NFPA 20: Standard for the Installation of Stationary Pumps for Fire Protection

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2013 NFPA 20

2013 NFPA 20, Spanish
2013 NFPA 20 Handbook

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The 2013 NFPA 20 has installation requirements for more types of fire pumps and helps you avoid failure or pump damage.

Work safely with the full range of fire pumps, limited service controllers, and pumps in series using the 2013 edition of NFPA 20: Standard for the Installation of Stationary Pumps for Fire Protection.

Your complete source for comprehensive guidance on stationary fire pumps including:

  • Fire pump design
  • Electrical and mechanical construction
  • Acceptance testing
  • Operation

New in this edition:

  • Coverage of water mist positive displacement pumping units
  • Provisions addressing diesel engine shutdowns to avoid equipment damage during testing operations
  • Criteria for flow meters to determine their accuracy and the need for recalibration
  • Requirement for a flow test within 12 months prior to submission of working plans

Get the facts you need to ensure fire pump readiness and reliability in the up-to-date NFPA 20! (Softbound, 113 pp., 2013)

NFPA® 20 Standard for the Installation of Stationary Pumps for Fire Protection 2013 Edition

Chapter 1 Administration
1.1 Scope
1.2 Purpose
1.3 Application
1.4 Retroactivity
1.5 Equivalency
1.6 Units
Chapter 2 Referenced Publications
2.1 General
2.2 NFPA Publications
2.3 Other Publications
2.4 References for Extracts in Mandatory Sections
Chapter 3 Definitions
3.1 General
3.2 NFPA Official Definitions
3.3 General Definitions
Chapter 4 General Requirements
4.1 Pumps
4.2 Approval Required
4.3 Pump Operation
4.4 Fire Pump Unit Performance
4.5 Certified Shop Test
4.6 Liquid Supplies
4.7 Pumps, Drivers, and Controllers
4.8 Centrifugal Fire Pump Capacities
4.9 Nameplate
4.10 Pressure Gauges
4.11 Circulation Relief Valve
4.12 Equipment Protection
4.13 Pipe and Fittings
4.14 Suction Pipe and Fittings
4.15 Discharge Pipe and Fittings
4.16 Valve Supervision
4.17 Protection of Piping Against Damage Due to Movement
4.18 Relief Valves for Centrifugal Pumps
4.19 Pumps Arranged in Series
4.20 Water Flow Test Devices
4.21 Steam Power Supply Dependability
4.22 Shop Tests
4.23 Pump Shaft Rotation
4.24 Other Signals
4.25 Pressure Maintenance (Jockey or Make-Up) Pumps
4.26 Summary of Centrifugal Fire Pump Data
4.27 Backflow Preventers and Check Valves
4.28 Earthquake Protection
4.29 Packaged Fire Pump Assemblies
4.30 Pressure Actuated Controller Pressure Sensing Lines
4.31 Break Tanks
4.32 Field Acceptance Test of Pump Units
Chapter 5 Fire Pumps for High-Rise Buildings
5.1 General
5.2 Equipment Access.
5.3 Water Supply Tanks.
5.4 Fire Pump Test Arrangement
5.5 Auxiliary Power
5.6 Very Tall Buildings.
Chapter 6 Centrifugal Pumps
6.1 General
6.2 Factory and Field Performance
6.3 Fittings
6.4 Foundation and Setting
6.5 Connection to Driver and Alignment
Chapter 7 Vertical Shaft Turbine-Type Pumps
7.1 General
7.2 Water Supply
7.3 Pump
7.4 Installation
7.5 Driver
7.6 Operation and Maintenance
Chapter 8 Positive Displacement Pumps
8.1 General
8.2 Foam Concentrate and Additive Pumps
8.3 Water Mist System Pumps
8.4 Water Mist Positive Displacement Pumping Units.
8.5 Fittings
8.6 Pump Drivers
8.7 Controllers
8.8 Foundation and Setting
8.9 Driver Connection and Alignment
8.10 Flow Test Devices
Chapter 9 Electric Drive for Pumps
9.1 General
9.2 Normal Power.
9.3 Alternate Power
9.4 Voltage Drop
9.5 Motors
9.6 On-Site Standby Generator Systems
9.7 Junction Boxes
9.8 Listed Electrical Circuit Protective System to Controller Wiring
9.9 Raceway Terminations
Chapter 10 Electric-Drive Controllers and Accessories
10.1 General
10.2 Location
10.3 Construction
10.4 Components
10.5 Starting and Control
10.6 Controllers Rated in Excess of 600 V
10.7 Limited Service Controllers
10.8 Power Transfer for Alternate Power Supply
10.9 Controllers for Additive Pump Motors
10.10 Controllers with Variable Speed Pressure Limiting Control or Variable Speed Suction Limiting Control
Chapter 11 Diesel Engine Drive
11.1 General
11.2 Engines
11.3 Pump Room
11.4 Fuel Supply and Arrangement
11.5 Engine Exhaust
11.6 Diesel Engine Driver System Operation
Chapter 12 Engine Drive Controllers
12.1 Application
12.2 Location
12.3 Construction
12.4 Components
12.5 Battery Recharging
12.6 Battery Chargers
12.7 Starting and Control
12.8 Air-Starting Engine Controllers
Chapter 13 Steam Turbine Drive
13.1 General
13.2 Turbine
13.3 Installation
Chapter 14 Acceptance Testing, Performance, and Maintenance
14.1 Hydrostatic Tests and Flushing
14.2 Field Acceptance Tests
14.3 Record Drawings, Test Reports, Manuals, Special Tools, and Spare Parts.
14.4 Periodic Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance
14.5 Component Replacement
Annex A Explanatory Material
Annex B Possible Causes of Pump Troubles
Annex C Informational References
Annex D Material Extracted by NFPA 70, Article 695
Index

Editor: Chad R. W. Duffy

The 2013 Stationary Fire Pumps Handbook's expert commentary and full-color art provide the full story on fire pumps, tanks, hydrants flow testing, and fire service mains.

Keep fire pumps functioning error-free and in compliance with the 2013 edition of NFPA 20: Standard for the Installation of Stationary Pumps for Fire Protection. NFPA®'s new Stationary Fire Pumps Handbook provides advanced guidance relating to all types of water supply availability and reliability.

Only this 2013 edition includes the latest updates to NFPA 20, 100+ full-color illustrations, a pull-out 17 x 10 1/4 " full-color schematic of a fire pump installation, and new FAQs from the AHJ's perspective.

Access key information in the Handbook's four easy-to-use sections:

  • Part I of this Handbook provides examples of various types of fire pump configurations and explains the purpose of various pertinent components.
  • Part II presents the full text of 2013 NFPA 20 -- with vertical rules alerting you to new text, and bullets for deletions -- plus guidance and graphics on every aspect of application.
  • Part III contains text from selected water supply documents with original supporting explanations and advice. Material includes:
    • Complete text of the 2013 NFPA 291: Recommended Practice for Fire Flow Testing and Marking of Hydrants and the 2010 NFPA 24: Installation of Private Fire Service Mains and Their Appurtenances
    • Section 18.4 and Annex I from the 2012 NFPA 1: Fire Code
    • Extracts from the 2008 NFPA 22: Water Tanks for Private Fire Protection; the 2010 NFPA 14: Installation of Standpipe and Hose Systems concerning standpipe water supply; and the 2013 NFPA 13: Installation of Sprinkler Systems addressing sprinkler system demand
  • Part IV contains valuable Supplements including:
    • A new guide to practical application with color schematic
    • Updated design and installation of power supplies for electric-driven fire pumps (Article 695 extracted from the 2011 NEC®)
    • Commissioning forms for fire pumps
    • Technical changes from the 2010 to 2013 edition of NFPA 20

Update your knowledge fast with this one-stop source for water-based system designers, installers, contractors, engineers, facility managers, inspectors, and AHJs. (Hardbound, 688 pp., 2013)

Preface

Acknowledgments

Dedication

About the Contributors

About the Editor

PART ONE

An Overview of Fire Pump Configurations

PART TWO

NFPA 20, Standard for the Installation of Stationary Pumps for Fire Protection, 2013 Edition, with Commentary

1 Administration

1.1 Scope

1.2 Purpose

1.3 Application

1.4 Retroactivity

1.5 Equivalency

1.6 Units

2 Referenced Publications

2.1 General

2.2 NFPA Publications

2.3 Other Publications

2.4 References for Extracts in Mandatory Sections

3 Definitions

3.1 General

3.2 NFPA Official Definitions

3.3 General Definitions

4 General Requirements

4.1 Pumps

4.2 Approval Required

4.3 Pump Operation

4.4 Fire Pump Unit Performance

4.5 Certified Shop Test

4.6 Liquid Supplies

4.7 Pumps, Drivers, and Controllers

4.8 Centrifugal Fire Pump Capacities

4.9 Nameplate

4.10 Pressure Gauges

4.11 Circulation Relief Valve

4.12 Equipment Protection

4.13 Pipe and Fittings

4.14 Suction Pipe and Fittings

4.15 Discharge Pipe and Fittings

4.16 Valve Supervision

4.17 Protection of Piping Against Damage Due to Movement

4.18 Relief Valves for Centrifugal Pumps

4.19 Pumps Arranged in Series

4.20 Water Flow Test Devices

4.21 Steam Power Supply Dependability

4.22 Shop Tests

4.23 Pump Shaft Rotation

4.24 Other Signals

4.25 Pressure Maintenance (Jockey or Make-Up) Pumps

4.26 Summary of Centrifugal Fire Pump Data

4.27 Backflow Preventers and Check Valves

4.28 Earthquake Protection

4.29 Packaged Fire Pump Assemblies

4.30 Pressure Actuated Controller Pressure Sensing Lines

4.31 Break Tanks

4.32 Field Acceptance Test of Pump Units

5 Fire Pumps for High-Rise Buildings

5.1 General

5.2 Equipment Access

5.3 Water Supply Tanks

5.4 Fire Pump Test Arrangement

5.5 Auxiliary Power

5.6 Very Tall Buildings

6 Centrifugal Pumps

6.1 General

6.2 Factory and Field Performance

6.3 Fittings

6.4 Foundation and Setting

6.5 Connection to Driver and Alignment

7 Vertical Shaft Turbine–Type Pumps

7.1 General

7.2 Water Supply

7.3 Pump

7.4 Installation

7.5 Driver

7.6 Operation and Maintenance

8 Positive Displacement Pumps

8.1 General

8.2 Foam Concentrate and Additive Pumps

8.3 Water Mist System Pumps

8.4 Water Mist Positive Displacement Pumping Units

8.5 Fittings

8.6 Pump Drivers

8.7 Controllers

8.8 Foundation and Setting

8.9 Driver Connection and Alignment

8.10 Flow Test Devices

9 Electric Drive for Pumps

9.1 General

9.2 Normal Power

9.3 Alternate Power

9.4 Voltage Drop

9.5 Motors

9.6 On-Site Standby Generator Systems

9.7 Junction Boxes

9.8 Listed Electrical Circuit Protective System to Controller Wiring

9.9 Raceway Terminations

10 Electric-Drive Controllers and Accessories

10.1 General

10.2 Location

10.3 Construction

10.4 Components

10.5 Starting and Control

10.6 Controllers Rated in Excess of 600 V

10.7 Limited Service Controllers

10.8 Power Transfer for Alternate Power Supply

10.9 Controllers for Additive Pump Motors

10.10 Controllers with Variable Speed Pressure Limiting Control or Variable Speed Suction Limiting Control

11 Diesel Engine Drive

11.1 General

11.2 Engines

11.3 Pump Room

11.4 Fuel Supply and Arrangement

11.5 Engine Exhaust

11.6 Diesel Engine Driver System Operation

12 Engine Drive Controllers

12.1 Application

12.2 Location

12.3 Construction

12.4 Components

12.5 Battery Recharging

12.6 Battery Chargers

12.7 Starting and Control

12.8 Air-Starting Engine Controllers

13 Steam Turbine Drive

13.1 General

13.2 Turbine

13.3 Installation

14 Acceptance Testing, Performance, and Maintenance

14.1 Hydrostatic Tests and Flushing

14.2 Field Acceptance Tests

14.3 Record Drawings, Test Reports, Manuals, Special Tools, and Spare Parts

14.4 Periodic Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance

14.5 Component Replacement

Annexes

Annex A Explanatory Material

Annex B Possible Causes of Pump Troubles

Annex C Informational References

Annex D Material Extracted by NFPA 70, Article 695

PART THREE

Water Supply Requirements, Water Demand, Hydrants, Tanks, and Piping

Section 1 Complete Text of NFPA 291, Recommended Practice for Fire Flow Testing and Marking of Hydrants, 2013 Edition, with Commentary

Section 2 Complete Text of NFPA 24, Standard for the Installation of Private Fire Service Mains and Their Appurtenances, 2013 Edition, with Commentary

Section 3 Section 18.4 and Annex E, NFPA 1, Fire Code, 2012 Edition, with Commentary

Section 4 Extracts with Commentary from NFPA 22, Standard for Water Tanks for Private Fire Protection, 2008 Edition

Section 5 Extracts with Commentary from NFPA 14, Standard for the Installation of Standpipe and Hose Systems, 2010 Edition

Section 6 Extracts with Commentary from NFPA 13, Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems, 2013 Edition

PART FOUR

Supplements

1 Interrelationship of NFPA Standards Pertaining to a Fire Pump Installation

2 Commissioning and Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance Forms for Fire Pumps

3 NEC® Article 695, Fire Pumps

4 Technical/Substantive Changes from the 2010 to the 2013 Edition of NFPA 20

NFPA 20 Index

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Sample (NFPA 10, 2010)

5.3.2.7* Wheeled fire extinguishers shall be considered for hazard protection where fulfillment of the following requirementsis necessary: in areas in which a fire risk assessment has shown the following:

(4) (1) High hazard areas are present.

(5) (2) Limited available personnel Limited available personnel are present, thereby requiring an extinguisher that has the following features:

(1) (a) High agent flow rates

(2) (b) Increased agent stream range

(3) (c) Increased agent capacity