NFPA 1901: Standard for Automotive Fire Apparatus

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Item #: NFPA_1901
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2016 NFPA 1901 Standard
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New coverage of Ultra-High Pressure (UHP) fire pumps makes the 2016 NFPA 1901: Standard for Automotive Fire Apparatus essential for manufacturers as well as fire departments nationwide.

Referenced by fire departments throughout the United States, the NFPA 1901 defines the requirements for new automotive fire apparatus designed to be used under emergency conditions for transporting personnel and equipment, and to support the suppression of fires and mitigation of other hazardous situations. This Standard covers everything from pumpers to aerial fire apparatus to special service apparatus, such as rescue vehicles and haz-mat vehicles, as well as quints and mobile foam apparatus.

It's a vital resource for everyone in the process -- from design to purchasing of engines, pumpers, trucks, ladders, tender/tankers, and more.

Manufacturers need the 2016 NFPA 1901 to design and test fire apparatus and components correctly and efficiently. Fire service personnel can use it to develop specifications for department purchasing. In this edition:

  • A new chapter on Ultra-High Pressure (UHP) Fire Pumps and Associated Equipment reflects the increased use of UHP Fire Pumps with a rated discharge pressure of 1100 psi or greater. This important addition provides first-time guidance to manufacturers and purchasers for the design, testing, and performance of this technology.

The latest edition of NFPA 1901 is essential for fire service and other purchasers of fire apparatus, fire apparatus manufacturers, apparatus component manufacturers, and testing companies. (Softbound, 208 pp., 2016)

NFPA® 1901 Standard for Automotive Fire Apparatus, 2016 Edition

Chapter 1 Administration
1.1 Scope.
1.2 Purpose.
1.3 Application.
1.4 Retroactivity.
1.5 Equivalency.
1.6 Units of Measure.
Chapter 2 Referenced Publications
2.1 General.
2.2 NFPA Publications.
2.3 Other Publications.
2.4 References for Extracts in Mandatory Sections.
Chapter 3 Definitions
3.1 General.
3.2 NFPA Official Definitions.
3.3 General Definitions.
Chapter 4 General Requirements
4.1 General.
4.2 Requirements by Apparatus Type.
4.3 Responsibility of the Purchaser.
4.4 Responsibility of the Contractor.
4.5 Fire Apparatus Components.
4.6 Legal Requirements.
4.7 Third-Party Certification of Test Results.
4.8 Manufacturer Certification of Test Results.
4.9 Personnel Protection.
4.10 Controls and Instructions.
4.11 Vehicle Data Recorder.
4.12 Component Protection.
4.13 Vehicle Stability.
4.14 Fire Apparatus Performance.
4.15 Highway Performance.
4.16 Serviceability.
4.17 General Pre-Delivery Tests.
4.18 Tests on Delivery.
4.19 Documentation.
4.20 Data Required of the Contractor.
4.21 Statement of Exceptions.
Chapter 5 Pumper Fire Apparatus
5.1 General.
5.2 Fire Pump.
5.3 Aerial Device.
5.4 Foam Proportioning System.
5.5 Water Tank.
5.6 Equipment Storage.
5.7 Hose Storage.
5.8 Equipment Supplied by the Contractor.
5.9 Minor Equipment.
Chapter 6 Initial Attack Fire Apparatus
6.1 General.
6.2 Fire Pump.
6.3 Aerial Device. (Reserved)
6.4 Foam Proportioning System.
6.5 Water Tank.
6.6 Equipment Storage.
6.7 Hose Storage.
6.8 Equipment Supplied by the Contractor.
6.9 Minor Equipment.
Chapter 7 Mobile Water Supply Fire Apparatus
7.1 General.
7.2 Fire Pump.
7.3 Aerial Device. (Reserved)
7.4 Foam Proportioning System.
7.5 Water Tank.
7.6 Equipment Storage.
7.7 Hose Storage.
7.8 Equipment Supplied by the Contractor.
7.9 Minor Equipment.
Chapter 8 Aerial Fire Apparatus
8.1 General.
8.2 Fire Pump.
8.3 Aerial Device.
8.4 Foam Proportioning System.
8.5 Water Tank.
8.6 Equipment Storage.
8.7 Hose Storage.
8.8 Equipment Supplied by the Contractor.
8.9 Minor Equipment.
Chapter 9 Quint Fire Apparatus
9.1 General.
9.2 Fire Pump.
9.3 Aerial Device.
9.4 Foam Proportioning System.
9.5 Water Tank.
9.6 Equipment Storage.
9.7 Hose Storage.
9.8 Equipment Supplied by the Contractor.
9.9 Minor Equipment.
Chapter 10 Special Service Fire Apparatus
10.1 General.
10.2 Fire Pump.
10.3 Reserved.
10.4 Reserved.
10.5 Reserved.
10.6 Equipment Storage.
10.7 Reserved.
10.8 Equipment Supplied by the Contractor.
10.9 Minor Equipment.
Chapter 11 Mobile Foam Fire Apparatus
11.1 General.
11.2 Fire Pump.
11.3 Aerial Device.
11.4 Foam Proportioning System.
11.5 Foam Tank.
11.6 Equipment Storage.
11.7 Hose Storage.
11.8 Equipment Supplied by the Contractor.
11.9 Minor Equipment.
Chapter 12 Chassis and Vehicle Components
12.1 Carrying Capacity.
12.2 Engine and Engine System Design.
12.3 Vehicle Components.
Chapter 13 Low Voltage Electrical Systems and Warning Devices
13.1 General.
13.2 Wiring.
13.3 Power Supply.
13.4 Batteries.
13.5 Starting Device.
13.6 Temperature Exposure.
13.7 Electromagnetic Interference.
13.8 Optical Warning Devices.
13.9 Audible Warning Devices.
13.10 Work Lighting.
13.11 Hazard Light.
13.12 Backup Alarm.
13.13 Stop, Tail, and Directional Lights.
13.14 Electrical System Performance Tests.
13.15 Documentation.
Chapter 14 Driving and Crew Areas
14.1 General.
14.2 Cab Tilt Systems.
14.3 Driving Compartment.
14.4 Tractor-Drawn Vehicles.
Chapter 15 Body, Compartments, and Equipment Mounting
15.1 Compartmentation.
15.2 Radio Space.
15.3 Equipment Containment.
15.4 Powered Equipment Racks.
15.5 SCBA Storage.
15.6 Pump and Plumbing Access.
15.7 Stepping, Standing, and Walking Surfaces.
15.8 Access Handrails or Handholds.
15.9 Metal Finish.
15.10 Hose Storage.
15.11 Requirements for Mounting of Ground Ladders.
15.12 Receivers and Anchors for Rope and Removable Winches.
15.13 Slip-On Fire-Fighting Module.
Chapter 16 Fire Pumps and Associated Equipment
16.1 Application.
16.2 Design and Performance Requirements.
16.3 Pumping Engine Requirements.
16.4 Power Train Capability.
16.5 Construction Requirements.
16.6 Pump Intake Connections.
16.7 Pump Discharge Outlets.
16.8 Pump Drains.
16.9 Pump Operator's Panel.
16.10 Pump Controls.
16.11 Pump Engine Controls.
16.12 Instrumentation.
16.13 Required Testing.
Chapter 17 Auxiliary Pumps and Associated Equipment
17.1 Application.
17.2 Pump Performance.
17.3 Pump Rating Label.
17.4 Power Train Capability.
17.5 Construction Requirements.
17.6 Pump Intakes.
17.7 Pump Discharges.
17.8 Pump Operator's Panel.
17.9 Pump Controls.
17.10 Pump Drive Systems.
17.11 Engine Controls.
17.12 Gauges and Instruments.
17.13 Testing.
Chapter 18 Water Tanks
18.1 Application.
18.2 Tank Construction.
18.3 Tank-to-Pump Intake Line.
18.4 Filling and Venting.
18.5 Mobile Water Supply Apparatus.
18.6 Water Tank Capacity Certification.
Chapter 19 Aerial Devices
19.1 General Requirements.
19.2 Aerial Ladder Requirements.
19.3 Aerial Ladder Rated Capacity.
19.4 Aerial Ladder Operating Position.
19.5 Aerial Ladder Operating Mechanisms.
19.6 Aerial Ladder Water Delivery System.
19.7 Elevating Platform Requirements.
19.8 Elevating Platform Rated Capacity.
19.9 Elevating Platform Operating Positions.
19.10 Elevating Platform Operating Mechanisms.
19.11 Ladders on the Elevating Platform.
19.12 Elevating Platform Water Delivery System.
19.13 Water Tower Requirements.
19.14 Water Tower Rated Capacity.
19.15 Water Tower Operating Mechanisms.
19.16 Water Tower Water Delivery System.
19.17 Control Devices.
19.18 Safety.
19.19 Hydraulic System.
19.20 Structure.
19.21 Stabilization.
19.22 Quality Control.
19.23 Instruction Plates and Signs.
19.24 Certification Tests.
19.25 Manufacturer's Predelivery Test.
Chapter 20 Foam Proportioning Systems
20.1 Application.
20.2 Requirements by Type of Foam Proportioning System.
20.3 Design and Performance Requirements of a Foam Proportioning System.
20.4 Controls for Foam Proportioning Systems.
20.5 Foam Proportioning System Pressure Gauges, Flowmeters, and Indicators.
20.6 Atmospheric Foam Concentrate Tank.
20.7 Foam Concentrate Pump.
20.8 Pressure Vessel Foam Concentrate or Foam Solution Tanks.
20.9 Labels and Instruction Plates.
20.10 Foam Proportioning System Accuracy.
20.11 Testing and Documentation.
Chapter 21 Compressed Air Foam Systems (CAFS)
21.1 Application.
21.2 General Requirements.
21.3 Compressed Air System.
21.4 Air Mixing.
21.5 Compressed Air System Piping.
21.6 Air System Controls.
21.7 Foam System Pressure Gauges, Flowmeters, and Indicators.
21.8 Labels and Instruction Plates.
21.9 Manufacturer’s Predelivery Tests.
Chapter 22 Line Voltage Electrical Systems
22.1 Application.
22.2 General Requirements.
22.3 Grounding and Bonding.
22.4 Power Source General Requirements.
22.5 Power Source Type Specific Requirements.
22.6 Portable Generator Installations.
22.7 Line Voltage Supplied from an External Source.
22.8 Power Supply Assembly.
22.9 Overcurrent Protection.
22.10 Wiring Methods.
22.11 Wiring System Components.
22.12 Cord Reels.
22.13 Scene Lighting Systems.
22.14 Power-Operated Light Mast.
22.15 Electrical System Testing.
Chapter 23 Command and Communications
23.1 General.
23.2 Location.
23.3 Climate Control.
23.4 Noise Levels.
23.5 Lighting Levels.
23.6 Command Working Surfaces and Countertop.
23.7 Seating in Command Center.
23.8 Cabinets and Equipment Storage.
23.9 Wall, Ceiling, and Floor Surfaces.
23.10 Communications and Electrical Consoles.
23.11 Computer Equipment and Installation.
23.12 Video Equipment and Installation.
23.13 Power Operated Masts.
Chapter 24 Air Systems
24.1 Application.
24.2 Provisions Applying to All Air Systems.
24.3 Breathing Air Compressor.
24.4 Purification System.
24.5 Air Storage Systems.
24.6 Air Booster Systems.
24.7 Air Supply Regulation.
24.8 Air Control Panel.
24.9 SCBA or SCUBA Air Cylinder Fill Station.
24.10 Air Hose Reels.
24.11 Air Hose.
24.12 Low Pressure Utility Air Supply.
24.13 Remote Breathing Air Systems.
24.14 Breathing Air System Testing and Delivery.
24.15 Utility Air System Testing.
Chapter 25 Winches
25.1 General.
25.2 Winch Wire or Synthetic Rope.
25.3 Clutch.
25.4 Electric Powered Winches.
25.5 Hydraulically Driven Winches.
Chapter 26 Trailers
26.1 General.
26.2 Classification of Trailers.
26.3 Carrying Capacity.
26.4 Information Labels and Instruction Plates.
26.5 Fluids and Pressures Specific to the Trailer Chassis.
26.6 Braking System.
26.7 Suspension and Wheels.
26.8 Trailer Hitch.
26.9 Wheel Chocks.
26.10 Low Voltage Electrical Systems and Warning Devices.
26.11 Reflective Markings.
Chapter 27 Reserved
Chapter 28 Ultra-High Pressure Fire Pumps and Associated Equipment
28.1 Application.
28.2 Pump Performance.
28.3 Power Train Capability.
28.4 Construction Requirements.
28.5 Pump Intakes.
28.6 Pump Discharges.
28.7 Pump Operator’s Panel.
28.8 Pump Controls.
28.9 Pump Drive Systems.
28.10 Engine Controls.
28.11 Gauges and Instruments.
28.12 Required Testing.
Annex A Explanatory Material
Annex B Specifying and Procuring Fire Apparatus
Annex C Weights and Dimensions for Common Equipment
Annex D Guidelines for First-Line and Reserve Fire Apparatus
Annex E History of NFPA 1901
Annex F Informational References