2015 NFPA 1 Handbook - Current Edition

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  • Description

    Authors: Gregory Harrington, P.E. and Kristin Collette Bigda, P.E.

    Printed in full color, the 2015 NFPA 1: Fire Code Handbook explains code requirements and helps you verify compliance.

    Reference, apply, and enforce NFPA 1: Fire Code correctly and give your community the high level of protection it deserves. The official 2015 NFPA 1: Fire Code Handbook incorporates a wealth of information from a wide range of sources, so you're prepared to answer questions, resolve issues, and make the right decisions about fire safety in new and existing buildings.

    NFPA®'s unique Handbook includes full NFPA 1: Fire Code text plus compliance advice, full-color visuals, and more.

    Work with comprehensive information about fire and life safety in all types of occupancies and for both new and existing conditions:

    • The full 2015 NFPA 1: Fire Code text with up-to-date extracts from dozens of NFPA codes and standards
    • Expert commentary, printed in color, that explains the rationale behind provisions. Get real-world examples of how to apply requirements in specific situations.
    • 350+ visuals including full-color photographs that clarify concepts plus 2-color charts, tables, and illustrations
    • New chapter on mandatory requirements concerning hydrant locations
    • New information reflecting 2015 NFPA 101®: Life Safety Code®'s added mandates for carbon monoxide detection and alarm for new educational and new day care facilities
    • Time-saving indexes to help you locate information fast
    • NFPA 1 Forms and Forms unique to the Handbook are downloadable from your NFPA Profile.

    Advance your technical knowledge with NFPA 1: Fire Code support.

    Whether you're a code official, inspector, fire marshal, AHJ, facility manager, or anyone concerned with public safety, the 2015 NFPA 1 Handbook is your key to better public safety and code compliance. (Hardbound, 1,408 pp., 2015)


    Watch an interview with NFPA's Greg Harrington, Principal Engineer, Building Fire Protection, discuss the 2015 NFPA 1, including changes from previous editions.

     

    Interested in other editions of the NFPA 1 Handbook? Use the drop down menu above to select the edition year you need.

  • Table of Contents (2015 Current Edition)

    Handbook Contents

    Preface

    About the Editors

    In Memoriam

    1 Administration

    1.1 Scope

    1.2 Purpose

    1.3 Application

    1.4 Equivalencies, Alternatives, and Modifications

    1.5 Units

    1.6 Enforcement

    1.7 Authority

    1.8 Duties and Powers of the Incident Commander

    1.9 Liability

    1.10 Fire Code Board of Appeals

    1.11 Records and Reports

    1.12 Permits and Approvals

    1.13 Certificates of Fitness

    1.14 Plan Review

    1.15 Technical Assistance

    1.16 Notice of Violations and Penalties

    2 Referenced Publications

    2.1 General

    2.2 NFPA Publications

    2.3 Other Publications

    2.4 References for Extracts in Mandatory Sections

    3 Definitions

    3.1 General

    3.2 NFPA Official Definitions

    3.3 General Definitions

    3.4 Special Performance-Based Definitions

    4 General Requirements

    4.1 Goals and Objectives

    4.2 Assumptions

    4.3 Compliance Options

    4.4 Fundamental Requirements

    4.5 General Requirements

    5 Performance-Based Option

    5.1 General

    5.2 Performance Criteria

    5.3 Retained Prescriptive Requirements

    5.4 Design Scenarios

    5.5 Evaluation of Proposed Designs

    5.6 Safety Factors

    5.7 Documentation Requirements

    6 Classification of Occupancy

    6.1 Classification of Occupancy

    7 Reserved

    8 Reserved

    9 Reserved

    10 General Safety Requirements

    10.1 Fundamental Requirements

    10.2 Owner/Occupant Responsibilities

    10.3 Occupancy

    10.4 Building Evacuation

    10.5 Fire Drills

    10.6 Reporting of Fires and Other Emergencies

    10.7 Tampering with Fire Safety Equipment

    10.8 Emergency Action Plans

    10.9 Smoking

    10.10 Open Flames, Candles, Open Fires, and Incinerators

    10.11 Fire Protection Markings

    10.12 Seasonal and Vacant Buildings and Premises

    10.13 Combustible Vegetation

    10.14 Special Outdoor Events, Carnivals, and Fairs

    10.15 Outside Storage

    10.16 Parade Floats

    10.17 Powered Industrial Trucks

    10.18 Storage of Combustible Materials

    10.19 Indoor Children’s Playground Structures

    11 Building Services

    11.1 Electrical Fire Safety

    11.2 Heating, Ventilation, and Air-Conditioning

    11.3 Elevators, Escalators, and Conveyors

    11.4 Utilities

    11.5 Heating Appliances

    11.6 Waste Chutes, Incinerators, and Laundry Chutes

    11.7 Stationary Generators and Standby Power Systems

    11.8 Smoke Control

    11.9 Emergency Command Center

    11.10 Two-Way Radio Communication Enhancement Systems

    11.11 Medical Gas and Vacuum Systems

    11.12 Photovoltaic Systems

    12 Features of Fire Protection

    12.1 General

    12.2 Construction

    12.3 Fire-Resistive Materials and Construction

    12.4 Fire Doors and Other Opening Protectives

    12.5 Interior Finish

    12.6 Contents and Furnishings

    12.7 Fire Barriers

    12.8 Smoke Partitions

    12.9 Smoke Barriers

    13 Fire Protection Systems

    13.1 General

    13.2 Standpipe Systems

    13.3 Automatic Sprinklers

    13.4 Fire Pumps

    13.5 Water Supply

    13.6 Portable Fire Extinguishers

    13.7 Detection, Alarm, and Communications Systems

    13.8 Other Fire Protection Systems

    13.9 Non-Listed Fire Protection or Suppression Devices and Equipment

    14 Means of Egress

    14.1 Application

    14.2 Exit Access Corridors

    14.3 Exits

    14.4 Means of Egress Reliability

    14.5 Door Openings

    14.6 Enclosure and Protection of Stairs

    14.7 Exit Passageways

    14.8 Capacity of Means of Egress

    14.9 Number of Means of Egress

    14.10 Arrangement of Means of Egress

    14.11 Discharge from Exits

    14.12 Illumination of Means of Egress

    14.13 Emergency Lighting

    14.14 Marking of Means of Egress

    14.15 Secondary Means of Escape

    15 Fire Department Service Delivery Concurrency Evaluation

    15.1 Application

    15.2 Level of Service Objectives

    15.3 Evaluator Qualifications

    15.4 Fire Department Service Delivery Concurrency Evaluation Documentation

    15.5 Independent Review

    15.6 Approval

    16 Safeguarding Construction, Alteration, and Demolition Operations

    16.1 General Requirements

    16.2 Processes and Hazards

    16.3 Fire Protection

    16.4 Safeguarding Construction and Alteration Operations

    16.5 Fire Safety During Demolition

    16.6 Torch-Applied Roofing Systems

    16.7 Tar Kettles

    16.8 Asbestos Removal

    17 Wildland Urban Interface

    17.1 General

    17.2 Plans

    17.3 Wildland Fire–Prone Areas

    18 Fire Department Access and Water Supply

    18.1 General

    18.2 Fire Department Access

    18.3 Water Supplies

    18.4 Fire Flow Requirements for Buildings

    18.5 Fire Hydrants

    19 Combustible Waste and Refuse

    19.1 General

    19.2 Combustible Waste and Refuse

    20 Occupancy Fire Safety

    20.1 Assembly Occupancies

    20.2 Educational Occupancies

    20.3 Day-Care Occupancies

    20.4 Health Care Occupancies

    20.5 Residential Board and Care Occupancies

    20.6 Ambulatory Health Care Centers

    20.7 Detention and Correctional Occupancies

    20.8 Hotels and Dormitories

    20.9 Apartment Buildings

    20.10 Lodging or Rooming Houses

    20.11 One- and Two-Family Dwellings and Manufactured Housing

    20.12 Mercantile Occupancies

    20.13 Business Occupancies

    20.14 Industrial Occupancies

    20.15 Storage Occupancies

    20.16 Special Structures and High-Rise Buildings

    20.17 Historic Buildings and Cultural Resources

    21 Airports and Heliports

    21.1 Hangars

    21.2 Terminals

    21.3 Rooftop Heliport Construction and Protection

    22 Automobile Wrecking Yards

    22.1 General

    22.2 Permits

    22.3 Fire Department Access Roads

    22.4 Welding and Cutting

    22.5 Housekeeping

    22.6 Fire Extinguishers

    22.7 Tire Storage

    22.8 Burning Operations

    22.9 Motor Vehicle Fluids and Hazardous Materials

    23 Cleanrooms

    23.1 General

    23.2 Applicability

    23.3 Permits

    24 Drycleaning

    24.1 General

    24.2 Permits

    25 Grandstands and Bleachers, Folding and Telescopic Seating, Tents, and Membrane Structures

    25.1 General

    25.2 Tents

    25.3 Grandstands

    25.4 Folding and Telescopic Seating

    25.5 Permanent Membrane Structures

    25.6 Temporary Membrane Structures

    26 Laboratories Using Chemicals

    26.1 General

    26.2 Permits

    27 Manufactured Home and Recreational Vehicle Sites

    27.1 General

    27.2 Manufactured Home Sites

    27.3 Recreational Vehicle Parks and Campgrounds

    28 Marinas, Boatyards, Marine Terminals, Piers, and Wharves

    28.1 Marinas, Boatyards, and Other Recreational Marine Facilities

    28.2 Marine Terminals, Piers, and Wharves

    28.3 Construction, Conversion, Repair, and Lay-Up of Vessels

    29 Parking Garages

    29.1 General

    30 Motor Fuel Dispensing Facilities and Repair Garages

    30.1 Motor Fuel Dispensing Facilities

    30.2 Repair Garages

    30.3 Operational Requirements

    31 Forest Products

    31.1 General

    31.2 Permits

    31.3 Protection of Storage of Forest Products

    32 Motion Picture and Television Production Studio Soundstages and Approved Production Facilities

    32.1 General

    32.2 Permits

    32.3 Housekeeping

    32.4 Soundstages and Approved Production Facilities

    32.5 Production Locations

    32.6 Operating Features

    33 Outside Storage of Tires

    33.1 General

    33.2 Individual Piles

    33.3 Emergency Response Plan

    33.4 Fire Control Measures

    33.5 Site Access

    33.6 Signs and Security

    33.7 Outdoor Storage of Altered Tire Material

    34 General Storage

    34.1 General

    34.2 Classification of Commodities

    34.3 Building Construction

    34.4 Storage Arrangement

    34.5 General Fire Protection

    34.6 Building Equipment, Maintenance, and Operations

    34.7 Protection of Rack Storage

    34.8 Protection of Rubber Tires

    34.9 Protection of Roll Paper

    34.10 Storage of Idle Pallets

    35 Reserved

    36 Telecommunication Facilities and Information Technology Equipment

    36.1 General

    37 Fixed Guideway Transit and Passenger Rail Systems

    37.1 General

    38 Reserved

    39 Reserved

    40 Dust Explosion and Fire Prevention

    40.1 General

    40.2 Permits

    40.3 Fugitive Dust Control and Housekeeping

    40.4 Ignition Sources

    40.5 Fire Protection

    40.6 Training and Procedures

    40.7 Inspection and Maintenance

    41 Welding, Cutting, and Other Hot Work

    41.1 General

    41.2 Responsibility for Hot Work

    41.3 Fire Prevention Precautions

    41.4 Sole Proprietors and Individual Operators

    41.5 Public Exhibitions and Demonstrations

    41.6 Arc Welding Equipment

    42 Refueling

    42.1 General

    42.2 Automotive Fuel Servicing

    42.3 Storage of Liquids

    42.4 Piping for Liquids

    42.5 Fuel Dispensing Systems

    42.6 Building Construction Requirements

    42.7 Operational Requirements

    42.8 Additional Requirements for CNG, LNG, Hydrogen, and LPG

    42.9 Marine Fueling

    42.10 Aircraft Fuel Servicing

    42.11 Alternate Fuels

    43 Spraying, Dipping, and Coating Using Flammable or Combustible Materials

    43.1 Application

    43.2 Automated Electrostatic Spray Equipment

    43.3 Handheld Electrostatic Spray Equipment

    43.4 Drying, Curing, or Fusion Processes

    43.5 Miscellaneous Spray Operations

    43.6 Powder Coating

    43.7 Organic Peroxides and Plural Component Coatings

    43.8 Styrene Cross-Linked Composites Manufacturing (Glass Fiber–Reinforced Plastics)

    43.9 Dipping, Coating, and Printing Processes

    43.10 Training

    44 Solvent Extraction

    44.1 General

    44.2 Application

    44.3 Permits

    44.4 Special Requirements

    45 Combustible Fibers

    45.1 General

    45.2 Electrical Wiring

    45.3 No Smoking

    45.4 Vehicles and Material Handling Equipment

    45.5 Loose Storage of Combustible Fibers

    45.6 Baled Storage

    45.7 Storage of Hay, Straw, and Other Similar Agricultural Products

    45.8 Hazardous Materials

    46 Reserved

    47 Reserved

    48 Reserved

    49 Reserved

    50 Commercial Cooking

    50.1 Application

    50.2 General Requirements

    50.3 Protection of Coverings and Enclosure Materials

    50.4 Fire-Extinguishing Equipment

    50.5 Procedures for the Use, Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance of Equipment

    50.6 Minimum Safety Requirements for Cooking Equipment

    51 Industrial Ovens and Furnaces

    51.1 General

    51.2 Location

    51.3 Safety Controls

    52 Stationary Storage Battery Systems

    52.1 General

    52.2 Permits

    52.3 Safety Features

    53 Mechanical Refrigeration

    53.1 General

    53.2 Safety Features

    53.3 Operations, Maintenance, and Testing

    54 Ozone Gas–Generating Equipment

    54.1 Scope

    54.2 Location

    54.3 Piping, Valves, and Fittings

    54.4 Automatic Shutdown

    54.5 Manual Shutdown

    55 Reserved

    56 Reserved

    57 Reserved

    58 Reserved

    59 Reserved

    60 Hazardous Materials

    60.1 General Requirements

    60.2 Special Definitions

    60.3 Classification of Materials, Wastes, and Hazard of Contents

    60.4 Permissible Storage and Use Locations

    60.5 Fundamental Requirements

    60.6 Emergency Action Planning, Fire Risk Control and Chemical Hazard Requirements for Industrial Processes

    60.7 Performance Alternative

    61 Aerosol Products

    61.1 General Provisions

    61.2 Basic Requirements

    61.3 Storage in Warehouses and Storage Areas

    61.4 Mercantile Occupancies

    61.5 Operations and Maintenance

    62 Reserved

    63 Compressed Gases and Cryogenic Fluids

    63.1 General Provisions

    63.2 Building-Related Controls

    63.3 Compressed Gases

    63.4 Cryogenic Fluids

    63.5 Bulk Oxygen Systems

    63.6 Bulk Gaseous Hydrogen Systems

    63.7 Bulk Liquefied Hydrogen Systems

    63.8 Gas Generation Systems

    63.9 Insulated Liquid Carbon Dioxide Systems

    63.10 Storage, Handling, and Use of Ethylene Oxide for Sterilization and Fumigation

    63.11 Liquid Oxygen in Home Care

    64 Corrosive Solids and Liquids

    64.1 General

    65 Explosives, Fireworks, and Model Rocketry

    65.1 General

    65.2 Display Fireworks

    65.3 Pyrotechnics Before a Proximate Audience

    65.4 Flame Effects Before an Audience

    65.5 Fireworks Manufacturing

    65.6 Model Rocketry

    65.7 Rocketry Manufacturing

    65.8 High Power Rocketry

    65.9 Explosives

    66 Flammable and Combustible Liquids

    66.1 General

    66.2 Reserved

    66.3 Definitions

    66.4 Definition and Classification of Liquids

    66.5 Reserved

    66.6 Fire and Explosion Prevention and Risk Control

    66.7 Electrical Systems

    66.8 Application of Area Classification

    66.9 Storage of Liquids in Containers — General Requirements

    66.10 Reserved

    66.11 Reserved

    66.12 Reserved

    66.13 Reserved

    66.14 Hazardous Materials Storage Lockers

    66.15 Outdoor Storage

    66.16 Automatic Fire Protection for Inside Liquid Storage Areas

    66.17 Processing Facilities

    66.18 Dispensing, Handling, Transfer, and Use of Liquids

    66.19 Specific Operations

    66.20 Reserved

    66.21 Storage of Liquids in Tanks — Requirements for All Storage Tanks

    66.22 Storage of Liquids in Tanks — Aboveground Storage Tanks

    66.23 Storage of Liquids in Tanks — Underground Tanks

    66.24 Storage Tank Buildings

    66.25 Storage Tank Vaults

    66.26 Reserved

    66.27 Piping Systems

    66.28 Bulk Loading and Unloading Facilities for Tank Cars and Tank Vehicles

    66.29 Wharves

    67 Flammable Solids

    67.1 General

    68 Highly Toxic and Toxic Solids and Liquids

    68.1 General

    69 Liquefied Petroleum Gases and Liquefied Natural Gases

    69.1 General Provisions

    69.2 LP-Gas Equipment and Appliances

    69.3 Installation of LP-Gas Systems

    69.4 LP-Gas Liquid Transfer

    69.5 Storage of Cylinders Awaiting Use, Resale, or Exchange

    69.6 Vehicular Transportation of LP-Gas

    69.7 LP-Gases at Utility Plants

    69.8 Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Facilities

    70 Oxidizer Solids and Liquids

    70.1 General

    71 Pyrophoric Solids and Liquids

    71.1 General

    72 Unstable (Reactive) Solids and Liquids

    72.1 General

    73 Water-Reactive Solids and Liquids

    73.1 General

    74 Ammonium Nitrate

    74.1 General

    75 Organic Peroxide Solids and Liquids

    75.1 General

    Annexes

    A Explanatory Material

    B Hazardous Materials Classifications

    C Sample Ordinance Adopting the NFPA 1, Fire Code

    D Hazardous Materials Management Plans and Hazardous Materials Inventory Statements

    E Fire Fighter Safety Building Marking System

    F Informational References

    Index

    Important Notices and Legal Disclaimers

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