References
  • Prior Editions

    NFPA 101®: Life Safety Code® is the most widely used source for strategies for occupant safety throughout the life cycle of a building.

    Make decisions that impact lives with strategies for occupant safety in NFPA 101: Life Safety Code. Unique in the field, it is the only Code that covers life safety in both new and existing structures. Requirements address building construction, protection, and occupancy features that minimize the effects of fire and related hazards. Each edition builds on important new information about life safety in the built environment, with consensus-based changes that reflect innovative designs, technologies, materials, and construction practices. When tragedies do occur, investigations invariably reveal serious Life Safety Code violations.

    The 2012 NFPA 101: Life Safety Code evolves to address new building safety challenges and important lessons learned about occupant safety. For this edition of the Code, all new high-rise buildings must meet the requirements of Chapter 11's high-rise building package. Other major changes involve rules for CO alarms and detection systems in certain residential living units, exit stair enclosure path markings, and egress provisions for safe use of elevators for occupant evacuation. Provisions for health care occupancies include compliance options that give patients and residents a more comfortable, home-like environment.

    The 2009 NFPA 101: Life Safety Code builds on the groundbreaking sprinkler mandates in the previous edition, with added requirements for automatic sprinklers in all existing high-rise health care occupancies and all new apartment buildings without exception. New evacuation strategies and technologies facilitate faster movement of more people in an emergency, including new egress capacity criteria for stairs that are more than 44 inches in width. The 2009 edition of NFPA 101 enhances safety with health care occupancy door locking for patient protective needs, and 2-way communication systems in areas of refuge -- even where the building is sprinklered -- to let people notify responders of their location.

    The 2006 NFPA 101: Life Safety Code expands requirements for automatic fire sprinkler protection with added sprinkler mandates for all new one- and two-family dwellings, new and existing nursing homes, existing nightclub assembly occupancies where occupant load exceeds 100 people, and new nightclub assembly occupancies regardless of occupant load. This important Code edition also presents a chapter on existing building rehabilitation that provides greater flexibility to encourage adaptive reuse without sacrificing life safety. Previously, modifications to existing buildings had to comply with provisions for new construction. Now, Chapter 43 introduces specific requirements for repairs, renovations, reconstruction, additions, change of use or occupancy classification, and work on historic buildings.

    The 2003 NFPA 101: Life Safety Code is a complete safety system that includes rules for the full range of occupancies; egress requirements, stair markings, and emergency lighting; provisions concerning features of fire protection; and a sophisticated performance-based option for code compliance. Code users will find revised illumination levels for new stairs, a section addressing written emergency plans, revised requirements for testing of mattresses and upholstered furniture, and a section with "analytical methods" for determining the fire resistance of building assemblies. Other changes address subdivision of building space in apartment buildings, new hotels, and dormitories; and safe egress requirements in industrial occupancies.

    The 2000 NFPA 101: Life Safety Code references nearly 50 other important codes and standards -- including the NFPA 70: National Electrical Code (NEC), NFPA 13, and NFPA 72. Only NFPA 101 links all these critical codes and standards together to cover all the bases for life safety in any occupancy. Renumbered chapters facilitate referencing. Expanded definitions and an informative primer for new users help you guide workers and educate clients. This edition introduces first-time Chapter 5: Performance-Based Option, with critical guidance for engineers and AHJs working with performance-based design.


    Interested in other editions of NFPA 101? Use the drop down menu above to select the edition year you need.

  • LSC Tabs

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    NFPA® makes it easy to quickly find Life Safety Code information with convenient, self-adhesive tabs. Just affix tabs directly to the pages of your NFPA 101 Code or the full-color LSC Handbook for quick access to the requirements and information you need to ensure safety in new and existing buildings. Order time-saving tabs now and step up productivity and efficiency every day. (Set of 48)

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