2015 NFPA 1: Fire Code

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Advance to the 2015 NFPA 1: Fire Code based on the latest NFPA® codes and standards governing fire and life safety.

Adopted in jurisdictions throughout North America, NFPA 1: Fire Code presents a comprehensive, integrated approach to fire code regulation and hazard management. Fully updated for 2015, this edition features extracts from and references to more than 130 NFPA codes and standards. Staying up-to-code gives fire marshals, AHJs, code officials, inspectors, facility owners and managers -- and anyone involved with hazardous materials -- the latest fire protection requirements for fire alarm, sprinkler, and life safety issues.

Get extracts from widely used NFPA codes and standards including:

  • The 2015 editions of NFPA 101®: Life Safety Code®, NFPA 30: Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code, and NFPA 30A: Code for Motor Fuel Dispensing Facilities and Repair Garages
  • The 2014 editions of NFPA 58: Liquefied Petroleum Gas Code and NFPA 25: Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance of Water-Based Fire Protection Systems
  • The 2013 editions of NFPA 13: Installation of Sprinkler Systems and NFPA 72®: National Fire Alarm and Signaling Code

Major changes in the 2015 NFPA 1: Fire Code:

  • Chapter 18 includes mandatory requirements on fire hydrant location and distribution -- to assist designers with planning and AHJs and other authorities with inspections.
  • Added mandates for carbon monoxide detection and alarm for new educational and new day care facilities and other changes reflect safeguards in the 2015 NFPA 101.
  • Coverage of fire alarm systems for occupancies now mirrors NFPA 101 to provide additional information and reduce reference time.

Don't delay -- prevent injuries and deaths and advance safety for the public and first responders with the 2015 NFPA 1: Fire Code. (Softbound, 711 pp., 2015)

* NFPA 1 Forms and Forms unique to the Handbook are downloadable from your NFPA Profile.

Authors: Gregory Harrington, P.E. and Kristin Collette Bigda, P.E.

Printed in full color, the 2015 NFPA 1: Fire Code Handbook explains code requirements and helps you verify compliance.

Reference, apply, and enforce NFPA 1: Fire Code correctly and give your community the high level of protection it deserves. The official 2015 NFPA 1: Fire Code Handbook incorporates a wealth of information from a wide range of sources, so you're prepared to answer questions, resolve issues, and make the right decisions about fire safety in new and existing buildings.

NFPA®'s unique Handbook includes full NFPA 1: Fire Code text plus compliance advice, full-color visuals, and more.

Work with comprehensive information about fire and life safety in all types of occupancies and for both new and existing conditions:

  • The full 2015 NFPA 1: Fire Code text with up-to-date extracts from dozens of NFPA codes and standards
  • Expert commentary, printed in color, that explains the rationale behind provisions. Get real-world examples of how to apply requirements in specific situations.
  • 350+ visuals including full-color photographs that clarify concepts plus 2-color charts, tables, and illustrations
  • New chapter on mandatory requirements concerning hydrant locations
  • New information reflecting 2015 NFPA 101®: Life Safety Code®'s added mandates for carbon monoxide detection and alarm for new educational and new day care facilities
  • Time-saving indexes to help you locate information fast
  • NFPA 1 Forms and Forms unique to the Handbook are downloadable from your NFPA Profile.

Advance your technical knowledge with NFPA 1: Fire Code support.

Whether you're a code official, inspector, fire marshal, AHJ, facility manager, or anyone concerned with public safety, the 2015 NFPA 1 Handbook is your key to better public safety and code compliance. (Hardbound, Approx. 1,330 pp., 2015)

NFPA<sup>®</sup> 1 Fire Code 2015 Edition

NFPA® 1 Fire Code 2015 Edition

Chapter 1 Administration
1.1 Scope
1.2 Purpose
1.3 Application
1.4 Equivalencies, Alternatives, and Modifications
1.5 Units
1.6 Enforcement
1.7 Authority
1.8 Duties and Powers of the Incident Commander
1.9 Liability
1.10 Fire Code Board of Appeals
1.11 Records and Reports
1.12 Permits and Approvals
1.13 Certificates of Fitness
1.14 Plan Review
1.15 Technical Assistance
1.16 Notice of Violations and Penalties
Chapter 2 Referenced Publications
2.1 General
2.2 NFPA Publications
2.3 Other Publications
2.4 References for Extracts in Mandatory Sections
Chapter 3 Definitions
3.1 General
3.2 NFPA Official Definitions
3.3 General Definitions
3.4 Special Performance-Based Definitions
Chapter 4 General Requirements
4.1 Goals and Objectives
4.2 Assumptions
4.3 Compliance Options
4.4 Fundamental Requirements
4.5 General Requirements
Chapter 5 Performance-Based Option
5.1 General
5.2 Performance Criteria
5.3 Retained Prescriptive Requirements
5.4 Design Scenarios
5.5 Evaluation of Proposed Designs
5.6 Safety Factors
5.7 Documentation Requirements
Chapter 6 Classification of Occupancy
6.1 Classification of Occupancy
Chapter 7 Reserved
Chapter 8 Reserved
Chapter 9 Reserved
Chapter 10 General Safety Requirements
10.1 Fundamental Requirements
10.2 Owner/Occupant Responsibilities
10.3 Occupancy
10.4 Building Evacuation
10.5 Fire Drills
10.6 Reporting of Fires and Other Emergencies
10.7 Tampering with Fire Safety Equipment
10.8 Emergency Action Plans
10.9 Smoking
10.10 Open Flames, Candles, Open Fires, and Incinerators
10.11 Fire Protection Markings
10.12 Seasonal and Vacant Buildings and Premises
10.13 Combustible Vegetation
10.14 Special Outdoor Events, Carnivals, and Fairs
10.15 Outside Storage
10.16 Parade Floats
10.17 Powered Industrial Trucks
10.18 Storage of Combustible Materials
10.19 Indoor Children's Playground Structures
Chapter 11 Building Services
11.1 Electrical Fire Safety
11.2 Heating, Ventilation, and Air-Conditioning
11.3 Elevators, Escalators, and Conveyors
11.4 Utilities
11.5 Heating Appliances
11.6 Waste Chutes, Incinerators, and Laundry Chutes
11.7 Stationary Generators and Standby Power Systems
11.8 Smoke Control
11.9 Emergency Command Center
11.10 Two-Way Radio Communication Enhancement Systems
11.11 Medical Gas and Vacuum Systems
11.12 Photovoltaic Systems
Chapter 12 Features of Fire Protection
12.1 General
12.2 Construction
12.3 Fire-Resistive Materials and Construction
12.4 Fire Doors and Other Opening Protectives
12.5 Interior Finish
12.6 Contents and Furnishings
12.7 Fire Barriers
12.8 Smoke Partitions
12.9 Smoke Barriers
Chapter 13 Fire Protection Systems
13.1 General
13.2 Standpipe Systems
13.3 Automatic Sprinklers
13.4 Fire Pumps
13.5 Water Supply
13.6 Portable Fire Extinguishers
13.7 Detection, Alarm, and Communications Systems
13.8 Other Fire Protection Systems
13.9 Non-Listed Fire Protection or Suppression Devices and Equipment
Chapter 14 Means of Egress
14.1 Application
14.2 Exit Access Corridors
14.3 Exits
14.4 Means of Egress Reliability
14.5 Door Openings
14.6 Enclosure and Protection of Stairs
14.7 Exit Passageways
14.8 Capacity of Means of Egress
14.9 Number of Means of Egress
14.10 Arrangement of Means of Egress
14.11 Discharge from Exits
14.12 Illumination of Means of Egress
14.13 Emergency Lighting
14.14 Marking of Means of Egress
14.15 Secondary Means of Escape
Chapter 15 Fire Department Service Delivery Concurrency Evaluation
15.1 Application
15.2 Level of Service Objectives
15.3 Evaluator Qualifications
15.4 Fire Department Service Delivery Concurrency Evaluation Documentation
15.5 Independent Review
15.6 Approval
Chapter 16 Safeguarding Construction, Alteration, and Demolition Operations
16.1 General Requirements
16.2 Processes and Hazards
16.3 Fire Protection
16.4 Safeguarding Construction and Alteration Operations
16.5 Fire Safety During Demolition
16.6 Torch-Applied Roofing Systems
16.7 Tar Kettles
16.8 Asbestos Removal
Chapter 17 Wildland Urban Interface
17.1 General
17.2 Plans
17.3 Wildland Fire–Prone Areas
Chapter 18 Fire Department Access and Water Supply
18.1 General
18.2 Fire Department Access
18.3 Water Supplies
18.4 Fire Flow Requirements for Buildings
18.5 Fire Hydrants
Chapter 19 Combustible Waste and Refuse
19.1 General
19.2 Combustible Waste and Refuse
Chapter 20 Occupancy Fire Safety
20.1 Assembly Occupancies
20.2 Educational Occupancies
20.3 Day-Care Occupancies
20.4 Health Care Occupancies
20.5 Residential Board and Care Occupancies
20.6 Ambulatory Health Care Centers
20.7 Detention and Correctional Occupancies
20.8 Hotels and Dormitories
20.9 Apartment Buildings
20.10 Lodging or Rooming Houses
20.11 One- and Two-Family Dwellings and Manufactured Housing
20.12 Mercantile Occupancies
20.13 Business Occupancies
20.14 Industrial Occupancies
20.15 Storage Occupancies
20.16 Special Structures and High-Rise Buildings
20.17 Historic Buildings and Cultural Resources
Chapter 21 Airports and Heliports
21.1 Hangars
21.2 Terminals
21.3 Rooftop Heliport Construction and Protection
Chapter 22 Automobile Wrecking Yards
22.1 General
22.2 Permits
22.3 Fire Department Access Roads
22.4 Welding and Cutting
22.5 Housekeeping
22.6 Fire Extinguishers
22.7 Tire Storage
22.8 Burning Operations
22.9 Motor Vehicle Fluids and Hazardous Materials
Chapter 23 Cleanrooms
23.1 General
23.2 Applicability
23.3 Permits
Chapter 24 Drycleaning
24.1 General
24.2 Permits
Chapter 25 Grandstands and Bleachers, Folding and Telescopic Seating, Tents, and Membrane Structures
25.1 General
25.2 Tents
25.3 Grandstands
25.4 Folding and Telescopic Seating
25.5 Permanent Membrane Structures
25.6 Temporary Membrane Structures
Chapter 26 Laboratories Using Chemicals
26.1 General
26.2 Permits
Chapter 27 Manufactured Home and Recreational Vehicle Sites
27.1 General
27.2 Manufactured Home Sites
27.3 Recreational Vehicle Parks and Campgrounds
Chapter 28 Marinas, Boatyards, Marine Terminals, Piers, and Wharves
28.1 Marinas, Boatyards, and Other Recreational Marine Facilities
28.2 Marine Terminals, Piers, and Wharves
28.3 Construction, Conversion, Repair, and Lay-Up of Vessels
Chapter 29 Parking Garages
29.1 General
Chapter 30 Motor Fuel Dispensing Facilities and Repair Garages
30.1 Motor Fuel Dispensing Facilities
30.2 Repair Garages
30.3 Operational Requirements
Chapter 31 Forest Products
31.1 General
31.2 Permits
31.3 Protection of Storage of Forest Products
Chapter 32 Motion Picture and Television Production Studio Soundstages and Approved Production Facilities
32.1 General
32.2 Permits
32.3 Housekeeping
32.4 Soundstages and Approved Production Facilities
32.5 Production Locations
32.6 Operating Features
Chapter 33 Outside Storage of Tires
33.1 General
33.2 Individual Piles
33.3 Emergency Response Plan
33.4 Fire Control Measures
33.5 Site Access
33.6 Signs and Security
33.7 Outdoor Storage of Altered Tire Material
Chapter 34 General Storage
34.1 General
34.2 Classification of Commodities
34.3 Building Construction
34.4 Storage Arrangement
34.5 General Fire Protection
34.6 Building Equipment, Maintenance, and Operations
34.7 Protection of Rack Storage
34.8 Protection of Rubber Tires
34.9 Protection of Roll Paper
34.10 Storage of Idle Pallets
Chapter 35 Reserved
Chapter 36 Telecommunication Facilities and Information Technology Equipment
36.1 General
Chapter 37 Fixed Guideway Transit and Passenger Rail Systems
37.1 General
Chapter 38 Reserved
Chapter 39 Reserved
Chapter 40 Dust Explosion and Fire Prevention
40.1 General
40.2 Permits
40.3 Fugitive Dust Control and Housekeeping
40.4 Ignition Sources
40.5 Fire Protection
40.6 Training and Procedures
40.7 Inspection and Maintenance
Chapter 41 Welding, Cutting, and Other Hot Work
41.1 General
41.2 Responsibility for Hot Work
41.3 Fire Prevention Precautions
41.4 Sole Proprietors and Individual Operators
41.5 Public Exhibitions and Demonstrations
41.6 Arc Welding Equipment
Chapter 42 Refueling
42.1 General
42.2 Automotive Fuel Servicing
42.3 Storage of Liquids
42.4 Piping for Liquids
42.5 Fuel Dispensing Systems
42.6 Building Construction Requirements
42.7 Operational Requirements
42.8 Additional Requirements for CNG, LNG, Hydrogen, and LPG
42.9 Marine Fueling
42.10 Aircraft Fuel Servicing
42.11 Alternate Fuels
Chapter 43 Spraying, Dipping, and Coating Using Flammable or Combustible Materials
43.1 Application
43.2 Automated Electrostatic Spray Equipment
43.3 Handheld Electrostatic Spray Equipment
43.4 Drying, Curing, or Fusion Processes
43.5 Miscellaneous Spray Operations
43.6 Powder Coating
43.7 Organic Peroxides and Plural Component Coatings
43.8 Styrene Cross-Linked Composites Manufacturing (Glass Fiber–Reinforced Plastics)
43.9 Dipping, Coating, and Printing Processes
43.10 Training
Chapter 44 Solvent Extraction
44.1 General
44.2 Application
44.3 Permits
44.4 Special Requirements
Chapter 45 Combustible Fibers
45.1 General
45.2 Electrical Wiring
45.3 No Smoking
45.4 Vehicles and Material Handling Equipment
45.5 Loose Storage of Combustible Fibers
45.6 Baled Storage
45.7 Storage of Hay, Straw, and Other Similar Agricultural Products
45.8 Hazardous Materials
Chapter 46 Reserved
Chapter 47 Reserved
Chapter 48 Reserved
Chapter 49 Reserved
Chapter 50 Commercial Cooking
50.1 Application
50.2 General Requirements
50.3 Protection of Coverings and Enclosure Materials
50.4 Fire-Extinguishing Equipment
50.5 Procedures for the Use, Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance of Equipment
50.6 Minimum Safety Requirements for Cooking Equipment
Chapter 51 Industrial Ovens and Furnaces
51.1 General
51.2 Location
51.3 Safety Controls
Chapter 52 Stationary Storage Battery Systems
52.1 General
52.2 Permits
52.3 Safety Features
Chapter 53 Mechanical Refrigeration
53.1 General
53.2 Safety Features
53.3 Operations, Maintenance, and Testing
Chapter 54 Ozone Gas–Generating Equipment
54.1 Scope
54.2 Location
54.3 Piping, Valves, and Fittings
54.4 Automatic Shutdown
54.5 Manual Shutdown
Chapter 55 Reserved
Chapter 56 Reserved
Chapter 57 Reserved
Chapter 58 Reserved
Chapter 59 Reserved
Chapter 60 Hazardous Materials
60.1 General Requirements
60.2 Special Definitions
60.3 Classification of Materials, Wastes, and Hazard of Contents
60.4 Permissible Storage and Use Locations
60.5 Fundamental Requirements
60.6 Emergency Action Planning, Fire Risk Control and Chemical Hazard Requirements for Industrial Processes
60.7 Performance Alternative
Chapter 61 Aerosol Products
61.1 General Provisions
61.2 Basic Requirements
61.3 Storage in Warehouses and Storage Areas
61.4 Mercantile Occupancies
61.5 Operations and Maintenance
Chapter 62 Reserved
Chapter 63 Compressed Gases and Cryogenic Fluids
63.1 General Provisions
63.2 Building-Related Controls
63.3 Compressed Gases
63.4 Cryogenic Fluids
63.5 Bulk Oxygen Systems
63.6 Bulk Gaseous Hydrogen Systems
63.7 Bulk Liquefied Hydrogen Systems
63.8 Gas Generation Systems
63.9 Insulated Liquid Carbon Dioxide Systems
63.10 Storage, Handling, and Use of Ethylene Oxide for Sterilization and Fumigation
63.11 Liquid Oxygen in Home Care
Chapter 64 Corrosive Solids and Liquids
64.1 General
Chapter 65 Explosives, Fireworks, and Model Rocketry
65.1 General
65.2 Display Fireworks
65.3 Pyrotechnics Before a Proximate Audience
65.4 Flame Effects Before an Audience
65.5 Fireworks Manufacturing
65.6 Model Rocketry
65.7 Rocketry Manufacturing
65.8 High Power Rocketry
65.9 Explosives
Chapter 66 Flammable and Combustible Liquids
66.1 General
66.2 Reserved
66.3 Definitions
66.4 Definition and Classification of Liquids
66.5 Reserved
66.6 Fire and Explosion Prevention and Risk Control
66.7 Electrical Systems
66.8 Application of Area Classification
66.9 Storage of Liquids in Containers — General Requirements
66.10 Reserved
66.11 Reserved
66.12 Reserved
66.13 Reserved
66.14 Hazardous Materials Storage Lockers
66.15 Outdoor Storage
66.16 Automatic Fire Protection for Inside Liquid Storage Areas
66.17 Processing Facilities
66.18 Dispensing, Handling, Transfer, and Use of Liquids
66.19 Specific Operations
66.20 Reserved
66.21 Storage of Liquids in Tanks — Requirements for All Storage Tanks
66.22 Storage of Liquids in Tanks — Aboveground Storage Tanks
66.23 Storage of Liquids in Tanks — Underground Tanks
66.24 Storage Tank Buildings
66.25 Storage Tank Vaults
66.26 Reserved
66.27 Piping Systems
66.28 Bulk Loading and Unloading Facilities for Tank Cars and Tank Vehicles
66.29 Wharves
Chapter 67 Flammable Solids
67.1 General
Chapter 68 Highly Toxic and Toxic Solids and Liquids
68.1 General
Chapter 69 Liquefied Petroleum Gases and Liquefied Natural Gases
69.1 General Provisions
69.2 LP-Gas Equipment and Appliances
69.3 Installation of LP-Gas Systems
69.4 LP-Gas Liquid Transfer
69.5 Storage of Cylinders Awaiting Use, Resale, or Exchange
69.6 Vehicular Transportation of LP-Gas
69.7 LP-Gases at Utility Plants
69.8 Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Facilities
Chapter 70 Oxidizer Solids and Liquids
70.1 General
Chapter 71 Pyrophoric Solids and Liquids
71.1 General
Chapter 72 Unstable (Reactive) Solids and Liquids
72.1 General
Chapter 73 Water-Reactive Solids and Liquids
73.1 General
Chapter 74 Ammonium Nitrate
74.1 General
Chapter 75 Organic Peroxide Solids and Liquids
75.1 General
Annex A Explanatory Material
Annex B Hazardous Materials Classifications
Annex C Sample Ordinance Adopting the NFPA 1, Fire Code
Annex D Hazardous Materials Management Plans and Hazardous Materials Inventory Statements
Annex E Fire Fighter Safety Building Marking System
Annex F Informational References
Index

Contents

Preface

About the Editors

In Memoriam

1 Administration

1.1 Scope

1.2 Purpose

1.3 Application

1.4 Equivalencies, Alternatives, and Modifications

1.5 Units

1.6 Enforcement

1.7 Authority

1.8 Duties and Powers of the Incident Commander

1.9 Liability

1.10 Fire Code Board of Appeals

1.11 Records and Reports

1.12 Permits and Approvals

1.13 Certificates of Fitness

1.14 Plan Review

1.15 Technical Assistance

1.16 Notice of Violations and Penalties

2 Referenced Publications

2.1 General

2.2 NFPA Publications

2.3 Other Publications

2.4 References for Extracts in Mandatory Sections

3 Definitions

3.1 General

3.2 NFPA Official Definitions

3.3 General Definitions

3.4 Special Performance-Based Definitions

4 General Requirements

4.1 Goals and Objectives

4.2 Assumptions

4.3 Compliance Options

4.4 Fundamental Requirements

4.5 General Requirements

5 Performance-Based Option

5.1 General

5.2 Performance Criteria

5.3 Retained Prescriptive Requirements

5.4 Design Scenarios

5.5 Evaluation of Proposed Designs

5.6 Safety Factors

5.7 Documentation Requirements

6 Classification of Occupancy

6.1 Classification of Occupancy

7 Reserved

8 Reserved

9 Reserved

10 General Safety Requirements

10.1 Fundamental Requirements

10.2 Owner/Occupant Responsibilities

10.3 Occupancy

10.4 Building Evacuation

10.5 Fire Drills

10.6 Reporting of Fires and Other Emergencies

10.7 Tampering with Fire Safety Equipment

10.8 Emergency Action Plans

10.9 Smoking

10.10 Open Flames, Candles, Open Fires, and Incinerators

10.11 Fire Protection Markings

10.12 Seasonal and Vacant Buildings and Premises

10.13 Combustible Vegetation

10.14 Special Outdoor Events, Carnivals, and Fairs

10.15 Outside Storage

10.16 Parade Floats

10.17 Powered Industrial Trucks

10.18 Storage of Combustible Materials

10.19 Indoor Children’s Playground Structures

11 Building Services

11.1 Electrical Fire Safety

11.2 Heating, Ventilation, and Air-Conditioning

11.3 Elevators, Escalators, and Conveyors

11.4 Utilities

11.5 Heating Appliances

11.6 Waste Chutes, Incinerators, and Laundry Chutes

11.7 Stationary Generators and Standby Power Systems

11.8 Smoke Control

11.9 Emergency Command Center

11.10 Two-Way Radio Communication Enhancement Systems

11.11 Medical Gas and Vacuum Systems

11.12 Photovoltaic Systems

12 Features of Fire Protection

12.1 General

12.2 Construction

12.3 Fire-Resistive Materials and Construction

12.4 Fire Doors and Other Opening Protectives

12.5 Interior Finish

12.6 Contents and Furnishings

12.7 Fire Barriers

12.8 Smoke Partitions

12.9 Smoke Barriers

13 Fire Protection Systems

13.1 General

13.2 Standpipe Systems

13.3 Automatic Sprinklers

13.4 Fire Pumps

13.5 Water Supply

13.6 Portable Fire Extinguishers

13.7 Detection, Alarm, and Communications Systems

13.8 Other Fire Protection Systems

13.9 Non-Listed Fire Protection or Suppression Devices and Equipment

14 Means of Egress

14.1 Application

14.2 Exit Access Corridors

14.3 Exits

14.4 Means of Egress Reliability

14.5 Door Openings

14.6 Enclosure and Protection of Stairs

14.7 Exit Passageways

14.8 Capacity of Means of Egress

14.9 Number of Means of Egress

14.10 Arrangement of Means of Egress

14.11 Discharge from Exits

14.12 Illumination of Means of Egress

14.13 Emergency Lighting

14.14 Marking of Means of Egress

14.15 Secondary Means of Escape

15 Fire Department Service Delivery Concurrency Evaluation

15.1 Application

15.2 Level of Service Objectives

15.3 Evaluator Qualifications

15.4 Fire Department Service Delivery Concurrency Evaluation Documentation

15.5 Independent Review

15.6 Approval

16 Safeguarding Construction, Alteration, and Demolition Operations

16.1 General Requirements

16.2 Processes and Hazards

16.3 Fire Protection

16.4 Safeguarding Construction and Alteration Operations

16.5 Fire Safety During Demolition

16.6 Torch-Applied Roofing Systems

16.7 Tar Kettles

16.8 Asbestos Removal

17 Wildland Urban Interface

17.1 General

17.2 Plans

17.3 Wildland Fire–Prone Areas

18 Fire Department Access and Water Supply

18.1 General

18.2 Fire Department Access

18.3 Water Supplies

18.4 Fire Flow Requirements for Buildings

18.5 Fire Hydrants

19 Combustible Waste and Refuse

19.1 General

19.2 Combustible Waste and Refuse

20 Occupancy Fire Safety

20.1 Assembly Occupancies

20.2 Educational Occupancies

20.3 Day-Care Occupancies

20.4 Health Care Occupancies

20.5 Residential Board and Care Occupancies

20.6 Ambulatory Health Care Centers

20.7 Detention and Correctional Occupancies

20.8 Hotels and Dormitories

20.9 Apartment Buildings

20.10 Lodging or Rooming Houses

20.11 One- and Two-Family Dwellings and Manufactured Housing

20.12 Mercantile Occupancies

20.13 Business Occupancies

20.14 Industrial Occupancies

20.15 Storage Occupancies

20.16 Special Structures and High-Rise Buildings

20.17 Historic Buildings and Cultural Resources

21 Airports and Heliports

21.1 Hangars

21.2 Terminals

21.3 Rooftop Heliport Construction and Protection

22 Automobile Wrecking Yards

22.1 General

22.2 Permits

22.3 Fire Department Access Roads

22.4 Welding and Cutting

22.5 Housekeeping

22.6 Fire Extinguishers

22.7 Tire Storage

22.8 Burning Operations

22.9 Motor Vehicle Fluids and Hazardous Materials

23 Cleanrooms

23.1 General

23.2 Applicability

23.3 Permits

24 Drycleaning

24.1 General

24.2 Permits

25 Grandstands and Bleachers, Folding and Telescopic Seating, Tents, and Membrane Structures

25.1 General

25.2 Tents

25.3 Grandstands

25.4 Folding and Telescopic Seating

25.5 Permanent Membrane Structures

25.6 Temporary Membrane Structures

26 Laboratories Using Chemicals

26.1 General

26.2 Permits

27 Manufactured Home and Recreational Vehicle Sites

27.1 General

27.2 Manufactured Home Sites

27.3 Recreational Vehicle Parks and Campgrounds

28 Marinas, Boatyards, Marine Terminals, Piers, and Wharves

28.1 Marinas, Boatyards, and Other Recreational Marine Facilities

28.2 Marine Terminals, Piers, and Wharves

28.3 Construction, Conversion, Repair, and Lay-Up of Vessels

29 Parking Garages

29.1 General

30 Motor Fuel Dispensing Facilities and Repair Garages

30.1 Motor Fuel Dispensing Facilities

30.2 Repair Garages

30.3 Operational Requirements

31 Forest Products

31.1 General

31.2 Permits

31.3 Protection of Storage of Forest Products

32 Motion Picture and Television Production Studio Soundstages and Approved Production Facilities

32.1 General

32.2 Permits

32.3 Housekeeping

32.4 Soundstages and Approved Production Facilities

32.5 Production Locations

32.6 Operating Features

33 Outside Storage of Tires

33.1 General

33.2 Individual Piles

33.3 Emergency Response Plan

33.4 Fire Control Measures

33.5 Site Access

33.6 Signs and Security

33.7 Outdoor Storage of Altered Tire Material

34 General Storage

34.1 General

34.2 Classification of Commodities

34.3 Building Construction

34.4 Storage Arrangement

34.5 General Fire Protection

34.6 Building Equipment, Maintenance, and Operations

34.7 Protection of Rack Storage

34.8 Protection of Rubber Tires

34.9 Protection of Roll Paper

34.10 Storage of Idle Pallets

35 Reserved

36 Telecommunication Facilities and Information Technology Equipment

36.1 General

37 Fixed Guideway Transit and Passenger Rail Systems

37.1 General

38 Reserved

39 Reserved

40 Dust Explosion and Fire Prevention

40.1 General

40.2 Permits

40.3 Fugitive Dust Control and Housekeeping

40.4 Ignition Sources

40.5 Fire Protection

40.6 Training and Procedures

40.7 Inspection and Maintenance

41 Welding, Cutting, and Other Hot Work

41.1 General

41.2 Responsibility for Hot Work

41.3 Fire Prevention Precautions

41.4 Sole Proprietors and Individual Operators

41.5 Public Exhibitions and Demonstrations

41.6 Arc Welding Equipment

42 Refueling

42.1 General

42.2 Automotive Fuel Servicing

42.3 Storage of Liquids

42.4 Piping for Liquids

42.5 Fuel Dispensing Systems

42.6 Building Construction Requirements

42.7 Operational Requirements

42.8 Additional Requirements for CNG, LNG, Hydrogen, and LPG

42.9 Marine Fueling

42.10 Aircraft Fuel Servicing

42.11 Alternate Fuels

43 Spraying, Dipping, and Coating Using Flammable or Combustible Materials

43.1 Application

43.2 Automated Electrostatic Spray Equipment

43.3 Handheld Electrostatic Spray Equipment

43.4 Drying, Curing, or Fusion Processes

43.5 Miscellaneous Spray Operations

43.6 Powder Coating

43.7 Organic Peroxides and Plural Component Coatings

43.8 Styrene Cross-Linked Composites Manufacturing (Glass Fiber–Reinforced Plastics)

43.9 Dipping, Coating, and Printing Processes

43.10 Training

44 Solvent Extraction

44.1 General

44.2 Application

44.3 Permits

44.4 Special Requirements

45 Combustible Fibers

45.1 General

45.2 Electrical Wiring

45.3 No Smoking

45.4 Vehicles and Material Handling Equipment

45.5 Loose Storage of Combustible Fibers

45.6 Baled Storage

45.7 Storage of Hay, Straw, and Other Similar Agricultural Products

45.8 Hazardous Materials

46 Reserved

47 Reserved

48 Reserved

49 Reserved

50 Commercial Cooking

50.1 Application

50.2 General Requirements

50.3 Protection of Coverings and Enclosure Materials

50.4 Fire-Extinguishing Equipment

50.5 Procedures for the Use, Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance of Equipment

50.6 Minimum Safety Requirements for Cooking Equipment

51 Industrial Ovens and Furnaces

51.1 General

51.2 Location

51.3 Safety Controls

52 Stationary Storage Battery Systems

52.1 General

52.2 Permits

52.3 Safety Features

53 Mechanical Refrigeration

53.1 General

53.2 Safety Features

53.3 Operations, Maintenance, and Testing

54 Ozone Gas–Generating Equipment

54.1 Scope

54.2 Location

54.3 Piping, Valves, and Fittings

54.4 Automatic Shutdown

54.5 Manual Shutdown

55 Reserved

56 Reserved

57 Reserved

58 Reserved

59 Reserved

60 Hazardous Materials

60.1 General Requirements

60.2 Special Definitions

60.3 Classification of Materials, Wastes, and Hazard of Contents

60.4 Permissible Storage and Use Locations

60.5 Fundamental Requirements

60.6 Emergency Action Planning, Fire Risk Control and Chemical Hazard Requirements for Industrial Processes

60.7 Performance Alternative

61 Aerosol Products

61.1 General Provisions

61.2 Basic Requirements

61.3 Storage in Warehouses and Storage Areas

61.4 Mercantile Occupancies

61.5 Operations and Maintenance

62 Reserved

63 Compressed Gases and Cryogenic Fluids

63.1 General Provisions

63.2 Building-Related Controls

63.3 Compressed Gases

63.4 Cryogenic Fluids

63.5 Bulk Oxygen Systems

63.6 Bulk Gaseous Hydrogen Systems

63.7 Bulk Liquefied Hydrogen Systems

63.8 Gas Generation Systems

63.9 Insulated Liquid Carbon Dioxide Systems

63.10 Storage, Handling, and Use of Ethylene Oxide for Sterilization and Fumigation

63.11 Liquid Oxygen in Home Care

64 Corrosive Solids and Liquids

64.1 General

65 Explosives, Fireworks, and Model Rocketry

65.1 General

65.2 Display Fireworks

65.3 Pyrotechnics Before a Proximate Audience

65.4 Flame Effects Before an Audience

65.5 Fireworks Manufacturing

65.6 Model Rocketry

65.7 Rocketry Manufacturing

65.8 High Power Rocketry

65.9 Explosives

66 Flammable and Combustible Liquids

66.1 General

66.2 Reserved

66.3 Definitions

66.4 Definition and Classification of Liquids

66.5 Reserved

66.6 Fire and Explosion Prevention and Risk Control

66.7 Electrical Systems

66.8 Application of Area Classification

66.9 Storage of Liquids in Containers — General Requirements

66.10 Reserved

66.11 Reserved

66.12 Reserved

66.13 Reserved

66.14 Hazardous Materials Storage Lockers

66.15 Outdoor Storage

66.16 Automatic Fire Protection for Inside Liquid Storage Areas

66.17 Processing Facilities

66.18 Dispensing, Handling, Transfer, and Use of Liquids

66.19 Specific Operations

66.20 Reserved

66.21 Storage of Liquids in Tanks — Requirements for All Storage Tanks

66.22 Storage of Liquids in Tanks — Aboveground Storage Tanks

66.23 Storage of Liquids in Tanks — Underground Tanks

66.24 Storage Tank Buildings

66.25 Storage Tank Vaults

66.26 Reserved

66.27 Piping Systems

66.28 Bulk Loading and Unloading Facilities for Tank Cars and Tank Vehicles

66.29 Wharves

67 Flammable Solids

67.1 General

68 Highly Toxic and Toxic Solids and Liquids

68.1 General

69 Liquefied Petroleum Gases and Liquefied Natural Gases

69.1 General Provisions

69.2 LP-Gas Equipment and Appliances

69.3 Installation of LP-Gas Systems

69.4 LP-Gas Liquid Transfer

69.5 Storage of Cylinders Awaiting Use, Resale, or Exchange

69.6 Vehicular Transportation of LP-Gas

69.7 LP-Gases at Utility Plants

69.8 Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Facilities

70 Oxidizer Solids and Liquids

70.1 General

71 Pyrophoric Solids and Liquids

71.1 General

72 Unstable (Reactive) Solids and Liquids

72.1 General

73 Water-Reactive Solids and Liquids

73.1 General

74 Ammonium Nitrate

74.1 General

75 Organic Peroxide Solids and Liquids

75.1 General

Annexes

A Explanatory Material

B Hazardous Materials Classifications

C Sample Ordinance Adopting the NFPA 1, Fire Code

D Hazardous Materials Management Plans and Hazardous Materials Inventory Statements

E Fire Fighter Safety Building Marking System

F Informational References

Index

Important Notices and Legal Disclaimers

Important information about NFPA codes and standards available


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