NFPA 58: Liquefied Petroleum Gas Code

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2014 NFPA 58


2014 NFPA 58 Handbook

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NFPA 58: Liquefied Petroleum Gas Code provides minimum safety requirements for all liquefied petroleum gas (propane) installations, from small cylinders installed at residences to large bulk storage facilities that can exceed 100,000 gallons.

The code includes minimum requirements for safe handling during LP gas transfer, including operator qualifications, maximum filling quantity in containers, and pre-transfer inspections to ensure containers are fit for continued service.

This edition of NFPA 58 features some important changes, including:

  • Bulk plant and industrial plant definitions have been updated to clearly identify storage threshold at greater than 4,000 gallons water capacity.
  • Container appurtenance requirements have been harmonized at 4,000 and less/greater than 4,000 gallons water capacity to better reflect container usage in the field.
  • Container and valves often must be protected from vehicular impact. A new definition has been added along with extensive annex material to describe vehicular barrier protection.
  • New requirements specify which personnel must be trained and in what topics.
  • Requirements have been added for tank heaters and updated for vaporizers.
  • Requirements have been added regarding corrosion protection for some underground piping systems.

NFPA 58 also covers a number of safety requirements related to:

  • Container construction
  • Piping design
  • Separation of containers from homes, stores, schools and other important buildings
  • Safe handling of liquefied petroleum gas during transfer between containers

Order NFPA 58 today to protect the homes, businesses and industrial settings you work on from leaks and explosions. (Softbound, 133 pp., 2014)

Editor: Denise Beach

Apply rules right and avoid accidents, delays, and fines. Update to the 2014 LP-Gas Code Handbook for reliable answers to NFPA 58 questions.

Don't let confusion or uncertainty about Code provisions compromise propane safety. Gain the knowledge to mitigate hazards and avoid costly -- and possibly deadly -- mistakes with the total on-the-job support only available in the 2014 LP-Gas Code Handbook.This exclusive up-to-date industry resource has the extra information, advice, and visuals you need to back up your work on every project and prevent LP-Gas system failures, leaks, tampering, fires, and explosions.

Solidify your grasp of Code requirements to maximize safety and job performance. Only this essential NFPA 58 companion includes:

  • The complete text of the 2014 NFPA 58.
  • Authoritative commentary written by LP-Gas experts explains the intent behind provisions.
  • Practical insights and application advice help you implement requirements and pass inspections the first time.
  • Hundreds of full-color photos, illustrations, and graphics clarify concepts.
  • Vertical rules on the outside margins make it easy to identify changes -- just like in the Code.
  • FAQs highlight areas of concern based on input from the field.
  • Valuable supplements add to your knowledge of important topics such as preparing propane companies for natural disasters, cathodic protection for underground tanks, and home fires involving grills.

Whether you're a propane installer, user, AHJ, inspector, or enforcer, if you use NFPA 58 the Handbook's on-demand answers and solutions will help you work smarter and improve the safety and security of LP-Gas installation. Order today! (Hardbound, 624 pp., 2014)

NFPA® 58 Liquefied Petroleum Gas Code 2014 Edition

Chapter 1 Administration

1.1 Scope
1.2 Purpose (Reserved)
1.3 Application
1.4 Retroactivity
1.5 Equivalency
1.6 Units and Formulas (Reserved)
1.7 Enforcement

Chapter 2 Referenced Publications

2.1 General
2.2 NFPA Publications
2.3 Other Publications
2.4 References for Extracts in Mandatory Sections

Chapter 3 Definitions

3.1 General
3.2 NFPA Official Definitions
3.3 General Definitions

Chapter 4 General Requirements

4.1 Acceptance of Equipment and Systems
4.2 LP-Gas Odorization
4.3 Notification of Installations
4.4 Qualification of Personnel
4.5 Ammonia Contamination
4.6 Minimum Requirements

Chapter 5 LP-Gas Equipment and Appliances

5.1 Scope
5.2 Containers
5.3 Reserved
5.4 Reserved
5.5 Reserved
5.6 Reserved
5.7 Container Appurtenances and Regulators
5.8 Regulators and Regulator Vents
5.9 Piping (Including Hose), Fittings, and Valves
5.10 Reserved
5.11 Internal Valves (Reserved)
5.12 Valves Other Than Container Valves
5.13 Hydrostatic Relief Valves
5.14 Reserved
5.15 Reserved
5.16 Reserved
5.17 Equipment
5.18 Reserved
5.19 Reserved
5.20 Appliances
5.21 Vaporizers, Tank Heaters, Vaporizing Burners, and Gas–Air Mixers
5.22 Vehicle Fuel Dispensers

Chapter 6 Installation of LP-Gas Systems

6.1 Scope
6.2 Location of Containers
6.3 Container Separation Distances
6.4 Other Container Location Requirements
6.5 Location of Transfer Operations
6.6 Installation of Containers
6.7 Installation of Container Appurtenances
6.8 Regulators
6.9 Piping Systems
6.10 Remote Shutoff Actuation
6.11 Internal Valves
6.12 Emergency Shutoff Valves
6.13 Hydrostatic Relief Valve Installation
6.14 Testing New or Modified Piping Systems
6.15 Leak Check for Vapor Systems
6.16 Installation in Areas of Heavy Snowfall
6.17 Corrosion Protection
6.18 Equipment Installation
6.19 Bulk Plant and Industrial Plant LP-Gas Systems
6.20 LP-Gas Systems in Buildings or on Building Roofs or Exterior Balconies
6.21 Installation of Appliances
6.22 Vaporizer Installation
6.23 Ignition Source Control
6.24 LP-Gas Systems on Vehicles (Other Than Engine Fuel Systems)
6.25 Vehicle Fuel Dispenser and Dispensing Stations
6.26 Containers for Stationary Engines
6.27 Fire Protection
6.28 Alternate Provisions for Installation of ASME Containers

Chapter 7 LP-Gas Liquid Transfer

7.1 Scope
7.2 Operational Safety
7.3 Venting LP-Gas to Atmosphere
7.4 Quantity of LP-Gas in Containers

Chapter 8 Storage of Cylinders Awaiting Use, Resale, or Exchange

8.1 Scope
8.2 General Provisions
8.3 Storage Within Buildings
8.4 Storage Outside of Buildings
8.5 Fire Protection and Electrical Area Classification
8.6 Automated Cylinder Exchange Stations

Chapter 9 Vehicular Transportation of LP-Gas

9.1 Scope
9.2 Electrical Requirements
9.3 Transportation in Portable Containers
9.4 Transportation in Cargo Tank Vehicles
9.5 Trailers, Semitrailers, and Movable Fuel Storage Tenders, Including Farm Carts
9.6 Transportation of Stationary Containers to and from Point of Installation
9.7 Parking and Garaging Vehicles Used to Carry LP-Gas Cargo

Chapter 10 Buildings or Structures Housing LP-Gas Distribution Facilities

10.1 Scope
10.2 Separate Structures or Buildings
10.3 Attached Structures or Rooms Within Structures

Chapter 11 Engine Fuel Systems

11.1 Scope
11.2 Training
11.3 Containers
11.4 Container Appurtenances
11.5 Quantity of LP-Gas in Engine Fuel Containers
11.6 Carburetion Equipment
11.7 Piping, Hose, and Fittings
11.8 Installation of Containers and Container Appurtenances
11.9 Installation in Interior of Vehicles
11.10 Pipe and Hose Installation
11.11 Equipment Installation
11.12 Marking
11.13 Industrial (and Forklift) Trucks Powered by LP-Gas
11.14 General Provisions for Vehicles Having Engines Mounted on Them (Including Floor Maintenance Machines)
11.15 Engine Installation Other Than on Vehicles
11.16 Garaging of Vehicles

Chapter 12 Refrigerated Containers

12.1 Construction and Design of Refrigerated Containers
12.2 Marking on Refrigerated LP-Gas Containers
12.3 Container Installation
12.4 Refrigerated LP-Gas Container Instruments and Controls
12.5 Refrigerated LP-Gas Container Impoundment
12.6 Inspection and Testing of Refrigerated LP-Gas Containers and Systems
12.7 Container Siting
12.8 Relief Devices

Chapter 13 Marine Shipping and Receiving

13.1 Scope
13.2 Piers
13.3 Pipelines
13.4 Inspections Prior to Transfer

Chapter 14 Operations and Maintenance

14.1 Scope
14.2 Operating Requirements
14.3 Maintenance

Chapter 15 Pipe and Tubing Sizing Tables

15.1 Sizing Pipe and Tubing

Annex A Explanatory Material
Annex B Properties of LP-Gases
Annex C Design, Construction, and Requalification of DOT (ICC) Cylinders
Annex D Design of ASME and API-ASME Containers
Annex E Pressure Relief Devices
Annex F Liquid Volume Tables, Computations, and Graphs
Annex G Wall Thickness of Copper Tubing
Annex H Procedure for Torch Fire and Hose Stream Testing of Thermal Insulating Systems for LP-Gas Containers
Annex I Container Spacing
Annex J Sample Ordinance Adopting NFPA 58
Annex K Burial and Corrosion Protection for Underground and Mounded ASME Containers
Annex L Suggested Methods of Checking for Leakage
Annex M Informational References
Index

NFPA 58: LP-Gas Code Handbook, 2014 Edition

Foreword

Preface

About the Contributors

About the Editor

In Memoriam

Part One

NFPA 58, Liquefied Petroleum Gas Code, 2014 Edition, with Commentary

1 Administration

1.1 Scope

1.2 Purpose (Reserved)

1.3 Application

1.4 Retroactivity

1.5 Equivalency

1.6 Units and Formulas (Reserved)

1.7 Enforcement

2 Referenced Publications

2.1 General

2.2 NFPA Publications

2.3 Other Publications

2.4 References for Extracts in Mandatory Sections

3 Definitions

3.1 General

3.2 NFPA Official Definitions

3.3 General Definitions

4 General Requirements

4.1 Acceptance of Equipment and Systems

4.2 LP-Gas Odorization

4.3 Notification of Installations

4.4 Qualification of Personnel

4.5 Ammonia Contamination

4.6 Minimum Requirements

5 LP-Gas Equipment and Appliances

5.1 Scope

5.2 Containers

5.3 Reserved

5.4 Reserved

5.5 Reserved

5.6 Reserved

5.7 Container Appurtenances and Regulators

5.8 Regulators and Regulator Vents

5.9 Piping (Including Hose), Fittings, and Valves

5.10 Reserved

5.11 Internal Valves (Reserved)

5.12 Valves Other Than Container Valves

5.13 Hydrostatic Relief Valves

5.14 Reserved

5.15 Reserved

5.16 Reserved

5.17 Equipment

5.18 Reserved

5.19 Reserved

5.20 Appliances

5.21 Vaporizers, Tank Heaters, Vaporizing Burners, and Gas–Air Mixers

5.22 Vehicle Fuel Dispensers

6 Installation of LP-Gas Systems

6.1 Scope

6.2 Location of Containers

6.3 Container Separation Distances

6.4 Other Container Location Requirements

6.5 Location of Transfer Operations

6.6 Installation of Containers

6.7 Installation of Container Appurtenances

6.8 Regulators

6.9 Piping Systems

6.10 Remote Shutoff Actuation

6.11 Internal Valves

6.12 Emergency Shutoff Valves

6.13 Hydrostatic Relief Valve Installation

6.14 Testing New or Modified Piping Systems

6.15 Leak Check for Vapor Systems

6.16 Installation in Areas of Heavy Snowfall

6.17 Corrosion Protection

6.18 Equipment Installation

6.19 Bulk Plant and Industrial Plant LP-Gas Systems

6.20 LP-Gas Systems in Buildings or on Building Roofs or Exterior Balconies

6.21 Installation of Appliances

6.22 Vaporizer Installation

6.23 Ignition Source Control

6.24 LP-Gas Systems on Vehicles (Other Than Engine Fuel Systems)

6.25 Vehicle Fuel Dispenser and Dispensing Stations

6.26 Containers for Stationary Engines

6.27 Fire Protection

6.28 Alternate Provisions for Installation of ASME Containers

7 LP-Gas Liquid Transfer

7.1 Scope

7.2 Operational Safety

7.3 Venting LP-Gas to Atmosphere

7.4 Quantity of LP-Gas in Containers

8 Storage of Cylinders Awaiting Use, Resale, or Exchange

8.1 Scope

8.2 General Provisions

8.3 Storage Within Buildings

8.4 Storage Outside of Buildings

8.5 Fire Protection and Electrical Area Classification

8.6 Automated Cylinder Exchange Stations

9 Vehicular Transportation of LP-Gas

9.1 Scope

9.2 Electrical Requirements

9.3 Transportation in Portable Containers

9.4 Transportation in Cargo Tank Vehicles

9.5 Trailers, Semitrailers, and Movable Fuel Storage Tenders, Including Farm Carts

9.6 Transportation of Stationary Containers to and from Point of Installation

9.7 Parking and Garaging Vehicles Used to Carry LP-Gas Cargo

10 Buildings or Structures Housing LP-Gas Distribution Facilities

10.1 Scope

10.2 Separate Structures or Buildings

10.3 Attached Structures or Rooms WithinStructures

11 Engine Fuel Systems

11.1 Scope

11.2 Training

11.3 Containers

11.4 Container Appurtenances

11.5 Quantity of LP-Gas in Engine Fuel Containers

11.6 Carburetion Equipment

11.7 Piping, Hose, and Fittings

11.8 Installation of Containers and Container Appurtenances

11.9 Installation in Interior of Vehicles

11.10 Pipe and Hose Installation

11.11 Equipment Installation

11.12 Marking

11.13 Industrial (and Forklift) Trucks Powered by LP-Gas

11.14 General Provisions for Vehicles Having Engines Mounted on Them (Including Floor Maintenance Machines)

11.15 Engine Installation Other Than on Vehicles

11.16 Garaging of Vehicles

12 Refrigerated Containers

12.1 Construction and Design of Refrigerated Containers

12.2 Marking on Refrigerated LP-Gas Containers

12.3 Container Installation

12.4 Refrigerated LP-Gas Container Instruments and Controls

12.5 Refrigerated LP-Gas Container Impoundment

12.6 Inspection and Testing of Refrigerated LP-Gas Containers and Systems

12.7 Container Siting

12.8 Relief Devices

13 Marine Shipping and Receiving

13.1 Scope

13.2 Piers

13.3 Pipelines

13.4 Inspections Prior to Transfer

14 Operations and Maintenance

14.1 Scope

14.2 Operating Requirements

14.3 Maintenance

15 Pipe and Tubing Sizing Tables

15.1 Sizing Pipe and Tubing

Annexes

A Explanatory Material

B Properties of LP-Gases

C Design, Construction, and Requalification of DOT (ICC) Cylinders

D Design of ASME and API-ASME Containers

E Pressure Relief Devices

F Liquid Volume Tables, Computations, and Graphs

G Wall Thickness of Copper Tubing

H Procedure for Torch Fire and Hose Stream Testing of Thermal Insulating Systems for LP-Gas Containers

I Container Spacing

J Sample Ordinance Adopting NFPA 58

K Burial and Corrosion Protection for Underground and Mounded ASME Containers

L Suggested Methods of Checking for Leakage

M Informational References

Part Two

Supplements

1 Guidelines for Conducting a Fire Safety Analysis

2 Preparing Propane Companies for Natural Disasters

3 Cathodic Protection

4 Home Fires Involving Grills

5 Static Electricity in the Propane Industry

6 Technical/Substantive Changes from the 2011 Edition to the 2014 Edition of NFPA 58

Index

Important information about NFPA codes and standards available


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