NFPA 150: Standard on Fire and Life Safety in Animal Housing Facilities

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2016 NFPA 150 Standard
Prior Years Prior Editions of NFPA 150

NFPA 150 addresses every aspect of fire and life safety for animals in any type of animal housing facility.

NFPA 150: Standard on Fire and Life Safety in Animal Housing Facilities is the industry benchmark for evaluating the physical setting of both human and animal occupants and their level of protection in case of a fire event. Because current building, fire, and life safety codes do not address the life safety needs of animals, using NFPA 150 is critical for protecting animals wherever they are kept for any purpose.

This Standard presents fire protection and fire safety mitigation measures that can be used in a variety of settings and environments, including barns, stables, kennels, animal shelters, veterinary facilities, zoos, laboratories, and racetracks. NFPA 150 addresses dependencies through a combination of requirements for active protection systems such as automatic sprinkler systems and fire alarms, control of building construction and interior finish types, and emergency plans to assist with relocation or evacuation of the animals if needed.

Significant changes help users avoid oversights. The 2016 edition includes:

  • Clarification that NFPA 150 applies to extensive modifications to any existing building that is within the Standard's scope
  • Clarification that NFPA 150 applies to any existing building when the AHJ determines there is an imminent fire safety threat to the human or animal occupants
  • Clarification that agricultural animals are under the Category B scheme for fire protection requirements
  • Added requirement for automatic sprinkler systems and smoke control systems in facilities that board or house horses

Architects, designers, engineers, and Authorities Having Jurisdiction (AHJs), as well as facility owners or operators will advance the protection of animals on premises with this important updated edition of NFPA 150. (Softbound, 29 pp., 2016)

NFPA® 150 Standard on Fire and Life Safety in Animal Housing Facilities 2016 Edition

Chapter 1 Administration
1.1 Scope.
1.2 Purpose.
1.3 Application.
1.4 Retroactivity.
1.5 Equivalency.
1.6 Units.
1.7 Enforcement.
Chapter 2 Referenced Publications
2.1 General.
2.2 NFPA Publications.
2.3 Other Publications.
2.4 References for Extracts in Mandatory Sections.
Chapter 3 Definitions
3.1 General.
3.2 NFPA Official Definitions.
3.3 General Definitions.
Chapter 4 General Requirements
4.1 Goals and Objectives.
4.2 Fundamental Fire and Life Safety Requirements.
4.3 General Requirements.
Chapter 5 Performance-Based Design Option
5.1 General Requirements.
5.2 Safety-from-Fire Goals.
5.3 Retained Prescriptive Requirements.
5.4 Performance-Based Design Characteristics and Assumptions.
5.5 Design Scenarios.
5.6 Evaluation of Proposed Designs.
5.7 Safety Factors.
5.8 Documentation Requirements.
Chapter 6 Subclassification of Animal Housing Facilities and Categorization of Animals
6.1 General.
6.2 Animal Housing Facility Subclassifications.
6.3 Categorization of Animals.
Chapter 7 Construction and Separation Requirements
7.1 Types of Construction.
7.2 Height and Area Requirements.
7.3 Stall, Cage, and Enclosure Requirements.
7.4 Exposure Protection.
7.5 Structural Design.
7.6 Fire-Rated Separations Between Animal Housing Facilities and Hazardous Areas.
7.7 Wildland/Urban Interface or Wildland/Urban Intermix.
Chapter 8 Means of Egress Requirements
8.1 General.
8.2 Animal Occupant Load.
Chapter 9 Requirements for Protection from Fire and Special Hazards
9.1 General.
9.2 Sprinkler Protection.
9.3 Fire Alarm Systems.
9.4 Fire Extinguishers.
9.5 Lightning Protection.
9.6 Special Hazards.
9.7 Vertical Openings.
9.8 Special Requirements for Category A Animals.
Chapter 10 Interior Finishes, Contents, and Furnishings
10.1 General.
10.2 Insulation.
Chapter 11 Class 1 Animal Housing Facilities
11.1 General.
11.2 Means of Egress Requirements.
11.3 Protection.
11.4 Operating Features.
Chapter 12 Class 2 Animal Housing Facilities
12.1 General.
12.2 Means of Egress Requirements.
12.3 Protection.
12.4 Operating Features.
Chapter 13 Class 3 Animal Housing Facilities
13.1 General.
13.2 Means of Egress Requirements.
13.3 Protection.
13.4 Operating Features.
Annex A Explanatory Material
Annex B Sample Ordinance Adopting NFPA 150
Annex C Informational References