NFPA 30: Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code

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2015 NFPA 30
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For safety around flammable and combustible liquids, using the latest NFPA 30 is the first priority.

Enforceable under OSHA and many state and local regulations, NFPA 30: Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code is the best practice widely used in industry and by insurers. The 2015 edition of the Code includes the latest and most complete criteria you need to protect your facility by ensuring safe storage, handling, and use of flammable and combustible liquids.

Changes respond to recommendations from the U.S. Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board (CSB) and proposals from the field:

  • New storage height restrictions in Chapter 10 address unprotected storage in unprotected mercantile occupancies.
  • Numerous amendments to Chapter 16 to correlate with NFPA 13: Installation of Sprinkler System rules concerning warehouse storage. The 2015 edition of NFPA 30 gives sprinkler system designers a better grasp of requirements and assists Code officials with plans review.
  • Revised Table 17.4.3 in Chapter 17. Increased mandatory separation distances for process vessels based on CSB recommendations.
  • New coverage in Section 18.4 includes first-time requirements for manual pressure-operated drum pumps.
  • New Section 19.7 governs the installation of bulk cooking oil storage and dispensing systems used in restaurants and prepared food manufacturing facilities.
  • Change to Subsection 22.11.4 sets a 50,000 gal. maximum capacity for all secondary containment-type storage tanks for all Class I, Class II, and Class IIIA liquids.
  • Changes to Chapter 27: Piping Systems revise requirements for low-melting materials based on CSB recommendations.

Get the criteria you need to design your facilities for better protection, comply with sprinkler requirements, and use safe operating practices.

Update to the 2015 NFPA 30 now. (Softbound, 154 pp., 2015)

NFPA<sup>®</sup> 30 Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code 2015 Edition

NFPA® 30 Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code 2015 Edition

Chapter 1 Administration
1.1 Scope
1.2 Purpose
1.3 Application
1.4 Retroactivity
1.5 Equivalency
1.6 Symbols, Units, and Formulas
1.7 Code Adoption Requirements. (Reserved)
1.8 Permits. (Reserved)
1.9 Enforcement
Chapter 2 Referenced Publications
2.1 General
2.2 NFPA Publications
2.3 Other Publications
2.4 References for Extracts in Mandatory Sections
Chapter 3 Definitions
3.1 General
3.2 NFPA Official Definitions
3.3 General Definitions
Chapter 4 Definition and Classification of Liquids
4.1 Scope
4.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 4
4.3 Classification of Liquids
4.4 Determination of Flash Point
4.5 Relationship to Other Classification Systems. (Reserved)
Chapter 5 Reserved
Chapter 6 Fire and Explosion Prevention and Risk Control
6.1 Scope
6.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 6
6.3 Management of Fire and Explosion Hazards
6.4 Hazards Analysis
6.5 Control of Ignition Sources
6.6 Detection and Alarm Systems and Procedures
6.7 Fire Protection and Fire Suppression Systems
6.8 Emergency Planning and Training
6.9 Inspection and Maintenance
6.10 Management of Security
Chapter 7 Electrical Systems
7.1 Scope
7.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 7. (Reserved)
7.3 General Requirements
7.4 Application of Area Classification
Chapter 8 Reserved
Chapter 9 Storage of Liquids in Containers — General Requirements
9.1 Scope
9.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 9. (Reserved)
9.3 General Requirements
9.4 Acceptable Containers
9.5 Flammable Liquids Storage Cabinets
9.6 Maximum Allowable Quantities (MAQs) per Control Area
9.7 Control Areas
9.8 Classification of Occupancies That Exceed the Maximum Allowable Quantities of Liquids per Control Area
9.9 Construction Requirements
9.10 Fire Protection
9.11 Emergency Control Systems. (Reserved)
9.12 Electrical Systems
9.13 Containment, Drainage, and Spill Control
9.14 Ventilation
9.15 Exhausted Enclosures. (Reserved)
9.16 Explosion Control
9.17 Separation from Incompatible Materials
9.18 Dispensing, Handling, and Use of Liquids in Storage Areas
9.19 Outdoor Storage of Liquids
Chapter 10 Storage of Liquids in Containers — Mercantile Occupancies
10.1 Scope
10.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 10. (Reserved)
10.3 General Requirements
10.4 Reserved
10.5 Reserved
10.6 Reserved
10.7 Control Areas
10.8 Specific Restrictions
10.9 Construction Requirements
10.10 Fire Protection
10.11 Emergency Control Systems. (Reserved)
10.12 Electrical Systems
10.13 Containment, Drainage, and Spill Control
10.14 Ventilation
10.15 Exhausted Enclosures. (Reserved)
10.16 Explosion Control. (Reserved)
10.17 Separation from Incompatible Materials
10.18 Dispensing, Handling, and Use of Liquids in Mercantile Occupancies
10.19 Outdoor Storage of Liquids
Chapter 11 Storage of Liquids in Containers — Industrial Occupancies
11.1 Scope
11.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 11. (Reserved)
11.3 General Requirements
Chapter 12 Storage of Liquids in Containers — Storage Occupancies
12.1 Scope
12.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 12. (Reserved)
12.3 General Requirements
12.4 Reserved
12.5 Reserved
12.6 Maximum Allowable Quantities and Maximum Storage Heights
12.7 Control Areas
12.8 General-Purpose Warehouses
12.9 Construction Requirements
12.10 Fire Protection
12.11 Emergency Control Systems. (Reserved)
12.12 Electrical Systems
12.13 Containment, Drainage, and Spill Control
12.14 Ventilation
12.15 Exhausted Enclosures. (Reserved)
12.16 Explosion Control
12.17 Separation from Incompatible Materials
12.18 Dispensing, Handling, and Use of Liquids in Storage Occupancies
12.19 Outdoor Storage of Liquids
Chapter 13 Storage of Liquids in Containers — Detached, Unprotected Buildings
13.1 Scope
13.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 13. (Reserved)
13.3 General Requirements
13.4 Reserved
13.5 Reserved
13.6 Maximum Allowable Quantities and Maximum Storage Heights
13.7 Control Areas. (Reserved)
13.8 Reserved
13.9 Construction Requirements
13.10 Fire Protection
13.11 Emergency Control Systems. (Reserved)
13.12 Electrical Systems
13.13 Containment, Drainage, and Spill Control
13.14 Ventilation
13.15 Exhausted Enclosure. (Reserved)
13.16 Explosion Control
13.17 Separation from Incompatible Materials
13.18 Dispensing, Handling, and Use of Liquids in Detached, Unprotected Buildings
13.19 Outdoor Storage of Liquids
Chapter 14 Hazardous Materials Storage Lockers
14.1 Scope
14.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 14. (Reserved)
14.3 General Requirements
14.4 Design and Construction of Hazardous Materials Storage Lockers
14.5 Designated Sites for Hazardous Materials Storage Lockers
14.6 Storage Requirements
Chapter 15 Outdoor Storage
15.1 Scope
15.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 15. (Reserved)
15.3 General Requirements
15.4 Outdoor Storage Adjacent to a Building
Chapter 16 Automatic Fire Protection for Inside Liquid Storage Areas
16.1 Scope
16.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 16
16.3 General Requirements
16.4 Automatic Sprinkler and Foam-Water Sprinkler Fire Protection Systems
16.5 Fire Protection System Design Criteria
16.6 Fire Protection System Design Schemes
16.7 Water Supply
16.8 Containment, Drainage, and Spill Control
16.9 Other Automatic Fire Protection Systems
Chapter 17 Processing Facilities
17.1 Scope
17.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 17. (Reserved)
17.3 General Requirements
17.4 Location of Process Vessels and Equipment
17.5 Accessibility
17.6 Construction Requirements
17.7 Fire Protection. (Reserved)
17.8 Emergency Control Systems. (Reserved)
17.9 Electrical Systems
17.10 Containment, Drainage, and Spill Control
17.11 Ventilation
17.12 Explosion Control. (Reserved)
17.13 Process Structures. (Reserved)
17.14 Process Equipment and Vessels
17.15 Management of Operations Hazards
Chapter 18 Dispensing, Handling, Transfer, and Use of Liquids
18.1 Scope
18.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 18. (Reserved)
18.3 General Requirements
18.4 Dispensing, Handling, Transfer, and Use
18.5 Incidental Operations
18.6 Ventilation for Dispensing Areas
Chapter 19 Specific Operations
19.1 Scope
19.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 19
19.3 General Requirements. (Reserved)
19.4 Recirculating Heat Transfer Systems
19.5 Vapor Recovery and Vapor Processing Systems
19.6 Solvent Distillation Units
19.7 Cooking Oil Storage Tank Systems in Commercial Kitchens
Chapter 20 Reserved
Chapter 21 Storage of Liquids in Tanks — Requirements for All Storage Tanks
21.1 Scope
21.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 21
21.3 General Requirements
21.4 Design and Construction of Storage Tanks
21.5 Testing Requirements for Tanks
21.6 Fire Prevention and Control
21.7 Operation of Storage Tanks
21.8 Inspection and Maintenance of Storage Tanks and Storage Tank Appurtenances
21.9 Change of Stored Liquid
Chapter 22 Storage of Liquids in Tanks — Aboveground Storage Tanks
22.1 Scope
22.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 22
22.3 General Requirements
22.4 Location of Aboveground Storage Tanks
22.5 Installation of Aboveground Storage Tanks
22.6 Vent Piping for Aboveground Tanks
22.7 Emergency Relief Venting for Fire Exposure for Aboveground Storage Tanks
22.8 Fire Protection for Aboveground Storage Tanks
22.9 Additional Requirements for Fire-Resistant Aboveground Storage Tanks
22.10 Additional Requirements for Protected Aboveground Storage Tanks
22.11 Control of Spills from Aboveground Storage Tanks
22.12 Equipment, Piping, and Fire Protection Systems in Remote Impoundment Areas and Diked Areas
22.13 Tank Openings Other Than Vents
22.14 Aboveground Storage Tanks Located in Areas Subject to Flooding
22.15 Collision Protection for Aboveground Storage Tanks
22.16 Installation Instructions for Aboveground Storage Tanks
22.17 Inspection and Maintenance of Aboveground Storage Tanks
Chapter 23 Storage of Liquids in Tanks — Underground Tanks
23.1 Scope
23.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 23. (Reserved)
23.3 General Requirements
23.4 Location of Underground Storage Tanks
23.5 Installation of Underground Storage Tanks
23.6 Normal Venting for Underground Storage Tanks
23.7 Reserved
23.8 Reserved
23.9 Reserved
23.10 Reserved
23.11 Control of Spills from Underground Storage Tanks. (Reserved)
23.12 Reserved
23.13 Tank Openings Other than Vents
23.14 Underground Storage Tanks Located in Areas Subject to Flooding
23.15 Reserved
23.16 Installation Instructions for Underground Storage Tanks
23.17 Inspection and Maintenance of Underground Storage Tanks
Chapter 24 Storage Tank Buildings
24.1 Scope
24.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 24. (Reserved)
24.3 General Requirements. (Reserved)
24.4 Location of Storage Tank Buildings
24.5 Construction of Storage Tank Buildings
24.6 Fire Protection for Storage Tank Buildings
24.7 Emergency Control Systems for Storage Tank Buildings. (Reserved)
24.8 Electrical Systems for Storage Tank Buildings
24.9 Containment, Drainage, and Spill Control from Storage Tank Buildings
24.10 Ventilation for Storage Tank Buildings
24.11 Reserved
24.12 Explosion Control. (Reserved)
24.13 Vents for Tanks Inside Storage Tank Buildings
24.14 Tank Openings Other than Vents for Tanks Inside Storage Tank Buildings
24.15 Detection and Alarm Systems for Storage Tank Buildings
24.16 Inspection and Maintenance for Storage Tank Buildings
Chapter 25 Storage Tank Vaults
25.1 Scope
25.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 25. (Reserved)
25.3 General Requirements
25.4 Location of Storage Tank Vaults
25.5 Construction and Installation of Storage Tank Vaults
25.6 Fire Protection for Storage Tank Vaults
25.7 Emergency Controls for Storage Tank Vaults. (Reserved)
25.8 Electrical Systems for Storage Tank Vaults
25.9 Containment, Drainage, and Spill Control for Storage Tank Vaults
25.10 Ventilation Systems for Storage Tank Vaults
25.11 Reserved
25.12 Explosion Control. (Reserved)
25.13 Vents for Tanks Inside Storage Tank Vaults
25.14 Tank Openings Other than Vents for Tanks Inside Storage Tank Vaults. (Reserved)
25.15 Detection and Alarm Systems for Storage Tank Vaults
25.16 Inspection and Maintenance of Storage Tank Vaults and Equipment
Chapter 26 Reserved
Chapter 27 Piping Systems
27.1 Scope
27.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 27
27.3 General Requirements
27.4 Materials of Construction for Piping Systems
27.5 Pipe Joints
27.6 Installation of Piping Systems
27.7 Testing of Piping Systems
27.8 Vent Piping
27.9 Bonding and Grounding
27.10 Identification and Marking of Piping Systems
27.11 Special Requirements for Marine Piping Systems
27.12 Removal from Service of Piping Systems
Chapter 28 Bulk Loading and Unloading Facilities for Tank Cars and Tank Vehicles
28.1 Scope
28.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 28. (Reserved)
28.3 General Requirements
28.4 Location of Loading and Unloading Facilities
28.5 Roofed Structures
28.6 Fire Protection. (Reserved)
28.7 Emergency Control Systems. (Reserved)
28.8 Electrical Systems
28.9 Containment, Drainage, and Spill Control
28.10 Equipment
28.11 Operating Requirements
Chapter 29 Wharves
29.1 Scope
29.2 Definitions Specific to Chapter 29. (Reserved)
29.3 General Requirements
Annex A Explanatory Material
Annex B Emergency Relief Venting for Fire Exposure for Aboveground Tanks
Annex C Temporarily Out of Service, Closure in Place, or Closure by Removal of Underground Storage Tanks
Annex D Development of Fire Protection System Design Criteria for Chapter 16 and Suggested Fire Protection for Some Containers of Flammable and Combustible Liquids Not Covered in Chapter 16
Annex E Suggested Test Protocol for Developing Fire Protection System Design Criteria for Containers of Flammable and Combustible Liquids
Annex F Fugitive Emissions Calculations
Annex G Management of Security
Annex H Sample Ordinance Adopting NFPA 30
Annex I Informational References
Index

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