NFPA 99: Health Care Facilities Code, 2015 Edition

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Building on its successful risk-based approach, the 2015 edition of NFPA 99: Health Care Facilities Code improves usability for better health care safety.

The 2015 edition NFPA 99: Health Care Facilities Code provides performance criteria for health care facilities that builds on the risk-based approach introduced in the 2012 NFPA 99, where it is the risk posed to patients and staff, not the type of building, that defines safety guidelines. Provisions govern installation, inspection, testing, maintenance, performance, and safe practices for facilities, material, equipment, and appliances -- including medical gas and vacuum systems formerly found in NFPA 99C*.

Major changes in the 2015 NFPA 99 make performance criteria more usable, enforceable, and adoptable:

  • Requirements correlate with the 2014 NFPA 70®: National Electrical Code®.
  • New provisions address using fuel cell systems for backup power, allowing the use of new technology while ensuring the same minimum level of safety.
  • Type 3 Essential Electrical System requirements have been removed from NFPA 99 -- deferring to other codes for required egress lighting.
  • Updated requirements for nurse call systems incorporate widely used terminology and align with the Facility Guidelines Institute (FGI).

Other revisions respond to new information and the evolving industry.

  • Revised minimum allowable temperature for cylinders for nitrous oxide and carbon dioxide help avoid potential loss of pressure.
  • Rewritten Category 3 Medical Gas and Vacuum Systems provisions are aligned with the requirements for Category 1 and 2 Systems, with requirements specific to dental drive gas and dental vacuum systems.
  • First-time requirements for oxygen-concentrator-based refilling systems reflect their increasing use in today's health care setting.

Keep health care facilities up-to-code and patients and staff safe.

The 2015 NFPA 99 is a must-have resource for everyone involved in health care safety including contractors, engineers, facility managers, AHJs, plumbers, gas and vacuum system installers, security personnel, insurance companies, and manufacturers. (Softbound, 207 pp., 2015)

NFPA<sup>®</sup> 99 Health Care Facilities Code 2015 Edition

NFPA® 99 Health Care Facilities Code, 2015 Edition

Chapter 1 Administration
1.1 Scope
1.2 Purpose
1.3 Application
1.4 Equivalency
1.5 Units
1.6 Code Adoption Requirements
Chapter 2 Referenced Publications
2.1 General
2.2 NFPA Publications
2.3 Other Publications
2.4 References for Extracts in Mandatory Sections
Chapter 3 Definitions
3.1 General
3.2 NFPA Official Definitions
3.3 General Definitions
3.4 BICSI Definitions
Chapter 4 Fundamentals
4.1 Risk Categories
4.2 Risk Assessment
4.3 Application
4.4 Materials
Chapter 5 Gas and Vacuum Systems
5.1 Category 1 Piped Gas and Vacuum Systems
5.2 Category 2 Piped Gas and Vacuum Systems
5.3 Category 3 Piped Gas and Vacuum Systems
Chapter 6 Electrical Systems
6.1 Applicability
6.2 Nature of Hazards
6.3 Electrical System
6.4 Essential Electrical System Requirements — Type 1
6.5 Essential Electrical System Requirements — Type 2
Chapter 7 Information Technology and Communications Systems
7.1 Applicability
7.2 Reserved
7.3 Category 1 Systems
7.4 Category 2 Systems
7.5 Category 3 Systems
Chapter 8 Plumbing
8.1 Applicability
8.2 System Category Criteria
8.3 General Requirements
8.4 Category 1. (Reserved)
8.5 Category 2. (Reserved)
8.6 Category 3. (Reserved)
Chapter 9 Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning (HVAC)
9.1 Applicability
9.2 System Category Criteria
9.3 General
9.4 Category 1. (Reserved)
9.5 Category 2. (Reserved)
9.6 Category 3. (Reserved)
Chapter 10 Electrical Equipment
10.1 Applicability
10.2 Performance Criteria and Testing for Patient Care–Related Electrical Appliances and Equipment
10.3 Testing Requirements — Fixed and Portable
10.4 Nonpatient Electrical Appliances and Equipment
10.5 Administration
Chapter 11 Gas Equipment
11.1 Applicability
11.2 Cylinder and Container Source
11.3 Cylinder and Container Storage Requirements
11.4 Performance Criteria and Testing
11.5 Administration
11.6 Operation and Management of Cylinders
11.7 Liquid Oxygen Equipment
Chapter 12 Emergency Management
12.1 Applicability
12.2 Responsibilities
12.3 Emergency Management Categories
12.4 General
12.5 Emergency Management Category 1 and Emergency Management Category 2 Requirements
Chapter 13 Security Management
13.1 Applicability
13.2 Security Management Plan
13.3 Security Vulnerability Assessment (SVA)
13.4 Responsible Person
13.5 Security-Sensitive Areas
13.6 Access and Egress Security Measures
13.7 Media Control
13.8 Crowd Control
13.9 Security Equipment
13.10 Employment Practices
13.11 Security Operations
13.12 Program Evaluation
Chapter 14 Hyperbaric Facilities
14.1 Scope
14.2 Construction and Equipment
14.3 Administration and Maintenance
Chapter 15 Features of Fire Protection
15.1 Applicability
15.2 Construction and Compartmentation
15.3 Special Hazard Protection for Flammable Liquids and Gases
15.4 Laboratories
15.5 Utilities
15.6 Waste Chutes, Incinerators, and Linen Chutes
15.7 Fire Detection, Alarm, and Communications Systems
15.8 Automatic Sprinklers and Other Extinguishing Equipment
15.9 Manual Extinguishing Equipment
15.10 Compact Storage
15.11 Compact Mobile Storage
15.12 Maintenance and Testing
15.13 Fire Loss Prevention in Operating Rooms
Annex A Explanatory Material
Annex B Additional Explanatory Notes
Annex C Sample Ordinance Adopting NFPA 99
Annex D Informational References

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Department Status Report  
Risk Assessment  
Maintenance Guide  
Essential Electrical Systems  
Sample Standard Operating Procedure Format  
Sample Hazard Vulnerability Analysis (HVA) Format  
Sample Operating Unit Template