2015 NFPA 1 Code - Current Edition

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  • Description

    Advance to the 2015 NFPA 1: Fire Code based on the latest NFPA® codes and standards governing fire and life safety.

    Adopted in jurisdictions throughout North America, NFPA 1: Fire Code presents a comprehensive, integrated approach to fire code regulation and hazard management. Fully updated for 2015, this edition features extracts from and references to more than 130 NFPA codes and standards. Staying up-to-code gives fire marshals, AHJs, code officials, inspectors, facility owners and managers -- and anyone involved with hazardous materials -- the latest fire protection requirements for fire alarm, sprinkler, and life safety issues.

    Get extracts from widely used NFPA codes and standards including:

    • The 2015 editions of NFPA 101®: Life Safety Code®, NFPA 30: Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code, and NFPA 30A: Code for Motor Fuel Dispensing Facilities and Repair Garages
    • The 2014 editions of NFPA 58: Liquefied Petroleum Gas Code and NFPA 25: Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance of Water-Based Fire Protection Systems
    • The 2013 editions of NFPA 13: Installation of Sprinkler Systems and NFPA 72®: National Fire Alarm and Signaling Code

    Major changes in the 2015 NFPA 1: Fire Code:

    • Chapter 18 includes mandatory requirements on fire hydrant location and distribution -- to assist designers with planning and AHJs and other authorities with inspections.
    • Added mandates for carbon monoxide detection and alarm for new educational and new day care facilities and other changes reflect safeguards in the 2015 NFPA 101.
    • Coverage of fire alarm systems for occupancies now mirrors NFPA 101 to provide additional information and reduce reference time.

    Don't delay -- prevent injuries and deaths and advance safety for the public and first responders with the 2015 NFPA 1: Fire Code. (Softbound, 711 pp., 2015)

    * NFPA 1 Forms and Forms unique to the Handbook are downloadable from your NFPA Profile.


    Watch an interview with NFPA's Greg Harrington, Principal Engineer, Building Fire Protection, discuss the 2015 NFPA 1, including changes from previous editions.

     

    Interested in other editions of NFPA1? Use the drop down menu above to select the edition year you need.

  • Table of Contents (2015 Current Edition)
    NFPA<sup>®</sup> 1 Fire Code 2015 Edition

    NFPA® 1 Fire Code, 2015 Edition

    Chapter 1 Administration
    1.1 Scope
    1.2 Purpose
    1.3 Application
    1.4 Equivalencies, Alternatives, and Modifications
    1.5 Units
    1.6 Enforcement
    1.7 Authority
    1.8 Duties and Powers of the Incident Commander
    1.9 Liability
    1.10 Fire Code Board of Appeals
    1.11 Records and Reports
    1.12 Permits and Approvals
    1.13 Certificates of Fitness
    1.14 Plan Review
    1.15 Technical Assistance
    1.16 Notice of Violations and Penalties
    Chapter 2 Referenced Publications
    2.1 General
    2.2 NFPA Publications
    2.3 Other Publications
    2.4 References for Extracts in Mandatory Sections
    Chapter 3 Definitions
    3.1 General
    3.2 NFPA Official Definitions
    3.3 General Definitions
    3.4 Special Performance-Based Definitions
    Chapter 4 General Requirements
    4.1 Goals and Objectives
    4.2 Assumptions
    4.3 Compliance Options
    4.4 Fundamental Requirements
    4.5 General Requirements
    Chapter 5 Performance-Based Option
    5.1 General
    5.2 Performance Criteria
    5.3 Retained Prescriptive Requirements
    5.4 Design Scenarios
    5.5 Evaluation of Proposed Designs
    5.6 Safety Factors
    5.7 Documentation Requirements
    Chapter 6 Classification of Occupancy
    6.1 Classification of Occupancy
    Chapter 7 Reserved
    Chapter 8 Reserved
    Chapter 9 Reserved
    Chapter 10 General Safety Requirements
    10.1 Fundamental Requirements
    10.2 Owner/Occupant Responsibilities
    10.3 Occupancy
    10.4 Building Evacuation
    10.5 Fire Drills
    10.6 Reporting of Fires and Other Emergencies
    10.7 Tampering with Fire Safety Equipment
    10.8 Emergency Action Plans
    10.9 Smoking
    10.10 Open Flames, Candles, Open Fires, and Incinerators
    10.11 Fire Protection Markings
    10.12 Seasonal and Vacant Buildings and Premises
    10.13 Combustible Vegetation
    10.14 Special Outdoor Events, Carnivals, and Fairs
    10.15 Outside Storage
    10.16 Parade Floats
    10.17 Powered Industrial Trucks
    10.18 Storage of Combustible Materials
    10.19 Indoor Children's Playground Structures
    Chapter 11 Building Services
    11.1 Electrical Fire Safety
    11.2 Heating, Ventilation, and Air-Conditioning
    11.3 Elevators, Escalators, and Conveyors
    11.4 Utilities
    11.5 Heating Appliances
    11.6 Waste Chutes, Incinerators, and Laundry Chutes
    11.7 Stationary Generators and Standby Power Systems
    11.8 Smoke Control
    11.9 Emergency Command Center
    11.10 Two-Way Radio Communication Enhancement Systems
    11.11 Medical Gas and Vacuum Systems
    11.12 Photovoltaic Systems
    Chapter 12 Features of Fire Protection
    12.1 General
    12.2 Construction
    12.3 Fire-Resistive Materials and Construction
    12.4 Fire Doors and Other Opening Protectives
    12.5 Interior Finish
    12.6 Contents and Furnishings
    12.7 Fire Barriers
    12.8 Smoke Partitions
    12.9 Smoke Barriers
    Chapter 13 Fire Protection Systems
    13.1 General
    13.2 Standpipe Systems
    13.3 Automatic Sprinklers
    13.4 Fire Pumps
    13.5 Water Supply
    13.6 Portable Fire Extinguishers
    13.7 Detection, Alarm, and Communications Systems
    13.8 Other Fire Protection Systems
    13.9 Non-Listed Fire Protection or Suppression Devices and Equipment
    Chapter 14 Means of Egress
    14.1 Application
    14.2 Exit Access Corridors
    14.3 Exits
    14.4 Means of Egress Reliability
    14.5 Door Openings
    14.6 Enclosure and Protection of Stairs
    14.7 Exit Passageways
    14.8 Capacity of Means of Egress
    14.9 Number of Means of Egress
    14.10 Arrangement of Means of Egress
    14.11 Discharge from Exits
    14.12 Illumination of Means of Egress
    14.13 Emergency Lighting
    14.14 Marking of Means of Egress
    14.15 Secondary Means of Escape
    Chapter 15 Fire Department Service Delivery Concurrency Evaluation
    15.1 Application
    15.2 Level of Service Objectives
    15.3 Evaluator Qualifications
    15.4 Fire Department Service Delivery Concurrency Evaluation Documentation
    15.5 Independent Review
    15.6 Approval
    Chapter 16 Safeguarding Construction, Alteration, and Demolition Operations
    16.1 General Requirements
    16.2 Processes and Hazards
    16.3 Fire Protection
    16.4 Safeguarding Construction and Alteration Operations
    16.5 Fire Safety During Demolition
    16.6 Torch-Applied Roofing Systems
    16.7 Tar Kettles
    16.8 Asbestos Removal
    Chapter 17 Wildland Urban Interface
    17.1 General
    17.2 Plans
    17.3 Wildland Fire–Prone Areas
    Chapter 18 Fire Department Access and Water Supply
    18.1 General
    18.2 Fire Department Access
    18.3 Water Supplies
    18.4 Fire Flow Requirements for Buildings
    18.5 Fire Hydrants
    Chapter 19 Combustible Waste and Refuse
    19.1 General
    19.2 Combustible Waste and Refuse
    Chapter 20 Occupancy Fire Safety
    20.1 Assembly Occupancies
    20.2 Educational Occupancies
    20.3 Day-Care Occupancies
    20.4 Health Care Occupancies
    20.5 Residential Board and Care Occupancies
    20.6 Ambulatory Health Care Centers
    20.7 Detention and Correctional Occupancies
    20.8 Hotels and Dormitories
    20.9 Apartment Buildings
    20.10 Lodging or Rooming Houses
    20.11 One- and Two-Family Dwellings and Manufactured Housing
    20.12 Mercantile Occupancies
    20.13 Business Occupancies
    20.14 Industrial Occupancies
    20.15 Storage Occupancies
    20.16 Special Structures and High-Rise Buildings
    20.17 Historic Buildings and Cultural Resources
    Chapter 21 Airports and Heliports
    21.1 Hangars
    21.2 Terminals
    21.3 Rooftop Heliport Construction and Protection
    Chapter 22 Automobile Wrecking Yards
    22.1 General
    22.2 Permits
    22.3 Fire Department Access Roads
    22.4 Welding and Cutting
    22.5 Housekeeping
    22.6 Fire Extinguishers
    22.7 Tire Storage
    22.8 Burning Operations
    22.9 Motor Vehicle Fluids and Hazardous Materials
    Chapter 23 Cleanrooms
    23.1 General
    23.2 Applicability
    23.3 Permits
    Chapter 24 Drycleaning
    24.1 General
    24.2 Permits
    Chapter 25 Grandstands and Bleachers, Folding and Telescopic Seating, Tents, and Membrane Structures
    25.1 General
    25.2 Tents
    25.3 Grandstands
    25.4 Folding and Telescopic Seating
    25.5 Permanent Membrane Structures
    25.6 Temporary Membrane Structures
    Chapter 26 Laboratories Using Chemicals
    26.1 General
    26.2 Permits
    Chapter 27 Manufactured Home and Recreational Vehicle Sites
    27.1 General
    27.2 Manufactured Home Sites
    27.3 Recreational Vehicle Parks and Campgrounds
    Chapter 28 Marinas, Boatyards, Marine Terminals, Piers, and Wharves
    28.1 Marinas, Boatyards, and Other Recreational Marine Facilities
    28.2 Marine Terminals, Piers, and Wharves
    28.3 Construction, Conversion, Repair, and Lay-Up of Vessels
    Chapter 29 Parking Garages
    29.1 General
    Chapter 30 Motor Fuel Dispensing Facilities and Repair Garages
    30.1 Motor Fuel Dispensing Facilities
    30.2 Repair Garages
    30.3 Operational Requirements
    Chapter 31 Forest Products
    31.1 General
    31.2 Permits
    31.3 Protection of Storage of Forest Products
    Chapter 32 Motion Picture and Television Production Studio Soundstages and Approved Production Facilities
    32.1 General
    32.2 Permits
    32.3 Housekeeping
    32.4 Soundstages and Approved Production Facilities
    32.5 Production Locations
    32.6 Operating Features
    Chapter 33 Outside Storage of Tires
    33.1 General
    33.2 Individual Piles
    33.3 Emergency Response Plan
    33.4 Fire Control Measures
    33.5 Site Access
    33.6 Signs and Security
    33.7 Outdoor Storage of Altered Tire Material
    Chapter 34 General Storage
    34.1 General
    34.2 Classification of Commodities
    34.3 Building Construction
    34.4 Storage Arrangement
    34.5 General Fire Protection
    34.6 Building Equipment, Maintenance, and Operations
    34.7 Protection of Rack Storage
    34.8 Protection of Rubber Tires
    34.9 Protection of Roll Paper
    34.10 Storage of Idle Pallets
    Chapter 35 Reserved
    Chapter 36 Telecommunication Facilities and Information Technology Equipment
    36.1 General
    Chapter 37 Fixed Guideway Transit and Passenger Rail Systems
    37.1 General
    Chapter 38 Reserved
    Chapter 39 Reserved
    Chapter 40 Dust Explosion and Fire Prevention
    40.1 General
    40.2 Permits
    40.3 Fugitive Dust Control and Housekeeping
    40.4 Ignition Sources
    40.5 Fire Protection
    40.6 Training and Procedures
    40.7 Inspection and Maintenance
    Chapter 41 Welding, Cutting, and Other Hot Work
    41.1 General
    41.2 Responsibility for Hot Work
    41.3 Fire Prevention Precautions
    41.4 Sole Proprietors and Individual Operators
    41.5 Public Exhibitions and Demonstrations
    41.6 Arc Welding Equipment
    Chapter 42 Refueling
    42.1 General
    42.2 Automotive Fuel Servicing
    42.3 Storage of Liquids
    42.4 Piping for Liquids
    42.5 Fuel Dispensing Systems
    42.6 Building Construction Requirements
    42.7 Operational Requirements
    42.8 Additional Requirements for CNG, LNG, Hydrogen, and LPG
    42.9 Marine Fueling
    42.10 Aircraft Fuel Servicing
    42.11 Alternate Fuels
    Chapter 43 Spraying, Dipping, and Coating Using Flammable or Combustible Materials
    43.1 Application
    43.2 Automated Electrostatic Spray Equipment
    43.3 Handheld Electrostatic Spray Equipment
    43.4 Drying, Curing, or Fusion Processes
    43.5 Miscellaneous Spray Operations
    43.6 Powder Coating
    43.7 Organic Peroxides and Plural Component Coatings
    43.8 Styrene Cross-Linked Composites Manufacturing (Glass Fiber–Reinforced Plastics)
    43.9 Dipping, Coating, and Printing Processes
    43.10 Training
    Chapter 44 Solvent Extraction
    44.1 General
    44.2 Application
    44.3 Permits
    44.4 Special Requirements
    Chapter 45 Combustible Fibers
    45.1 General
    45.2 Electrical Wiring
    45.3 No Smoking
    45.4 Vehicles and Material Handling Equipment
    45.5 Loose Storage of Combustible Fibers
    45.6 Baled Storage
    45.7 Storage of Hay, Straw, and Other Similar Agricultural Products
    45.8 Hazardous Materials
    Chapter 46 Reserved
    Chapter 47 Reserved
    Chapter 48 Reserved
    Chapter 49 Reserved
    Chapter 50 Commercial Cooking
    50.1 Application
    50.2 General Requirements
    50.3 Protection of Coverings and Enclosure Materials
    50.4 Fire-Extinguishing Equipment
    50.5 Procedures for the Use, Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance of Equipment
    50.6 Minimum Safety Requirements for Cooking Equipment
    Chapter 51 Industrial Ovens and Furnaces
    51.1 General
    51.2 Location
    51.3 Safety Controls
    Chapter 52 Stationary Storage Battery Systems
    52.1 General
    52.2 Permits
    52.3 Safety Features
    Chapter 53 Mechanical Refrigeration
    53.1 General
    53.2 Safety Features
    53.3 Operations, Maintenance, and Testing
    Chapter 54 Ozone Gas–Generating Equipment
    54.1 Scope
    54.2 Location
    54.3 Piping, Valves, and Fittings
    54.4 Automatic Shutdown
    54.5 Manual Shutdown
    Chapter 55 Reserved
    Chapter 56 Reserved
    Chapter 57 Reserved
    Chapter 58 Reserved
    Chapter 59 Reserved
    Chapter 60 Hazardous Materials
    60.1 General Requirements
    60.2 Special Definitions
    60.3 Classification of Materials, Wastes, and Hazard of Contents
    60.4 Permissible Storage and Use Locations
    60.5 Fundamental Requirements
    60.6 Emergency Action Planning, Fire Risk Control and Chemical Hazard Requirements for Industrial Processes
    60.7 Performance Alternative
    Chapter 61 Aerosol Products
    61.1 General Provisions
    61.2 Basic Requirements
    61.3 Storage in Warehouses and Storage Areas
    61.4 Mercantile Occupancies
    61.5 Operations and Maintenance
    Chapter 62 Reserved
    Chapter 63 Compressed Gases and Cryogenic Fluids
    63.1 General Provisions
    63.2 Building-Related Controls
    63.3 Compressed Gases
    63.4 Cryogenic Fluids
    63.5 Bulk Oxygen Systems
    63.6 Bulk Gaseous Hydrogen Systems
    63.7 Bulk Liquefied Hydrogen Systems
    63.8 Gas Generation Systems
    63.9 Insulated Liquid Carbon Dioxide Systems
    63.10 Storage, Handling, and Use of Ethylene Oxide for Sterilization and Fumigation
    63.11 Liquid Oxygen in Home Care
    Chapter 64 Corrosive Solids and Liquids
    64.1 General
    Chapter 65 Explosives, Fireworks, and Model Rocketry
    65.1 General
    65.2 Display Fireworks
    65.3 Pyrotechnics Before a Proximate Audience
    65.4 Flame Effects Before an Audience
    65.5 Fireworks Manufacturing
    65.6 Model Rocketry
    65.7 Rocketry Manufacturing
    65.8 High Power Rocketry
    65.9 Explosives
    Chapter 66 Flammable and Combustible Liquids
    66.1 General
    66.2 Reserved
    66.3 Definitions
    66.4 Definition and Classification of Liquids
    66.5 Reserved
    66.6 Fire and Explosion Prevention and Risk Control
    66.7 Electrical Systems
    66.8 Application of Area Classification
    66.9 Storage of Liquids in Containers — General Requirements
    66.10 Reserved
    66.11 Reserved
    66.12 Reserved
    66.13 Reserved
    66.14 Hazardous Materials Storage Lockers
    66.15 Outdoor Storage
    66.16 Automatic Fire Protection for Inside Liquid Storage Areas
    66.17 Processing Facilities
    66.18 Dispensing, Handling, Transfer, and Use of Liquids
    66.19 Specific Operations
    66.20 Reserved
    66.21 Storage of Liquids in Tanks — Requirements for All Storage Tanks
    66.22 Storage of Liquids in Tanks — Aboveground Storage Tanks
    66.23 Storage of Liquids in Tanks — Underground Tanks
    66.24 Storage Tank Buildings
    66.25 Storage Tank Vaults
    66.26 Reserved
    66.27 Piping Systems
    66.28 Bulk Loading and Unloading Facilities for Tank Cars and Tank Vehicles
    66.29 Wharves
    Chapter 67 Flammable Solids
    67.1 General
    Chapter 68 Highly Toxic and Toxic Solids and Liquids
    68.1 General
    Chapter 69 Liquefied Petroleum Gases and Liquefied Natural Gases
    69.1 General Provisions
    69.2 LP-Gas Equipment and Appliances
    69.3 Installation of LP-Gas Systems
    69.4 LP-Gas Liquid Transfer
    69.5 Storage of Cylinders Awaiting Use, Resale, or Exchange
    69.6 Vehicular Transportation of LP-Gas
    69.7 LP-Gases at Utility Plants
    69.8 Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Facilities
    Chapter 70 Oxidizer Solids and Liquids
    70.1 General
    Chapter 71 Pyrophoric Solids and Liquids
    71.1 General
    Chapter 72 Unstable (Reactive) Solids and Liquids
    72.1 General
    Chapter 73 Water-Reactive Solids and Liquids
    73.1 General
    Chapter 74 Ammonium Nitrate
    74.1 General
    Chapter 75 Organic Peroxide Solids and Liquids
    75.1 General
    Annex A Explanatory Material
    Annex B Hazardous Materials Classifications
    Annex C Sample Ordinance Adopting the NFPA 1, Fire Code
    Annex D Hazardous Materials Management Plans and Hazardous Materials Inventory Statements
    Annex E Fire Fighter Safety Building Marking System
    Annex F Informational References
    Index
  • Prior Editions

    NFPA 1: Fire Code is your complete safety source for fire alarm, sprinkler, and life safety issues.

    NFPA 1: Fire Code presents an integrated approach to fire code regulation and hazard management that gives fire marshals, architects, engineers, building owners -- and anyone involved with hazardous materials -- a comprehensive source of essential safety knowledge. Adopted in jurisdictions throughout North America, the Code addresses all aspects of fire protection, fire safety, and life safety through extracts from more than 50 NFPA® codes and standards, along with references to many more. Each edition reflects updates in industry benchmarks such as NFPA 13: Installation of Sprinkler Systems, NFPA 25: Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance of Water-Based Fire Protection Systems, NFPA 54: National Fuel Gas Code, NFPA 72®: National Fire Alarm and Signaling Code, and NFPA 101®: Life Safety Code®.

    The 2012 edition of NFPA 1: Fire Code improves your ability to ensure occupant safety with added mandates for sprinklers in all new buildings three or more stories in height and CO detection in new residential occupancies, as specified by NFPA 101: Life Safety Code. This edition also requires floor fire protection for new non-sprinklered one- and two-family dwellings. In another important change benefitting fire and life safety, the Code specifies that two-way radio communication enhancement systems may be required by the Authority Having Jurisdiction (AHJ) per provisions in NFPA 72.

    The 2009 edition of NFPA 1: Fire Code introduces the Code's new title and increases the amount of practical guidance available to users. Instead of listing references, this edition of the renamed NFPA 1: Fire Code provides extracted text addressing interior finish, contents and furnishings, and dust control requirements for industrial hazards. Fire flow requirements have been moved from the Annex to the body of the Code to ensure consistency among jurisdictions. New requirements address motion picture and television production work done on location, away from the main studio soundstages. Three new Annexes provide information and guidelines for fire fighters and other emergency responders, to help improve community and fire fighter safety.

    The 2006 edition of NFPA 1: Uniform Fire Code™ adds critical information through new chapters. New Chapter 6: Classification of Occupancy defines occupancy classifications to enhance your understanding of requirements and improve compliance and enforcement. New Chapter 32: Motion Picture and Television Production Studio Soundstage and Production Facilities works in conjunction with NFPA 140 to provide a minimum level of fire and life safety on the sets of these activities. New Chapter 33: Outside Storage of Tires includes provisions to keep tire storage safe from all potential sources of ignition. New Chapter 34: General Storage presents provisions that apply to indoor and outdoor storage of materials representing the broad range of combustibles.

    The 2003 edition of NFPA 1: Uniform Fire Code integrates the two most widely adopted fire codes in the United States into a single Code. A joint venture between NFPA and the Western Fire Chiefs Association, NFPA 1: Uniform Fire Code incorporates provisions from both the Fire Prevention Code and the WFCA's Uniform Fire Code, to create a document that serves communities and jurisdictions nationwide. NFPA 1: UFC is fully compatible with regulatory adoption procedures, with separate sections containing provisions for administration and code enforcement, occupancies, processes, equipment, and hazardous materials. Essential extracts and references to more than 130 NFPA codes and standards make the code official's job easier.

    Interested in other editions of NFPA 1: Fire Code? Use the drop down menu above to select the edition year you need.

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    Sample (NEC® 2014)

    411.2411.3 Definition. Low-Voltage Lighting Systems.

     

    (A) General. Lighting Ssystems Ooperating at 30 Volts- volts or  Less. A lighting system consisting less shall consist of an isolating power supply, the low-voltage luminaires, and associated equipment that are all identified for the use. The output circuits of the power supply are shall be rated for not more than 25 amperes and  operate at 30 volts (42.4 volts peak) or lessmaximum under all load conditions.

     

    (B) Class 2. Listed Class 2 lighting equipment shall be rated in conformance with Chapter 9, Table 11(A) or Table 11(B).

     

    411.3411.4 Listing Required. Lighting systems operating at 30 volts or less shall comply with 411.3(A)411.4(A) or 

    411.3(B).411.4(B). Class 2 power sources and lighting equipment connected to Class 2 power sources shall be llisted.

  • Also in NFPA 1: Fire Code