NFPA 59A: Standard for the Production, Storage, and Handling of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG)

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2013 NFPA 59A
Prior Years Prior Editions of NFPA 59A

Apply NFPA 59A for LNG plant safety and compliance throughout the United States and in installations around the globe.

Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) plants must meet the requirements of NFPA 59A: Standard for the Production, Storage, and Handling of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG), adopted by D.O.T. and referenced by other agencies including the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. In addition to use in the U.S., NFPA 59A is trusted worldwide as the final word on site selection, design, construction, and fire protection for LNG plants.

New Chapter 15 incorporates a performance-based option.

The 2013 edition of NFPA 59A relocates Annex E, Performance-Based Alternative Standard for Plant Siting into the mandatory text as new Chapter 15, Performance (Risk Assessment) Based LNG Plant Siting. This performance-based option requires analyzing the risks to persons and property in the area surrounding the proposed LNG plant based on risk mitigation techniques incorporated into the facility design. The analysis and siting plan must then be approved by the local Authority Having Jurisdiction (AHJ). Tables and figures in new Chapter 15 help facility designers and AHJs identify risks and determine if risks are tolerable.

Other important changes in the 2013 NFPA 59A:

  • Revised Design Spill table separates the design spill requirements for over-the-top fill/withdrawal containers, other containers, and process areas.
  • Scope statements have been added to each chapter.
  • Term radiant heat flux replaces thermal radiation throughout the document.

The latest edition of NFPA 59A is essential for architects, owners, designers, engineers, fire safety officers, AHJs, and anyone responsible for LNG plant safety. (Softbound, 66 pp., 2013)

NFPA® 59A Standard for the Production, Storage, and Handling of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) 2013 Edition

Chapter 1 Administration
1.1 Scope
1.2 Purpose
1.3 Equivalency
1.4 Retroactivity
1.5 SI Units
1.6 Referenced Standards
Chapter 2 Referenced Publications
2.1 General
2.2 NFPA Publications
2.3 Other Publications
2.4 References for Extracts in Mandatory Sections
Chapter 3 Definitions
3.1 General
3.2 NFPA Official Definitions
3.3 General Definitions
Chapter 4 General Requirements
4.1 Scope
4.2 Corrosion Control Overview
4.3 Control Center
4.4 Sources of Power
4.5 Records
4.6 Noncombustible Material
Chapter 5 Plant Siting and Layout
5.1 Scope
5.2 Plant Site Provisions
5.3 Site Provisions for Spill and Leak Control
5.4 Buildings and Structures.
5.5 Designer and Fabricator Competence
5.6 Soil Protection for Cryogenic Equipment
5.7 Falling Ice and Snow
5.8 Concrete Design and Materials.
5.9 Portable LNG Facility
Chapter 6 Process Equipment
6.1 Scope
6.2 Installation of Process Equipment
6.3 Pumps and Compressors
6.4 Flammable Refrigerant and Flammable Liquid Storage
6.5 Process Equipment
Chapter 7 Stationary LNG Storage
7.1 Scope
7.2 General.
7.3 Design Considerations
7.4 Tank Systems.
7.5 ASME Containers Designed for Operation at More Than 15 psi (103 kPa)
Chapter 8 Vaporization Facilities
8.1 Scope
8.2 Classification of Vaporizers
8.3 Design and Materials of Construction
8.4 Vaporizer Piping, Intermediate Fluid Piping, and Storage Valves
8.5 Relief Devices on Vaporizers
8.6 Combustion Air Supply
8.7 Products of Combustion
Chapter 9 Piping Systems and Components
9.1 Scope
9.2 General
9.3 Materials of Construction
9.4 Installation
9.5 Pipe Supports
9.6 Piping Identification
9.7 Inspection, Examination, and Testing of Piping
9.8 Purging of Piping Systems
9.9 Safety and Relief Valves
9.10 Corrosion Control
9.11 Cryogenic Pipe-in-Pipe Systems.
Chapter 10 Instrumentation and Electrical Services
10.1 Scope
10.2 Liquid Level Gauging
10.3 Pressure Gauging
10.4 Vacuum Gauging
10.5 Temperature Indicators
10.6 Emergency Shutdown
10.7 Electrical Equipment
10.8 Electrical Grounding and Bonding
Chapter 11 Transfer Systems for LNG, Refrigerants, and Other Flammable Fluids
11.1 Scope
11.2 General Requirements
11.3 Piping System
11.4 Pump and Compressor Control
11.5 Marine Shipping and Receiving
11.6 Tank Vehicle and Tank Car Loading and Unloading Facilities
11.7 Pipeline Shipping and Receiving
11.8 Hoses and Arms
11.9 Communications and Lighting
Chapter 12 Fire Protection, Safety, and Security
12.1 Scope
12.2 General
12.3 Emergency Shutdown (ESD) Systems
12.4 Fire and Leak Detection
12.5 Fire Protection Water Systems
12.6 Fire Extinguishing and Other Fire Control Equipment
12.7 Maintenance of Fire Protection Equipment
12.8 Personnel Safety
12.9 Security
Chapter 13 Requirements for Stationary Applications Using ASME Containers
13.1 Scope
13.2 General Requirements
13.3 Containers
13.4 Container Filling
13.5 Container Foundations and Supports
13.6 Container Installation
13.7 Automatic Product Retention Valves
13.8 LNG Spill Containment
13.9 Inspection
13.10 Shop Testing of LNG Containers
13.11 Shipment of LNG Containers
13.12 Field Testing of LNG Containers
13.13 Welding on Containers
13.14 Piping
13.15 Container Instrumentation
13.16 Fire Protection and Safety
13.17 Gas Detection
13.18 Operations and Maintenance
Chapter 14 Operating, Maintenance, and Personnel Training
14.1 Scope
14.2 General Requirements
14.3 Manual of Operating Procedures
14.4 Emergency Procedures
14.5 Monitoring Operations.
14.6 Transfer of LNG and Flammables.
14.7 Maintenance Manual
14.8 Maintenance
14.9 Personnel Training
14.10 Records
Chapter 15 Performance (Risk Assessment) Based LNG Plant Siting
15.1 Scope
15.2 General Requirements
15.3 Definitions
15.4 Risk Calculations and Basis of Assessment
15.5 LNG and Other Hazardous Materials Release Scenarios
15.6 Release Probabilities and Conditional Probabilities
15.7 Environmental Conditions and Occurrence Probabilities
15.8 Hazard and Consequence Assessment
15.9 Risk Result Presentation
15.10 Risk Tolerability Criteria
15.11 Risk Mitigation Approaches
Annex A Explanatory Material
Annex B Seismic Design of LNG Plants
Annex C Security
Annex D Training
Annex E Informational References