NFPA 556: Guide on Methods for Evaluating Fire Hazard to Occupants of Passenger Road Vehicles

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2011 NFPA 556
Prior Years Prior Editions of NFPA 556

Safeguard vehicle occupants with life-saving guidance in the first edition of NFPA 556.

NFPA 556: Guide on Methods for Evaluating Fire Hazard to Occupants of Passenger Road Vehicles provides guidance on methods and tools to decrease the fire hazard or fire risk in passenger road vehicles, thereby increasing the likelihood that occupants will have time to exit or be rescued in case of fire.

The first edition of NFPA 556 presents:

  • Guidance for a hazard based assessment for the development of hazardous conditions from fire involving passenger road vehicles
  • Statistical information on vehicle fires
  • Background information on passenger road vehicle fire performance
  • Performance-based approaches to evaluating passenger road vehicle fire hazards
  • A substantial chapter dedicated to fire scenarios and mitigation strategies

The new NFPA 556 benefits everyone with a goal of decreasing the fire hazards on the road, and is essential for everyone concerned with vehicle occupant safety. (Softbound, 44 pp., 2011)

NFPA® 556 Guide on Methods for Evaluating Fire Hazard to Occupants of Passenger Road Vehicles 2011 Edition

Chapter 1 Administration
1.1 Scope
1.2 Purpose
1.3 Application
1.4 Units and Formulas
Chapter 2 Referenced Publications
2.1 General
2.2 NFPA Publications
2.3 Other Publications
2.4 References for Extracts in Advisory Sections
Chapter 3 Definitions
3.1 General
3.2 NFPA Definitions
3.3 General Definitions
Chapter 4 Types of Vehicles
4.1 General
Chapter 5 General Description of Passenger Road Vehicle Fires and Background Information
5.1 Fire Statistics
5.2 Materials Used in Passenger Road Vehicles
5.3 Current Prescriptive Testing
5.4 Fire Performance Properties
5.5 Tenability Criteria
Chapter 6 Approach to Evaluating Passenger Road Vehicle Fire Hazard
6.1 General
6.2 Basic Performance-Based Approach
6.3 Design Considerations
6.4 Regulatory Considerations
Chapter 7 Objectives and Design Criteria
7.1 Objectives
7.2 Design Criteria
Chapter 8 Selecting Candidate Design
8.1 General
Chapter 9 Typical Fire Scenarios to Be Investigated
9.1 General
9.2 Passenger Road Vehicle Motion
9.3 Factors Contributing to Ignition
9.4 Areas of Fire Origination
9.5 Fire Scenarios
Chapter 10 Evaluation Methods and Tools
10.1 General
10.2 Use of Test Methods
10.3 Relevant Test Methods and Evaluation Tools
Chapter 11 Individual Fire Scenarios
11.1 Fires Starting in the Passenger Compartment
11.2 Fires Starting in the Engine Compartment
11.3 Fires Starting Inside the Trunk or Load-Carrying Area
11.4 Pool Fires Resulting from Fuel Tank Failure and Burning Under the Vehicle
11.5 Fires Resulting from Other External Heat Sources
Chapter 12 Further Guidance
12.1 Traditional Approach
12.2 Mitigation Strategies
12.3 Testing to Assess Improved Fire Performance of Materials or Products
Annex A Explanatory Material
Annex B Fire Retardants
Annex C Informational References