NFPA 160: Standard for the Use of Flame Effects Before an Audience

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2016 NFPA 160 Standard
Prior Editions Prior Editions of NFPA 160

Protect audience members, performers, operators and property with the 2016 NFPA 160: Standard for the Use of Flame Effects Before an Audience.

Flame effects are popular entertainment in permanent installations such as theme parks, as well as for temporary use in traveling shows. Yet they pose potentially deadly fire and life safety hazards to the audience, support personnel, performers, the operator, and assistants -- along with fire protection hazards to the property.

Widely referenced across the United States, NFPA 160: Standard for the Use of Flame Effects Before an Audience provides the latest criteria for the design, fabrication, installation, testing, control, operation, and maintenance of any installation where flame effects are used.

The 2016 edition of NFPA 160 helps everyone involved with flame effects -- from the designer to the installer, maintainer, and AHJ:

  • Added requirements for the use of hybrid flame effects coordinate with NFPA 1126: Standard for the Use of Pyrotechnics Before a Proximate Audience, to eliminate an area of confusion for Authorities Having Jurisdiction (AHJs) as well as designers and maintainers of the installation.

The latest edition of NFPA 160 is a must for flame effects operators, special effects operators, venue managers, and enforcing officials. (Softbound, 26 pp., 2016)

NFPA® 160 Standard for the Use of Flame Effects Before an Audience, 2016 Edition

Chapter 1 Administration
1.1 Scope.
1.2 Purpose.
1.3 Application.
1.4 Retroactivity.
1.5 Equivalency.
Chapter 2 Referenced Publications
2.1 General.
2.2 NFPA Publications.
2.3 Other Publications.
2.4 References for Extracts in Mandatory Sections.
Chapter 3 Definitions
3.1 General.
3.2 NFPA Official Definitions.
3.3 General Definitions.
Chapter 4 Holding Areas for Flame Effect Materials and Devices
4.1 General.
4.2 Holding Areas.
Chapter 5 Permit and Approval Requirements and Terms of Installation
5.1 Permit Requirements.
5.2 Approval Requirements.
5.3 Content of Flame Effect Plans.
5.4 Flame Effect Demonstration.
5.5 Interruption of Fire Protection and Life Safety Systems During Flame Effect Demonstrations and Operations.
Chapter 6 Documentation of Flame Effects
6.1 General.
6.2 Operating Procedures.
Chapter 7 Use of Flame Effects
7.1 Testing and Evaluation.
7.2 Housekeeping.
7.3 Site Inspection.
7.4 Smoking.
7.5 Rehearsal and Pre-Show Operations.
7.6 Show Operations.
7.7 Post-Show Operations.
7.8 Maintenance.
7.9 Emergency Operations.
7.10 Protective Clothing.
7.11 Security.
Chapter 8 Flame Effect Operator
8.1 Operator Qualifications.
8.2 Operator Responsibilities.
8.3 Substance Abuse and Safety.
8.4 Minimum Age.
Chapter 9 System Components, Flame Effect Control Systems, and Design
9.1 General Requirements for Flame Effect Control System Design.
9.2 Specific Requirements for Flame Effect Control System Design and Operation, by Group.
9.3 Implementation of the Required Control Functions.
Chapter 10 System Installation and Testing
10.1 General.
10.2 Pressure Testing and Inspection of Piping.
10.3 Temperatures of Components.
Chapter 11 Fire Protection Provisions
11.1 General.
11.2 Evaluation for Permanently Installed Flame Effects.
11.3 Additional Fire Safety Provisions for Temporary Installations.
11.4 Standby Fire Safety Personnel Requirements.
Annex A Explanatory Material
Annex B Design of Flame Effects
Annex C Inspection Guidelines
Annex D Informational References