NFPA 30: Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code

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2015 NFPA 30
NFPA 30 Handbook
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For safety around flammable and combustible liquids, using the latest NFPA 30 is the first priority.

Enforceable under OSHA and many state and local regulations, NFPA 30: Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code is the best practice widely used in industry and by insurers. The 2015 edition of the Code includes the latest and most complete criteria you need to protect your facility by ensuring safe storage, handling, and use of flammable and combustible liquids.

Changes respond to recommendations from the U.S. Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board (CSB) and proposals from the field:

  • New storage height restrictions in Chapter 10 address unprotected storage in unprotected mercantile occupancies.
  • Numerous amendments to Chapter 16 to correlate with NFPA 13: Installation of Sprinkler System rules concerning warehouse storage. The 2015 edition of NFPA 30 gives sprinkler system designers a better grasp of requirements and assists Code officials with plans review.
  • Revised Table 17.4.3 in Chapter 17. Increased mandatory separation distances for process vessels based on CSB recommendations.
  • New coverage in Section 18.4 includes first-time requirements for manual pressure-operated drum pumps.
  • New Section 19.7 governs the installation of bulk cooking oil storage and dispensing systems used in restaurants and prepared food manufacturing facilities.
  • Change to Subsection 22.11.4 sets a 50,000 gal. maximum capacity for all secondary containment-type storage tanks for all Class I, Class II, and Class IIIA liquids.
  • Changes to Chapter 27: Piping Systems revise requirements for low-melting materials based on CSB recommendations.

Get the criteria you need to design your facilities for better protection, comply with sprinkler requirements, and use safe operating practices.

Update to the 2015 NFPA 30 now. (Softbound, 154 pp., 2015)

Author: Robert P. Benedetti, CSP, P.E., FSFPE

Reduce risks around hazardous liquids and improve facility safety with NFPA®'s full-color 2015 Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code Handbook.

Incidents involving flammable and combustible liquids can have devastating consequences, which is why compliance with NFPA 30 and NFPA 30A is an essential part of any fire safety plan. Gain a clear understanding of the hows and whys behind the rules in the 2015 NFPA 30 and NFPA 30A: Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code Handbook.

This exclusive source pairs answers with the latest and most complete criteria you need to protect your facility.

Expert commentary explains NFPA 30 and NFPA 30A provisions for storage of liquids; automatic fire protection; processing facilities; dispensing, handling, transfer, and use of liquids; and motor fuel dispensing and repair garages. Explanations include coverage of new technology; the history and rationale behind requirements; and tips that help designers, engineers, installers, and inspectors do their part to protect people, equipment, and installations.

Only the 2015 edition of the Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code Handbook has:

  • The complete text of the 2015 NFPA 30: Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code and the 2015 NFPA 30A: Code for Motor Fuel Dispensing Facilities and Repair Garages
  • Exclusive commentary, printed in blue, that explains applications and reasoning
  • 200+ visuals including full-color photographs that help you visualize concepts, so you're ready to implement and enforce requirements
  • A supplement detailing technical changes from the 2012 edition to the 2015 edition of both NFPA 30 and NFPA 30A; you'll know what's new and why
  • An all-new supplement with key points in an NFPA Fire Analysis Report on fires involving flammable gas or flammable or combustible liquids
  • Other supplements that expand your expertise in key areas -- such as maintaining safety for fuel storage tanks inside buildings, electrical equipment in hazardous areas, electrostatics, and more
  • FAQs from your peers focus on common problems and key areas of concern

Work with real-world advice and expertise on flammable and combustible liquids safety.

Engineers, contractors, consultants, facility safety directors, and enforcement officials; anyone responsible for ensuring safety around flammable and combustible liquids needs this updated, full-color edition of the Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code Handbook. (Hardbound, 736 pp., 2015)

NFPA<sup>®</sup> 30 Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code 2015 Edition

NFPA® 30 Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code 2015 Edition

Chapter 1 Administration
1.1 Scope
1.2 Purpose
1.3 Application
1.4 Retroactivity
1.5 Equivalency
1.6 Symbols, Units, and Formulas
1.7 Code Adoption Requirements. (Reserved)
1.8 Permits. (Reserved)
1.9 Enforcement
Chapter 2 Referenced Publications
2.1 General
2.2 NFPA Publications
2.3 Other Publications
2.4 References for Extracts in Mandatory Sections
Chapter 3 Definitions
3.1 General
3.2 NFPA Official Definitions
3.3 General Definitions
Chapter 4 Definition and Classification of Liquids
4.1 Scope
4.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 4
4.3 Classification of Liquids
4.4 Determination of Flash Point
4.5 Relationship to Other Classification Systems. (Reserved)
Chapter 5 Reserved
Chapter 6 Fire and Explosion Prevention and Risk Control
6.1 Scope
6.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 6
6.3 Management of Fire and Explosion Hazards
6.4 Hazards Analysis
6.5 Control of Ignition Sources
6.6 Detection and Alarm Systems and Procedures
6.7 Fire Protection and Fire Suppression Systems
6.8 Emergency Planning and Training
6.9 Inspection and Maintenance
6.10 Management of Security
Chapter 7 Electrical Systems
7.1 Scope
7.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 7. (Reserved)
7.3 General Requirements
7.4 Application of Area Classification
Chapter 8 Reserved
Chapter 9 Storage of Liquids in Containers — General Requirements
9.1 Scope
9.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 9. (Reserved)
9.3 General Requirements
9.4 Acceptable Containers
9.5 Flammable Liquids Storage Cabinets
9.6 Maximum Allowable Quantities (MAQs) per Control Area
9.7 Control Areas
9.8 Classification of Occupancies That Exceed the Maximum Allowable Quantities of Liquids per Control Area
9.9 Construction Requirements
9.10 Fire Protection
9.11 Emergency Control Systems. (Reserved)
9.12 Electrical Systems
9.13 Containment, Drainage, and Spill Control
9.14 Ventilation
9.15 Exhausted Enclosures. (Reserved)
9.16 Explosion Control
9.17 Separation from Incompatible Materials
9.18 Dispensing, Handling, and Use of Liquids in Storage Areas
9.19 Outdoor Storage of Liquids
Chapter 10 Storage of Liquids in Containers — Mercantile Occupancies
10.1 Scope
10.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 10. (Reserved)
10.3 General Requirements
10.4 Reserved
10.5 Reserved
10.6 Reserved
10.7 Control Areas
10.8 Specific Restrictions
10.9 Construction Requirements
10.10 Fire Protection
10.11 Emergency Control Systems. (Reserved)
10.12 Electrical Systems
10.13 Containment, Drainage, and Spill Control
10.14 Ventilation
10.15 Exhausted Enclosures. (Reserved)
10.16 Explosion Control. (Reserved)
10.17 Separation from Incompatible Materials
10.18 Dispensing, Handling, and Use of Liquids in Mercantile Occupancies
10.19 Outdoor Storage of Liquids
Chapter 11 Storage of Liquids in Containers — Industrial Occupancies
11.1 Scope
11.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 11. (Reserved)
11.3 General Requirements
Chapter 12 Storage of Liquids in Containers — Storage Occupancies
12.1 Scope
12.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 12. (Reserved)
12.3 General Requirements
12.4 Reserved
12.5 Reserved
12.6 Maximum Allowable Quantities and Maximum Storage Heights
12.7 Control Areas
12.8 General-Purpose Warehouses
12.9 Construction Requirements
12.10 Fire Protection
12.11 Emergency Control Systems. (Reserved)
12.12 Electrical Systems
12.13 Containment, Drainage, and Spill Control
12.14 Ventilation
12.15 Exhausted Enclosures. (Reserved)
12.16 Explosion Control
12.17 Separation from Incompatible Materials
12.18 Dispensing, Handling, and Use of Liquids in Storage Occupancies
12.19 Outdoor Storage of Liquids
Chapter 13 Storage of Liquids in Containers — Detached, Unprotected Buildings
13.1 Scope
13.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 13. (Reserved)
13.3 General Requirements
13.4 Reserved
13.5 Reserved
13.6 Maximum Allowable Quantities and Maximum Storage Heights
13.7 Control Areas. (Reserved)
13.8 Reserved
13.9 Construction Requirements
13.10 Fire Protection
13.11 Emergency Control Systems. (Reserved)
13.12 Electrical Systems
13.13 Containment, Drainage, and Spill Control
13.14 Ventilation
13.15 Exhausted Enclosure. (Reserved)
13.16 Explosion Control
13.17 Separation from Incompatible Materials
13.18 Dispensing, Handling, and Use of Liquids in Detached, Unprotected Buildings
13.19 Outdoor Storage of Liquids
Chapter 14 Hazardous Materials Storage Lockers
14.1 Scope
14.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 14. (Reserved)
14.3 General Requirements
14.4 Design and Construction of Hazardous Materials Storage Lockers
14.5 Designated Sites for Hazardous Materials Storage Lockers
14.6 Storage Requirements
Chapter 15 Outdoor Storage
15.1 Scope
15.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 15. (Reserved)
15.3 General Requirements
15.4 Outdoor Storage Adjacent to a Building
Chapter 16 Automatic Fire Protection for Inside Liquid Storage Areas
16.1 Scope
16.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 16
16.3 General Requirements
16.4 Automatic Sprinkler and Foam-Water Sprinkler Fire Protection Systems
16.5 Fire Protection System Design Criteria
16.6 Fire Protection System Design Schemes
16.7 Water Supply
16.8 Containment, Drainage, and Spill Control
16.9 Other Automatic Fire Protection Systems
Chapter 17 Processing Facilities
17.1 Scope
17.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 17. (Reserved)
17.3 General Requirements
17.4 Location of Process Vessels and Equipment
17.5 Accessibility
17.6 Construction Requirements
17.7 Fire Protection. (Reserved)
17.8 Emergency Control Systems. (Reserved)
17.9 Electrical Systems
17.10 Containment, Drainage, and Spill Control
17.11 Ventilation
17.12 Explosion Control. (Reserved)
17.13 Process Structures. (Reserved)
17.14 Process Equipment and Vessels
17.15 Management of Operations Hazards
Chapter 18 Dispensing, Handling, Transfer, and Use of Liquids
18.1 Scope
18.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 18. (Reserved)
18.3 General Requirements
18.4 Dispensing, Handling, Transfer, and Use
18.5 Incidental Operations
18.6 Ventilation for Dispensing Areas
Chapter 19 Specific Operations
19.1 Scope
19.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 19
19.3 General Requirements. (Reserved)
19.4 Recirculating Heat Transfer Systems
19.5 Vapor Recovery and Vapor Processing Systems
19.6 Solvent Distillation Units
19.7 Cooking Oil Storage Tank Systems in Commercial Kitchens
Chapter 20 Reserved
Chapter 21 Storage of Liquids in Tanks — Requirements for All Storage Tanks
21.1 Scope
21.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 21
21.3 General Requirements
21.4 Design and Construction of Storage Tanks
21.5 Testing Requirements for Tanks
21.6 Fire Prevention and Control
21.7 Operation of Storage Tanks
21.8 Inspection and Maintenance of Storage Tanks and Storage Tank Appurtenances
21.9 Change of Stored Liquid
Chapter 22 Storage of Liquids in Tanks — Aboveground Storage Tanks
22.1 Scope
22.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 22
22.3 General Requirements
22.4 Location of Aboveground Storage Tanks
22.5 Installation of Aboveground Storage Tanks
22.6 Vent Piping for Aboveground Tanks
22.7 Emergency Relief Venting for Fire Exposure for Aboveground Storage Tanks
22.8 Fire Protection for Aboveground Storage Tanks
22.9 Additional Requirements for Fire-Resistant Aboveground Storage Tanks
22.10 Additional Requirements for Protected Aboveground Storage Tanks
22.11 Control of Spills from Aboveground Storage Tanks
22.12 Equipment, Piping, and Fire Protection Systems in Remote Impoundment Areas and Diked Areas
22.13 Tank Openings Other Than Vents
22.14 Aboveground Storage Tanks Located in Areas Subject to Flooding
22.15 Collision Protection for Aboveground Storage Tanks
22.16 Installation Instructions for Aboveground Storage Tanks
22.17 Inspection and Maintenance of Aboveground Storage Tanks
Chapter 23 Storage of Liquids in Tanks — Underground Tanks
23.1 Scope
23.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 23. (Reserved)
23.3 General Requirements
23.4 Location of Underground Storage Tanks
23.5 Installation of Underground Storage Tanks
23.6 Normal Venting for Underground Storage Tanks
23.7 Reserved
23.8 Reserved
23.9 Reserved
23.10 Reserved
23.11 Control of Spills from Underground Storage Tanks. (Reserved)
23.12 Reserved
23.13 Tank Openings Other than Vents
23.14 Underground Storage Tanks Located in Areas Subject to Flooding
23.15 Reserved
23.16 Installation Instructions for Underground Storage Tanks
23.17 Inspection and Maintenance of Underground Storage Tanks
Chapter 24 Storage Tank Buildings
24.1 Scope
24.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 24. (Reserved)
24.3 General Requirements. (Reserved)
24.4 Location of Storage Tank Buildings
24.5 Construction of Storage Tank Buildings
24.6 Fire Protection for Storage Tank Buildings
24.7 Emergency Control Systems for Storage Tank Buildings. (Reserved)
24.8 Electrical Systems for Storage Tank Buildings
24.9 Containment, Drainage, and Spill Control from Storage Tank Buildings
24.10 Ventilation for Storage Tank Buildings
24.11 Reserved
24.12 Explosion Control. (Reserved)
24.13 Vents for Tanks Inside Storage Tank Buildings
24.14 Tank Openings Other than Vents for Tanks Inside Storage Tank Buildings
24.15 Detection and Alarm Systems for Storage Tank Buildings
24.16 Inspection and Maintenance for Storage Tank Buildings
Chapter 25 Storage Tank Vaults
25.1 Scope
25.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 25. (Reserved)
25.3 General Requirements
25.4 Location of Storage Tank Vaults
25.5 Construction and Installation of Storage Tank Vaults
25.6 Fire Protection for Storage Tank Vaults
25.7 Emergency Controls for Storage Tank Vaults. (Reserved)
25.8 Electrical Systems for Storage Tank Vaults
25.9 Containment, Drainage, and Spill Control for Storage Tank Vaults
25.10 Ventilation Systems for Storage Tank Vaults
25.11 Reserved
25.12 Explosion Control. (Reserved)
25.13 Vents for Tanks Inside Storage Tank Vaults
25.14 Tank Openings Other than Vents for Tanks Inside Storage Tank Vaults. (Reserved)
25.15 Detection and Alarm Systems for Storage Tank Vaults
25.16 Inspection and Maintenance of Storage Tank Vaults and Equipment
Chapter 26 Reserved
Chapter 27 Piping Systems
27.1 Scope
27.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 27
27.3 General Requirements
27.4 Materials of Construction for Piping Systems
27.5 Pipe Joints
27.6 Installation of Piping Systems
27.7 Testing of Piping Systems
27.8 Vent Piping
27.9 Bonding and Grounding
27.10 Identification and Marking of Piping Systems
27.11 Special Requirements for Marine Piping Systems
27.12 Removal from Service of Piping Systems
Chapter 28 Bulk Loading and Unloading Facilities for Tank Cars and Tank Vehicles
28.1 Scope
28.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 28. (Reserved)
28.3 General Requirements
28.4 Location of Loading and Unloading Facilities
28.5 Roofed Structures
28.6 Fire Protection. (Reserved)
28.7 Emergency Control Systems. (Reserved)
28.8 Electrical Systems
28.9 Containment, Drainage, and Spill Control
28.10 Equipment
28.11 Operating Requirements
Chapter 29 Wharves
29.1 Scope
29.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 29. (Reserved)
29.3 General Requirements
Annex A Explanatory Material
Annex B Emergency Relief Venting for Fire Exposure for Aboveground Tanks
Annex C Temporarily Out of Service, Closure in Place, or Closure by Removal of Underground Storage Tanks
Annex D Development of Fire Protection System Design Criteria for Chapter 16 and Suggested Fire Protection for Some Containers of Flammable and Combustible Liquids Not Covered in Chapter 16
Annex E Suggested Test Protocol for Developing Fire Protection System Design Criteria for Containers of Flammable and Combustible Liquids
Annex F Fugitive Emissions Calculations
Annex G Management of Security
Annex H Sample Ordinance Adopting NFPA 30
Annex I Informational References
Index

Contents

Preface

Acknowledgments

About the Contributors

About the Editor

PART I

NFPA 30, Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code, 2015 Edition, with Commentary

1 Administration

1.1 Scope

1.2 Purpose

1.3 Application

1.4 Retroactivity

1.5 Equivalency

1.6 Symbols, Units, and Formulas

1.7 Code Adoption Requirements (Reserved)

1.8 Permits (Reserved)

1.9 Enforcement

2 Referenced Publications

2.1 General

2.2 NFPA Publications

2.3 Other Publications

2.4 References for Extracts in Mandatory Sections

3 Definitions

3.1 General

3.2 NFPA Official Definitions

3.3 General Definitions

4 Definition and Classification of Liquids

4.1 Scope

4.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 4

4.3 Classification of Liquids

4.4 Determination of Flash Point

4.5 Relationship to Other Classification Systems (Reserved)

5 General Requirements (Reserved)

6 Fire and Explosion Prevention and Risk Control

6.1 Scope

6.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 6 (Reserved)

6.3 Management of Fire and Explosion Hazards

6.4 Hazards Analysis

6.5 Control of Ignition Sources

6.6 Detection and Alarm Systems and Procedures

6.7 Fire Protection and Fire Suppression Systems

6.8 Emergency Planning and Training

6.9 Inspection and Maintenance

6.10 Management of Security

7 Electrical Systems

7.1 Scope

7.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 7 (Reserved)

7.3 General Requirements

7.4 Application of Area Classification

8 Reserved

9 Storage of Liquids in Containers — General Requirements

9.1 Scope

9.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 9 (Reserved)

9.3 General Requirements

9.4 Acceptable Containers

9.5 Flammable Liquids Storage Cabinets

9.6 Maximum Allowable Quantities (MAQs) per Control Area

9.7 Control Areas

9.8 Classification of Occupancies That Exceed the Maximum Allowable Quantities of Liquids per Control Area

9.9 Construction Requirements

9.10 Fire Protection

9.11 Emergency Control Systems (Reserved)

9.12 Electrical Systems

9.13 Containment, Drainage, and Spill Control

9.14 Ventilation

9.15 Exhausted Enclosures (Reserved)

9.16 Explosion Control

9.17 Separation from Incompatible Materials

9.18 Dispensing, Handling, and Use of Liquids in Storage Areas

9.19 Outdoor Storage of Liquids

10 Storage of Liquids in Containers — Mercantile Occupancies

10.1 Scope

10.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 10 (Reserved)

10.3 General Requirements

10.4 Reserved

10.5 Reserved

10.6 Reserved

10.7 Control Areas

10.8 Specific Restrictions

10.9 Construction Requirements

10.10 Fire Protection

10.11 Emergency Control Systems (Reserved)

10.12 Electrical Systems

10.13 Containment, Drainage, and Spill Control

10.14 Ventilation

10.15 Exhausted Enclosures (Reserved)

10.16 Explosion Control (Reserved)

10.17 Separation from Incompatible Materials

10.18 Dispensing, Handling, and Use of Liquids in Mercantile Occupancies

10.19 Outdoor Storage of Liquids

11 Storage of Liquids in Containers — Industrial Occupancies

11.1 Scope

11.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 11 (Reserved)

11.3 General Requirements

12 Storage of Liquids in Containers — Storage Occupancies

12.1 Scope

12.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 12 (Reserved)

12.3 General Requirements

12.4 Reserved

12.5 Reserved

12.6 Maximum Allowable Quantities and Maximum Storage Heights

12.7 Control Areas

12.8 General-Purpose Warehouses

12.9 Construction Requirements

12.10 Fire Protection

12.11 Emergency Control Systems (Reserved)

12.12 Electrical Systems

12.13 Containment, Drainage, and Spill Control

12.14 Ventilation

12.15 Exhausted Enclosures (Reserved)

12.16 Explosion Control

12.17 Separation from Incompatible Materials

12.18 Dispensing, Handling, and Use of Liquids in Storage Occupancies

12.19 Outdoor Storage of Liquids

13 Storage of Liquids in Containers — Detached, Unprotected Buildings

13.1 Scope

13.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 13 (Reserved)

13.3 General Requirements

13.4 Reserved

13.5 Reserved

13.6 Maximum Allowable Quantities and Maximum Storage Heights

13.7 Control Areas (Reserved)

13.8 Reserved

13.9 Construction Requirements

13.10 Fire Protection

13.11 Emergency Control Systems (Reserved)

13.12 Electrical Systems

13.13 Containment, Drainage, and Spill Control

13.14 Ventilation

13.15 Exhausted Enclosure (Reserved)

13.16 Explosion Control

13.17 Separation from Incompatible Materials

13.18 Dispensing, Handling, and Use of Liquids in Detached, Unprotected Buildings

13.19 Outdoor Storage of Liquids

14 Hazardous Materials Storage Lockers

14.1 Scope

14.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 14 (Reserved)

14.3 General Requirements

14.4 Design and Construction of Hazardous Materials Storage Lockers

14.5 Designated Sites for Hazardous Materials Storage Lockers

14.6 Storage Requirements

15 Outdoor Storage

15.1 Scope

15.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 15 (Reserved)

15.3 General Requirements

15.4 Outdoor Storage Adjacent to a Building

16 Automatic Fire Protection for Inside Liquid Storage Areas

16.1 Scope

16.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 16

16.3 General Requirements

16.4 Automatic Sprinkler and Foam-Water Sprinkler Fire Protection Systems

16.5 Fire Protection System Design Criteria

16.6 Fire Protection System Design Schemes

16.7 Water Supply

16.8 Containment, Drainage, and Spill Control

16.9 Other Automatic Fire Protection Systems

17 Processing Facilities

17.1 Scope

17.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 17 (Reserved)

17.3 General Requirements

17.4 Location of Process Vessels and Equipment

17.5 Accessibility

17.6 Construction Requirements

17.7 Fire Protection (Reserved)

17.8 Emergency Control Systems (Reserved)

17.9 Electrical Systems

17.10 Containment, Drainage, and Spill Control

17.11 Ventilation

17.12 Explosion Control (Reserved)

17.13 Process Structures (Reserved)

17.14 Process Equipment and Vessels

17.15 Management of Operations Hazards

18 Dispensing, Handling, Transfer, and Use of Liquids

18.1 Scope

18.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 18 (Reserved)

18.3 General Requirements

18.4 Dispensing, Handling, Transfer, and Use

18.5 Incidental Operations

18.6 Ventilation for Dispensing Areas

19 Specific Operations

19.1 Scope

19.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 19

19.3 General Requirements (Reserved)

19.4 Recirculating Heat Transfer Systems

19.5 Vapor Recovery and Vapor Processing Systems

19.6 Solvent Distillation Units

19.7 Cooking Oil Storage Tank Systems in Commercial Kitchens

20 Reserved

21 Storage of Liquids in Tanks — Requirements for All Storage Tanks

21.1 Scope

21.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 21

21.3 General Requirements

21.4 Design and Construction of Storage Tanks

21.5 Testing Requirements for Tanks

21.6 Fire Prevention and Control

21.7 Operation of Storage Tanks

21.8 Inspection and Maintenance of Storage Tanks and Storage Tank Appurtenances

21.9 Change of Stored Liquid

22 Storage of Liquids in Tanks — Aboveground Storage Tanks

22.1 Scope

22.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 22

22.3 General Requirements

22.4 Location of Aboveground Storage Tanks

22.5 Installation of Aboveground Storage Tanks

22.6 Vent Piping for Aboveground Tanks

22.7 Emergency Relief Venting for Fire Exposure for Aboveground Storage Tanks

22.8 Fire Protection for Aboveground Storage Tanks

22.9 Additional Requirements for Fire-Resistant Aboveground Storage Tanks

22.10 Additional Requirements for Protected Aboveground Storage Tanks

22.11 Control of Spills from Aboveground Storage Tanks

22.12 Equipment, Piping, and Fire Protection Systems in Remote Impoundment Areas and Diked Areas

22.13 Tank Openings Other than Vents

22.14 Aboveground Storage Tanks Located in Areas Subject to Flooding

22.15 Collision Protection for Aboveground Storage Tanks

22.16 Installation Instructions for Aboveground Storage Tanks

22.17 Inspection and Maintenance of Aboveground Storage Tanks

23 Storage of Liquids in Tanks — Underground Tanks

23.1 Scope

23.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 23 (Reserved)

23.3 General Requirements

23.4 Location of Underground Storage Tanks

23.5 Installation of Underground Storage Tanks

23.6 Normal Venting for Underground Storage Tanks

23.7 Reserved

23.8 Reserved

23.9 Reserved

23.10 Reserved

23.11 Control of Spills from Underground Storage Tanks (Reserved)

23.12 Reserved

23.13 Tank Openings Other than Vents

23.14 Underground Storage Tanks Located in Areas Subject to Flooding

23.15 Reserved

23.16 Installation Instructions for Underground Storage Tanks

23.17 Inspection and Maintenance of Underground Storage Tanks

24 Storage Tank Buildings

24.1 Scope

24.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 24 (Reserved)

24.3 General Requirements (Reserved)

24.4 Location of Storage Tank Buildings

24.5 Construction of Storage Tank Buildings

24.6 Fire Protection for Storage Tank Buildings

24.7 Emergency Control Systems for Storage Tank Buildings (Reserved)

24.8 Electrical Systems for Storage Tank Buildings

24.9 Containment, Drainage, and Spill Control from Storage Tank Buildings

24.10 Ventilation for Storage Tank Buildings

24.11 Reserved

24.12 Explosion Control (Reserved)

24.13 Vents for Tanks Inside Storage Tank Buildings

24.14 Tank Openings Other than Vents for Tanks Inside Storage Tank Buildings

24.15 Detection and Alarm Systems for Storage Tank Buildings

24.16 Inspection and Maintenance for Storage Tank Buildings

25 Storage Tank Vaults

25.1 Scope

25.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 25 (Reserved)

25.3 General Requirements

25.4 Location of Storage Tank Vaults

25.5 Construction and Installation of Storage Tank Vaults

25.6 Fire Protection for Storage Tank Vaults

25.7 Emergency Controls for Storage Tank Vaults (Reserved)

25.8 Electrical Systems for Storage Tank Vaults

25.9 Containment, Drainage, and Spill Control for Storage Tank Vaults

25.10 Ventilation Systems for Storage Tank Vaults

25.11 Reserved

25.12 Explosion Control (Reserved)

25.13 Vents for Tanks Inside Storage Tank Vaults

25.14 Tank Openings Other than Vents for Tanks Inside Storage Tank Vaults (Reserved)

25.15 Detection and Alarm Systems for Storage Tank Vaults

25.16 Inspection and Maintenance of Storage Tank Vaults and Equipment

26 Reserved

27 Piping Systems

27.1 Scope

27.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 27

27.3 General Requirements

27.4 Materials of Construction for Piping Systems

27.5 Pipe Joints

27.6 Installation of Piping Systems

27.7 Testing of Piping Systems

27.8 Vent Piping

27.9 Bonding and Grounding

27.10 Identification and Marking of Piping Systems

27.11 Special Requirements for Marine Piping Systems

27.12 Removal from Service of Piping Systems

28 Bulk Loading and Unloading Facilities for Tank Cars and Tank Vehicles

28.1 Scope

28.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 28 (Reserved)

28.3 General Requirements

28.4 Location of Loading and Unloading Facilities

28.5 Roofed Structures

28.6 Fire Protection (Reserved)

28.7 Emergency Control Systems (Reserved)

28.8 Electrical Systems

28.9 Containment, Drainage, and Spill Control

28.10 Equipment

28.11 Operating Requirements

29 Wharves

29.1 Scope

29.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 29 (Reserved)

29.3 General Requirements

Annexes

A Explanatory Material

B Emergency Relief Venting for Fire Exposure for Aboveground Tanks

C Temporarily Out of Service, Closure in Place, or Closure by Removal of Underground Storage Tanks

D Development of Fire Protection System Design Criteria for Chapter 16 and Suggested Fire Protection for Some Containers of Flammable and Combustible Liquids Not Covered in Chapter 16

E Suggested Test Protocol for Developing Fire

Protection System Design Criteria for Containers of Flammable and Combustible Liquids

F Fugitive Emissions Calculations

G Management of Security

H Sample Ordinance Adopting NFPA 30

I Informational References

PART II

NFPA 30A, Code for Motor Fuel Dispensing Facilities and Repair Garages, 2015 Edition, with Commentary

1 Administration

1.1 Scope

1.2 Purpose

1.3 Application (Reserved)

1.4 Retroactivity

1.5 Equivalency

1.6 Enforcement

1.7 Classification of Liquids

2 Referenced Publications

2.1 General

2.2 NFPA Publications

2.3 Other Publications

2.4 References for Extracts in Mandatory Sections

3 Definitions

3.1 General

3.2 NFPA Official Definitions

3.3 General Definitions

3.4 Definition and Classification of Liquids

4 Storage of Liquids

4.1 Scope

4.2 General Requirements

4.3 Storage of Liquids

5 Piping for Liquids

5.1 Scope

5.2 General Requirements for All Piping Systems

5.3 Installation of Piping Systems

5.4 Testing

5.5 Detector Maintenance

5.6 Vent Piping

5.7 Vapor Recovery Piping

6 Fuel Dispensing Systems

6.1 Scope

6.2 General Requirements

6.3 Requirements for Dispensing Devices

6.4 Requirements for Remote/Submersible Pumps

6.5 Requirements for Dispensing Hose

6.6 Requirements for Fuel Delivery Nozzles

6.7 Emergency Electrical Disconnects

6.8 Vapor Recovery Systems

7 Building Construction Requirements

7.1 Scope

7.2 General Requirements (Reserved)

7.3 Motor Fuel Dispensing Facilities

7.4 Repair Garages

7.5 Heating, Ventilating, and Air Conditioning

7.6 Heat-Producing Appliances

7.7 Dynamic Automotive Emissions Testing Equipment

8 Electrical Installations

8.1 Scope

8.2 General Requirements

8.3 Installation in Classified Locations

8.4 Emergency Electrical Disconnects

8.5 Specific Requirements for Marine Fuel Facilities

9 Operational Requirements

9.1 Scope

9.2 Basic Requirements

9.3 Operating Requirements for Full-Service Motor Fuel Dispensing Facilities

9.4 Operating Requirements for Attended Self-Service Motor Fuel Dispensing Facilities

9.5 Operating Requirements for Unattended Self-Service Motor Fuel Dispensing Facilities

9.6 Refueling from Tank Vehicles

9.7 Repair Areas

10 Vapor Processing and Vapor Recovery Systems for Liquid Motor Fuels

10.1 Vapor Processing Systems

10.2 Vapor Recovery Systems

11 Marine Fueling

11.1 Scope

11.2 Storage

11.3 Piping Systems

11.4 Fuel Dispensing System

11.5 Sources of Ignition

11.6 Bonding and Grounding

11.7 Fire Control

11.8 Containers and Movable Tanks

11.9 Cargo Tank Fueling Facilities

11.10 Operating Requirements

12 Additional Requirements for CNG, LNG, Hydrogen, and LPG

12.1 Scope

12.2 General Requirements

12.3 Fuel Storage

12.4 Dispenser Installations Beneath Canopies

12.5 Specific Requirements for LP-Gas Dispensing Devices

12.6 Electrical Equipment

13 Farms and Remote Sites

13.1 Scope

13.2 Approved Storage

13.3 Marking of Tanks and Containers

13.4 Fire Prevention and Control

Annexes

A Explanatory Material

B Typical Flammable and Combustible Liquids Found at Motor Fuel Dispensing Facilities

C Sample Ordinance Adopting NFPA 30A

D Informational References

PART III

Supplements

1 Fuel Storage Tanks Inside Buildings — Special Requirements of NFPA 31 and NFPA 37

2 Basic Properties and Definition of Flammable and Combustible Liquids

3 Electrical Equipment in Hazardous Areas

4 Handling Small Quantities of Flammable Liquids

5 Electrostatics

6 Spray Application of Flammable and Combustible Liquids

7 Dipping and Roll Coating Using Flammable and Combustible Liquids

8 Overview of Statistics Related to Fires Involving Flammable and Combustible Liquids

9 Technical/Substantive Changes from the 2012 to 2015 Editions of NFPA 30 and NFPA 30A

NFPA 30 Index

NFPA 30A Index

Important Notices and Legal Disclaimers

Important information about NFPA codes and standards available


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