NFPA 20: Standard for the Installation of Stationary Pumps for Fire Protection

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2016 NFPA 20 Standard
2016 NFPA 20 Handbook
Prior Years Prior Editions of NFPA 20

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The 2016 NFPA 20 expands requirements to cover new technology and address communication gaps.

Updated for new technology and vital clarification on pumps in series, new NFPA 20: Installation of Stationary Pumps for Fire Protection gives you the latest requirements to ensure fire pumps are ready for action. This Standard offers comprehensive requirements for fire pumps, limited service controllers, and pumps in series. Designers, engineers, contractors, and installers can look to this expanded source for the latest coverage of today's technologies and up-to-date requirements for:

  • Fire pump design
  • Electrical and mechanical construction
  • Acceptance testing
  • Operation

Now with first-time requirements for multistage multiport pumps that give designers and engineers more options.

Added coverage of multistage multiport pumps -- which are used primarily outside of North America -- offers new options to system designers and engineers. These pumps replace a series arrangement, with new potential for end-user cost savings.

Clarified criteria for series fire pumps will impact communication between rooms.

The 2016 NFPA 20 clarifies the requirements for fire pumps arranged in series with new information designers and contractors will need to know to install these types of pump arrangements correctly and ensure they can communicate as intended. In another change, the added Annex C, Fire Pump Controller Connectivity addresses remote communications from the fire pump controller to an external source to gather system performance data over the Internet.

Avoid pump failure or damage.

Get the facts you need to ensure fire pump readiness and reliability in the up-to-date NFPA 20. Softbound, 167 pp., 2016)

Editor: Chad R. W. Duffy

The 2016 Stationary Fire Pumps Handbook addresses new technologies and NFPA 20's expanded rules for more types of fire pumps and pump configurations.

Get the full story on how to keep fire pumps functioning error-free and in compliance. Based on the 2016 edition of NFPA 20: Standard for the Installation of Stationary Pumps for Fire Protection, NFPA®'s expanded and redesigned Stationary Fire Pumps Handbook provides advanced guidance relating to all types of equipment, along with water supply availability and reliability.

An Overview of Pump Configurations provides examples of various types of fire pump configurations and explains the purpose of various components. A full-color diagram helps designers and engineers understand how multistage multiport pumps may eliminate the need for pumps in series, potentially saving money.

Part I: Complete 2016 NFPA 20 text, with first-time coverage of multistage multiport pumps, and clarified requirements for fire pumps arranged in series. Part I also includes commentary written by leading experts Jim Biggins, John Campbell, Bradford Cronin, John Kovacik, Jennifer McGrath, Gayle Pennel, and Jeffery Roberts.

Part II: Private Water Supplies, Hydrants, Tanks, and Piping contains text from selected water supply documents with original supporting explanations and advice. Material includes:

  • Complete texts of the 2016 NFPA 24: Installation of Private Fire Service Mains and Their Appurtenances with all-new commentary and 2016 NFPA 291: Recommended Practice for Fire Flow Testing and Marking of Hydrants
  • Sections 18.4 and 18.5 from the 2015 NFPA 1: Fire Code
  • Extracts with expert commentary from the 2013 NFPA 22: Water Tanks for Private Fire Protection, the 2014 NFPA 14: Installation of Standpipe and Hose Systems concerning standpipe water supply, and the 2016 NFPA 13: Installation of Sprinkler Systems.

Part III: Supplements includes an all new Fire Pump Design Considerations Supplement, a full-color pull-out schematic explaining the interrelationship of NFPA standards as they relate to pump installations with narrative, updated commissioning forms for fire pumps, Article 695 on power supplies for electric-driven fire pumps extracted from the 2014 NEC Handbook, and technical changes from the 2013 to the 2016 NFPA 20.

New design features make information more accessible.

  • Code Update icons indicate a change has occurred.
  • "Ask the AHJ" FAQs help installers avoid common errors.
  • "Design Alerts" call out commentary relevant to design issues.
  • All calculations appear within commentary text.
  • Cross-reference icons help you navigate the Handbook.

Update your knowledge fast with this comprehensive one-stop source for system designers, installers, contractors, engineers, facility managers, inspectors, and AHJs. (Hardbound, 816 pp., 2016)

NFPA® 20 Standard for the Installation of Stationary Pumps for Fire Protection, 2016 Edition

Chapter 1 Administration
1.1 Scope.
1.2 Purpose.
1.3 Application.
1.4 Retroactivity.
1.5 Equivalency.
1.6 Units.
Chapter 2 Referenced Publications
2.1 General.
2.2 NFPA Publications.
2.3 Other Publications.
2.4 References for Extracts in Mandatory Sections.
Chapter 3 Definitions
3.1 General.
3.2 NFPA Official Definitions.
3.3 General Definitions.
Chapter 4 General Requirements
4.1 Pumps.
4.2 Approval Required.
4.3 Pump Operation.
4.4 Fire Pump Unit Performance.
4.5 Certified Shop Test.
4.6 Liquid Supplies.
4.7 Pumps, Drivers, and Controllers.
4.8 Multistage Multiport Pump.
4.9 Centrifugal Fire Pump Capacities.
4.10 Nameplate.
4.11 Pressure Gauges.
4.12 Circulation Relief Valve.
4.13 Equipment Protection.
4.14 Pipe and Fittings.
4.15 Suction Pipe and Fittings.
4.16 Discharge Pipe and Fittings.
4.17 Valve Supervision.
4.18 Protection of Piping Against Damage Due to Movement.
4.19 Relief Valves for Centrifugal Pumps.
4.20 Pumps Arranged in Series.
4.21 Water Flow Test Devices.
4.22 Steam Power Supply Dependability.
4.23 Shop Tests.
4.24 Pump Shaft Rotation.
4.25 Other Signals.
4.26 Pressure Maintenance (Jockey or Make-Up) Pumps.
4.27 Summary of Centrifugal Fire Pump Data.
4.28 Backflow Preventers and Check Valves.
4.29 Earthquake Protection.
4.30 Packaged Fire Pump Assemblies.
4.31 Pressure Actuated Controller Pressure Sensing Lines.
4.32 Break Tanks.
4.33 Field Acceptance Test of Pump Units.
Chapter 5 Fire Pumps for High-Rise Buildings
5.1 General.
5.2 Equipment Access.
5.3 Water Supply Tanks.
5.4 Fire Pump Test Arrangement.
5.5 Auxiliary Power.
5.6 Very Tall Buildings.
Chapter 6 Centrifugal Pumps
6.1 General.
6.2 Factory and Field Performance.
6.3 Fittings.
6.4 Foundation and Setting.
6.5 Connection to Driver and Alignment.
Chapter 7 Vertical Shaft Turbine-Type Pumps
7.1 General.
7.2 Water Supply.
7.3 Pump.
7.4 Installation.
7.5 Driver.
7.6 Operation and Maintenance.
Chapter 8 Positive Displacement Pumps
8.1 General.
8.2 Foam Concentrate and Additive Pumps.
8.3 Water Mist System Pumps.
8.4 Water Mist Positive Displacement Pumping Units.
8.5 Fittings.
8.6 Pump Drivers.
8.7 Controllers.
8.8 Foundation and Setting.
8.9 Driver Connection and Alignment.
8.10 Flow Test Devices.
Chapter 9 Electric Drive for Pumps
9.1 General.
9.2 Normal Power.
9.3 Alternate Power.
9.4 Voltage Drop.
9.5 Motors.
9.6 On-Site Standby Generator Systems.
9.7 Junction Boxes.
9.8 Listed Electrical Circuit Protective System to Controller Wiring.
9.9 Raceway Terminations.
Chapter 10 Electric-Drive Controllers and Accessories
10.1 General.
10.2 Location.
10.3 Construction.
10.4 Components.
10.5 Starting and Control.
10.6 Controllers Rated in Excess of 600 V.
10.7 Limited Service Controllers.
10.8 Power Transfer for Alternate Power Supply.
10.9 Controllers for Additive Pump Motors.
10.10 Controllers with Variable Speed Pressure Limiting Control or Variable Speed Suction Limiting Control.
Chapter 11 Diesel Engine Drive
11.1 General.
11.2 Engines.
11.3 Pump Room.
11.4 Fuel Supply and Arrangement.
11.5 Engine Exhaust.
11.6 Diesel Engine Driver System Operation.
Chapter 12 Engine Drive Controllers
12.1 Application.
12.2 Location.
12.3 Construction.
12.4 Components.
12.5 Battery Recharging.
12.6 Battery Chargers.
12.7 Starting and Control.
12.8 Air-Starting Engine Controllers.
Chapter 13 Steam Turbine Drive
13.1 General.
13.2 Turbine.
13.3 Installation.
Chapter 14 Acceptance Testing, Performance, and Maintenance
14.1 Hydrostatic Tests and Flushing.
14.2 Field Acceptance Tests.
14.3 Record Drawings, Test Reports, Manuals, Special Tools, and Spare Parts.
14.4 Periodic Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance.
14.5 Component Replacement.
Annex A Explanatory Material
Annex B Possible Causes of Pump Troubles
Annex C Fire Pump Controller Connectivity
Annex D Informational References
Annex E Material Extracted by NFPA 70, Article 695