2016 NFPA 72: National Fire Alarm and Signaling Code

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2016 NFPA 72 Code

2016 NFPA 72 Handbook

Prior Years Prior Editions of NFPA 72

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State-of-the-art coverage in the 2016 NFPA 72®: National Fire Alarm and Signaling Code reflects new technologies and applications.

The traditional role of fire alarm systems is rapidly evolving. Now, the benchmark for fire alarm systems has changed to give designers, engineers, contractors, installers, and inspectors rules that reflect the current state of the field. An industry milestone, the 2016 edition of NFPA 72: National Fire Alarm and Signaling Code has the most advanced provisions ever developed for the application, installation, location, performance, and inspection, testing, and maintenance of fire alarm and emergency communications systems -- including Mass Notification Systems (MNS).

New NFPA 72 facilitates interconnections using networks.

A special task group on networks addressed the risk analysis, design, application, installation, and performance of networks and networking equipment in fire alarm systems, fire EVACS, and MNS. As a result of their findings, NFPA 72 includes a new circuit designation called Class N pathways permitting the use of networks and Ethernet when interconnecting a fire alarm system.

Other changes help you avoid the loss of critical coverage and ensure system interfaces function correctly, such as:

  • Significant revisions in Chapter 21, Emergency Control Function Interfaces and Chapter 24, Emergency Communications Systems
  • Revisions to Level 2 and Level 3 pathway survivability requirements revised to provide greater flexibility of use and to address other “fire-resistive” methods
  • A new Annex on Guidelines for Emergency Communication Strategies for Buildings and Campuses

Hundreds of other revisions make the 2016 NFPA 72 indispensable.

New and updated definitions bring the Code up-to-date and put all users on the same page. The 2016 edition of NFPA 72: National Fire Alarm and Signaling Code covers new ground from beginning to end. Order direct from NFPA®, the Code source. (Softbound, 369 pp., 2016)

Editors: Richard J. Roux and Christopher D. Coache

Get advanced knowledge about new technologies and innovative fire alarm applications in the 2016 NFPA 72® Handbook.

Access a powerhouse of support for correct design and installation of fire alarm and emergency communications systems in the 2016 National Fire Alarm and Signaling Code Handbook. Now in its 8th edition, NFPA®'s exclusive full-color Handbook helps you answer questions, verify interpretations, and comply with the 2016 edition of NFPA 72. Nobody knows the Code better!

Updates from cover to cover and a new design give you the edge in compliance. Only the 2016 NFPA 72 Handbook has it all:

  • The full text of the 2016 edition of NFPA 72 provides the latest requirements for the application, installation, location, performance, and inspection, testing, and maintenance of fire alarm and mass notification systems and components.
  • Authoritative commentary written by experts gives you an insider perspective on NFPA 72 Get additional information about the Code's first-time coverage of Class N circuits along with other major changes.
  • "Closer Look" features provide in-depth, detailed explanations.
  • Charts, tables, color photos, and other graphics clarify concepts.
  • Code Update icons indicate where a significant change in the Code has occurred.
  • System Design Tips help architects and engineers avoid common errors in application that can result in costly delays or charge backs.
  • Updated FAQs answer questions from the field.
  • Code excerpts from other standards are highlighted in the commentary.
  • All-new supplement Class N Circuits - Using Networks for Fire Alarm and Mass Notification Systems helps you work with the Class N circuits in revised Chapters 12, 21, 23 and 24.
  • Supplements address performance-based design, voice intelligibility for voice/alarm systems, and -- for the first time -- an overview of technical changes from 2013 to the 2016 editions of NFPA 72.

Navigate the changing world of fire alarm and signaling systems with help from the experts who know NFPA 72 best.

Get the facts you need to work confidently and correctly. Engineers, contractors, consultants, designers, architects, and AHJs will be more efficient and effective with reliable support and expert insights that are only available in the 2016 National Fire Alarm and Signaling Code Handbook. (Hardbound, Approx. 1,036 pp., 2016)

NFPA 72® National Fire Alarm and Signaling Code 2016 Edition

Chapter 1 Administration
1.1 Scope
1.2 Purpose
1.3 Application
1.4 Retroactivity
1.5 Equivalency
1.6 Units and Formulas
1.7 Code Adoption Requirements
Chapter 2 Referenced Publications
2.1 General
2.2 NFPA Publications
2.3 Other Publications
2.4 References for Extracts in Mandatory Sections
Chapter 3 Definitions
3.1 General
3.2 NFPA Official Definitions
3.3 General Definitions
Chapter 4 Reserved
Chapter 5 Reserved
Chapter 6 Reserved
Chapter 7 Documentation
7.1 Application. (SIG-FUN)
7.2 Minimum Required Documentation. (SIG-FUN)
7.3 Design (Layout) Documentation
7.4 Shop Drawings (Installation Documentation). (SIG-FUN)
7.5 Completion Documentation
7.6 Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance Documentation. (SIG-TMS)
7.7 Records, Record Retention, and Record Maintenance
7.8 Forms
Chapter 8 Reserved
Chapter 9 Reserved
Chapter 10 Fundamentals
10.1 Application
10.2 Purpose
10.3 Equipment
10.4 Design and Installation
10.5 Personnel Qualifications
10.6 Power Supplies
10.7 Signal Priority
10.8 Detection and Signaling of Conditions
10.9 Responses
10.10 Distinctive Signals
10.11 Alarm Signals
10.12 Fire Alarm Notification Appliance Deactivation
10.13 Supervisory Signals
10.14 Trouble Signals
10.15 Emergency Control Function Status Indicators
10.16 Notification Appliance Circuits and Control Circuits
10.17 Annunciation and Annunciation Zoning
10.18 Monitoring Integrity of In-Building Fire Emergency Voice/Alarm Communications Systems
10.19 Documentation and Notification
10.20 Impairments
10.21 Unwanted Alarms
Chapter 11 Reserved
Chapter 12 Circuits and Pathways
12.1 Application
12.2 General
12.3 Pathway Class Designations
12.4 Pathway Survivability
12.5 Shared Pathway Designations
12.6 Monitoring Integrity and Circuit Performance of Installation Conductors and Other Signaling Channels
12.7 Nomenclature
Chapter 13 Reserved
Chapter 14 Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance
14.1 Application
14.2 General
14.3 Inspection
14.4 Testing
14.5 Maintenance
14.6 Records
Chapter 15 Reserved
Chapter 16 Reserved
Chapter 17 Initiating Devices
17.1 Application
17.2 Purpose
17.3 Performance-Based Design
17.4 General Requirements
17.5 Requirements for Smoke and Heat Detectors
17.6 Heat-Sensing Fire Detectors
17.7 Smoke-Sensing Fire Detectors
17.8 Radiant Energy-Sensing Fire Detectors
17.9 Combination, Multi-Criteria, and Multi-Sensor Detectors
17.10 Gas Detection
17.11 Other Fire Detectors
17.12 Sprinkler Waterflow Alarm-Initiating Devices
17.13 Detection of Operation of Other Automatic Extinguishing Systems
17.14 Manually Actuated Alarm-Initiating Devices
17.15 Fire Extinguisher Electronic Monitoring Device
17.16 Supervisory Signal-Initiating Devices
Chapter 18 Notification Appliances
18.1 Application
18.2 Purpose
18.3 General
18.4 Audible Characteristics
18.5 Visible Characteristics - Public Mode
18.6 Visible Characteristics - Private Mode
18.7 Supplementary Visible Signaling Method
18.8 Textual Audible Appliances
18.9 Textual and Graphical Visible Appliances
18.10 Tactile Appliances
18.11 Standard Emergency Service Interface
Chapter 19 Reserved
Chapter 20 Reserved
Chapter 21 Emergency Control Function Interfaces
21.1 Application
21.2 General
21.3 Elevator Phase I Emergency Recall Operation
21.4 Elevator Shutdown
21.5 Fire Service Access Elevators
21.6 Occupant Evacuation Elevators
21.7 Heating, Ventilating and Air-Conditioning (HVAC) Systems
21.8 Door and Shutter Release
21.9 Electrically Locked Doors
21.10 Exit Marking Audible Notification Systems
Chapter 22 Reserved
Chapter 23 Protected Premises Fire Alarm Systems
23.1 Application
23.2 General
23.3 System Features
23.4 System Performance and Integrity
23.5 Performance of Initiating Device Circuits (IDCs)
23.6 Performance of Signaling Line Circuits (SLCs)
23.7 Performance of Notification Appliance Circuits (NACs)
23.8 System Requirements
23.9 In-Building Fire Emergency Voice/Alarm Communications
23.10 Fire Alarm Systems Using Tone
23.11 Suppression System Actuation
23.12 Off-Premises Signals
23.13 Guard's Tour Supervisory Service
23.14 Suppressed (Exception Reporting) Signal System
23.15 Protected Premises Emergency Control Functions
23.16 Special Requirements for Low-Power Radio (Wireless) Systems
Chapter 24 Emergency Communications Systems (ECS)
24.1 Application
24.2 Purpose
24.3 General
24.4 In-Building Fire Emergency Voice/Alarm Communications Systems (EVACS)
24.5 In-Building Mass Notification Systems
24.6 Wide-Area Mass Notification Systems
24.7 Distributed Recipient Mass Notification Systems (DRMNS)
24.8 Two-Way, In-Building Wired Emergency Services Communications Systems
24.9 Two-Way Radio Communications Enhancement Systems
24.10 Area of Refuge (Area of Rescue Assistance) Emergency Communications Systems
24.11 Elevator Emergency Communications Systems
24.12 Stairway Communications Systems
24.13 Information, Command, and Control
24.14 Performance-Based Design of Mass Notification Systems
24.15 Documentation for Emergency Communications Systems
Chapter 25 Reserved
Chapter 26 Supervising Station Alarm Systems
26.1 Application
26.2 General
26.3 Central Station Service Alarm Systems
26.4 Proprietary Supervising Station Alarm Systems
26.5 Remote Supervising Station Alarm Systems
26.6 Communications Methods for Supervising Station Alarm Systems
Chapter 27 Public Emergency Alarm Reporting Systems
27.1 Application
27.2 General Fundamentals
27.3 Management and Maintenance
27.4 Communications Methods
27.5 Alarm Processing Equipment
27.6 Alarm Boxes
27.7 Public Cable Plant
27.8 Emergency Communications Systems (ECS)
Chapter 28 Reserved
Chapter 29 Single- and Multiple-Station Alarms and Household Fire Alarm Systems
29.1 Application
29.2 Purpose
29.3 Basic Requirements
29.4 Assumptions
29.5 Detection and Notification
29.6 Power Supplies
29.7 Equipment Performance
29.8 Installation
29.9 Optional Functions
29.10 Maintenance and Tests
29.11 Markings and Instructions
Annex A Explanatory Material
Annex B Engineering Guide for Automatic Fire Detector Spacing
Annex C System Performance and Design Guide
Annex D Speech Intelligibility
Annex E Sample Ordinance Adopting NFPA 72
Annex F Wiring Diagrams and Guide for Testing Fire Alarm Circuits
Annex G Guidelines for Emergency Communication Strategies for Buildings and Campuses
Annex H Informational References