NFPA 400: Hazardous Materials Code

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2013 NFPA 400
Prior Years Prior Editions of NFPA 400

Mitigate hazards with specialized knowledge. Update to the 2013 NFPA 400 for the latest safety requirements for dangerous substances.

NFPA 400: Hazardous Materials Code consolidates all the fire and life safety requirements applicable to handling, storage, and use of hazardous materials into one single comprehensive resource.

  • Includes requirements on oxidizers, organic peroxides, pesticides, and ammonium nitrate based upon requirements from prior edition, stand-alone documents -- NFPA 430, NFPA 432, NFPA 434, and NFPA 490 respectively.
  • Contains additional material categories, such as unstable/reactive substances, toxic and highly toxic, and flammable solids.
  • Establishes threshold quantities of each material that can be stored, handled or used before additional fire and life safety measures become necessary based upon type of occupancy, whether storage is inside or outside, and type of container.
  • The recent promulgation of the revised OSHA rule on Hazard Communication which adopts and incorporates the Globally Harmonized System (GHS) for chemical hazards emphasizes identification, classification, and labeling of hazardous materials. NFPA 400 provides a hazard identification and classification scheme that is consistent with the hazards in GHS.

Changes in the 2013 edition include:

  • New Section 15.2 and new Annex G on Oxidizer Classification were added based on research by the Fire Protection Research Foundation that evaluated present and proposed test methods with the goal of coordinating with the global hazard classification test methods. Use of the new test method allows Code users to determine what the oxidizer classification is so an appropriate storage scheme can be determined according to NFPA 400 and fire and building codes.
  • The Maximum Allowable Quantity (MAQ) tables in Chapter 5 are updated based on changes in fire and building codes.
  • Revised requirements for MAQ and storage in Chapter 21 based on changes in NFPA 55: Compressed Gases and Cryogenic Fluids Code ensure that the materials are evaluated consistently between building and fire codes and for the various occupancies.

In addition, editorial changes improve both consistency and usability for facility owner/operators, including manufacturers, distributors, or recycling and waste handling), enforcers (AHJ), and insurance professionals. (Softbound, 206 pp., 2013)

NFPA® 400 Hazardous Materials Code 2013 Edition

Chapter 1 Administration
1.1 Scope
1.2 Purpose
1.3 Application
1.4 Retroactivity
1.5 Equivalency
1.6 Units and Formulas
1.7 Enforcement
1.8 Permits
1.9 Facility Closure
1.10 Emergency Planning
1.11 Hazardous Materials Management Plan (HMMP)
1.12 Hazardous Materials Inventory Statement (HMIS)
1.13 Plan Review
1.14 Technical Assistance
Chapter 2 Referenced Publications
2.1 General
2.2 NFPA Publications
2.3 Other Publications
2.4 References for Extracts in Mandatory Sections
Chapter 3 Definitions
3.1 General
3.2 NFPA Official Definitions
3.3 General Definitions
3.4 Special Performance-Based Definitions
Chapter 4 Classification of Materials, Wastes, and Hazard of Contents
4.1 Hazardous Material Classification
4.2 Classification of High Hazard Contents
4.3 Mixtures
4.4 Multiple Hazards
4.5 Classification of Waste
Chapter 5 Permissible Storage and Use Locations
5.1 General
5.2 Control Areas
5.3 Protection Levels
5.4 Outdoor Areas
Chapter 6 Fundamental Requirements
6.1 General Requirements
6.2 Requirements for Occupancies Storing Quantities of Hazardous Materials Exceeding the Maximum Allowable Quantities per Control Area for High Hazard Contents
6.3 Requirements for Use, Dispensing, and Handling of Hazardous Materials in Amounts Exceeding Maximum Allowable Quantities
Chapter 7 Emergency Planning, Fire Risk Control, and Chemical Hazard Requirements for Industrial Processes
7.1 General
7.2 Process Review and Plan Preparation
7.3 Operating and Maintenance Procedures
7.4 Safety Reviews
7.5 Incident Investigation Plan
7.6 Document Retention
Chapter 8 Reserved
Chapter 9 Security for Hazardous Materials
9.1 General
Chapter 10 Performance-Based Option
10.1 General
10.2 Performance Criteria
10.3 Retained Prescriptive Requirements
10.4 Design Scenarios
10.5 Evaluation of Proposed Designs
10.6 Safety Factors
10.7 Documentation Requirements
Chapter 11 Ammonium Nitrate Solids and Liquids
11.1 General
11.2 General Requirements for Storage
11.3 Indoor Storage
11.4 Outdoor Storage
11.5 General Requirements for Use
11.6 Indoor Use
11.7 Outdoor Use
11.8 Handling
Chapter 12 Corrosive Solids and Liquids
12.1 General
12.2 General Requirements for Storage
12.3 Indoor Storage
12.4 Outdoor Storage
12.5 General Requirements for Use
12.6 Indoor Use
12.7 Outdoor Use
12.8 Handling
Chapter 13 Flammable Solids
13.1 General
13.2 General Requirements for Storage
13.3 Indoor Storage
13.4 Outdoor Storage
13.5 General Requirements for Use
13.6 Indoor Use
13.7 Outdoor Use
13.8 Handling
Chapter 14 Organic Peroxide Formulations
14.1 General
14.2 General Requirements for Storage
14.3 Indoor Storage
14.4 Outdoor Storage
14.5 General Requirements for Use
14.6 Indoor Use
14.7 Outdoor Use
14.8 Handling
Chapter 15 Oxidizer Solids and Liquids
15.1 General
15.2 General Requirements for Storage
15.3 Indoor Storage
15.4 Outdoor Storage
15.5 General Requirements for Use
15.6 Indoor Use
15.7 Outdoor Use
15.8 Handling
Chapter 16 Reserved
Chapter 17 Pyrophoric Solids and Liquids
17.1 General
17.2 General Requirements for Storage
17.3 Indoor Storage
17.4 Outdoor Storage
17.5 General Requirements for Use
17.6 Indoor Use
17.7 Outdoor Use
17.8 Handling
Chapter 18 Toxic or Highly Toxic Solids and Liquids
18.1 General
18.2 General Requirements for Storage
18.3 Indoor Storage
18.4 Outdoor Storage
18.5 General Requirements for Use
18.6 Indoor Use
18.7 Outdoor Use
18.8 Handling
Chapter 19 Unstable (Reactive) Solids and Liquids
19.1 General
19.2 General Requirements for Storage
19.3 Indoor Storage
19.4 Outdoor Storage
19.5 General Requirements for Use
19.6 Indoor Use
19.7 Outdoor Use
19.8 Handling
Chapter 20 Water-Reactive Solids and Liquids
20.1 General
20.2 General Requirements for Storage
20.3 Indoor Storage
20.4 Outdoor Storage
20.5 General Requirements for Use
20.6 Indoor Use
20.7 Outdoor Use
20.8 Handling
Chapter 21 Storage, Use, and Handling of Compressed Gases and Cryogenic Fluids in Portable and Stationary Containers, Cylinders, and Tanks
21.1 General Provisions
21.2 Building-Related Controls
21.3 Compressed Gases
21.4 Cryogenic Fluids
21.5 Bulk Oxygen Systems
21.6 Bulk Hydrogen Compressed Gas Systems
21.7 Bulk Liquefied Hydrogen Systems
21.8 Gas Generation Systems
21.9 Insulated Liquid Carbon Dioxide Systems
21.10 Storage, Handling, and Use of Ethylene Oxide for Sterilization and Fumigation
21.11 Acetylene Cylinder Charging Plants
Annex A Explanatory Material
Annex B Chemical Data
Annex C Hazardous Materials Management Plans and Hazardous Materials Inventory Statements
Annex D Security Information
Annex E Properties and Uses of Ammonium Nitrate and Fire-Fighting Procedures
Annex F Typical Organic Peroxide Formulations
Annex G Oxidizers
Annex H Compressed Gases and Cryogenic Fluids
Annex I Emergency Response Guideline
Annex J Sample Ordinance for Adopting NFPA 400
Annex K Informational References