NFPA 551: Guide for the Evaluation of Fire Risk Assessments

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2016 NFPA 551
2016 NFPA 551, Spanish
Prior Years Prior Editions of NFPA 551

Correctly evaluate the appropriateness and execution of a fire risk assessment for a fire safety problem with guidance in NFPA 551.

Developed for AHJs, insurance professionals, building owners, and anyone who reviews or conducts fire risk assessments, NFPA 551: Guide for the Evaluation of Fire Risk Assessments identifies the various types of fire risk assessment methods and describes the properties these methods should possess.

NFPA 551 helps AHJs and others understand the basis for fire assessments and learn how to confidently:

  • Apply risk-informed decision making for fire safety
  • Select fire scenarios, identify representative challenging scenarios, and group such scenarios into clusters for the purposes of conducting more effective consequence analysis
  • Develop appropriate documentation to accompany a fire risk assessment
  • Evaluate qualifications of those conducting a fire risk assessment

Comprehensive coverage in the 2016 edition includes:

  • Guidance on how to address uncertainty when conducting a fire risk assessment
  • Factors to consider when conducting or reviewing a fire risk assessment
  • Guidance on how to address the changing effectiveness of fire protection equipment, features, programs, and procedures
  • Discussion on the role of qualitative, semi-quantitative likelihood, semi-quantitative consequence, and quantitative methods in a fire risk assessment
  • Discussion on cost-benefit analysis
  • Details about proper documentation and elements of a fire risk assessment
  • Guidance on applying risk-informed decision making for various fire safety goals including the preservation of heritage resources

NFPA 551 also covers the purpose and importance of an operations and maintenance manual in conducting a fire risk assessment, and the importance of using checklists that address both likelihood and consequence. (Softbound, 27 pp., 2016)

NFPA® 551 Guide for the Evaluation of Fire Risk Assessments 2016 Edition

Chapter 1 Administration
1.1 Scope
1.2 Purpose
1.3 Application
1.4 Qualifications for Practitioners
1.5 Risk
Chapter 2 Referenced Publications
2.1 General
2.2 NFPA Publications
2.3 Other Publications
2.4 References for Extracts in Advisory Sections. (Reserved)
Chapter 3 Definitions
3.1 General
3.2 NFPA Official Definitions
3.3 General Definitions
Chapter 4 Evaluating a Fire Risk Assessment (FRA)
4.1 General
4.2 Stakeholders
4.3 Role of the Authority Having Jurisdiction in the Process
4.4 Scope of FRAs
4.5 Uncertainty and Variability Analysis
Chapter 5 Selection and Evaluation: FRA Methods
5.1 General
5.2 Qualitative Methods
5.3 Semiquantitative Likelihood Methods
5.4 Semiquantitative Consequence Method
5.5 Quantitative Methods
5.6 Cost-Benefit FRA Methods
Chapter 6 Information Requirements
6.1 General
6.2 General Quality of Information
6.3 Method-Specific Issues
Chapter 7 Documentation (Deliverables)
7.1 General
7.2 Fire Risk Assessment Concept Report
7.3 Comprehensive Project Documentation
7.4 Operations and Maintenance Manual
7.5 Enforcement
Chapter 8 Review
8.1 Technical Review Approaches
8.2 FRA Review Techniques
8.3 Review Questions
Annex A Explanatory Material
Annex B Informational References