NFPA 1917: Standard for Automotive Ambulances

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Item #: NFPA_1917
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2013 NFPA 1917
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Provide safe and reliable patient transport in emergencies and enhanced safety for emergency medical personnel responding on and delivering service from compliant ambulance vehicles with NFPA 1917.

Ensure new ambulances meet the requirements in the first edition of NFPA 1917: Standard for Automotive Ambulances. Developed with consideration of the Federal Specification KKK-A-1822 and NFPA 1901: Standard for Automotive Fire Apparatus, NFPA 1917 defines the minimum requirements for the design, performance, and testing of new automotive ambulances intended for use under emergency conditions to provide medical treatment and transportation of sick or injured people to appropriate medical facilities.

This all-new Standard:

  • Contains definitions based on the terminology in use today
  • Presents general requirements for ambulance design and performance, along with standalone chapters for ambulance components, including chassis, patient compartment, low voltage electrical systems and warning devices, line voltage electrical systems
  • Specifies provisions for test methods
  • Streamlines technical information through numerous charts and graphics
  • References documents including the NFPA 70® (NEC®), NFPA 1901, and NFPA 1906; ASTM, IPC, and SAE publications; ANSI/UL Standards; and other Government publications

NFPA 1917 provides guidance for ambulance manufacturers and testing organizations that certify ambulances. This document will also assist emergency medical service purchasing officials and State EMS officials in meeting the most up-to-date safety standards for ambulance transport vehicles. (Softbound, 65 pp., 2013)

NFPA® 1917 Standard for Automotive Ambulances 2013 Edition

Chapter 1 Administration
1.1 Scope
1.2 Purpose
1.3 Application
1.4 Retroactivity
1.5 Equivalency
1.6 Units and Formulas
Chapter 2 Referenced Publications
2.1 General
2.2 NFPA Publications
2.3 Other Publications
2.4 References for Extracts in Mandatory Sections
Chapter 3 Definitions
3.1 General
3.2 NFPA Official Definitions
3.3 General Definitions
Chapter 4 General Requirements
4.1 General
4.2 Responsibility of the Purchaser
4.3 Responsibility of the Contractor
4.4 Ambulance Components
4.5 Legal Requirements
4.6 Third-Party Certification of Test Results
4.7 Certification of Test Results by Manufacturer
4.8 Personnel Protection
4.9 Controls and Instructions
4.10 Component Protection
4.11 Ambulance Performance
4.12 Roadability
4.13 Serviceability
4.14 Tests on Delivery
4.15 Documentation
4.16 Data Required of Contractor
4.17 Statement of Exceptions
Chapter 5 Chassis
5.1 Carrying Capacity
5.2 Weight Distribution
5.3 Engine and Engine System Design
5.4 Engine Speed Auxiliary Control Device
5.5 Cooling System
5.6 Exhaust System
5.7 Braking System
5.8 Suspension
5.9 Wheels and Tires
5.10 Vehicle Stability
5.11 Bumpers
5.12 Cab Seal
5.13 Front Seats
5.14 Mirrors
5.15 Cab Integrity
Chapter 6 Patient Compartment
6.1 Patient Compartment Configuration
6.2 Mounting
6.3 Structural Integrity - Roof Loading
6.4 Body Structural Integrity - Side Loading
6.5 Body Sealing
6.6 Wheel Housings
6.7 Patient Compartment to Cab Partition
6.8 Access Handrails or Handholds
6.9 Patient Compartment Entry Doors
6.10 Means of Escape
6.11 Exterior Stepping Surfaces and Interior Steps
6.12 Exterior Storage
6.13 Floor
6.14 Floor Covering
6.15 Insulation
6.16 Interior Storage
6.17 Interior Surfaces
6.18 Equipment Mounting
6.19 Waste and Sharps Disposal
6.20 Holder for Intravenous Fluid Containers
6.21 Patient Compartment Seats
6.22 Patient Cot Retention
6.23 HVAC
6.24 Interior Noise
6.25 Reflective Striping
6.26 Metal Finish
6.27 Painting
6.28 Oxygen - Main Supply and Installation
6.29 Suction Aspirator
Chapter 7 Low Voltage Electrical Systems and Warning Devices
7.1 General
7.2 Wiring
7.3 Power Supply
7.4 Operational Electrical Load Test Conditions
7.5 Load Management
7.6 Batteries
7.7 Temperature Exposure
7.8 Electromagnetic Interference
7.9 Optical Warning Devices
7.10 Audible Warning Devices
7.11 Exterior and Interior Lighting
7.12 Do-Not-Move Ambulance Light
7.13 Backup Alarm
7.14 Stop, Tail, and Directional Lights
7.15 Communications Equipment
Chapter 8 Line Voltage Electrical Systems
8.1 General
8.2 General Requirements
8.3 Grounding and Bonding
8.4 Ground-Fault Circuit Interrupters
8.5 Power Source General Requirements
8.6 Power Source-Type Specific Requirements
8.7 Portable Generator Installations
8.8 Transfer Switch Applications
8.9 Power Supply Assembly
8.10 Overcurrent Protection
8.11 Wiring Methods
8.12 Wiring System Components
8.13 Cord Reels
8.14 Scene Lighting Systems
8.15 Appliance Accessibility and Fastening
Chapter 9 Test Methods
9.1 Ambulance Body Structure Test
9.2 Body Door Test (Type I and Type III Only)
9.3 Oxygen Tank Retention System Static Test
9.4 Patient Cot Retention System Static Test
9.5 Low Voltage Electrical System Test
9.6 Patient Compartment Sound Level Test
9.7 Reserved
9.8 Handrail Static Load Test
9.9 Line Voltage Electrical Systems Test
9.10 Water Leak Test
9.11 Equipment Temperature Test
9.12 Interior Climate Control Test
9.13 Reserved
9.14 Engine Cooling System Test
9.15 Ambulance Main Oxygen System Test
9.16 Patient Compartment Lighting Level Test
9.17 Reserved
9.18 Rear Stepping Surface Load Test
9.19 Reserved
9.20 Reserved
9.21 Aspirator System Test
9.22 Reserved
9.23 Reserved
9.24 Perimeter Illumination Test
9.25 Occupant Head Clearance Zones Test
Annex A Explanatory Material
Annex B Informational References
Index