NFPA 211: Standard for Chimneys, Fireplaces, Vents, and Solid Fuel-Burning Appliances

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Protect buildings -- and their owners -- and pass inspections with fireplaces and chimneys that comply with NFPA 211.

Ensure safe and professional fireplace and chimney design, installation, and maintenance. NFPA 211: Standard for Chimneys, Fireplaces, Vents, and Solid Fuel-Burning Appliances provides consensus-based guidelines for construction projects involving chimneys, fireplaces, venting systems, and solid fuel-burning appliances. Comprehensive coverage addresses everything from selection of equipment and installation to inspection and maintenance in residential properties and industrial facilities.

Changes in the 2016 edition improve the integrity of installations and offer more guidance on fire safety:

  • New provision for a physical barrier for insulation installed close to a chimney will help prevent fires in the insulation.
  • Metal clips (versus plastic) are now required on duct work to provide proper structural support.
  • Clarified language emphasizes that Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) accessories for fireplaces should be sought out before installing non-OEM accessories for maintenance of existing fireplaces.
  • Other new requirements on fireplace accessories are relevant for inspections and special experts who investigate fires involving fireplaces or who testify in depositions.
  • New requirement for a maximum run of a duct harmonizes NFPA 211 with other standards.

NFPA 211 continues to evolve based on new experience and lessons learned.

That's why the latest edition is essential for contractors, installers, designers, engineers, and code officials, along with anyone who investigates chimney fires. (Softbound, Approx. 60 pp., 2016)

NFPA® 211 Standard for Chimneys, Fireplaces, Vents, and Solid Fuel–Burning Appliances, 2016 Edition

Chapter 1 Administration

1.1 Scope.
1.2 Purpose.
1.3 Retroactivity.
1.4 Equivalency.
1.5 Dimensions.

Chapter 2 Referenced Publications

2.1 General.
2.2 NFPA Publications.
2.3 Other Publications.
2.4 References for Extracts in Mandatory Sections.

Chapter 3 Definitions

3.1 General.
3.2 NFPA Official Definitions.
3.3 General Definitions.

Chapter 4 General Requirements
4.1* Sizing and Draft.
4.2 Termination (Height).
4.3 Enclosure.
4.4 Venting Systems in Ducts.
4.5 Flue Lining.
4.6 Caps and Spark Arresters for Chimneys and Vents.

Chapter 5 Selection of Chimney and Vent Types

5.1 Chimney Types.
5.2 Chimney or Vent Selection.

Chapter 6 Factory-Built Chimneys and Chimney Units

6.1 Type and Installation.
6.2 Use.
6.3* Sizing.
6.4 Installation.

Chapter 7 Masonry Chimneys

7.1 General Requirements.
7.2 Construction of Masonry Chimneys.
7.3 Clearance from Combustible Material.
7.4 Masonry Chimneys for Incinerators.

Chapter 8 Unlisted Metal Chimneys (Smokestacks) for Nonresidential Applications

8.1 General Requirements.
8.2 Unlisted Metal Chimneys for Residential-Type or Low-Heat
8.3 Unlisted Metal Chimneys for Medium-Heat Appliances.
8.4 Unlisted Metal Chimneys for High-Heat Appliances.

Chapter 9 Chimney Connectors and Vent Connectors

9.1 Connectors Required.
9.2 Materials.
9.3 Length.
9.4 Size.
9.5 Clearance.
9.6 Location.
9.7 Installation.
9.8 Interconnection.
9.9 Dampers.
9.10 Draft Hoods.
9.11* Draft Regulators.

Chapter 10 Vents

10.1 Types and Uses.
10.2 Size.
10.3 Location.
10.4 Termination (Height).
10.5 Notice of Usage.
10.6* Installation.
10.7 Special Venting Arrangements.

Chapter 11 Fireplaces

11.1 Factory-Built Fireplaces.
11.2* Masonry Fireplaces.
11.3 Hearth Extensions.
11.4 Combustion Air Ducts.

Chapter 12 Masonry Heaters

12.1 Listed Masonry Heaters.
12.2 Unlisted Masonry Heaters.
12.3 Clearances to Combustibles.

Chapter 13 Solid Fuel-Burning Appliances

13.1 Appliances.
13.2 Location of Appliances.
13.3 Air for Combustion and Ventilation.
13.4 Chimney Connections and Usage.
13.5 Installation of Residential-Type Appliances
13.6 Clearances from Solid Fuel-Burning Appliances.
13.7 Accessories.

Chapter 14 Maintenance

14.1 Initial Installation.
14.2 Annual Inspection.
14.3 Inspection - Connections.
14.4 Appliance or Connector Replacement.
14.5 Cleanout Doors.
14.6 Cleaning Methods.
14.7 Evidence of Damage.
14.8 Operating Malfunction.
14.9* Damaged or Deteriorated Liners.
14.10 Unused Openings.

Chapter 15 Inspection of Existing Chimneys
15.1* General.
15.2 Type of Inspection.
15.3* Level I Inspections.
15.4* Level II Inspections.
15.5* Level III Inspections.

Annex A Explanatory Material
Annex B Informational References