NFPA 55: Compressed Gases and Cryogenic Fluids Code

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2013 NFPA 55
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Improve industrial safety around compressed gases and cryogenic fluids with the expanded and updated 2013 NFPA 55.

The most comprehensive industrial gas document in the National Fire Codes, NFPA 55: Compressed Gases and Cryogenic Fluids Code provides the latest fundamental requirements essential for safe installation, storage, use, and handling of gases in portable and stationary containers, cylinders, equipment, and tanks in all occupancy types.

Among the major changes in the 2013 edition are:

  • A new chapter incorporating all the requirements from NFPA 51A: Standard for Acetylene Cylinder Charging Plants
  • Updated, easy-to-use separation distance tables for gaseous hydrogen
  • Revisions that coordinate with the maximum allowable quantities per storage area (MAQ) and building controls and other requirements in NFPA 1: Fire Code, NFPA 400: Hazardous Materials Code, and NFPA 5000®: Building Construction and Safety Code®

The 2013 edition of NFPA 55 is essential for users, producers, distributors, and anyone responsible for protection around the storage, use, or handling of compressed gases or cryogenic fluids. (Softbound, 131 pp., 2013)

NFPA® 55 Compressed Gases and Cryogenic Fluids Code 2013 Edition

Chapter 1 Administration
1.1 Scope
1.2 Purpose
1.3 Application
1.4 Retroactivity
1.5 Equivalency
1.6 Units and Formulas
1.7 Enforcement
Chapter 2 Referenced Publications
2.1 General
2.2 NFPA Publications
2.3 Other Publications
2.4 References for Extracts in Mandatory Sections
Chapter 3 Definitions
3.1 General
3.2 NFPA Official Definitions
3.3 General Definitions
Chapter 4 General Requirements
4.1 Permits
4.2 Emergency Plan
4.3 Facility Closure
4.4 Out-of-Service Stationary Bulk Gas Systems
4.5 Management Plan and Hazardous Materials Documentation
4.6 Release of Hazardous Materials
4.7 Personnel Training
4.8 Fire Department Liaison
4.9 Ignition Source Controls
4.10 Signs
4.11 Protection from Vehicular Damage
4.12 Building Construction Materials
Chapter 5 Classification of Hazards
5.1 Hazardous Materials Classification
Chapter 6 Building-Related Controls
6.1 General
6.2 Control Areas
6.3 Occupancy Protection Levels
6.4 Gas Rooms
6.5 Detached Buildings
6.6 Weather Protection
6.7 Electrical Equipment
6.8 Employee Alarm System
6.9 Explosion Control
6.10 Fire Protection Systems
6.11 Lighting
6.12 Hazard Identification Signs
6.13 Spill Control, Drainage, and Secondary Containment
6.14 Shelving
6.15 Vent Pipe Termination
6.16 Ventilation
6.17 Gas Cabinets
6.18 Exhausted Enclosures
6.19 Source Valve
Chapter 7 Compressed Gases
7.1 General
7.2 Storage
7.3 Use and Handling
7.4 Medical Gas Systems
7.5 Corrosive Gases
7.6 Flammable Gases
7.7 Oxidizing Gases
7.8 Pyrophoric Gases
7.9 Toxic and Highly Toxic Gases
7.10 Unstable Reactive Gases (Nondetonable)
Chapter 8 Cryogenic Fluids
8.1 General
8.2 Containers - Design, Construction, and Maintenance
8.3 Pressure Relief Vent Piping
8.4 Marking
8.5 Medical Cryogenic Systems
8.6 Security
8.7 Separation from Hazardous Conditions
8.8 Electrical Wiring and Equipment
8.9 Service and Repair
8.10 Unauthorized Use
8.11 Leaks, Damage, and Corrosion
8.12 Lighting
8.13 Storage
8.14 Use and Handling
Chapter 9 Bulk Oxygen Systems
9.1 General
9.2 Materials of Construction
9.3 Location of Bulk Oxygen Systems
9.4 System Fabrication
9.5 Inspection
Chapter 10 Bulk Hydrogen Compressed Gas Systems
10.1 Applicability
10.2 General
10.3 Outdoor Bulk Hydrogen Compressed Gas Systems
10.4 Underground Bulk Hydrogen Compressed Gas Systems
10.5 Installation in Vaults Above and Below Ground (Reserved)
10.6 Indoor Bulk Hydrogen Compressed Gas Systems
Chapter 11 Bulk Liquefied Hydrogen Systems
11.1 General
11.2 Design of Bulk Liquefied Hydrogen Systems
11.3 Location of Bulk Liquefied Hydrogen Systems
11.4 Design Considerations at Specific Locations
11.5 Cargo Transport Unloading
Chapter 12 Gas Generation Systems
12.1 General
12.2 Corrosive Gases (Reserved)
12.3 Flammable Gases - Gaseous
12.4 Flammable Gases - Cryogenic (Reserved)
12.5 Oxidizing Gases (Reserved)
12.6 Other Gases (Reserved)
12.7 Pyrophoric Gases (Reserved)
12.8 Toxic and Highly Toxic Gases (Reserved)
12.9 Unstable Reactive Gases (Reserved)
Chapter 13 Insulated Liquid Carbon Dioxide Systems
13.1 General
13.2 Small Insulated Liquid Carbon Dioxide Indoor Systems
13.3 Small Insulated Liquid Carbon Dioxide Outdoor Systems
13.4 Large Indoor Insulated Liquid Carbon Dioxide Systems (Reserved)
13.5 Large Outdoor Insulated Liquid Carbon Dioxide Systems
Chapter 14 Storage, Handling, and Use of Ethylene Oxide for Sterilization and Fumigation
14.1 General
14.2 Receiving and Unloading Ethylene Oxide Containers
14.3 Storage of Ethylene Oxide
14.4 Piping Systems
14.5 Gas Dispensing Areas
14.6 Operations
14.7 Electrical Installation
14.8 Sterilizer Construction
14.9 Disposal and Emissions
14.10 Maintenance
14.11 Construction
14.12 Fire Protection
Chapter 15 Acetylene Cylinder Charging Plants
15.1 General
15.2 Location
15.3 Building-Related Controls
15.4 Design, Installation, and Testing
15.5 Process Operations
15.6 Maintenance (Reserved)
15.7 Special Problems - Raw Materials
Annex A Explanatory Material
Annex B Attended Operations
Annex C Physical Properties of Hydrogen
Annex D Significant Properties of Ethylene Oxide
Annex E Determination of Separation Distances for Bulk Gaseous Hydrogen Systems
Annex F Sample Ordinance Adopting NFPA 55
Annex G OSHA Requirements for Hydrogen Systems
Annex H Explanation of Methodology Utilized to Develop Separation Distances Table 10.3.2.2.1(a), Table 10.3.2.2.1(b), and Table 10.3.2.2.1(c)
Annex I Informational References
Index